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haps, for form sake, it might cial warning to mankind, than be added, and the Lord have it would have been, to have mercy on your soul !'

seen a human being, created But it was a very favourable in the image of God, hanging circumstance for Cain, that he on a halter under a gallows, did not fall into the hands of and expiring in all the excrumen, whose tender mercies ciating agonies and contorare cruelty!' All the punish- tions of a violent and unnatument which God inflicted on ral death! Such an awful specCain for this aggravated mur- tacle would doubtless give a der, was hard labour and ban- greater shock to the feeling's ishment. And Cain thought and sensibilities of human nathis was too severe; for he ture, than the

the punishment said unto the Lord, · My pun- which God inflicted on Cain ; ishment is greater than I can but the impression would be bear.' And it appears that momentary, if not pernicious ; God compassionated his case. distressing while it lasted; but For upon Cain's saying that, would not equally with the latthat it will come to pass that ter, convince the understandevery one who findeth me willing, and mend the heart. . slay me.' God kindly relieved miglit now conclude with this him, not only from the danger exclamation, what could God itself, but also from the fear- haye done more than he hath ful apprehensions of mind be done to prevent the effusion of was under. And the Lord set human blood ! But I am cona mark upon Cain, lest any strained to mention one thing finding him should kill hini. Inore. Please to take notice. Not Although the mark placed on lest he should kill another man; Cain might answer its appointthe danger of which, (even in ed ends, as above mentioned, this our half humanized age) during his natural life, yet, is urged by many in justifica- lest they should be forgotten tion of the inhuman practice of after his death, and that sucputting murderers to death. ceeding generations inight be But God, who best knew the left without excuse, God was human heart, knew that the pleased to leave on record a danger of killing was on the inost solemn declaration and other side; and therefore He warning to civil magistrates, took his measures accordingly, and all others, not to shed the in order to prevent it.

blood even of a murderer. And The mark which the Lord the Lord said unto him (and set upon Cain, whatever it may probably in the hearing of othhave been, answered a double ers) · Whosoever slayeth Cain, purpose. It warned mankind vengeance shall be taken on not to commit murder; and him seven fold.' not to take away the life of the Here let us pause a moment. murderer. In both these res- These words demand our most pects this mark was a more serious attention for God spake effectual, lasting, and benefi- them. I am willing that my opponents should give the effectually warned and secur. most favourable construction ed. And there is great reato the text, which the words son to believe, that Cain was can consistently admit. I con- effectually rcclaimed, for he ceive their true meaning to be regretted being hid from this - That the vengeance, God's face.' This was a hapwhich God would have taken, .py omen of sincere repentance, here and hereafter, on any and very different from what person or persons who should his parents exhibited, whilst have taken away the life of under the influence of impenCain, although a murderer, itent guilt; "they endeavoured would have been sevenfold to hide themselves from the more than the punishment He presence of the Lord.' It aphad now laid upon Cain, mere- pears that Cain lived many ly for the violation of a civil years after this ; and in all duty. At any rate, the text likelihood became a good memdenounces an awful doom on ber of society, · for he builded any person or persons who a city, and called the name of should have inflicted a capital the city after the name of his punishment on Cain for the son, Enoch.' murder that he had committed! I must request all the been borrowed for the perusal

The preceding article has defenders of sanguinary pun- of our readers. It is the sub, ishments, once more to read

stance of one of five ! Essays on with attention the whole of the Capital Punishments, which proceedings in his trial, as originally appeared in the HerThey stand on record in the ald, a newspaper published at sacred volume. They will Windham,

in Connecticut. find no dislocation of bones by They were reprinted in Philathe tortures of the rack; no delphia, in Poulson's Daily Adburning at the stake no vertiser. In 1811 they were strangling by a halter under a printed in a Tract. In 1812, gallows ; no life taken away, An Appendix by the author nor day of probation shortened;

was published, containing annot even a hair of Cain's head scorched or plucked out. And, whole has recently been pre

swers to 13 objections. The on due reflection, I request sented to the Editor by a them to say, whether mankind, Friend. However intelligent amidst all their witty and cruel inventions, have ever dis- sentiments of this author, there

men may disagree as to the covered any sanguinary pun- can be but one opinion of his ishment that has had a more talents as a writer. The fourth effectual tendency to reclaim Essay, which has now been the offender ; to deter others; given, is a fair specimen of the and to secure the public, than ability with which the several the punishment which God

arguments and objections are laid on Cain for the murder of

managed. his brother Abel. It is certain, that by it the public was



" As the Sun was hastening I send you the following to cool himself in the placid IMPROMPTU by a gentleman in waters of Lake Erie, CommemEngland, Alumnus of Harvard oroonah, Sachem of the TusUniversity, and respectable for caroras, sat at the door of his his talents and character. It wigwam, scouring his red-rustarose literally out of the cir. ed scalping knife. Bambarrah, cumstances mentioned. It con- his faithful squaw, was prepartains a moral, which the in- ing hominee for the supper of telligent reader will readily ap- her lord; whilst their sons were ply to every sentiment, forced striving, who with truest aim upon the public mind by cus- could direct the tomahawk, tom or antiquity, and unsup- “At this interesting moment ported by reason or scripture, three envoys approached, bearwhether such sentiment relates ing a talk from Alpequot, the to church or state, to war or renowned Sachem of the Chippeace. Some of the party pres- pewas; which they thus delivent, devoted to high church ered. and to the national ecclesias- “ Brother, when the great tical establishments, were a lit. Spirit created Tobacco for the tle indignant, and thought the solace of red men, He deliverreader, who was educated a cd to Animboonah, Father of moderate dissenter, had evin- the Chippewas, a torch, whiclı ced a want of reverence for the the had lighted at the great, only true church

day-star--The Chippewas have In a conversation with a few not suffered

his celestial spark friends on church government, to be extinguished; but from a clergyman who was of the it have all cur pipes been igparty said, “No one was enti- nited for ninety nine thousand tled to administer the offices five hundred and fifty moons. of the church, who had not re- This therefore, and this only is ceived Episcopal ordination; the true canonical fire ; all for wherever the episcopal other is unholy and damnable." succession is preserved, there (A belt of wampum) only is a true Church.

" Nul

“ Brother, I send to you a la Ecclesia sine Episcopo." portion of this sacred fire, preTertullian.

served by uninterrupted sucThe opinion of the gentle- cession, that with it you may man being required, he replied, light your pipe, and diffuso There is in the history of one the blessing through your naof the Indian tribes in America tion." (A belt of wampum) an anecdote somewhat analo. “ Accept this, and the Chipgous, which with permission I pewas and Tuscaroras will will read. Taking down a book, smoke together the calumet of he apparently read what fol- peace, so long as the Wabash lows:

shall pour its silver waters in* Ferunt, si justum est credi, etiam ignem cælitus lapsum apud se sempiternis foculis custodirem.Amm. Marcellinus.

to the dark torrent of the Ohio. ables us to draw fire immediate.
Reject it, and instantly shall the ly from the great day-star.
red war-hatchet be dug from With this the Tuscaroras arc
its repose ; and the warriors accustomed to light their pipes.
of Tuscarora shall be given (A belt of wampum)
as a feast to the sons of Anime “Our young men are expert
boonah. (A belt of wampum.) at the tomahawk; our squaws

“ Decide! for Alpequot wilí are ingenious at roasting pris- .
suffer no pipe to be smoked oners ; and the arm of Com.
that is not lighted from the fire memoroonah has not lost its
uninterruptedly derived from vigour.” (Three belts of wam-
the great day star.” (Three pum)
belts of wampum)

In the succeeding moon the To this courtly message

scouts of Tuscarora gave noCommemoroonah returned this tice of the approach of Alpe

quot. Commemoroonah dress“ Brothers ! Chinquolinga, ed an ambuscade. A battle my grandfather, whose girdle was fought ; and the bones of

always hung with the the Chippewas now lie bleachscalps of Chippewas, received ing on the plains of Musking, from William Penn, the white

unl. . Sachem, an amulet, which eng



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Dr. INCREASE MATHER in more should we be in prayer his “ Exhortations to faith and as we see the day approaching fervency in prayer,” published when the glorious prophecies in 1710, makes the following and promises shall receive remarks.

their accomplishment. We are “ The providence of God is assured that when the sixth calling us to prayer. Great trumpet, called also the second things are doing in the world. wo, has done its work, the Wonderful revolutions there seventh trumpet, called the have been in our days, and third wo, will come quickly. greater are expected. Are not Now there is reason to hope the nations in travelling pains ? that the second wo is past, that We see the beginning of sor- is, that the Turk shall be no · rows. Are not the judgements more such a plague to the of God abroad in the earth ? christian world as for ages past The sword is devouring in ma- he has been. At the time ny places, and in some the fam- when the second wo passeth ine and pestilence. A vial is away there is to be a great pouring upon the earth : and if earthquake; in that earthquake we consider our state, does it one of the ten kingdoms over not call for prayer ? What which Antichrist has reigned frowns of heaven have been will fall.*"_" There is a great upon us! And so much the earthquake among the nations,

page 87.


FALL ! dom of Christ is at hand.”+ MAY WE HEAR OF A MIGHTY

† page 97.




INDULGENCE FOR ROBBERY. John Tetzel, a Dominican received a diploma sealed and Inquisitor, employed to sell the signed by Tetzel, alsolving indulgences of Pope Leo X. him from the unexplained travelled throughout various crime which he secretly intenparts of Europe persuading the ded to commit. Not long afpeople that the moment any ter, when Tetzel was about to person had paid the money for leave Leipsic the nobleman his indulgence, he might be made inquiry respecting the certain of his salvation ; for all road he would probably trarel, his crimes, however enormous,

waited for him in ambush at a would be forgiven. At Leipsic, convenient place, attacked and it is said, that after he had robbed him ; then beat him " scraped together a great deal soundly with a stick, sent him of money from all ranks of back again to Leipsic with his people,' a nobleman who sus- chest empty, and, parting, said, pected the imposture, put this " This is the fault I intended question to him" Can you to commit, and for which I grant absolution for a sin which have your absolution !a man shall intend to commit This humorous story is in future ?” “ Yes,' replied related by the cautious Seckenthe frontless commissioner, dorf, and may serve to show

condition that the the almost incredible lengths proper sum of money be ac- to which the popish agents tually paid down." The noble- proceeded in the detestable man instantly produced the traffic so clearly laid open by sum demanded, and in return this anecdote. Am. Bap. Mag.

66 but on


USEFUL AND ENTERTAINING. A Man of letters on viewing of the amiable archbishop of the destruction of his library Cambray, and expressive of his by fire, observed, “I should compassion for the poor. By have gained but little improve his tenderness towards the poor ment from my books, if I knew peasants, his kindness to them not how to bear the loss of in their distresses, his habit of them."

visiting them to impart to them

of the good things of this life WHEN Fenelon lost his li- and the consolations of religion, brary by fire, he exclaimed- he gained their affections in a “God be praised that it is not remarkable manner. They rethe cottage of some poor fam- garded him as a father and ve. ily ! This was characteristic nerated his name long after his

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