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convert infidels ; turn the nations to · published at Madras, may not come, himself. Knowing this we go on- the following short abstract, of the ward.

very important objects carrying on Excuse the brevity of this and be at Bellary, is given.--The Rev. lieve me, for the sake of our Lord Messrs. Hands and Reeve, together Yours sincerely.

with a very promising young man, a R. MORRISON. Mr. Taylor, preparing for Missionary Rey. Mr. COLMAN.

labours, had under their charge six

Schools : Extracts from the Indo-Chinese

Num. of Child. Gleaner, No. II. Aug. 1817. 1 A boarding school,

2 SOUTH SEA ISLANDS. 2 A school in the Fort,

31 . By accounts lately received from 3 Native sohosi for Canara and our brethren in Eimeo, the affairs of Gentoo children,

.50 the Mission seem to be prospering 4 An English school for Native greatly-362 persons had requested children,

26 to have their names registered as can- 5 Another Native school,

55 didates for christianity-and their 6 Four other Native schools in schools contained 660 scholars. An the villages, pear to Bellary, 150 attempt bad been made by the idola. trous chiefs, to exterminate all who

836 had renounced Heathenism, by a The Brethren have received congeneral massacre, (on the night of siderable assistance from the Ladies the 7th July) but their purposes were and Gentlemen of that Settlement, mercifully disappointed. The Rev. as well as of Madras, for the support Mr. Marsden, senior chaplain of New of these schools. South Wales, bears testimony to the patience, perseverance, and con- TRANSLATION OF TAE SCRIPTURES. stancy of the Missionaries, feeling

Mr. Hands had completed the confident of their final success. Nine translation of the four Gospels, the additional Missionaries have embark. Epistle to the Ephesians, the three ed for Eimeo, acquainted with sev, Epistles of John, and several detacheral mechanical employments ;-and ed parts of other books of the Scripthe Directors of the Missionary Soci

tures. ety have it in agitation, to introduce the sugar-cane, cotton, and hemp in

ENGLISH CRAPLAINS. to the islands, for the purpose of pro

With peculiar pleasure we learn, inoting the civilization, and exciting the commercial spirit of the natives.

by letters from the west side of India, the laudable exertions of several of

the Chaplains of the Church of Eng. The Rev. John Gordon, from Viz- land, to promote Christian knowl

edge. agapatam, was at Madras, in May last, revising the Gentoo Translation At SURAT, the Rev. Mr. Carr, of the Gospels, and intending, if pose besides the usual duties of the Saba sible, to print them there.

bath, keeps a school expressly for In the schools, at Madras, there

the children of European soldiers,were about 250 native, and 150 Por- a class, which very much requires tuguese and Country-born children, the attention of all, whose object it under the care of our brethren. Thé is to instruct those that already proRey. Messrs. Knill and Mead were fess christianity. labouring hard at the Tamul.

At BOMBAY, the Rev. Mr. Davis, At Roya-Pettah, the Rev. Mr. has commenced a course of lectures, Render has, under his charge, 160 on our Lord's sermon on the mount; children.

and has opened his own house for preaching, on the Thursday evenings.

Those who attend have manifested a For the sake of those into whose commendable spirit, in liberally con. hands-_" The Missionary Circular,'' tributing the sum of 1,500 Rupees,



for lighting up the place of worship, also, the wives of these officers, emand other necessary expenses.

ploying their talents in writing use

ful tracts and books for children, ROMAN CATHOLIC ZEAL.

engaging in the superintendance of It is rather remarkable, that among native schools and schools of indus. the many opulent christians in India, try, -as well as in visiting the coiand in England, so very few have as- tages of the poor, administering to pired to the honour of supporting a their bodily wants, and endeavouring. Mission at their own individual ex- to conduct them to the knowledge of pense.

JESUS CHRIST. A rich Roman Catholic gentleman To persons who are anxiously-obat Madras, has, it is said, sent to Goa, serving the progress of christianity in for six PRIESTS, to come and teach India, these are circumstances of no the Roman Catholic religion to the ordinary interest; and the Minister natives. He intends to support or Missionary, who has such useful these Priests himself. This is an ex- co-adjutors planted around him, in ample highly worthy of being imita- the scene of his labours, may truly · ted by opulent Protestants in India. say" The lines are fallen to me in

pleasant places !" BRITISH OFFICERS IN INDIA. The daily increase of pious Offi- RECENT ANNUAL MEETINGS. cers in the army in India, and the The Massachusetts Congregational truly laudable manner in which some Charitaðle Society held its annual of them employ their influence and meeting, on Monday, 25th May, at talents, are things calculated to af- 11 o'clock, A. M. at the Vestry of ford pleasure of the most refined na- the First Church, Chauncy-Place. ture to the lovers of truth. In the Officers rechosen, with the exceparmy, the cold sneer of infidelity, is tion of Levi Hedge, Esq. Secretary, now seldom met with ; and not a in the room of the Rev. Dr. McKean, few in it are the warm and judicious deceased. friends of the Gospel. Many of them Hon. Peter C. Brooks was elected being persons of liberal education, a member of the Society in the place and well acquainted with the langua- of the Hon. Judge Wendell, and the ges of India, are capable of rendering Rev. John Pierce instead of Rev. great service to the cause of chris- Dr. McKean. tianity. By letters from various quarters, it appears that some engage Tuesday 26th May, at 3 o'clock in in translating parts of the Holy Scrip- the afternoon, the Society for promotures-others in correcting and revi- ring Christian knowledge, picty and sing former Versions. Some assist in charity held its eleventh annual meetsuperintending the education of na- ing at Chauncy-Place. The Rev. tive children-others liberally con- Jacob Flint, of Cohasset, delivered a tribute to their support. Some il- discourse on Moral Freedom, from lustrate the history and customs of Isaiah Ixi. 1. “ The spirit of the Lord the countries around them by their God is upon me,”' &c. A collection writings, and thus furnish a collateral was then taken. Officers, chosen auxiliary to the spread of divine for the present year : Rer. W. E. knowledge ;-others encourage the Channing, Rev. Dr. Bancroft, Rer. instruction of the children of Europe- Joseph Allen,

Rev. N. L. Frothing, an soldiers. Some take the lead in ham, Rev. J. Tuckerman, Dea. SamBible Associations ;-others have sev- uel May, Rev. John White, Rev. Dr. eral schools, taught under their own Harris, Trustees--Mr. Elisha Clar; personal inspection, and supported Treasurer. solely by themselves and their families; there is one instance in which In the evening, the nineteenth anthree schools, containing 300 chil niversary discourse was delivered bedren, are superintended by an Eng- fore the Massachusetts Missionary lişh Officer !We cannot but ob- Society by the Rev. Ebenezer Porter, serve, with delight, the pious LADIES D. D. Bartlet Professor of Sacred




Rhetoric at Andover, from Psalm than Dane, President-Rev. Dr. Por cxxxii. 5, 6. “If I forget thee, O Je- ter, Hon. Artemas Ward, Hon. Samrusalem,"

9 &c. There was then a uel Haven, Vice Presidents-William contribution in aid of the funds of the Thurston, Esq. Recording Secretary Society.

-Mr. Elisha Clap, Cor. Secretary

- Francis J. Oliver, Treasurer. On Wednesday morning, at 90% clock, the Rev. David Kellogg of On Monday, 1st June, the Ancient Framingham delivered the annual and Honourable Artillery Company discourse before the Society for pro- held their 175th Anniversary for the moting christian knowledge, in Park. choice of Officers. street Church, from Gal. iv. 19. Af- The Rev. Henry Colman, of Hingo ter which a collection was made in ham, preached the discourse from aid of the Institution,

Psalm cxxxvii. 5, 6. “If I forget thee,

0 Jerusalem, let my right hand forget At one o'clock, the Rev. Zephani- her cunning. If I do not remember ah S. Moore, D. D. President of thee, let my tongue cleave to the Williams College, delivered the Elec- roof of my mouth ; if I prefer not tion Sermon in the Old South Church, Jerusalem above my chief joy." from Mark ii. 27. 66 The Sabbath was made for man,” &c.


Mr. Thomas Tracy, Cambridge, In the afternoon, and the next Samuel Gilman, do. morning the, Massachusetts Conveň

John Allyn, tion of Congregational Ministers,

John A. Shaw,

do. held its anniversary meeting. Twen

P. Osgood,

do. ty-five widows were recommended to Alvan Lamson,

dah the Convention by the Reporting F. W. P. Greenwood, do. Committee, as objects of charity.

Andrew Bigelow, do.
Seth Alden,

do. On Thursday, at eleven o'clock, Jonathan P. Dabney, Salem. the Rev. Henry Ware, D. D. Hollis

E. Q. Sewall * Concord. Professor of Divinity at Harvard University, delivered the Convention

OBITUARY. Sermon from John xx. 31. ^ These Died-In Cambridge, Caleb Ganthings are written, that ye might be- net, Esq. aged 73. lieve," &c. at the Church in Brattle- In Boston, Samuel Salisbury, Esq. street. There was then a collection aged 78. of $493 06 for the relief of destitute In Portsmouth, Col. Wm. Brewswidows of Congregational ministers. ter, aged 77.

The preacher, for the next year, is In Worcester, W. C. White, Esq. the Rev. Abiel Holmes, D. D. of aged 41. Cambridge. In case of failure, the In Frankfort, Ken. Col. C. GreeRev. Aaron Bancroft of Worcester is nup, aged 69. chosen his substitute. The Rev. At Roxury, Mrs. Abigail Williams, Francis Parkman of Boston, was cho. relict of the late Dr. Thomas Willsen Treasurer, and the Rev. John ian s, aged 80. Pierce of Brookline, Scribe.

In Weare, N. H. Mr. Thomas Fo

lansbee, aged 82. On Friday, 29th May, the Massa- In Richmond county, N. C. Thomchusetts Society for the suppression of as Hitchcock, aged 125. He left & Intemperance held its fifth annual numerous family of children, one a. meeting in Chauncy-Place. The ged 93, another 16. Rev. William Ellery Channing delivered a, discourse from Luke xxi. ERRATA IN MAY NUMBER. 34. " Take heed to yourselves, lest, Page 154, line 22 for “less anat any time, your hearts be over- swerable" read less censurable. charged with surfeiting and drunk- Page 159, line 34 for “ always" enness ;" &c. Officers-Hon. Na. read almost.



No, 7.

JULY, 1818.'

Vol. VI.

DR. DAVID RITTENHOUSE. The Philosopher whose our information respecting name is now, before us arose this American philosopher. to great eminence and useful

Dr. Rittenhouse was born ness without the advantages in Germantown in Pennsylvaof a college education. Ania on the 8th of April, 1732. sketch therefore of his life. His ancestors migrated from and character may be adapted Holland near the beginning of to encourage others, who like the last century. The early him are denied those advanta. part of his life was spent in agges. It may stimulate them ricultural employments. But to the best improvement of the plough, the fences and even their mental faculties and of the stones of the field in which such means as a gracious prove he worked, were frequently idence shall place within their marked with figures which dereach. It may also serve as noted the bias of his mind and a seasonable reproof to those talent for mathematical studwho have possessed great ad- ies. On finding that the vantages, but through indo- delicacy of his constitution unlence or dissipation have fail- fitted him for the labors of ied to rise above the common husbandry, his parents con-' level of unlearned men, and sented to his learning the who sink to insignificance trade of a clock and mathe. when compared witli a Ritten- matical instrument maker.house.

In acquiring the knowledge of For the facts relating to Mr. these arts he was his own inRittenhouse we are indebted structer ; and they afforded to Dr. Benjamin Rush ; and him great delight, as they fa

Doctor was a good vored his disposition for phiwriter we shall not scruple to losophical inquiries. make a free use of his lan- During his residence with guage in the present article. his father in the country, this At the request of the Ameri. extraordinary youth made himcan Philosophical Society, of self master of Sir Isaac Newwhich Mr. Rittenliouse had ton's Principia. There also been for several years the Pre- he became acquainted with the sident, Dr. Rush delivered a science of flusions, and beEulogium on the 7th of De' lieved himself to be the aucember, 1796. This Eulogi. thor ; nor did he know till um is the principal source of sereral years afterwards, that Vol VI. No. ".


as the


a contesť had been carried on teen publications of Mr. Ritbetween Sir Isaac Newton and

tenhouse, contained in the volLeibnitz for the honour of that umes of the Society's Transdiscovery. “ What a mind actions, which had then beert was here! Without literary published ; and four other friends or society, and with communications which were but two or three books, before then in the press. After givhe reached his 24th year, he ing this list the Dr. observes, became the rival of the two 66 Talents so splendid, and greatest mathematicians in knowledge practical in Europe !"

mathematics are like pieces In this retired situation, and of precious metals. They bewhile he pursued his trade, he come public property by ubiplanned and executed an or- versal consent. The state of rery, in which he represented Pennsylvania was not insensithe revolutions of the heaven- ble of the wealth she possessly bodies in a manner more ed in the mind of Rittenhouse. extensive and complete than She claimed him as her own, had been done by any former and employed him in business astronomer. His character of the most important nature.”' now became more known and In 1791 he was chosen sucadmired, and he was urged to cessor to Dr. Franklin as Pre. remove to Philadelphia, to en- sident of the American Phi. large his opportunities for im- losophical Society. In this provement and usefulness. elevated situation he He complied in 1770 ; but manded esteem by the modes. still continued his trade for ty, propriety and dignity of several years. About the time his deportment. But his talof his removing to Philadel- ents and knowledge were not phia, he became a member of limited to mathematical the American Philosophical material objects ; his mind Society.

was a repository of the knowl. As a member of this Socie- edge of all ages and countries. ty he was very active and use- ' Inventions and improvements fula In 1775 he was appoint in every art and science were ed to deliver the annual ora. frequently submitted to his exrion before the Society. The amination, and were afterwards subject of it was the historyk patronized by the public acof astronomy. “It was deliv- cording as they were approved ered in a feeble voice and by him. His name became without any of the advantages known and respected in forof oratory ; but it commandedi eign countries as well as in Athe most profound attention, merica. and was followed by universal “ The degree of Master of admiration and applause from Arts was conferred on him by a crowded and respectable au. the College in Philadelphia in dience."

1768—the same by the ColBesides this oration Dr. lege of William and Mary in Rush has given a list of six. Virginia in 1784. In 1789 he


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