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Virginia, for his generous sympathy and invaluable assistance, with respect to every feature of the book; also to Edward M. Shepard, Esquire, and Reverend Samuel H. Bishop of New York and to Colonel Archer Anderson and Henry W. Anderson, Esquire, of Richmond, for their kindness in reading his manuscript and making many helpful suggestions.

For none of the errors of the book, nor for any expression of opinion, are these gentlemen responsible.

Thanks are due and tendered to Dr. Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress, Dr. H. R. McIlwaine, State Librarian of Virginia, and Mr. W. G. Stanard, Corresponding Secretary of the Virginia Historical Society, and to their courteous assistants, for the generous use accorded the author of the wealth of historical data in the custody of those institutions.

In addition to the foregoing, acknowledgments are gratefully made to a great company of librarians, lawyers, antiquarians, clerks of courts, custodians of private manuscripts and others who have assisted the author in collecting from widely separated sections of the Union the mass of information from which he has drawn, in the preparation of this work. In many instances, the facts so kindly furnished do not appear, but have been of service to the author, in enabling him to form more accurate conclusions. The willingness exhibited by citizens of states, other than Virginia, to furnish information with respect to the subject under consideration, is indicative of a growing desire throughout the Union to know the facts and appreciate the viewpoint of our once separated but now united people. If this book, in presenting the attitude of Virginia, shall contribute to this result, it will afford the author the sincerest gratification.

Richmond, Virginia, June, 1909

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Part IV

THE ATTEMPT OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO COERCE

THE COTTON STATES—THE PROXIMATE CAUSE OF VIR-

GINIA's SECESSION

XXXVIII. The Coercion of the Cotton States—Virginia's

Position

263

XXXIX. The Contest in the Virginia Convention for

and against Secession

269

XL. The Contest in the Virginia Convention for

and against Secession. Concluded

277

XLI. The Attempted Reinforcement of Fort ater

and its Significance

284

XLII. The Attempt to Coerce the Cotton States Im-

pels Virginia to Secede

290

XLIII. Conclusion

. 301

Bibliography

. 305

Index

. 312

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