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ing enlisted in the Enniskillen dragoons, he served in the German wars under Lord Stair, in the years 1743-4. On the breaking out of the rebellion his regiment was recalled, and at the fatal battle of Prestonpans, he gallantly saved from falling into the hands of the enemy, a stand of colours which had been abandoned on the field. The colours were lying by the side of an ensign who had just breathed his last. Gillespie took them up, and seeing the celebrated Colonel Gardiner, who had then received his death-wound, reclining on a bank at a little distance, he went up to him and asked his commands :-"Save yourself" was all that the good man could say on which Gillespie instantly mounted his horse, and, through a shower of balls, from a party of the rebels who were in possession of the public road, reached a place of safety with his prize. The old man delighted to recount this incident, and, as he talked of the dangers of the field, the fire of youth again glanced in his eye. He was naturally of a robust make, but for several years past the hand of age had bent his form, and forced him to support his steps with a staff. He continued, however, to walk about the neighbourhood till within a few days of his death.

25. At Springfield, near Charleville, county of Cork, the Right Hon. Baron Muskerry, Governor and Custos Rotulorum of the county of Limerick, and colonel of the county of Limerick Militia, &c.

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24. At Argyll House, London, the Right Hon. Lady Caroline Catherine Gordon, second daughter of the Earl of Aberdeen.

26. At Edinburgh, William Jeffrey, Esq.

At Kilgraston House, in the 73d year of his age, Francis Grant, Esq. of Kilgraston.

27. At Paisley, the Rev. Joseph Kitchen, one of the ministers of the Wesleyan connexion, in the 48th year of his age, and 19th of his ministry.

- At New Galloway, after a tedious illness, attended with the most excruciating pain, Mr Robert Heron, weaver, aged 77. He was father to Major Heron, who fell some years ago at the taking of the Isle of Bourbon, and uncle to the unfortunate his torian Robert Heron, who died of a broken heart, at London, in the year 1807.

30. At Brompton, in the 75th year of her age, Miss Pope, of Newman Street, formerly of the Theatre-Royal, Drury. Lane.

31. At Killechieran, Lismore, the Right Rev. Dr Eneas Chisholm.

At his house, St James's Square, London, Lord Anson. His Lordship was born the 17th of February 1767, and married the 15th September 1794, to Ann Margaret, second daughter of Thomas William Coke, of Holkham, in Norfolk, Esq. by Jane, daughter of Lennox Napier, Esq. He is succeeded in his titles and estate by his eldest son, Thomas William, now Lord Anson, born October 20. 1795.

Aug. 1. At Baledgarno, James Gourley, Esq. in the 83d year of his age.

At Edinburgh, Mr George Fordyce, writer there.

2. At Balcaskie, Sir Robert Anstruther of Balcaskie, Baronet.

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At Port-Glasgow, Robert Paton, Esq. writer.

4. At Galway, Ireland, in a room occupied by the band of the 77th regiment, where he had been maintained the last two months, and very humanely attended by three people of his colour, Molyneux, the celebrated pugilist.

5. In London, after a lingering illness, the Right Hon. General Lord Muncaster, aged 73. His Lordship inherited the title and estates on the death of his brother in 1813, and is succeeded in both by his only son, the Hon. Lowther Augustus John Penington, a minor.

At Edinburgh, Admiral Alexander Græme, of Gramshall.

6. At Brighton, the Right Hon. Lady Charlotte Eyre, daughter of the Earl of Newburgh.

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first entry into the profession of arms was in the service of the Empress Anne and Elizabeth of Russia, under the command of Field-Marshal Munich. He then passed into the Saxon service, and served every campaign of the seven years' war. He afterwards fought under the banners of Stanislaus, and did not quit the army till he had attained the age of 80 years.

6. At the Ville of Dunkirk, near Boughton-under-the-Blean, David Fergusson, aged 124. Fergusson was a Scotsman, but had resided in the Ville of Dunkirk between 50 and 60 years; he was, until within a few years back, a very industrious, active, and hard-working labourer. For the last four or five years of his life he had kept his bed; he was, however, able to sit up, to take his meals, and to converse most cheerfully with his numerous visitors, enjoying very good health: about a quarter of an hour before his death he was helped to a bason of broth, which he partook of heartily, but observed that he thought he was going to die; after taking the broth he laid himself back upon his pillow, and his countenance underwent a slight change, when he breathed his last without a struggle. He was married in the year 1761, at St Mildred's, Canterbury, to Susan Codham, who has long since been dead, and he had no children. He was always esteemed by his neighbours as a most cheerful companion, and was accustomed to relate many odd stories and anecdotes about Queen Anne, George I. and II.

7. In London, in his 50th year, Captain Henry Gordon, brother of the late Major James Gordon, of Northwood, in the Isle of Wight.

8. At Edinburgh, the Hon. Walter Charteris, second son of the Earl of Wemyss and March.

11. At Irvine, in the 79th year of his age, James Innes, Esq. of Warrix.

12. At Coleraine, in the 62d year of his age, John Cuthbert, Esq. Surveyor-General of Customs. He had retired to rest in apparent good health and excellent spirits, and was found dead in his bed on the following morning.

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At Hayfield, the Rev. F. M'Lagan, minister of Melrose.

14. At Kilmarnock, at the advanced age of 76, John M'Rae, cooper there. was only once married, but has left behind him 12 children, 69 grand-children, and 5 great-grand-children, in all 86 descendants. At Aberdeen, in the 70th year of her age, Mrs Chalmers, widow of the late Mr James Chalmers, printer in Aberdeen.

At Paris, M. Millin, a learned antiquary, well known to and much esteemed by the literati of Europe, with whom he maintained an extensive correspondence.

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At Edinburgh, Mr James West, late leather-merchant, Netherbow, aged 87. 25. At Milton of Durno, in the 78th year of his age, James Garioch, Esq. of Gariochsford.

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At London, William Cotterell, Esq. Sword Bearer of the City of London. Mr C. was in his 70th year, and had held the office of sword bearer upwards of 40 years.

26. At St Germain en Laye, the Princess of Montmorency, at the age of 85 years.

At Glasgow in the 73d year of his age, He Mr John M'Gilchrist, merchant.

Ritchie, ironmonger, Edinburgh.

24. At Sandridge Lodge, in Wiltshire, Lord Audley, in the 61st year of his age. His Lordship was nephew to the late Earl of Castlehaven, and succeeded, on his decease, to the Barony of Heleigh, in Staffordshire. His Lordship's first lady was the third daughter of Lord Delaval, and the present Lady Dowager Audley, his second wife, was the widow of the gallant Colonel Moorhouse, who fell at the siege of Banga lore. His Lordship's only son, the Hon. John Tuchet, succeeds to the title and estates.

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George Ramsay and Co. Printers, Edinburgh.

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Printed by George Ramsay & Co.

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TERMS, &c.

Nov. 2. Duke of Kent born.
5. Gunpowder plot.
11. Martinmas day.

12. Court of Session sits.
30. St Andrew.

32

The Correspondents of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE AND LITERARY MISCELLANY are respectfully requested to transmit their Communications for the Editors to ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE and COMPANY, Edinburgh, or LONGMAN and COMPANY, London, to whom also orders for the Work should be particularly addressed.

THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

OCTOBER 1818.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

OF CAUSE AND EFFECT.

REMARKS ON DR BROWN'S THEORY country; and for the uninviting disquisitions of Berkeley and Hume, and even the sounder logic of Reid and of Campbell, there were substituted as subjects of universal curiosity, the regenerated doctrines of chemistry and of political economy; the recent discoveries of the continental philosophers respecting the arrangement and formation of the crust of our globe, or the history and character of that new species of literature which, amidst all the tumult of revolutionary wars, had lately sprung up in the heart of Germany.

"

Demonstrations of Cause and Effect, though they still continue to figure in some of the shop windows of this celebrated metropolis, have rather, we fear, been losing their attractions of late, with that portion even of our reading population, who look farther than the windows of our booksellers' or print-shops. The middle of last century was unquestionably the time when speculations of this nature were chiefly in vogue in this country. The transcendent genius of the greatest of our dialecticians had then impressed a movement, conformable to its own fantastic whims, upon the activity and emulation of all those kindred spirits who usually attend the march of genius; and, while the young and inquisitive gave themselves fearlessly up to the indulgence of a philosophi cal or metaphysical scepticism, a host of veteran spirits stood dauntlessly forward in defence of those bulwarks which had been supposed to guard not merely our religious and moral distinctions, but the very existence and permanency of" common sense.' The remarkable agitation of this period, however, like remarkable agitations of all other kinds, soon passed away. Europe was awakening throughout all her departments, to new views of philosophic truth, and to new prospects of scientific research. The enthusiasm and activity which such prospects awakened, were rapidly communicated to the inquisitive and ambitious also of this literary

We have already said, that we include in the account now given the recent history of literary pursuits, to a great extent at least, even in our own country; and, if we may consider the contents of such important periodical works as our own to be correct expositors of the tastes and pursuits of the age, we should suppose, undoubtedly, that the active prosecutors of learning in this metropolis were either busied in talking everlastingly, and in a style of transcendant froth, about the merits and prospects of our living poets, or in searching amidst the mouldy contents of the Advocates' Library for elucidations of the former history, or of the past state of manners of this country. Now, all such things, we admit, are very good in their place, and, as we really consider the present state of poetry in this island to be a very promising indication of the future glories which are destined to encompass it, and are equally persuaded, that the preservation of the records of our an

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