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ILLUSTRATIONS

VOL. II

ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

.Frontispiece

From an ambrotype taken for Marcus L. Ward (afterwards
Governor of New Jersey) in Springfield, Ill., May 20, 1860, two
days after Mr. Lincoln's nomination.

PAGE

GENERAL JOHN W. GEARY

16

From a photograph taken, in 1866, by Draper and Husted.

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From a painting by D. C. Fabronius, after a photograph by
Brady.

ANSON BURLINGAME

144

From a photograph by William Shaw.

STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS..

From a daguerreotype.

160

DAVID COLBRETH BRODERICK..

From a photograph by Brady.

176

JOHN BROWN....

192

From a photograph by J. W. Black & Co.

HOUSE IN WHICH JOHN BROWN WAS BORN, TORRINGTON, CONN. 208

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From a daguerreotype taken about 1850, lent by Anson
Maltby.

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THE WIGWAM AT CHICAGO IN WHICH LINCOLN WAS NOMINATED, 320

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Civil War in Kansas. Guerrillas dispersed by Colonel
Sumner. General P. F. Smith supersedes Sumner.
Governor Shannon Removed. Missouri River Block-
aded. Jefferson Davis's Instructions on Rebellion.
Acting-Governor Woodson Proclaims the Territory in
Insurrection. Report of General Smith. John W.
Geary Appointed Governor. Inaugural Address. His
Military Proclamations and Measures. Colonel Cooke's
"Cannon" Argument. Hickory Point Skirmish. Im-
prisonment of Free State Men. End of Guerrilla War.
Removal and Flight of Governor Geary.

CHAPTER II. THE CONVENTIONS OF 1856

Formation of the Republican Party in Illinois. The
Decatur Convention. Action of the "Know-Nothing"
Party. Nomination of Fillmore and Donelson. Demo-
crats of Illinois Nominate William A. Richardson for
Governor. The Davis-Bissell Challenge. The Bloom-
ington Convention. Bissell Nominated for Governor.
Lincoln's Speech at Bloomington. The Pittsburgh Con-
vention. The Philadelphia Convention. Nomination
of Frémont and Dayton. The Philadelphia Platform.
Lincoln Proposed for Vice-President. The Cincinnati
Convention. The Cincinnati Platform. Nomination
of Buchanan and Breckinridge. Buchanan Elected
President. Bissell Elected Governor. Lincoln's Cam-
paign Speeches

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23

CHAPTER III. CONGRESSIONAL RUFFIANISM

Sumner's Senate Speech on Kansas. Brooks's Assault
on Sumner. Action of the Senate. Action of the
House. Resignation and Reëlection of Brooks. Wilson
Challenged. Brooks Challenges Burlingame. Sum-
ner's Malady. Reëlection of Sumner. Death of Butler
and Brooks. Sumner's Re-appearance in the Senate. 47

CHAPTER IV. THE DRED SCOTT DECISION

The Dred Scott Case. Its Origin. The Law of Slavery.
Preliminary Decisions of the Case. Appeal to the U.S.
Supreme Court. The Case Twice Argued. Opinion of
Justice Nelson. Political Conditions. Mr. Buchanan's
Announcement. The Dred Scott Decision. Opinions
by all the Judges. Opinion of the Court. Dred
Scott Declared Not a Citizen. Slavery Prohibition
Declared Unconstitutional. Language of Chief-Justice
Taney. Dissenting Opinions

58

CHAPTER V. DOUGLAS AND LINCOLN ON DRED SCOTT
Political Effects of the Dred Scott Decision. Douglas's
Springfield Speech on the Dred Scott Decision. He
Indorses Chief-Justice Taney's Opinion. Freeport
Doctrine Foreshadowed. Lincoln's Speech in Reply to
Douglas. Uses of Judicial Decisions. Prospects of the
Colored Race in the United States. Principles of the
Declaration of Independence.

CHAPTER VI. THE LECOMPTON CONSTITUTION
Constitutional Convention Called by the Legislature.
Resignation and Flight of Governor Geary. Walker
Appointed Governor. Promises of Buchanan and his
Cabinet. Walker's Kansas Policy. Action of the
Free-State Mass Meeting. Pro-slavery Convention at
Lecompton. Election of Delegates. Governor Walker
favors Submission of the Constitution to Popular Vote.
Protests from Southern States. The Walker-Buchanan
Correspondence. Lecompton Constitutional Conven-
tion. The October Election. The Oxford and McGee

81

Frauds. The Lecompton Constitution. Extra Session
of the Legislature. Secretary Stanton's Removal.
Governor Walker's Resignation

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CHAPTER VII. THE REVOLT OF DOUGLAS

90

Douglas's Quarrel with Buchanan. Buchanan's Silli-
man Letter. His Annual Message. Douglas's Speech
on Lecompton. Lecompton Constitution Declared
Adopted. Buchanan's Special Message. The Pro-
slavery Reaction. Buchanan's Views on Cuba. The
Lecompton Constitution in Congress. The Crittenden-
Montgomery Substitute. The English Bill. The
Opposition of Douglas. The Administration Organ. 119

CHAPTER VIII. THE LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DEBATES
Growing Republican Chances. Illinois Politics in 1858.
Candidates for Senator. The Senatorial Campaign.
Lincoln's "House Divided Against Itself" Speech.
Republican Sympathy for Douglas. Horace Greeley's
Attitude. Lincoln on Greeley and Seward. Corre-
spondence Between Lincoln and Crittenden. The
Lincoln-Douglas Debates.

CHAPTER IX. THE FREEPORT DOCTRINE

The

135

The Debate at Ottawa. The Debate at Freeport.
Freeport Doctrine. Benjamin's Speech on Douglas.
The November Election. Douglas Reëlected Senator.
Cause of Lincoln's Defeat. Lincoln's Letters on the
Result. Douglas Removed from the Chairmanship of
the Senate Committee on Territories
156

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CHAPTER X. LINCOLN'S OHIO SPEECHES

Douglas's Tour Through the South. His Advanced
Views on Slavery. Senate Discussion Between Brown
and Douglas. Douglas's Letter to Dorr. Lincoln's
Growing Prominence. Lincoln's Correspondence with
Schuyler Colfax. Letter to Canisius. Letter to Pierce
and Others. Douglas's "Harper's Magazine " Article.
Lincoln's Ohio Speeches. The Douglas-Black Con-
troversy. Publication of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates. 171

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