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her Imperial majesty had espoused; but that it was not so with regard to Denmark, as it involved the sacrifice of her rights, her independence, and her treaties; that his majesty did not permit himself to enter into a proper inquiry in this respect, since her Imperial majesty had rejected the only judge whom his majesty could acknowledge, namely, the universal and special law of nations; that his majesty being no longer at liberty to appeal to this law, would only appeal to the friendship and equity of her Imperial majesty, which had been manifested by so many years, and many proofs; that his majesty acted thus with the greater confidence, as he thought to have evinced his by so many reciprocal and decisive proofs, as his majesty did not make any use of his incontestible rights to claim, with regard to the liberty of his navigation, the protection due to him in virtue of the most solemn treaties—a protection which her Imperial majesty had herself proposed.

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Foreign Office, Copenhagen,
Aug. 23, 1793.

Proclamation of Admiral Langara to the French at Toulon, on the 27th of October.


A SCANDALOUS address, pub

lished by your pretended legislators, has just reached our hands. This writing, unworthy of our regard, can be but the last effort of


criminality and of despair. The people of Toulon are there painted as traitors, who have delivered to the English the port and the squadron in their harbour.

The whole of Europe knows and respects your virtues. The wholeof Europe knows and detests your tyrants.

You have for a long time been the plaything and the prey of bad men, who have assassinated their sovereign for the purpose of possessing themselves of his power. 'Tis to those you owe the horrid cala, mity to which you have been reduced by the extravagant emission. of assignats, of which they have devoured the security, and the pledge. It is only to exempt themselves from the sword of the law that they put arms into the hands of rebels, that they sack your towns, pillage the country, plunder the inhabitants, and confiscate their fortunes.

Affected by these misfortunes, the combined squadrons could not refuse their succour to Toulon, at a moment when two armies blockaded this important city, abandoned by its governors, and were about to reduce it to the most horrible state of famine.

The people of Toulon have not delivered up their town, which could not be at once the prey of Spain, of England, and of the other powers united and animated by the same motives. But they have placed the town under our immediate protection, and carried even to a scruple the conditions which

tend to the re-establishment of

their lawful king. It is only in the town of Toulon that the true friends of order and of peace are to be found at present.


The city of Toulon has seen in the powers which we represent, two generous and sympathizing nations, who came not to conquer it, but to destroy the poignards which were uplifted against the good and peaceable inhabitants of

Given at Toulon, on board the Mexicain, the 27th of Sept. 1793, the first year of the reign of Louis. the XVIIth. (Signed) LANGARA,


Tbeen addressed by the French

HE following declaration has

that unfortunate city; to afford Declaration of War by France against them assistance; to re-establish order to lay the foundation of a system of regeneration; to substitute a regular form of government' in the place of that desolation and anarchy which rends France to the centre; and finally, to restore Louis the XVIIth to the throne of his ancestors.

Frenchmen! your enemies perfidiously conceal from you, that the French flag is hoisted upon your fortresses and your ships of war; that a French squadron is at anchor among the combined fleets of Great Britain and Spain; and that all power is subordinate to the authority of the new king, under the immediate auspices of the united powers; that our sole object is, to revenge the cause of our allies, whose territories were so daringly violated; to afford you effectual succours, and to stop the career of the manifold crimes which have led you to the verge of destruction.


If the remembrance of your brilliant fortunes be not wholly effaced from your memory-if you are eager to resume that honourable rank which you have held among nations, shake off the odious yoke of your despicable tyrants, unite yourselves with the faithful Toulonois, and share with them the glory of having procured happiness to France, and peace and repose to Europe.

national commissioners in the army of Italy.

The undersigned commissioners, deputed by the national convention of France, considering that the social compact of all nations has been violated in the most indecent manner-that the atrocious act committed in the port of Genoa towards the members of the French republic, by men calling themselves subjects of the monarch of England, has outraged the rights of nations, and endangered even the existence of humanity-considering too, that these afflicting events cannot be indifferent to any people, particularly to the people of Genoa, under whose eyes the crime of treason against society has been committed

that the punishment of such a crime ought to be as speedy as it should be terrible-that justice and humanity demand it-that the French republic has the power and the inclination to execute it—that the people of Genoa, by preserving a silence, would sanction the conduct of their agents, declare-that in such circumstances Genoa cannot, without shame and dishonour, hesitate an instant in deciding be tween the friends and foes of society, outraged in the persons o French republicans, and that neu


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trality in such an extraordinary situation of affairs would involve all people in anarchy.

Considering further that the people of Genoa see daily the religious attention with which their territory is respected by the republic, at the very moment when the enemies of France find in Genoa a secure asylum, and thus escape the pursuit of the French, who are armed in defence of liberty and equality- finally, that such respect must soon cease for a territory which is used as the tomb of French republicans

Declare in the most solemn manner, in the name of the republic of France, to the people of Genoa, that the tardiness and indicision of the senate, in neglecting to inflict a just and signal punishment on the authors of the crime committed in their port, and under their cannon, against the human race, in the persons of the members of the French society, is regarded as an act of hostility, and that the French republic is prepared to adopt such a conduct as is necessary to obtain reparation for so great a crime.

The French chargé d'affaires is commanded to communicate this declaration to the senate of Genoa.


at Florence, by Lord Hervey, the English Minister.

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by the undersigned envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of his Britannic majesty at the court of Tuscany, on the subject of the partiality which the latter government observes in favour of the French. The undersigned has done every thing in his power to open the eyes of his royal highness the grand duke upon his true interests, and the danger to which he exposes himself by having commuņication with a nation of rigicides, which puts every art in practice to annihilate all kind of government ; which despises all laws; which destroys all religion; which has at length dipped its guilty hands in the blood of its king-in the blood of the clergy, of the nobility, and of other subjects who remained faithful to their king; and which, seeking to extend its calamities to all other people, is warring against almost all the sovereigns of Europe. Notwithstanding the generous, amicable, and plain intentions of his Britannic majesty, which the undersigned communicated to the government of Tuscany by his memorial of August 14th last, he has seen

ROBESPIERRE, the younger, the evil councils and dangerous


RASPAUD, secretary.

Done at Nice, Oct. 13, Second year of the republic, Qne and indivisible.

Memorial presented on the 8th of

October 1793, to M. De Serriss tori, Minister for Foreign Affairs

maxims of certain persons prevail; and, as the conduct which he complains of has been persevered in, it becomes necessary to take vigorous


The undersigned is obliged to declare, in order that, his royal highness the grand duke may be informed of it, that admiral lord Hood has ordered an English squadron, in conjunction with a detach


ment from the Spanish fleet, to set sail for Leghorn, there to act according to the part which his royal highness may take.

The unjust and notorious partiality of Tuscany in favour of the French, and the vast seizure of the corn and effects belonging to merchants of Toulon at Leghorn, at a time when the armies of their Britannic and Spanish majesties had occasion for the same articles, evidently prove the injury which en*sues from such a neutrality for the operations of the allies. In consequence, admiral lord Hood declares, in the name of the king his master, that if, within the space of twelve hours after the representation of the undersigned, his royal highness the grand duke does not resolve to send away M. de la Flotte and his adherents from Tuscany, the squadron will act offensively against the port and city of Leghorn.

The unhappy consequences of this proceeding can alone be imputed to those who have had the audacity to give perfidious advice, and to make false representations upon the present state of affairsthey alone will have to answer for all that may happen henceforward.

The undersigned who earnestly desires to avert such a calamity from Tuscany, and to spare his royal highness the grand duke all kind of inconvenience, again invites him to give, without delay, a clear explication of his intentions relative to the demand made by admiral lord Hood, to order the departure of M. de la Flotte and his adherents, and to break off all communication with the national convention, or the soi-disant government of France. In making a common canşe with the allies, his

royal highness the grand duke may rely upon the friendship and protection of his Britannic majesty and his allies. The sole way to prevent offensive operations against the city and port of Leghorn, is to acquiesce in the demands now made, by giving the undersigned the royal promise to conform to them punctually.

It will depend then upon his royal highness to receive the said squadron as a friend, or to expose Tuscany to all the disasters which will happen if it be compelled to act offensively. As its expedition at Genoa is concluded, it is on the point of arriving at Leghorn. For this reason the undersigned will hasten to prevent any offensive measure, by acquainting the commanding admiral with the resolutions of his royal highness.

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The undersigned has thought it necessary to make this communication for the information of his royal highness the grand duke of Tuscany. At the same time he sincerely hopes, that this affair will terminate amicably, and to the reciprocal satisfaction of the two

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ness flatters himself that his majesty the king of Great Britain will consider this proceeding as a fresh testimony of the particular esteem and deference which his royal highness takes pleasure in shewing him on every occasion. Such are the orders my sovereign has given me.

I have the honour to be, &c.


prived it of a sovereign universally regretted, and the violations of the rights of nations, which have been permitted there under every point of view, in regard to the sovereign order of Malta, have induced many persons, not acquainted with the fundamental laws of this order, to think that reprisals ought to have. been made; but these laws even prescribe neutrality in all those

SERRISSTORI. quarrels which arise between the

October 8, ten o'clock at night.

Declaration of the Grand Master of the Sovereign Order of Malta to the Court of Naples, dated September 12, 1793,


HE courts of Naples having caused to be notified to the grand master of the sovereign order of Malta, that, not wishing to have any thing further to do with those who at present govern France, it sent away all the agents of that country, who had hitherto resided at Naples, or at the ports of his Sicilian majesty, his eminent highness took the earliest opportunity of following that example, and of ordering the ports of Malta to be shut against all kinds of French ships of war or privateers, as long as the present war shall continue,

The grand master wishes to make known at the same time, that since the notification which the late king made to him of the acceptance of the constitution of 1791, the government of Malta has had no relation with France. The dreadful troubles which have broke out in that kingdom, and which have de.

different Christian nations. The grand master, however, fully determined not to acknowledge the pretended French republic in the person of an agent which it might send to Malta, ordered, on the 15th of March last, the chevalier de Caumont, in his quality of menuber of the order and of its delegate, who had resided long in this island as chargé d'affaires of the king of France, to retain the title which he held from his majesty Louis XVI. of glorious memory, and to keep the arms of the king over his gate, which he has hitherto done, under the protection of the government of Malta.

But the grand master learning, through an indirect channel, that a person named Amyar has been appointed to succeed the chevalier de Caumont, and that he is now on his way to Malta, formally declares at present, that he will neither receive nor admit the said personage, nor any other who may be sent to reside at Malta, as agent, in any respect, of the said pretended republic, which his eminent highness ought not, cannot, and will not acknowledge.


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