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A Manual of Physiology and of the Principles of Disease
Edward Dillon Mapother
Недоступно для просмотра - 2015
according action amount animals appears arranged artery becomes believed bile blood body bones brain branches called capillaries carbonic acid cause cells chemical circulation closed coagulation coat colour condition consists contain contraction cord death described developed digestion discovered disease divided duct effect elastic electricity especially exists experiments fact fibres fibrin fluid force function gives glands heart heat human inches increased influence irritation kidney layer less liver lower lungs mass matter membrane minute mucous muscles muscular named nerves nervous occurs organ oxygen passed phosphates placed portion posterior prevented probably produced proportion quantity regarded remarkable removed roots salts secretion seen separate shown shows side similar skin solid sound spinal stomach structure substance sugar supply supposed surface temperature termed tion tissue tube urea urine usually valves varies veins vessels
Стр. 401 - There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on' according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.
Стр. 400 - I believe that animals have descended from at most only. four or five progenitors, and plants from an equal or lesser number. " Analogy would lead me one step further, namely, to the belief that all animals and plants have descended from some one prototype.
Стр. 401 - Therefore I should infer from analogy that probably all the organic beings which have ever lived on this earth, have descended from some one primordial form, into which life was first breathed.
Стр. 246 - The effect once produced by an impression on the brain, whether in perception or intellectual act, is fixed and there retained ; because the part, be it what it may, which has been thereby changed, is exactly represented in the part which, in the course of nutrition, succeeds to it.
Стр. 401 - Nevertheless all living things have much in common, in their chemical composition, their cellular structure, their laws of growth, and their liability to injurious influences.
Стр. 246 - ... intellectual act, is fixed and there retained ; because the part, be it what it may, which has been thereby changed, is exactly represented in the part which, in the course of nutrition succeeds to it. Thus, in the recollection of sensuous things, the Mind refers to a brain, in which are retained the effects, or, rather, the likenesses, of changes that past impressions and intellectual acts had made. As in some way passing far our knowledge, the Mind perceived, and took...
Стр. 400 - Analogy would lead me one step further, namely , to the belief that all animals and plants have descended from some one prototype. But analogy may be a deceitful guide. Nevertheless all living things have much in common, in their chemical composition, their germinal vesicles, their cellular structure, and their laws of growth and reproduction.
Стр. 294 - Suppose a worm, in the bowels, irritating their centripetal nerve-fibres: the irritation is propagated to the spinal cord, which reflects it upon the roots of the cervical sympathetic nerve, by which it reaches the bloodvessels of the retina, produces their contraction, and, as a consequence of this cause of diminution in the amount of blood, an amaurosis. If instead of the reflex action on the bloodvessels there is an action on the tissues, as in the case of the experiments of Czermak and Prof.
Стр. 451 - That during the progress of these changes the cells of the cartilage become enlarged, rounded, and filled with corpuscles, in lieu of healthy cells ; bursting subsequently, and discharging their contents into the texture on the surface ; whilst the hyaline substance splits into bands and fibres, the changed hyaline substance and the discharged corpuscles of the cells, afterwards forming, in many cases, a fibro-nucleated membrane on the surface of the diseased cartilage.
Стр. 35 - Cuba, or anywhere in his natural state, is quite as likely to squat on his hams as to stand on his feet. Thus, an anatomist with the negro and ourang-outang before him, after a careful comparison, would say, perhaps, that nature herself had been puzzled where to place them, and had finally compromised the matter by giving them an exactly equal inclination to the form and attitude of each other.