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THE

QUEENS OF ENGLAND

AND THEIR TIMES.

FROM

MATILDA, QUEEN OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR,

ΤΟ

ADELAIDE, QUEEN OF WILLIAM THE FOURTH.

BY

FRANCIS LANCELOTT, ESQ.

((

AUTHOR OF AUSTRALIA AS IT IS," "THE PILGRIM FATHERS," &c. &c.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

NEW YORK:

D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,

346 & 348 BROADWAY.

M DCCC LVIII.

THE

QUEENS OF ENGLAND

AND THEIR TIMES.

ELIZABETH, SECOND QUEEN REGNANT.

CHAPTER I.

Elizabeth's birth-Parentage-Christening-Infancy-Early misfortunes - Letter from her governess-Attends the christening of Edward the Sixth-Resides with him-Precociousness—Friendship with Anne of Cleves; with Katherine Howard; with Katherine Parr-Restored to her right of succession-Futile overtures for her marriage with Philip of Spain.

HE illustrious Elizabeth, daughter of King Henry the Eighth by the beautiful and unfortunate Queen Anne Boleyn, was born on Sunday, the seventh of September, 1533, between three and four in the afternoon, at the royal palace of Greenwich. Although the King had earnestly hoped that the babe would prove a son, he stifled his disappointment. Te Deum was sung, and bonfires blazed, in honour of her birth; and preparations were made for her christening, which, on the tenth of September, was celebrated with extraordinary pomp and splendour. On that day, the lord mayor, with the aldermen and council of the city of London, in their robes and chains, all these things were ready, the child took to their barges at one in the after-was brought into the hall of the palace, noon, and rowed to Greenwich, where and the procession proceeded to the

they found assembled lords, knights, and gentlemen, in great numbers. The walls between Greenwich Palace and the Convent of the Grey Friars were hung with tapestry, and the way strewn with green rushes; the Friars' church, of which not a vestige now remains, was also hung with rich tapestry. The fount was of silver; it was placed in the middle of the church, raised three steps high, the steps being covered with fine cloth, surmounted by a square canopy of crimson satin, fringed with gold, enclosed by a rail covered with red ray, and guarded by several gentlemen with aprons and towels about their necks. Between the quire and body of the church a closet was erected, with a pan of fire in it, that the child might be dismantled for the ceremony without taking cold. When

VOL. II.

L. L*

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