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diffipated in vain and needlefs expences, and poverty be introduced in the place of affluence. This may be poffible. It however rarely happens: for there seems to be in every nation a greater proportion of industry and frugality, which tend to enrich, than of idleness and prodigality, which occafion poverty; fo that upon the whole there is a continual accumulation. Reflect what Spain, Gaul, Germany, and Britain were in the time of the Romans, inhabited by people little richer than our favages, and confider the wealth they at prefent poffefs, in numer. ous well-built cities, improved farms, rich moveables, magazines ftocked with valuable manufactures, to fay nothing of plate, jewels, and coined money; and all this, notwithstanding their bad, wasteful, plundering governments, and their mad destructive wars; and yet luxury and extravagant living has never fuffered much restraint in thofe countries. Then confider

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confider the great proportion of industri-
ous frugal farmers inhabiting the interior
parts of these American ftates, and of
whom the body of our nation confifts,
and judge whether it is poffible that the
luxury of our fea-ports can be fufficient
to ruin fuch a country.-If the importa-
tion of foreign luxuries could ruin a
people, we should probably have been
ruined long ago; for the British nation
claimed a right, and practifed it, of im-
porting among us not only the fuperflu-
'ities of their own production, but those
of every nation under heaven;
bought and confumed them, and yet we
flourished and grew rich. At present
our independent governments may do
what we could not then do, difcourage
by heavy duties, or prevent by heavy
prohibitions, fuch importations, and
thereby grow richer;-if, indeed, which
may admit of difpute, the defire of adorn-
ing ourselves with fine clothes, poffeffing



fine furniture, with elegant houfes, &c. is not, by strongly inciting to labour and industry, the occafion of producing a greater value than is confumed in the gratification of that defire.

The agriculture and fisheries of the United States are the great fources of our increasing wealth. He that puts a feed into the earth is recompenfed, perhaps, by receiving forty out of it; and he who draws a fish out of our water, draws up a piece of filver.

Let us (and there is no doubt but we fhall) be attentive to these, and then the power of rivals, with all their restraining and prohibiting acts, cannot much hurt us. We are fons of the earth and feas, and, like Antæus in the fable, if in wrestling with a Hercules we now and then receive a fall, the touch of our parents will communicate to us fresh

ftrength and vigour to renew the contest.



MANY perfons in Europe having, directly or by letters, expreffed to the writer of this, who is well acquainted with North-America, their defire of transporting and establishing themselves in that country; but who appear to him to have formed, through ignorance, miftaken ideas and expectations of what is to be obtained there; he thinks it may be useful, and prevent inconvenient, expenfive, and fruitless removals and voyages of improper perfons, if he gives fome clearer and truer notions of that part of the world than appear to have hitherto prevailed.

He finds it is imagined by numbers, that the inhabitants of North-America



are rich, capable of rewarding, and dif posed to reward, all forts of ingenuity; that they are at the fame time ignorant of all the sciences, and confequently that ftrangers, poffeffing talents in the belleslettres, fine arts, &c. must be highly esteemed, and fo well paid as to become eafily rich themselves; that there are also abundance of profitable offices to be difposed of, which the natives are not qualified to fill; and that having few perfons of family among them, ftrangers of birth must be greatly refpected, and of course easily obtain the best of those offices, which will make all their fortunes : that the governments too, to encourage emigrations from Europe, not only pay the expence of perfonal transportation, but give lands gratis to strangers, with negroes to work for them, utenfils of hufbandry, and stocks of cattle. These are all wild imaginations; and those who go to America with expectations founded upon

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