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LETTER FROM HON. ROBERT C. WINTHROP. BEVERLY, September 9, 1861. Gentlemen: Your communication of the 6th inst., inviting me to act as one of the vice-presidents of the Union meeting at Faneuil Hall this evening, reached me at a late hour, and I have but a moment for replying to it.
Absence from the city will prevent me from being present on this occasion, but my name is at your service wherever you may be pleased to place it.
I should be sorry, indeed, to render myself responsible for the resolutions which I have not seen, or for speeches which I may not hear. The temper of the times gives utterance to many hard words, which might be better exchanged for hard blows. But to the general spirit in which your meeting has been called, I respond with my whole heart; and it would have given me peculiar pleasure to unite with you in welcoming the gallant Butler from the scene of an exploit which has done so much to revive the spirit of the people.
We may differ as to many things in the past. We may differ as to many things in the future. But we must act for the present. And for the present, there is but one course for us all. Our misguided brethren of the South have left us no alternative but to fight. Our Capital must be defended. Our flag must be sustained. The authority of the Government must be vindicated. The great experiment must be fairly and fully tried, of restoring the Union upon its old constitutional basis. And whatever is necessary for the accomplishment of these ends must be promptly and thoroughly done. We should not dare to enter Faneuil Hall again, and stand face to face with the portraits which adorn its walls, if we were to allow the old Union of our fathers to be dashed madly to pieces, without a struggle to save it.
God grant that the struggle may be successful, and that the rights of the North and the South may once more be found compatible with that condition of "unity, peace, and concord," which belongs to us as a Christian people.
I thank you, gentlemen, for remembering me so kindly on this occasion, and remain respectfully and truly your friend and servant, ROBERT C. WINTHROP. Hon. Thomas Russell, Col. N. A. Thompson, H. F. French, Esq., Committee.
LETTER FROM HON. EMORY WASHBURN. CAMBRIDGE, Sept. 9, 1881. Gentlemen: You have entire permission to make any use of my name you may think proper in promoting the objects of the proposed meeting in Faneuil Hall this evening. I hope, besides, to be personally present.
May we not hope that it will be followed by similar meetings by the people all over our Commonwealth and all over our common coun
If the mere election of our national rulers, the last autumn, was an occasion of sufficient importance to call out our citizens in frequent popular gatherings to aid and encourage the success of a party, how much higher is the appeal to them now, when it is not a party, but our country itself, with all its interests and hopes, that is at stake!
If any one is ready to charge upon our rulers mistakes in details of the policy of the Government, it is worse than folly to make these the grounds of weakening its support or embarrassing it in its struggle to maintain the integrity of the Union or the honor of the flag of our country. With a past before us, let us wait till the noble ship is safely moored before wasting time in cavilling about doubtful points of seamanship, or, by refusing to lend a hand, suffering her to drift upon the shoals and breakers that surround her.
REPORT OF LIEUT.-COLONEL SHALER.
HEAD-QUARTERS CAMP ADVANCE, September 11, 1861. Colonel Stevens, Assistant Adjutant-General,
commanding detachment for special service: SIR: I have the honor to report that in compliance special orders from head-quarters, I reported myself at your quarters, with four companies of the First regiment United States Chasseurs, at a quarter of six o'clock this morning, and was placed by you in command of a reserve, composed of the Seventy-ninth regiment and four companies of the Chasseurs regiment. Shortly afterward this reserve was reported to General Smith, at his head-quarters, and assigned a position in the column to be moved toward Lewinsville. On arriving there we took up a position and threw out pickets under your direction.
At two o'clock P. M., on the recall being
sounded, our pickets retired and were formed in | direction of Lewinsville, and a body of cavalry line. The battalion of Chasseurs and Seventy- came from the direction of Fall's Church, and ninth were countermarched by the right flank, when endeavoring to pass where we were poston the ground they respectively occupied, ed our men were ordered to fire, which they which brought the Seventy-ninth in the rear. did, causing the enemy to retreat. Previous to Line of battle was formed, faced to the front, their retreating, which was caused by a welland while in this position, waiting for the col-directed fire from the left wing, under command umn then in the rear to move forward to the of Captain John Falconer, the enemy fired on right, a deadly fire of shell from the enemy's us, killing one, private John Downie, of the guns was opened upon us, the first bursting in eighth company. At the same time the right the road, near the right of the line. This sur- wing captured a prisoner, who was wounded, prise created, as a matter of course, consider- and who had on when captured a Major's shoulable excitement, but the cover furnished by the der straps. His name is Hobbs, of Colonel fence on the roadside and the coolly exercised Stewart's Cavalry regiment. authority of the company officers, effectually Having successfully accomplished the mission prevented the men from becoming seriously we were ordered on-the prevention of the alarmed, notwithstanding a rapid fire was con-pickets at Lewinsville being reinforced-and the tinued for half an hour before Griffin's battery enemy having retreated, and the alarm being could be got in position to bear on the enemy. sounded in all the enemy's camps in the neighBy your command the detachment was moved borhood, we left our position, and arrived in forward until they took position on a promi-camp by way of Langley at half-past ten o'clock nence on the left of the road; and by your A. M. The lowest estimate of the enemy's loss command the Seventy-ninth was detailed to is four killed, two wounded, and one prisoner. protect them, while the battalion of Chasseurs Much of the success of the expedition is owing was ordered to advance and protect a section to the exertions of our guide, Mr. Sage. of Griffin's battery, which had taken position a little in advance and on the right of the road. From this the battalion was ordered further down the road to protect another section, and again, by General Smith's command, moved on to the rear of a section stationed at Langley's tavern. The guns of the enemy having been silenced, we were directed to proceed homeward, which we did. We were joined at the head-quarters of General Smith by the Seventyninth, and returned to quarters at about halfpast five P. M., without the loss of a single man. The conduct of the officers and men of the
Lieutenant Alexander Graham, of the eighth company, was conspicuous for his coolness and bravery during the engagement. Mr. Hazard Stevens, volunteer, distinguished himself in the expedition for his usefulness and his bravery during the engagement.
With these remarks I beg to submit the
GEN. MCCLELLAN'S DESPATCH.
Seventy-ninth while under my command was in To Simon Cameron, Secretary of War:
General Smith made a reconnoissance with two thousand men to Lewinsville. He remain
there several hours, and completed the examination of the ground.
When the work was completed and the command had started back, the enemy opened fire with shell, killing two men and wounding three. Our men then came back in perfect order and Griffin's battery silenced the enemy's battery. excellent spirits.
Great credit is also due to the young and in-ed experienced officers and soldiers of the Chasseur battalion. Considering that this was the first fire to which they were ever exposed, their conduct was surprisingly cool and deliberate. I commend them, therefore, to your favorable notice in connection with the noble Highlanders. With high regard, &c., I have the honor to subscribe myself your very obedient servant, ALEXANDER SHALER, Lieut. Col. First regiment United States Chasseurs.
The men behaved most admirably under fire.
ADJUTANT IRELAND'S REPORT.
In accordance with orders from General McCAMP ADVANCE, Va., Sept. 11, 1861. Clellan, early on Wednesday morning General The Seventy-ninth regiment of Highlanders, Smith, commanding the advance brigade on the New York State Militia, ordered on the special south side of the Potomac near the Chain reconnoissance in the direction of Fall's Church, Bridge, directed a topographical reconnoissance left camp at one o'clock A. M., Sept. 10, and pro- in force to be made in the direction of Lewinsceeded to the place designated, through the va- ville. The reconnoitring party consisted of rious by-paths, without disturbing the enemy's battalions from the Seventy-ninth New York pickets, and arrived there at daybreak. The Volunteers, Third Vermont Volunteers, the command was divided into two wings to guard | Nineteenth Indiana Volunteers, the First Unitthe approach of the enemy. Soon after the ed States Chasseurs, four pieces of the West men had been posted firing was heard in the Point battery, Captain Griffin; one company of
United States Cavalry, Lieut. McLane com- | General Smith, in the mean time, had arrived manding; and one company of Young's Cavalry at the scene of the conflict. He left his camp -the whole under command of Colonel Isaac immediately upon hearing the firing, having first I. Stevens, acting Brigadier-General. given orders to send after him a large reinforcement of troops. On reaching the scene of action, however, he found that they would not be needed, and caused them to be halted on the way. The enemy's battery consisted of two rifle guns, throwing Hotchkiss shell, and two six-pounders, the rifled guns being heavier than those of Griffin's battery. A thirty-two-pounder was sent after the force, but did not get up with Colonel Stevens until after Griffin had silenced the enemy's guns. A single shell was afterward thrown from this gun into a body of secession cavalry, some seven or eight hundred in number, who made their appearance in the rear of our forces, as if disposed to dispute the way with them. The shell caused the cavalry to make a hasty retreat, scattering in all directions. Colonel Stevens, it is stated, had to restrain the ardor of his command, who were anxious to advance upon the hidden enemy after their artillery had been silenced. No force ever showed a better spirit for the fight. They returned to their camp in good order. General McClellan, on receiving intelligence that the enemy seemed disposed to dispute Colonel Stevens' return to our lines, mounted, and accompanied by his staff, hastened in the direcsur-tion of the affair. He was enthusiastically cheered by the troops wherever he was seen by them, both going and returning. Our loss was one killed on the field, one died in a short time, five badly and five slightly wounded. The killed and the wounded were all brought away with the exception of one man, too badly wounded to be moved, and he was left at a farm-house to be cared for. The wounded in the hospital are Moses A. Parker and Newell R. Kingsbury, of Vermont; John Hamilton, of Indiana; James H. Van Ripper, James Elliot, and John Colgan, of New York. All are but slightly wounded except Elliot, who received a mortal wound in the side from a shell or a canister shot. The others are quite comfortable, and will soon recover.
The scientific corps was in charge of Lieutenant Orlando M. Poe, United States Topographical Engineers, assisted by Lieutenant West, of the United States Coast survey, who were to conduct the reconnoissance. The reconnoitring party, thus organized, left Camp Advance about seven A. M., and proceeded without molestation to Lewinsville, a distance of four or five miles, reaching that point at half-past ten A. M., just in time to get a sight of the heels of a secession cavalry picket, about fifty strong, which evacuated the village, and retreated in the direction of Fall's Church, without firing a shot upon the approach of our advance guard. After the arrival of our troops in Lewinsville, cavalry and infantry pickets were thrown out on all the diverging roads and prominent places for a distance of half a mile. Scouting parties were also sent out to observe the movements of the enemy. At about eleven o'clock A. M., a large body of secession cavalry were seen in the distance watching the movements of our troops. They did not come within cannon or musket range, and therefore their appearance did not interfere with the operation of the reconnoitring party. Lieutenant Poe, of the Engineers, with a corps of assistants, commenced his veys, and proceeded over an area of four miles square, obtaining valuable topographical information. At half-past two o'clock the reconnoissance was completed, and orders given to recall the pickets, preparatory to returning to Camp advance. All the pickets responded to the recall except a picket of the Third Vermont and one from the Nineteenth Indiana regiments. Colonel Stevens sent a detachment out to learn the reason of their detention, and subsequently learned that they were watching the advance of a column of the enemy, consisting of seven hundred cavalry, two regiments of infantry, and four pieces of artillery, who were coming from the direction of Fall's Church. Little or no attention was paid to the enemy's advance, as the objects of the expedition had been accomplished, and our troops had proceeded but a few rods on their return home, when the enemy's battery, which by this time had attained a position within three-fourths of a mile of our troops, opened a rapid cannonade upon them with shot and shell. The firing was kept up for ten minutes, when a section of Capt. Grif-manded by Major Terrill, (three hundred and fin's battery, consisting of two ten-pounder ri- five men,) the First section of Rosser's battery, fled cannon, was immediately placed in position, Washington Artillery, and a detachment of First and returned briskly the fire of the enemy. cavalry, under Captain Patrick for Lewinsville, Simultaneously with the secession cannonade where, I learned from my cavalry pickets, the they opened a fire of musketry from behind enemy were posted with some force. My intrees and other places of concealment, while tention was to surprise them, and I succeeded our troops were formed in line of battle, with entirely, approaching Lewinsville by the eneorders not to fire unless the enemy came out of my's left and rear, taking care to keep my small their hiding-places. They did not, however, force an entire secret from their observation. I come out into the field. The cannonading con- at the same time carefully provided against the tinued until the enemy's guns were silenced. I disaster to myself which I was striving to in
COLONEL STUART'S OFFICIAL REPORT. HEAD-QUARTERS MUNSON'S HILL, September 11, 1861. GENERAL: I started about twelve o'clock with the Thirteenth Virginia Volunteers, com
flict upon the enemy, and felt sure that, if necessary, I could fall back successfully before any force the enemy might have; for the country was favorable to retreat and ambuscade.
in a manner worthy of the General's highest commendation, and the firing done by the sec tion under direction of Capt. Rosser and Lieut. Slocum (all the time under fire from the enemy's battery) certainly, for accuracy and effect, challenges comparison with any ever made. Valuable assistance was rendered me, as usual, by Chaplain Ball; and Messrs. Hairston and Burks, citizens, attached to my staff, were conspicuous in daring. Corporal Hagan and Bugler Weed are entitled to special mention for good conduct and valuable service.
Our loss was not a scratch to man or horse. We have no means of knowing the enemy's, except that it must have been heavy, from the effects of the shots. We found in all four dead and mortally wounded, and captured four. Of course, they carried off all they could. Your attention is specially called to the enclosed, which was delivered me at Lewinsville, and to my endorsement. I send a sketch also. I returned here with my command, after reëstablishing my line of pickets through Lewinsville. Please forward this report to General Johnston. Your obedient servant,
GENERAL ORDER-No. 16.
At a point nicely screened by the woods from Lewinsville, and a few hundred yards from the place, I sent forward under Major Terrill a portion of his command, stealthily to reach the wood at a turn in the road, and reconnoitre beyond. This was admirably done, and the Major soon reported to me that the enemy had a piece of artillery in position in the road just at Lewinsville, cominanding our road. I directed him immediately to post his riflemen so as to render it impossible for the cannoneers to serve the piece, and, if possible, to capture it. During subsequent operations the cannoneers tried ineffectually to serve the piece; and finally, after one was shot through the head, the piece was taken off. While this was going on a few shots from Rosser's section, at a cluster of the enemy a quarter of a mile off, put the entire force of the enemy in full retreat, exposing their entire column to flank fire from our pieces. Some wagons and a large body of cavalry first passed in hasty flight, the rifle piece and howitzer firing as they passed; then came a flying battery, eight pieces of artillery, (Griffin's,) which soon took position about six hundred yards to our front and right, and rained shot and shell upon us during the entire engagement, but with harmThe Commanding General is pleased to exless effect, although striking very near. Then press his high appreciation of the conduct of passed three regiments of infantry, at double the officers and soldiers under Colonel Stuart in quick, receiving, in succession, as they passed, the combat at Lewinsville, on the 11th inst. Rosser's unerring salutation; his shells burst- Such deeds are worthy the emulation of the ing directly over their heads, and creating the best-trained soldiers. Three hundred and five greatest havoc and confusion in their ranks. infantry, under Major Terrill; a section of The last infantry regiment was followed by a artillery, under Captain Rosser; and a detachcolumn of cavalry, which at one time rode over ment of First Cavalry, under Captain Patrick, the rear of the infantry in great confusion. The met and routed at least three times their numfield, general, and staff officers were seen exert-bers of infantry, artillery, and cavalry, without ing every effort to restore order in their broken loss. This handsome affair should remind our ranks, and my cavalry videts, observing their forces that numbers are of little avail compared flight, reported that they finally rallied a mile with the importance of coolness, firmness, and and a half below, and took position up the road, careful attention to orders. If our men will do where they supposed our columns would be themselves justice, the enemy cannot stand bepursuing them. Captain Rosser having no ene- fore them. By order of my left to contend with, at his own request was permitted to review the ground of the enemy's flight, and found the road ploughed up by his solid shot and strewn with fragments of shells; two men left dead on the road, one mortally wounded, and one, not hurt, taken prisoner. The prisoner said the havoc in their ranks was fearful, justifying what I saw myself of the confusion. Major Terrill's sharpshooters were by no means idle, firing whenever a straggling Yankee showed his head, and capturing a lieutenant, (captured by Major Terrill himself,) one sergeant, and one private, all belonging to the Nineteenth Indiana, (Colonel Meredith's.) The prisoners reported to me that General McClellan himself was present, and the enemy gave it out publicly that the occupancy of Lewinsville was to be permanent. Alas for human expectations! The officers and men behaved
PEYTON T. MANNING,
J. E. B. STUART,
A. D. C. and A. A. Adj.-Gen.
GENERAL ORDER-No. 19.
The Commanding General has great satisfaction in making known the excellent conduct of Colonel J. E. B. Stuart and of the officers and men of his command in the affair of Lewinsville, on the 11th instant. On this occasion, Colonel Stuart, with Major Terrill's battalion, (Thirteenth Virginia Volunteers,) two field pieces of the Washington artillery, under Captain Rosser and Lieutenant Slocomb, and Captain Patrick's company of cavalry, (First Virginia,) attacked and drove from their position in confusion three regiments of infantry, eight
pieces of artillery, and a large body of cavalry, | stitution it has enjoyed complete shelter and inflicting severe loss--incurring none. By com- protection for three-quarters of a century. mand of GENERAL JOHNSTON. THOMAS G. RHETT, A. A. General.
PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S LETTER. WASHINGTON, D. C., Sept. 11, 1861. Major General John C. Fremont: SIR: Yours of the 8th, in answer to mine of the 2d instant, was just received. Assured that you, upon the ground, could better judge of the necessities of your position than I could at this distance, on seeing your proclamation of August 30, I perceived no general objection to it; the particular clause, however, in relation to the confiscation of property and the liberation of slaves appeared to me to be objectionable in its nonconformity to the act of Congress, passed the 6th of last August, upon the same subjects, and hence I wrote you expressing my wish that that clause should be modified accordingly. Your answer just received expresses the preference on your part that I should make an open order for the modification, which I very cheerfully do. It is therefore ordered that the said clause of said proclamation be so modified, held, and construed as to conform with and not to transcend the provisions on the same subject contained in the act of Congress entitled "An act to confiscate property used for insurrection-moment practicable. Very sincerely yours, J. HOLT. ary purposes," approved August 6, 1861, and that said act be published at length with this order. Your obedient servant,
The occupation of Columbus by armed Tennesseeans, under the leadership of Bishop Polk and Pillow, has excited no surprise here where the unscrupulous character and ultimate aims of the rebel chieftains are well understood. So long as Kentucky maintained that most illusory of all attitudes-neutrality-and carefully guarded an extended and exposed position of the frontier of the Rebel Government-in a word, so long as she subserved the purposes of the conspirators seeking the overthrow of the Republic, and gave reason to hope that she would finally unite her fortunes with them, she was graciously let alone; so soon, however, as she declared her loyalty to a Government to which she is indebted for all her prosperity, and to which she is united by the most solemn ties of duty, of affection, and of interest, her soil is and guidance of traitors in her own bosom, her ruthlessly invaded, and, under the promptings vote at the polls is now to be reversed by the bayonets of Tennessecans, and the proud old Commonwealth reduced to the condition of a nium called the Southern Confederacy. Those conquered province of that political Pandemowho have read the history and know the spirit of her people can have no fears as to the result of this audacious assault upon her honor and independence. The Government here will give all possible support to the State at the earliest
Gen. James SPEED, Frankfort, Ky.
MY DEAR SIR: I hasten to place in your hands the enclosed correspondence with the President of the United States. The action which he has taken was firm and decided, and must prove satisfactory to the friends of the Union in Kentucky.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 12. DEAR SIR: The late act of Congress providing for the confiscation of the estates of persons in open rebellion against the Government was, as a necessary war measure, accepted and fully approved by the loyal men of the country. It limited the penalty of confiscation to property actually employed in the service of the rebellion with the knowledge and consent of its owners, and, instead of emancipating slaves thus employed, left their status to be determined either The act of Congress alluded to was a necessity by the Courts of the United States or by subseunder the circumstances, and was fully justified quent legislation. The proclamation, however, by the usages of civilized warfare. The Govern- of General Fremont, under date of the 30th of ment has the same right to confiscate slaves August, transcends, and, of course, violates the engaged in digging trenches or mounting guns law in both these particulars, and declares that for the rebels that it has to confiscate their arms the property of rebels, whether used in support when captured during the progress of the war; of the rebellion or not, shall be confiscated, and but, having confiscated them, Congress goes no if consisting in slaves, that they shall be at once further. Upon this law the President stands manumitted. The act of Congress referred to firmly, and in doing so, and in disavowing Gen. was believed to embody the conservative policy Fremont's proclamation, he gives another of the of your Administration upon this delicate and ever-multiplying proofs that the war, which is perplexing question, and hence the loyal men of one for national existence, does not seek to the Border Slave States have felt relieved of all extinguish or interfere with slavery as estab-fears of any attempt on the part of the Governlished in the States. If this institution suffers ment of the United States to liberate suddenly in detriment from the events or issues of the their midst a population unprepared for freedom, rebellion, the blow will come from those who, and whose presence could not fail to prove a under the pretence of defending it, are striking painful apprehension if not a terror to the homes at the life of a Government under whose Con- and families of all. You may, therefore, well