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Chriftianity: They do alfo allow a Belief of that Hiftory to be neceffary to all thofe to whom God by revealing the fame has made it a Duty. But they also fay, that (e) though this Faith in Christ as outwardly, be an Integral, yet it is C not fuch an effential Part of the Chriftian Re

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ligion, as that it cannot consist without it.' And that (f) Though Men know not Chrift, neither have Faith in him, as he was outwardly • born of a Virgin, &c. and this fo falls out, not by their own wilful Neglect, but by the wife Difpenfation of God; the Want of this Knowledge and Faith, as outwardly, fhall not be a Bar to their Accefs to, and Acceptance with, the Lord, if they fear him and work Righteoufnefs.'

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WE fhall now give our Reader a View of their manner of reasoning on these Points.

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(g) THE Scripture, fays one of them, reprefents God as no hard Man, reaping where he • he hath not fown, and gathering where he hath not ftrawed. Mat. xxv. 44. But this Doctrine, [viz. of making the Faith of that which they are depriv'd of the Means of knowing necessary to • Men's Salvation] represents him otherwise, and likens him rather to thofe cruel Ægyptian Taskmafters, who denied the Children of Ifrael Straw, and yet required of them the Tale of • Bricks, and beat them for not doing it, Exod.

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V. 10-14. than to a God who delights in Mercy, • and is gracious and full of Compaffion, Mic. vii. Pfal. cxi. 4. and cxii. 4. and clxv. 8. Yea,

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(e) R. Claridge's Lux Evangelica atteftata, p. 49. R. Barclay's Works, p.895. (f) Claridge's Lux Evang. p. 44. (g) Ibid p. 44.

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Yea, it impeaches the Divine Juftice, as well as Compaffion; for where is that Equity in his Proceedings with the Children of Men, which the Scriptures fo frequently make mention of, if they fhall be eternally punished for not doing of that, which is made impoffible to them, through want of means fufficient being in his • Providence withheld from them."

UNTO whomfoever much is given, of him fhall be much required, is the Teftimony of Christ himself. Luke xii. 48. And if we follow it in the Line it directly leads us this will be the Conclufion, viz. That unto whomsoever nothing is given, of him nothing will be required For in the Parable of the Talents, Mat. xxv. we read of thofe Servants only called to an Account, who had received Talents, Five, Two or One, Every Man according to his Ability. And therefore the Heathen have either Means fufficient afforded them, in order to their Sal⚫vation, or else they fhall not be called to an Account, but they fhall be called to an Account, For we must all appear before the Judgment Seat of Christ, (all, whether Jews or • Gentiles) that every one may receive the Things • done in his Body, according to that he hath done whether it be good or bad. 2 Cor. v. 10. Tribulation and Anguish upon every Soul of Man that doth Evil; of the Jew first, and alfo of the Gen⚫ tile. But Glory, Honour, and Peace, to every • Man that worketh Good, to the Jew first, and alfo

to the Gentile. Rom. ii. 9, 10. And therefore • God hath afforded them Means fufficient for their Salvation, which they, as well as others, may come to be Partakers of, as they are faithful to the Means; which is Christ Jesus in his inward Appearance by his Light and Spirit, in

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AGAIN, (b) As the bare Letters of Adam's Name, were not the Mediums of conveying • Condemnation and Death into the World, but his Sin and Tranfgreffion were; and many partake of the fad Effects thereof, who never • heard of Adam, nor of his Falling by eating the Forbidden Fruit: So Life and Salvation being not fimply and neceffarily conveyed to < any, by the meer literal Knowledge of the

the Hearts of all Men and Women throughout the whole World.

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Name of Jefus Chrift, but by that Power and • Virtue which fpring from him; why may not

they be made Partakers of the Benefits of • Chrift's outward Appearance, by the powerful ⚫ Operation of his Light and Spirit in their Hearts, fanctifying and juftifying of them, who never heard of his Name, as outwardly, nor that he was born of the Virgin Mary, &c ?

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AGAIN, (i) These two Propofitions are not contradictory, viz. That Faith in Christ as he was outwardly born of a Virgin, &c. is neceffary to the Salvation of thofe to whom it is revealed; ⚫ and that there are faithful Men among Heathens, who have yet nothing of this Faith revealed to them. And the Reafon is manifeft; because, as Logicians are wont to speak, the Oppofition is not agès To duro, in the fame Refpect. The • Circumstances of the Perfons are diverfified by

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the wife diftinguishing Providence of God, • who hath afforded fome an Opportunity of attaining this Faith, and therefore to them it is neceffary: But having withheld the Opportu

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(b) Ibid. Pag. 45. (i) Ibid. Pag. 49, 50.

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nity from Heathens, this Faith, viz. in Chrift as he was outwardly born of a Virgin, is not neceffary to them. And fo both Propofitions are true, in Senfu divifo, or a divided Senfe, as the Schoolmen fpeak; but not in Senfu compofito, or a compound Senfe. That is, Faith in Christ, as he was outwardly born of a Virgin, &c. is neceffary to the Salvation of them to whom it is revealed, because the Opportunity of this Faith is afforded them. And there are faithful Men among Heathens, who yet have nothing of this • Faith revealed to them; because if they are faithful to that whieh is revealed to them, that is • fufficient to denominate them Faithful Men, though they have nothing of this Hiftorical Faith, yet revealed to them. For a Man may be faved without this Hiftorical Faith, but not without true Converfion of the Heart to God, for therein confifts the Life of Christianity. If any Man, faith the Apostle, be in Chrift, he is • a new Creature, 2 Cor. v. 17. And, Let every • one that nameth the Name of Christ, depart from Iniquity, 1 Tim. ii. 19. People are not there⚫fore Chriftians indeed, because they have the Scriptures, and are only Profeffors of Chriftianity, but he is the Chriftian Man, and be the < Christian Woman, that is a new Creature and departs from Iniquity. The Want of the outward Knowledge of Chrift, where 'tis fimply impoffible,ordinarily fpeaking, deprives not thofe Gentiles of eternal Life and Salvation, who are faithful to the Measure of Divine Grace manifefted to them."

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HAVING thus fhewn the Quakers manner of arguing, we proceed next to confider the Way of Reasoning made ufe of by our present Oppofer, who, in Proof of his Affertion beforementioned,

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viz. That fuch a Faith [to wit, of the peculiar Articles he mentions] is as effential to Chriftianity as a good Life; fays thus, For Chriftianity con⚫tains in it Matters of Faith as well as Practice." This may be to his Purpofe, when he fhall have proved, that All things Chriftianity contains are equally effential to it, which he has not yet done. But he goes on thus, And one great Design of Christianity is to give us right Notions of the Nature of God and of the Perfon of Christ, and of his Performances as our Mediator and • Redeemer, our Prophet, Prieft and King:' Suppofe all this granted him, will it therefore follow, That fuch a Defign is as effential to Christianity as the very End and Purpofe of Christ's Manifeftation, which was to deftroy the Works of the Devil? He yet proceeds, And fuch a Chriftian

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Faith is neceffary in order to a Chriflian Life, and muft in Order of Nature neceffarily go before it; For without Faith it is impoffible to pleafe God, or to do thofe Things that will please him. Heb. xi. 6.' Than which the Bible has not a Text more directly against him; for the Author of that Epiftle adds in the very next Words, for be that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a Rewarder of them that diligently feek him. A fhort (k) Creed, fuch as W. Penn's moral Man before described is never without; and which though it may please God, and enable a Man to come to him, yet is fo far from being expreffive of all the peculiar Articles of the Christian Faith, which this Author calls effential, that it mentions not one of them. He adds, that Our Works without Faith are dead, as well as our Faith without

(k) This, fays Dr. Taylor, is the Gentiles Creed, but fuch as at firft will be fufficient to bring them unto God.

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