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afterwards disinter the remains, as is done by the coast people throughout the group. The limbs of the deceased are tied together, and the corpse is placed in a sitting posture in a grave which has been prepared in the jungle surrounding the encampThe huts are then deserted, and the locality only visited for the purpose of gathering the ripening fruit in the plantation which generally is found in every Shom Pen village. As permanent abandonment of an encampment on account of a death would lead to great inconvenience, I am prepared hereafter to learn that, as among the Andamanese, there is a limit placed on the tabu in such cases.

Explanation of Plates XVII to XIX.

Plate XVII.-Sketch map of the Nicobar Islands, showing the position of the Shom Pen tribe.

Plate XVIII.-Group of Shom Pen, from Ganges Harbour, Great Nicobar. Enlarged from a photograph by Mr. Man.

Plate XIX.-Shom Pen hut, near Láfúl village, north-east of Great Nicobar. From a photograph by Mr. Man.

DISCUSSION.

Dr. MOUAT said, in response to the call of the President, that he was afraid he could throw no light upon the matter regarding the Nicobarese contained in the excellent paper of Mr. Man. He had not landed on any of the islands, and had no personal knowledge of their inhabitants. The little information he previously possessed was derived from a well-considered monograph written by an old friend and schoolfellow of his, the late Captain Harold Lewis, who had accompanied Commander Stein Bille in the visit to the Nicobars mentioned by Mr. Man, which led to the cession of the islands to the British Government. Captain Lewis's monograph recorded many interesting facts regarding the islanders as they then were, but Dr. Mouat had unfortunately mislaid the brochure, and could not venture to state from memory, unaided, how far the people were then as they are now. He regretted this, as the history of the fast disappearing aboriginal races of the Tropics was of considerable scientific interest. As respects the kindly mention made of his own work in the Andamans, Dr. Mouat was well aware of the liability to error of all observations made in difficult circumstances, but in the expedition under his charge every care had been taken by himself and his colleagues, the late Dr. George Playfair and Captain Heathcote, of the Indian Navy, to verify the accuracy of all the statements embodied in his official report. The work was divided between them, and at the end of each day was reduced to writing, carefully discussed, and the results finally

[graphic]

SHOM PEN HUT, LÁFUL.

recorded by himself at the time. The object of the expedition was the difficult task of selecting a suitable locality for the formation of a final settlement for the Sepoy Mutineers, and to this all else was of necessity subordinated. The difficulty of making observations of any kind was greatly injured by the constant hostility of the brave and bold savages who opposed them on every possible occasion. On completing the urgent work entrusted to the Andaman Committee, Dr. Mouat urged the late Lord Canning to permit the expedition to go back and thoroughly explore both the Andaman and Nicobars, but the exigencies of that time prevented a compliance with his request, the scientific interest and importance of which that great viceroy fully recognised.

JANUARY 12TH, 1886.

FRANCIS GALTON, Esq., F.R.S., President, in the Chair.

The Minutes of the last meeting were read and signed.

The following presents were announced, and thanks voted to the respective donors:

FOR THE LIBRARY.

From SIR JOHN LUBBOCK, Bart.-Ymer Tidskrift utgifven af Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi. 1881. 1a-4e Häft.; 1882. 1, 2, 6, 7, 8e Häft.; 1883. la Häftet.

From C. H. E. CARMICHAEL, Esq., M.A.-Report of the Royal Society of Literature, 1885.

From Messrs. TRÜBNER & Co.-A Compendium of the Castes and

Tribes found in India. By Eustace J. Kitts, B.S.C., M.R.A.S. From ALEXANDER AGASSIZ, Esq.-Twenty-fifth Annual Report of the Curator of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, for 1884-5.

From Dr. J. KOPERNICKI.-Charakterystyka Fizyczna Ludności Galicyjskiej. Seryja II. Opracowana przez Drów J. Majeria i I. Kopernickiego.

From the DIRECTOR OF THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.Fourth Annual Report, 1882-3.

From the AUTHOR.-The Periodic Law. By John A. R. Newlands.
Notes on the For Tribe of Central Africa. By Robert W.
Felkin, M.D.

The Prytaneum, the Temple of Vesta, the Vestals, Perpetual
Fires. By J. G. Frazer, M.A.

From the AUTHOR.-Notes on the Geological Position of the Human Skeleton lately found at the Tilbury Docks, Essex. By T. V. Holmes, F.G.S.

Gli Antichi Oggetti Messicani incrostati di Mosaico esistenti nel Museo Preistorico ed Etnografico di Roma. Memoria del Socio Corr. Luigi Pigorini.

Dalsze Poszukiwania Archeologiczne w Horodnicy nad Dniestrem. Opisal Dr. L. Kopernicki.

From the ACADEMY.-Actas de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias en Córdoba. Tom. V, Ent. 2.

Antiqvarisk Tidskrift för Sverige, utgifven af Kongl. Vitter-
hets Historie och Antiqvitets Akademien. Del. VII, Nr. 4.
Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei. Ser. quarta. Vol. I,
Fas. 25-27.

From the SOCIETY.-Proceedings of the Royal Society. No. 239.
Journal of the Society of Arts. Nos. 1725-29.
Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society.
January.

Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal.
VI to VIII.

1886,

1885, Nos.

Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. No. 263.
Bulletin de la Société de Borda, Dax. 1885, No. 4.
Transactions of the Anthropological Society of Moscow.
Vol. XXXIII, Appendix; Vol. XLIII, Part 2.

Viestnik hrvatskoga Arkeologičkoga Družtva.

Br. 4.

Godina VII.

From the EDITOR.—Journal of Mental Science. New Series, No. 100.

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"Science." Nos. 147-151.

American Antiquarian. Vol. VII, No. 6.

Revue d'Ethnographie. Tom. IV, No. 4.

Matériaux pour l'Histoire de l'Homme. 1885, Decembre.
L'Homme. Nos. 21, 22.

Archivio per l'Antropologia e la Etnologia. Vol. XV, Fas. 2.

The election of Mrs. C. BROOK (H.H. the Ranee of Sarawak) was announced.

Mr. BRYCE WRIGHT exhibited an ancient bronze sword, found by the late Captain Sir William Peel, R.N., at Sandy, Bedfordshire.

Mr. G. F. LAWRENCE exhibited some palæolithic flint implements found by him in gravels at junction of the Thames and the Wandle.

The following paper was read by the author:

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