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neighbour States; as may well be seen in Spain; which hath had, in one Part or other, a Veteran Army, almost continually, now by the Space of Six-fcore Years.
To be Mafter of the Sea is an Abridgment of a Monarchy. Cicero writing to Atticus, of Pompey's Preparation against Cæfar, faith: Concilium Pompeii planè Themistocleum eft; putat enim, qui Mari potitur, eum Rerum potiri. And, without doubt, Pompey had tired out Cæfar, if upon vain Confidence, he had not left that Way. We fee the great Effects of Battles by Sea. The Battle of Actium decided the Empire of the World. The Battle of Lepanto arrested the Greatness of the Turk. There be many Examples, where SeaFights have been Final to the War; but this is, when Princes or States have fet up their Reft, upon the Battles. But thus much is certain; that he that commands the Sea, is at great liberty, and may take as much, and as little of the War, as he will. Whereas those, that be strongest by Land, are many times nevertheless in great Straights. Surely, at this Day, with us of Europe, the Vantage of Strength at Sea (which is one of the Principal Dowries of this Kingdom of Great Britain) is great; Both because, most of the Kingdoms of Europe, are not merely Inland, but girt with the Sea, most part of their Compass; and because, the Wealth of both Indies feems in great Part, but an acceffary, to the Command of the Seas.
The Wars of Latter Ages seem to be made in the Dark, in respect of the Glory and Honour,
which reflected upon Men, from the Wars in Ancient Time. There be now, for Martial Encouragement, fome Degrees and Orders of Chivalry; which, nevertheless, are conferred promifcuously, upon Soldiers, and no Soldiers; and fome Remembrance perhaps upon the Scutcheon; and fome Hospitals for maimed Soldiers; and fuch like Things. But in Ancient Times; the Trophies erected upon the Place of the Victory; the Funeral Laudatives and Monuments for those that died in the Wars; the Crowns and Garlands perfonal; the Stile of Emperor, which the Great Kings of the World after borrowed; the Triumphs of the Generals upon their Return; the great Donatives and Largesses upon the Disbanding of the Armies; were things able to enflame all Men's Courages. But above all, That of the Triumph, amongst the Romans, was not Pageants or Gaudery, but one of the wisest and noblest Institutions, that ever was. For it contained three Things; Honour to the General; Riches to the Treasury out of the Spoils; and Donatives to the Army. But that Honour, perhaps, were not fit for Monarchies; except it be in the Perfon of the Monarch himfelf, or his Sons; as it came to pass, in the Times of the Roman Emperors, who did impropriate the actual Triumphs to themselves, and their Sons, for fuch Wars, as they did achieve in Person : And left only, for Wars achieved by Subjects, some Triumphal Garments, and Enfigns, to the General.
To conclude; No Man can, by Care taking
(as the Scripture faith) add a Cubit to his Stature; in this little Model of a Man's Body: But in the great Frame of Kingdoms, and Commonwealths, it is in the power of Princes, or Eftates, to add Amplitude and Greatness to their Kingdoms. For by introducing fuch Ordinances, Constitutions, and Customs, as we have now touched, they may fow Greatness to their Pofterity, and Succeffion. But these Things are commonly not observed, but left to take their Chance,
xxx. Of Regimen of Health.
HERE is a wifdom in this, beyond the Rules of Phyfick: A Man's own Obfervation, what he finds Good of, and what he finds Hurt of, is the best Phyfick to preferve Health. But it is a fafer Conclufion to fay; This agreeth not well with me, therefore I will not continue it; than this; I find no offence of this, therefore I may use it. For Strength of Nature in Youth paffeth over many Exceffes, which are owing a Man till his Age. Difcern of the coming on of Years, and think not, to do the fame Things ftill; for Age will not be defied. Beware of fudden Change in any great point of Diet, and if neceffity enforce it, fit the reft to it. For it is a Secret, both in Nature, and State; that it is fafer to change Many Things, than one. Examine thy Cuftoms, of Diet, Sleep, Exercise,
Apparel, and the like; and try in any Thing, thou fhalt judge hurtful, to discontinue it by little and little; but fo, as if thou doft find any Inconvenience by the Change, thou come back to it again : For it is hard to distinguish, that which is generally held good, and wholesome, from that, which is good particularly, and fit for thine own Body. To be free minded, and cheerfully difpofed, at Hours of Meat, and of Sleep, and of Exercise, is one of the best Precepts of Long lafting. As for the Paffions and Studies of the Mind; Avoid Envy; anxious Fears; Anger fretting inwards; fubtile and knotty Inquifitions; Joys, and Exhilarations in Excefs; Sadness not communicated. Entertain Hopes; Mirth rather than Joy; variety of Delights, rather than Surfeit of them; Wonder, and Admiration, and therefore Novelties; Studies that fill the Mind with Splendid and Illuftrious Objects, as Hiftories, Fables, and Contemplations of Nature. If you fly Phyfick in Health altogether, it will be too ftrange for your Body, when you shall need it. If you make it too familiar, it will work no extraordinary Effect, when Sickness cometh. I commend rather, fome Diet, for certain Seafons, than frequent Ufe of Phyfick, except it be grown into a Cuftom. For those Diets alter the Body more, and trouble it lefs. Despise no new Accident, in your Body, but ask Opinion of it. In Sickness, respect Health principally; and in Health, Action. For those that put their Bodies, to endure in Health, may in moft Sicknesses, which are not very sharp, be cured only with Diet, and
Tendering. Celfus could never have spoken it as a Phyfician, had he not been a Wife Man withal when he giveth it, for one of the great precepts of Health and Lafting; that a Man do vary and interchange Contraries; but with an Inclination to the more benign Extreme: Use Fasting, and full Eating, but rather full Eating; Watching and Sleep, but rather Sleep; Sitting, and Exercise, but rather Exercise; and the like. So fhall Nature be cherished, and yet taught Masteries. Phyficians are fome of them fo pleafing, and conformable to the Humour of the Patient, as they prefs not the true Cure of the Disease; and fome other are fo Regular, in proceeding according to Art, for the Disease, as they refpect not fufficiently the Condition of the Patient. Take one of a Middle Temper; or if it may not be found in one Man, combine two of either fort: And forget not to call, as well the beft acquainted with your Body, as the best reputed of for his Faculty.
XXXI. Of Sufpicion.
USPICIONS amongft Thoughts, are like Bats amongst Birds, they ever fly by Twilight. Certainly, they are to be repreffed, or, at the leaft, well guarded; For they cloud the Mind; they lofe Friends; and they check with Business, whereby Business cannot go on, currently, and conftantly.