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flower, and reveals the beauties of earth, and air, and starry sky. See the waterfall glint in the sun's rays; there also is rhythmic wave motion. In a recurrence of good or bad actions is the soul made beautiful or ugly, for virtue and vice are habits. And so it is in the daily recurrence of attention concentrated upon thoughtful reading that intellectual labor is rendered fruitful.

Focus the attention during the time of reading in such manner that the mind becomes wholly occupied with the reading matter. Better is a daily reading of half an hour made with sustained attention than a reading of two hours made in an indolent, half-dreamy fashion.

Read with method. Absence of method in one's reading is a source of great distraction. Give yourself the habit while reading of making a mental catalogue of your impressions. Distinguish between the statements that are doubtful, and probable, and certain; between those that are of opinion, and credence, and presumption. You will find this practice of great aid in sustaining attention.

When, in spite of all these precautions, you begin to find your thoughts wandering away from the page upon which your eyes are set, put the book aside for the time being, and take up the reading of another subject that is more likely to fix your attention. Men who are constant brain workers generally keep before them a

favorite volume, in which they from time to time refresh their minds when fatigued, or when they find the train of thought they would pursue exhausted.

Another rule is to take notes while reading. The very fact of reading with pen or pencil in hand stimulates thought. Remember that reading is useful only in proportion as it aids our intellectual development; it aids intellectual development only in proportion as it supplies food for reflection; and that portion of one's reading alone avails which the mind has been enabled to assimilate to itself, and make its own by meditation. Now, note-taking with running comments is a great means of making clear to one's self how much one does or does not know about the subject-matter of one's reading. But note-taking may be overestimated, and it actu ally becomes so when it is reduced to a mere mechanical copying and cataloguing of extracts, without any effort to make these extracts the seeds from which to cultivate native thoughts.

Consult your dictionary. Do not give yourself the habit of passing over words of whose scope and meaning you are ignorant. Such habit begets a slovenly mode of thinking. The ablest writers and thinkers can but ill dispense with their dictionary. It is a friend that steads them in many a mental perplexity. All assimilation of thought is a process of translation. Every intellect has

a certain limited vocabulary of words in which it thinks, and it fully grasps an idea only when it has translated that idea into its own familiar forms of expression. If a great aim of reading be mental growth, and if mental growth depend upon accuracy of conception, then it is of primary importance to know, beyond mere guesswork, the precise meaning of the words one reads.

Read with a purpose.

Lay out for yourself a definite object, and let all your reading converge upon that object until your purpose is attained. This is the only reading that will be remembered. Books perused in an aimless manner are soon forgotten; indeed are seldom remembered. The mind becomes a mere passive instrument, receiving one set of impressions, which are in a little while obliterated by another set no less temporary. Now this is an abuse. Reason, imagination, all the faculties of man's intellect, were given him that he might exercise. them and develop them to the full compass of their activity. He who lets them lie dormant is in the position. of him who buried the one talent that he had been intrusted with. Furthermore, reading with a purpose helps to economize time and brain energy. We soon learn that there are many things we had better leave unread as so many distractions from the main line of our readings. Then we begin to find out that, after we know all that a book has to tell us bearing directly on our subject, we

would be losing time in reading farther, and so we put the book aside. With practice we soon discover the short cuts to our subject, and save ourselves the reading of all irrelevant matters. We become practiced in the rare art of knowing when and what not to read.


Brother Azarias, the name by which Patrick Francis Mullaney was best known, was born in County Tipperary, Ireland, June 29, 1847. He came to this country in his boyhood, and before he was fifteen he joined the Christian Brothers. In time he became a teacher and a writer. He was the author of a number of books, in which "he will be admired as a philosophic thinker, a literary artist, an acute and judicious critic." He died August 20, 1893.

terse: elegantly concise. confute: put down by words. - fundamental: essential part. resume: take up again. congenial: pleasing or agreeable. - irksome: wearisome. recurrence: return. - pervades: spreads through the whole extent of. rhythmic: pertaining to a succession of marked measures. — glint: shine. — concentrated: brought to bear on one point. - focus: collect in one point. stimulates: rouses to action. - assimilate: make one's own. - vocabulary: the words of a language.

mon result. obliterated: blotted out.

converge lead to a comirrelevant: not applicable.

The saints were men who did less than other people, but whe did what they had to do a thousand times better. — Faber.

The Descent into the Maelstrom.

Myself and my two brothers once owned a schoonerrigged smack of about seventy tons burden, with which we were in the habit of fishing among the islands beyond Moskoe.

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It is now within a few days of three years since what I am going to tell you occurred. It was on the 10th of July, 18-. The three of us-my two brothers and myself had crossed over to the islands about two o'clock P.M., and soon had the smack nearly loaded with fine fish. It was just seven, by my watch, when we weighed and started for home, so as to make the worst of the Ström at slackwater, which we knew would be at eight.

We set out with a fresh wind at our starboard quarter, and for some time spanked along at a great rate, never dreaming of danger. All at once we were taken aback by a breeze from over Helseggen. We put the boat on the wind, but could make no headway at all for the eddies, and I was upon the point of proposing to return to the anchorage, when, looking astern, we saw the whole horizon covered with a singular copper-colored cloud that rose with the most amazing velocity.

In less than a minute the storm was upon us; in less

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