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Scott, Robert, Dean of Rochester, 660
Scott, Sir Walter, his novels, 44-46
Screw propeller, introduction of, 180—182;

steamers, 512
Sculpture, 393
Secretary for Scotland, 876
Sedgwick, Adam, 80 seq., 700
Select Committees, Parliamentary : of
Commons;

on

Railways, 288;
Decorative Art, 620, 622; of Commons

Spinning, 100, 793, 796, 800
Spirit-drinking. 862, 864
Spiritualism, 508
Spode's china, 770
Stanñeld, Clarkson, 232, 396, 406
Stanford, Sir Villiers, 646
Stanhope, Spencer, 612
Stanley, Arthur, Dean of Westminster, 593
Stanley, Lord.

See Derby
Stanley, Sir H. M., 913, 914
Stars, variable, 692; distances of the, 694;

and Lords on Intemperance, 864
Sellar, W. Y., 662
Severn Tunnel, the, 738
Shaftesbury, Earl of (Lord Ashley), and

factory legislation. 163, 164, 299, 300;
Mines Act, 314; offered post at Court,

320 ; supports Public Worship Act, 591
Shawls. 856
Sheffield, trade outrages at, 818
Shelley, P. B., poetry of, 36–37, 597
Sherbrooke, Lord. See Lowe
Shilleto, Richard, 654
Shipbuilding, naval, 175 seq.; iron and

steel, 747, 748; on the Clyde, 512
Shipping, Scottish, 145. See

Merchant
Shipping
Siberia, exploration in, 994
Siemens steel process. 746 eq.
Sikh wars, 165, 174, 347
Silks, foreign, 319
Silk trade, decline of British, 804
Simeon, Charles, 30
Simpson, Sir J. Y., 43
Siriux, the, 452
Sir Lancelot, the, 450
Slavery abolished, 27, 28, 152
Smallpox: vaccination for, 267; decline

of, 722
Smith, Alexarder, 384
Smith, James, of Deanston, 101, 295
Smith, Prof. William Robertson, 671
Smith, Robert Payne (Dean of Canter-

bury), as Syriac scholar, 670
Smith, Sydney, 42, 184, 315
Smith. William, geological map by. 77
Social economy, the (1815--1832), 115—127;

(1832--1846), 298-314; (1846—1865), 488-

502; (1865–1885), 814830
Social life (1815-1832), 127-141: (1932–1846),

318—326; (1846—1865), 502-510; (1865-

1885), 851-874
Socialism, Owen's, 306; and the “New

Unionism," 822; growth of, 826; muni.

cipal, 828, 876
Society for the Diffusion of Useful know-

ledge, 838
Society, tone of, in 1820, 1842, and 1860, 133
Sociology, 676
Soda, manufacture of, 718
Solar physics, 686, 687
Somaliland, exploration of, 918
Sorby, H. C., 703
Soudan, 540; colonial troops in, 566
South African affairs, 536, 533; plora-

tion, 912
South, James, 243
South Kensington, Department of Art, 621
Spain, relations with, 159, 344, 345
SPARKES, J. C. L.: Pottery and Porcelain

(1815-1895), 764
'Spasmodic" school, the, 384
Spectroscopy, 689 seq. ; and chemistry, 716
Speke, Capt. J. H., 912
Spence, Thomas, and land nationalisa-

tion, 120
Spencean philanthropists, 2, 120
Spencer, Herbert, and the doctrine of

evolution, 429 seq.; philosophy of, 676–
680

mapping of the, 693
State medicine, beginnings of, 266, 267
Statute law, growth of, in 19th century, 542
Statutes: Agricultural Holdings Act 528,

554, 814; Alkali Act (1874), 826; Allot-
ments Act (1883), 554; Anatomy Act
(1832), 91; Apothecaries Act (1315), 90;
Artisans' Dwellings Act (1875), 826;
Ballot Act, 525; Bank Charter Act
(1844), 166, 311 seq;

Beerhouse Act,
866 : British North America Act
(1867), 522; Burials Act (1880), 596; on
Church rearranging endowments
and dioceses, 183 xeq.; Church Patron.
age (Scotland) Act (1874), 527; Coal
Mines Inspection Acts, 752—755; Com-
bination Laws, 124: Criminal Law
Amendment Act (1871), 819; Convey.
ancing Acts, 553; Corn Laws of 1815. 2,
118; of 1822 and 1827, 124; of 1846, 166;
Ecclesiastical Titles Act (1852), 85,
346; Education Act (1870), 524, 836;
Education Act (Scotland, 1872), 874;
Electric Lighting Act (1882), 792; Em-
plovers' Liability Act (1880).

826;
(1897), 557; Encumbered Estates Act
(1849). 344, 487, 515: Endowed Schools
Act (1869). 842: Endowed Schools (Scot-
land. 1882), 875; Factory Act, 163 seq.,
298–300, 491, 824; Fines and Recoveries
Act (1833), 553; First Offenders Act,
854;

Friendly Societies Acts, 816,
817; Gaol Acts (1623-1824),

315;
Grammar Schools Act (1842), 841; In-
dustrial Societies Act Amendment Act,
496: Infants' Relief Act (1874), 555;
Irish Church Act (1833), 152; Irish
Arms Act (1843), 164; Irish Church
Disestablishment Act. 881; Irish
Intermediate Education Act, 882;
Irish Land Act (1870). 524, 881; Irish
Land Act (1889), 534, 684; Judicature
Act (1873), 526, 544 sey.; Land Pur.
chase Act (Lord Ashbourne's), 541 ;
Landlord and Tenant Act (1860), 487:
Licensing Act (1874), 867; Limited Lia
bility Act (1862), 498, 615; Local Govern-
ment Act (Scotland, 1885), 875; Lunacy
Act (1897), 724; Medical Act (1858) 441
seq., 719; Merchant Shinning Act. 528,
556, 825; Militia Act (1852). 347. Mines
and Collieries Act (1842), 312, 750 seg.;
Municipal Corporation Reform, 157;
Oxford University Reform Ånt (1853),
348; Poor La X (Scottish, 1845), 337;
Police Acts 140. 141; Pollution of
Rivers Act (1876).

826;

Poor Law
Reform, 153, 154, 302, 303; Prescription
Act (1832), 553; Prisons Act (1877), 853;
Public Health (Scotland, 1867 and! 1579),
876; Public Schools Act (1868), 842;
Public Worship Regulation Ari, 528,
591, 592; Railway Acts, 276, 284, 285;
Railway and Canal Trafic Act (1854),
289; Railway Regulation Act, (1873),
289; Reciprocity of Duties Act, 8;
Reform Act (1832), 14; (1867). 520; (1885),
538; Royal Titles Act, 528; Settled

Land Act 1892), 554; Summary Juris-
diction Act, 854; Sunday Closing Act,
867; Ten Hours Act (1847), 491; Tithe
Commutation Act, 84, 292; Univer-
sities Act (1877), 850; Veto Act (Scot-
land), 334

Steam ploughs, 478 seg.
Steamships in the Navy, 176-182; mercan-
tile, early, 451-453; lines, 454 seq.
Steel manufacture in Scotland, 876
STEELE, ROBERT: Chemistry (1815-1832),

86-89; (to 1846), 259-264; Chemistry
and its Applications (1846-1965), 713-
718

STEPHENS, F. G.: Artists of the Middle
Victorian Era, 392-413; Later Vic-
torian Artists, 608-618
Stephenson, George: safety lamp, 249;
and railways, 273, 274, 276
Stethoscopes introduced, 93
Stevenson, R. L.. 605 seq.
Stirling, J. Hutchison. 684
Stokes, Dr. Whitley, 890
Stoneware, 776 seq.
Strike, engineers', of 1871, 820
Stubbs, William,

afterwards Bishop of

Oxford, 594 seq.
Sturgeon, W., 253
Sullivan, Sir Arthur, 640, 647
Sully, J.. 693

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Thomas, Goring, 645

Thomson, Joseph, 914-916

Thomson, Sir William. See Kelvin
Thompson, William Hepworth, 654
Thorpe, B., 674

Tiles, 770

Times, the, 509

Tithe commutation, 184, 292, 554
Tithe war in Ireland, 148, 149, 152
Tobacco. consumption of, 868
Topography, classical, 666 seq.
Torpedoes, naval, 578 seq.
Tower Bridge, 738, 742
Towns, growth of, 115, 872, 808
Tractarians, 373

"Tracts for the Times." 190, 191, 193
Trade, foreign (1815-1832), 118 seq.; (1851-
1865), 496; after 1865, 829, note
Trade unionism, rise of, 119 seq.. 124-126;
(1832-1843), 303, 304;.(1846-1865), 491-
494; (1865-1885), 818-822

TRAILL, H. D.: Introductory, 1-2; Litera-
ture (1815 -1832), 32-48; (1832-1846),
209-230; (1846-1965), 378-392; Litera-
ture Retrospect (1815-1885), 596-608
Tramways, 138, 262
Transportation discredited, 317, 318
Treaties and conventions: Anglo-Turkish

Convention (1978), 530; Berlin, 530;
commercial, 499; Hunkiar Skelessi,
156, 162; of London, 525; of Paris, 352;
San Stefano, 530; of Villafranca, 357;
of Washington, 525

Trollope, Anthony, works of, 392, 605
Tuberculosis, Koch's researches into, 722
Tunnelling, 738

Tupper, M. F., 385, 600-602
Turkey, relations with, 8, 156, 348 seq., 352,

528 seq.

Turner, J. M. W.: paintings of, 49-52;
works by, 402; death and character of,
52
Twining, Thomas, 651

Tylor, Dr. E. B., 680, 681

Tyndall, John, 704, 706-708

Typhoid fever first recognised, 266
Typhus fever, 264, 266; decline of, 722
Tyrwhitt, Thomas, 658

Unitarians, 196 seq., 377
United Empire Loyalists, 928

United States: relations with (Canadian

frontier and Oregon), 164; Trent affair,
357; Geneva award, 525
University of London established, 92
University College, London, 92
Universities: of London, 92; of Oxford

and Cambridge, reform of (1877), 529
seq.; modern English universities and
university colleges, 845, 846; univer-
sity extension, 848: Scottish, 875;
Irish university question, 882

Vaccination, gratuitons, established (1840),
267; made compulsory (1853), 722; ex-
emption, 723. note
Varley, John, 396
Vatican decrees of 1870, 590
Vere, Sir Aubrey de, 214
Victoria Cross instituted, 369
Victoria, Queen: birth of, 4; accession

court, 320;

of, 158; marriage, 161;
Empress of India, 528
Vienna, Conference of, 352
Volunteer forces, 357, 370, 564
Vrynwy Dam, the, 743, 744

Wade, Sir T. F., 672

Wages: rise of (1770-1850), 472; fixing

of, abolished (1813), 119; agricultural,
before and after repeal of corn laws,
470; no fall up to 1885, 809; effect of
"ininimum wage,

830
Wagner's music in England, 640, 642, 643
Wakefield, Gilbert, 651
Wales: separate judges abolished (1830),

543
Walker, Frederick, paintings of, 611
Wallace, Alfred Russell, and the doctrine

of evolution, 434, 437; in the Malay

Archipelago, 924
Wallace, Prof. William, 684
Wallis, Henry, 610
Wallpapers in 1851, 626
Ward. W. G., his " Ideal of a Christian

Church" condemned, 193
Warrior, the, 372
Water-colour (1815--1839), 70—72; about

1846, 397
Water supply, the, 743 seq.
Waterproofing, 514. 861
Watson, Joshua, 28
Watson, M. L., sculptor, 393
Watts, G F., 404, 614
Wealth, the national, 829, 868
Weapons of war, 172, 566 seq., 573 seq.
Weaving. See Textiles
Webb, Philip, 634, 636
Webster, Thomas, 231, 106
Weismann and heredity, 438, note
Wellington, Duke of, and his Ministry

(1828), 8; secession from, 10; foreign
policy, 12; and Reform Bill, 14; letter
to Sir J. Burgoyne (1847), 168 ; policy
towar is Army. 168; duel with Lord

Winchilsa, 322
Wesleyans, 199 seq.
Westbury, Lord, 358
Westcott, B. F., Bishop of Durham. 595
Westminster Hall exhibitions (of

car

toons), 400 sq.
Westminster School, 841
Westmorland. Earl of, and music, 75
Whately, Archbishop his “ Logic," 416
Wheat, prices of (1846-1865), 468, 470, 472,

468
Wheatstone, Sir Charles, 258; and tele-

graphy, 783, 784
Whewell, William, and inductive logic,

416; and University reform, 846

Whewell, W., 846
Whistler, J. McNeill, 616, 618
White, J. Blanco, 190
White Star Line, 463 seq.
WHITTAKER, THOMAS:

Philosophy and
Logic (1846--1865), 413-423; Philosophy
and Anthropology (1865--1885),

675
685; Biology 1846-1865), 423-440
Wilberforce, Samuel, Bishop of Oxford,

196; opposes Darwinism, 436
Wilberforce, William, 21
Wilkins, Charles, 672
William IV., 12, 14; death of, 154; and use

of wine, 866
Williars, Isaac, divine, 32
Williamson. Prof. chemical work of, 261
Wilson, H. H., 673
Wilson, John (Christopher North), 41, 42
Wilkie, Sir David, 394
Winchilsea, Earl of, duel with Duke of

Wellington, 322
Wines, consumption of, 865
Wire rope,

760
Wollaston, W. H., 87
Wolseley, Sir Garnet, afterwards Lord

Wolseley: military studies,
Ashanti War, 526; in Red River ex-
pedition, 569; victory at Tel el Kebir,

538; expedition to Khartoum, 538, 573
Women: in coal mines, 749 xeq., 760; in

medical profession, 720 875; at uni-
versities, 845; dress of, 129 seq., 318

seq., 854 seq; life of, 314, 873
Woollen manufacture, 802-803
Wool-sorting, 803
Worcester china, 776
Wordsworth. Christopher, Bishop of

Lincoln, 596: as classical scholar, 663
Wyatt, James, 238
Wyatt, R. J., sculptor, 393
Wyllie, C. and W., 614
Yeomanry forces, 564
Yeomen, disappearance of, 113, 114
Young England party, 166, 308
Young Ireland party, 514
Young, Thomas, 250, 251

73;

Zinc, 764
Zoology, 426 seq.
Zulu War, 532, 571

PRINTED BY CASSELL AND COMPANY, LIMITED, LA BELLE SAUVAGE, LONDON, E.C.

FEB 19 1915

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