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their own creation. And this king would be the most corrupted man of his age; a man loaded with debt; rich in disgrace, baseness, and de bauchery; a man whom a virtuous citizen would not admit among the number of his footmen, and whom the latter would drive from among them; a man, in short, confined within our walls, and against whom we invoke speedy and severe punishment.

We invite you to sign with us the just and indispensable confederation which we propose for the public safety, and to wash away so many injuries.

Marseilles consequently declares that it is in a legal state of resistance to oppression, and that it authorises itself by the law of public safety to make war on the factious.

That it cannot any longer acknowledge in the convention, whose integrity is violated, the national representation; and that, at that epoch only when the mandatories of the people restored to their functions shall vote in freedom, the nation will obey them with confidence and submission.

That the throne of anarchy has been raised on the bloody ruins of that which you have so justly overturned, and that tyranny is detestable in proportion to the perversity and the excessive corruption of those who wish to exercise it.

the constraint exercised over some, by the perfidy and villany of others.

That the imprisonment of a great number of legislators is a crime produced by the delirium of villany; a crime which posterity will scarcely credit, if it comes not to them acccompanied with proofs of the striking vengeance which we swear we will take, and which you will be able to obtain along with us.

That the people of worth whom Paris still contains, are invited to second, as much as may be in their power, the united efforts that we are going to make for the common safety, and suffer to fall on the heads of the factious all the weight of that responsibility which they have incurred by their crimes.

That the ruling faction at Paris has reduced the republic to suffer in that city, too long domineered over and abused, an armed force, which is the last resource of the sovereign people, by declaring, that the destination of confederated forces under the orders, and raised according to the wish of the departments, is to carry on a mortal war against those who wish to direct it into our bosoms torn by their criminal hands.

That every man capable of bearing arms is summoned in the name of the law, of general and individual interest, and of humanity, to come and strengthen the mound which we are going to oppose to the destructive torrent, unless every citizen wishes to be hurried into the abyss which anarchists and infamous depredators have prepared for us.

That the factious have already been able to dissolve the convention, by weakening it; by carrying into the bosom of it disorganization, disorder, and foolish temerity; and the French nation cannot consider the acts emanating from a portion of the representatives of the people, who still occupy their That by decreeing to raise a places, but as so many proofs of determined number of men ready


to unite in a body to effect the annihilation of the factious in their dens, the Marseillese, who wish to terminate the revolution they begun, and to propagate the example they gave, invite to them all citizens desirous of meriting well of mankind. They adopt this mode only on account of the urgency of the case, and submitting their measures to the examination and approbation of all the members of the sovereignty, and without pretending to set bounds to the zeal of the generous defenders of their country, who wish spontaneously to reinforce the phalanx of liberty, they hope it will increase in its passage, and will be joined by all citizens desirous of doing good,

That in the colours of this army the soldiers of their country will read the completion of every good law; the republic one and indivisible; respect to persons and property consoling words already engraven in their hearts.

That we appeal to God and to our arms, on account of the crimes committed against the integrity of the national representation; the insults offered to the individual liberty of our extraordinary deputies; the liberticide plots from which a miracle of Providence has saved us, and the accomplices of which, charged with executing the horrid deed within our walls, Marseilles is now prosecuting. A popular tribunal, to which it owes its peaceful and awful existence, is trying the conspirators, notwithstanding the obstacles which have been thrown in the way. Invested with the confidence of the people, and defended by it, the most imperious of laws, those of the pre

sent circumstances, determide its activity, and the people of Marseilles, instead of being refractory to the law, by employing the sword of it to strike the guilty, discharge the principal of social duties, which is, the speediest distribution of justice.

Thus the city of Marseilles joins in the motives drawn from the common safety of the republic, which legalizes its determination, a representation of the peculiar grievances which afflict it, and the necessity it is under of silencing its calumniators, who, despairing of being able to kindle among us the torch of discord, dare to present it to the national convention as the light of truth.

Republicans, the signal has been given the moments are precious, and decisive measures are necessary: Let us march-let the lawenter Paris along with us; and if you are not acquainted with the roads to it, follow the traces of the blood of your brethren; they will conduct you to the bottom of its walls, from which have proceeded those murderous scourges, the sanguinary plots and destructive manœuvres, the sources of all our misery.

There you will restore liberty to good citizens, and dignity to the national representation. The villains will disappear, and the republic will be saved.

Deliberated in the general committee of the thirty-two sections of Marseilles, June 12, 1793, the second year of the French republic.

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(Signed) PELOUX, President. CASTELLANET, Secretaries. PINATEL,


Preliminary Declaration by Admiral
Lord Hood to the Inhabitants of


Fa candid and explicit declaration in favour of monarchy is made at Toulon and Marseilles, and the standard of royalty hoisted, the ships in the harbour dismantled, and the port and forts provisionally at my disposition, so as to allow of the egress and regress with safety, the people of Provence shall have all the assistance and support his Britannic majesty's fleet under my command can give; and not an atom of private property of any individual shall be touched, but protected; having no other view than that of restoring peace to a great nation upon just, liberal, and honourable terms; this must be the ground-work of the treaty. And whenever peace takes place, which I hope and trust will be soon, the port, with all the ships in the harbour, and forts of Toulon, shall be restored to France, with the stores of every kind, agreeable to the schedule that may be delivered.

pled under foot the laws, assasinated the virtuous, and authorised the commission of crimes, they have endeavoured to propagate throughout Europe their destructive system of every social order. They have constantly held forth to you the idea of liberty, while they have been robbing you of it. Every where they have preached respect to persons and property, and every where in their name it has been violated; they have amused you with the sovereignty of the people, which they have constantly usurped; they have declaimed against the abuses of royalty, in order to establish their tyranny upon the fragments of a throne still reeking with the blood of your legitimate sovereign. Frenchmen! you groan under the pressure of want, and the privation of all specie; your commerce and your industry are annihilated, your agriculture is checked, and the want of provisions threatens you with a horrible famine. Behold, then, the faithful picture of your wretched condition; a situation so dreadfulsensibly afflicts the coalesced powers; they see no other remedy but the re-establishment of the French monarchy. It is for this, and the acts of aggression committed by the executive power of HOOD. France, that we have armed in conjunction with the other coalesced powers. After mature reflection upon these leading objects, I come to offer you the force with which I am intrusted by my sovereign, in order to spare the further effusion of human blood, to crush with

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- Given on board his Britannic majesty's ship Victory, off Toulon, the 23d of August, .1793.1


Proclamation by Lord Hood to the Inhabitants in the Towns and Provinces in the South of France.

URING four years you have

tion which has plunged you in anarchy, and rendered you a prey to factious leaders; after having destroyed your government, tram

establish a regular government in France, and thereby maintain peace and tranquillity in Europe. Decide, therefore, definitively, and with


precision. Trust your hopes to the
generosity of a loyal and free nation.
In its name I have just given an
unequivocal testimony to the well-
disposed inhabitants of Marseilles,
by granting to the commissioners
sent on board the fleet under my
command a passport for procuring
a quantity of grain, of which this
great town now stands so much in
need. Be explicit, and I fly to
your succour, in order to break the
chain which surrounds you, and to
be the instrument of making many
years of happiness succeed four
years of misery and anarchy, in
which your deluded country has
been involved.

Victory, off Toulon, the 23d day
of August, 1793.


By command of the admiral,
(Signed) J. M'ARTHUR.

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deprived of all resources to annihilate this coalition of the evil-disposed: considering, in short, that, determined not to submit to the tyranny of a convention that has sworn to ruin the nation, the people of Toulon, and those of Marseilles, would have recourse to the generosity of a loyal people, who have manifested the desire of protecting the true Frenchmen against the anarchists who wish to ruin them;

Declare to Admiral Hood,

1. That the unanimous wish of the inhabitants of Toulon is, to reject a constitution which does not promote their happiness; to adopt a monarchic government, such as it was originally by the constituent assembly of 1789; and, in consequence, they have proclaimed Louis XVII. son of Louis XVI. king; and have sworn to acknowledge him, and no longer suffer the despotism of the tyrants which

Declaration made to Admiral Lord at this time govern France.



HE general committee of the sections of Toulon, having read the proclamation of admiral lord Hood, commander in chief of his Britannic majesty's squadron, together with his preliminary declaration; and after having communicated these two papers to all the citizens of the town of Toulon, united in sections; considering that France is torn by anarchy, and that it is impossible to exist longer a prey to the factions with which the country is agitated, without its total destruction; considering that the southern departments, after having made long efforts to resist the oppression of a party of factious men, who have conspired to ruin them, find themselves drained and

2. That the white flag shall be hoisted the instant the English squadron anchors in the road of Toulon, and it will there meet the most friendly reception.

3. That the ships of war now in the road will be disarmed according to admiral Hood's wishes.

4. That the citadel and the forts of the coast shall be provisionally at the disposal of the said admiral; but, for the better establishing the union which ought to exist between the two people, it is requested that the garrison shall be composed of an equal number of French and English, and that nevertheless the command shal devolve to the English.

5. The people of Toulon trust the English nation will furnish speedily a force sufficient to assist

in repelling the attacks with which they are at this moment threatened by the army of Italy, which marches towards Toulon, and by that of general Carteau, who directs his forces against Marseilles.

5. That the people of Toulon, full of confidence in the generous offers of admiral Hood, trust that all those who hold civil and military employments shall be continued in their places, and shall not be annoyed in their respective occupations.

7. That the subsistence and succours of every kind, of which Toulon stands so much in need, will be assured to the inhabitants by the combined fleet of the powers coalesced.

8. That, when peace shall have been re-established in France, the ships and forts which will be put into the hands the English shall be restored to the French nation, in the same state they were in when the inventory was delivered.

It is according to this declara-
tion, if approved of by admiral
Hood, that the Toulonese will re-
gard themselves, with good heart
and will, as belonging to the Eng-
lish and the other powers coalesced,
and by whose succour will be
brought about that peace after
which they have panted so long.
(Signed) Beaudeal, president; Re-

houl, vice-president; Reynaud,
secretary; La Poype Vertrieux :
Deydier Caden; Andraw; Vialis:
Barthelemy, commissary of the
department; Possele Fournier ;
Grival; Bre Devant; Antoine
Gabert; Porte; Joffre, commissary
of the municipality; L. Cadiere,
commissary of the municipality;
G. Garibow; Boullement; Fer-

rand; Chaussegros, commandant of arms; Burgues; Richaud, president of the municipality; Bertrand; Sicard.

Proclamation by the Right Hon. Samuel Lord Hood, Vice Admiral of the Red, and Commander in Chief of his Britannic Majesty's Squadron in the Mediterranean, &c. on taking possession of Toulon, Aug. 28, 1793.


HEREAS the sections of Toulon have, by their com missioners to me, made a solemn declaration in favour of monarchy, have proclaimed Louis XVII. son of the late Louis XVI. their lawful king, and have sworn to acknowledge him, and no longer suffer the despotism of the tyrants which at this time govern France, but will do their utmost to establish monarchy, as accepted by their late sovereign in 1789, and restore peace to their distracted and calamitous country.

I do hereby repeat, what I have already declared to the people of the south of France, that I take possession of Toulon, and hold it in trust only for Louis XVII. until peace shall be re-established in France, which I hope and trust will be soon.

Given on board his Britannic
majesty's ship Victory, off Tou-
lon, the 28th of August, 1793.
By command of the admiral,
(Signed) J.M'ARTHUR, Sec.

Note delivered by Mr. Keene, Chargé d'Affaires from his Britannic Majesty,

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