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Pipa Toad Hatching Eggs on its Back
Life and Metamorphoses of the Dragon-Fly
Magnified Proboscis of the Common Fly
Common Gnat and its Metamorphoses
Caterpillars on the March
Voracious Chicken-Spider
Ant About to Milk Aphides.
Village Built by Warrior Ants
European Chirping Cricket
The Mason Spider
Greedy Bird-Spider Devouring its Victim
New Zealand Moth with Fungus Plume
The Monk Bombyx-Chrysalis and Butterfly
Wood-Boring Goat-Moth
Carpenter Bee and its Little Chambers
Great Swarm of Migratory Locusts
Ephemera or Creatures of a Day
Dense Swarm of Bees
The Famous Weeping-Tree
World-Renowned India-Rubber Tree
Extracting Milk from the Cow-Tree
Gigantic Chapel Oak in Normandy
Colossal Baobab of the Virgin Forests of Africa
Historic Lime-Tree of the Battle of Morat
Dragon's-Blood Tree of the Island of Teneriffe
Poisonous Tree or Upas of Java
Unique Tartarian Lamb
Native Forest in Sumatra, with Elegant Specimens of Rafflesia
Hunting Excursion Through a Mangrove Forest
The Wine-Tree or Wine-Bearing Sago-Palm
Gigantic Puff-Ball of One Night's Growth
Panorama of Mont Blanc and Surrounding Mountains
Awful Catastrophe in the Chasms of Mont Blanc
The Mer de Glace-Famous Glacier of the Alps
Celebrated St. Bernard Dogs Rescuing a Traveler
Terrific Cyclone Hurling Columns of Desert Sand into the Air
The Huge Cuttle-Fish Attacking a Ship
Monstrous Polypus Met by the Steamship Alecto
A Monstrous Sea-Serpent as Described by Sailors
A Boat's Crew Attacking a Whale
Enormous Whale of the Arctic Regions
In the Jaws of the Great White Shark
The Hammer-Headed Shark .
The Angel Fish
The Pegasus Dragon

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The Spike Fish
The Stomias-Boa.
Professor Silliman's Double Cat-Fish
Professional Divers Gathering Sponge
The Historic Deluge and its Terrible Devastation
A Phosphorescent Sea.
Whale and Fishes in Brilliant Phosphorescent Light
A Water-Spout at Sea
A Ship in Danger from Water-Spouts
Front View of the Immense Octopus
Glutinous Jelly-Fishes .
Beautiful Specimens of Star-Fish
Crested Seal .
A Savage Foe
The Ancient Ammonite
An Island in Mid-Ocean Formed by Coral Insects
A Coral Shrub
A Sponge with Coralline Attached
Scaly-Clawed Crustacean
Specimens of Bivalve and Univalve Shells
White Actinia of St. Helena .
Catching a Huge Turtle
A Sea-Flower in Living Stone
A Stone with Star Clusters
Icelanders Capturing Narwhals
Hairy Medusa
Perilous Encounter with a Whale
A Flock of Sea-Gulls
The Singular Island of St. Kilda
Specimens of Curious Fishes .
The Shooting-Fish Catching a Bee
The Doko or Salamander Fish
The Mud-Jumper or Climbing-Fish
A School of Flying-Fishes
Gurnards, or Fishes that Growl
The Red Fire-Fish
The Opah or King Fish
Family of Paradise Fishes
The Sea-Butterfly.
The Bridegroom Fish
The Sword-Fish Capturing his Prey
The Sea-Bat.
Pipe Fish and Sea-Horse
Short-Nosed Hippocampus
The Sharp-Nosed Skate

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Loon in the Jaws of an Angler-Fish
The Tape Fish
The Sea-Cat
Flat Fish: Turbot, Plaice, Flounder, Sole

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Spiny Sea- Porcupine
Sturgeons of the Caspian Sea
Globe Fish and Sun Fish
Shooting Seals
Swimming Jelly-Fishes
Remarkable Trunk-Fish
The Narwhal or Sea-Unicorn
Spiny Sticklebacks and Nest
Sword or Fan-Fish
The Sucker Fish .
Harness Fish
Old and Young Silurus .
Fahak or Urchin Fish
Angler and Arrow Pike
Cases of Sharks' Eggs
Coral Arbor and Mysterious Cuttle-Fish
Sea-Cucumber at the Bottom of the Ocean
Beautiful Specimens of Star-Fishes
Marvelous Plants on the Bottom of the Ocean
Curious Polyp
Natives Capturing Immense Green Turtles
Coriaceous Turtle
Edible Turtle
American Lobster and Spiny Lobster
Crabs Washed Ashore by a High Tide
The American Giant-Crab
Great Crab of Madagascar
Beautiful Coral Island Surrounding a Lagoon in the Pacific
Rare Specimens of Mollusks .
Madrepore Attached to a Mother-of-Pearl Oyster

Peari
Helmet Shell of Madagascar, etc.
Bear's-Paw Clam, etc.
Oyster with Beautiful Pearls
Ship Wrecked by a Furious Storm .
The “Jeannette" Crushed and Abandoned
Savage Battle with Walruses
Shipwrecked Sailors Attacked by Sharks
Waterspouts in the Southern Seas.
Terrible Hurricane in the Tropics .
Relative Sizes of the Sun and Planets
Lord Rosse's Great Reflecting Telescope

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Shower of Brilliant Meteors on the Ocean
Volcanic Craters on the Moon's Surface at Sunset
Part of the Moon's Crescent during the First Quarter
The Earth as Seen from the Moon
Singular Aspect of the Moon's Surface
Brilliant Aurora Borealis in the Arctic Seas
Auroral Flames in the Northern Sky
Ships Painted on the Sky by Atmospheric Refraction
Remarkable Appearances of Cloud-Land
Halos and Parhelia
Parhelia Observed by Gassendi
Parhelia Observed by Hevelius
Parhelia Observed in Tennessee
Intersection of Two Wave Systems
Ancient Sea-Serpent
Monster Attacking a Ship
Marine Dragon
The Bird Tree
Tree Producing Ducks
Carved Mandragora Roots

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BOOK I.

THE EARTH.

CHAPTER I.

MARVELS OF THE ANTEDILUVIAN WORLD.

Curious Old Legends and Superstitions-A Chinese Quarryman-A Scandinavian

God with his Sledge-Hammer-Strange things Seen by a Sybil—The Crust of
the Earth a Museum of Singular Relics-Footprints and Skeletons of Gigantic
Birds and Four-Footed Animals - Enormous Sizes and Uncouth Forms—Extinct
Species of Animal Life-An Immense Fish Lizzard-Extraordinary Marine
Reptile-A Wing-Fingered Monster-A Freak of Nature-A Fossil Reptile
Sixty Feet Long-The Scaly Hylæosaurus-Discovery of the Mammoth-An
Island of Bones—The Huge Dinotherium-A Bulky Creature that could neither
Walk, Leap nor Climb—Natural History Printed on Leaves of Stone-Marks
of Raindrops, Trees and Birds on Rocks-Fossil Remains of Myriads of Minute
Beings-Layers of Various kinds of Shells Forming Marble of Great Beauty-
Wonders of a Drop of Water Under the Microscope.
THE scenes of creation astonish us, whether uplifting our look

we gaze at the brilliant heavens, or cast our eyes upon the
tiniest creatures of this lower realm. Immensity is everywhere.

It stands revealed in the azure dome of heaven, where glows a perfect dust of stars, and in the living atom which hides from us the marvels of its organization. The ideas of the ancients respecting the birth of the world, and the origin of its wonderful forms of life, appear to us to be very singular. We find curious old traditions and legends, stories of mighty gods and enormous giants, who had something to do with the work of creation. There were strange fancies, too, concerning the shape of the earth, the boundaries of its lands and seas, the foundation on which it was built, and the movements of the heavenly bodies.

The Grecian picture of the creation, as we see it engraved on the shield of that famous warrior, Achilles, represents the earth as a flattened disk, surrounded everywhere, and in a circular form, by the sea, or rather by the river of ocean which defines the limits of the known world. Above this terrestrial disk the solid sky is outspread like a dome; a dome supported by two massive pillars, which rest on the god Atlas. A similar absurdity prevails among several ancient peoples. The Scandinavians balance the

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