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drainage and ventilation, in the quality or preparation of food, uncleanliness in tents and quarters, insufficiency of clothing, the situation of camps with reference to malaria, &c., &c.,

&c.

Six inspectors are now employed. At least four times as many are required. Their travelling and other expenses are estimated at the rate of fifteen hundred dollars per annum.

2. Inspectors are also needed at the general hospitals, to see that the volunteers are provided with every care and comfort that can be obtained. The Commission also supplies these hospitals (to the extent of its means) with sundry medical and surgical appliances, extra hospital clothing and bedding, and various other articles not issued by Government, and employs additional nurses and dressers.

3. The Commission prints and circulates among the volunteers (both officers and men) rules to be observed in regard to sanitary points, and advice as to the means of preserving health while in the field.

It is in the daily receipt of stores of various kinds, clothing, bedding, &c., which are distributed from its office in Washington.

Funds are required to meet the expenses of their transportation and storage.

For means to carry out these objects the Commission relies wholly on the liberality of the community. It does not apply to Government for funds, because its moral influence and power of usefulness would be destroyed by any real or supposed connection with political agencies; and also, because it could not expect to obtain from Government means sufficient for the work it has undertaken.

GEO. T. STRONG, Treasurer. 68 Wall Street, New York, August 23, 1861.

Doc. 3.

GOVERNOR HARRIS' APPEAL.

Isham G. Harris, Governor of the State of Tennessee, to the patriotic Mothers, Wives, and Daughters of said State:

I

will contribute to the relief, health, and com-
fort of the soldier in the field.

Whereas, The approach of winter admonishes us of the necessity and importance of viding warm and comfortable clothing, blankets, &c., for our large and gallant army of patriotic volunteers, who are nobly battling for the maintenance of our rights and independence, and the defence of our altars and our homes; and a state of war renders it difficult, if not impossible, to draw our usual supply of winter clothing from other markets, we must therefore rely upon our own resources, which are doubtless ample, when fully developed, and which, it is confidently believed you have both the will and the power to develop.

I, therefore, appeal to the patriotic women of Tennessee to set about the work at once, of manufacturing all the jeans, linseys, socks, blankets, comforts, and all other articles which

In connection herewith, I beg leave also to call your attention to the communication addressed to me by the Assistant Surgeon-General of the Confederate States, hereto appended. I cannot too earnestly urge upon you the importance of an early and generous response to the call thus made upon you. Let an agent be appointed in each county to receive and forward all articles to such points as the necessities of our troops may require.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my
hand and caused the great seal of the State to
be affixed, at the department in Nashville on
this 23d day of August, A. D. 1861.
[L. S.]
ISHAM G. HARRIS.

Doc. 4.

GEN. WOOL'S ORDER.

HEAD-QUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF VIRGINIA, &c.,
FORTRESS MONROE, August 24, 1861.
General Orders, No. 4:

I. Many of the inhabitants of Elizabeth City
and County complain of depredations having
been committed on their property by soldiers
stationed in their neighborhoods. All such
persons, or others residing within the pale of
this command, engaged in farming, cultivating
their fields and gardens, tending their flocks or
herds, or bringing provisions or supplies to the
several camps or posts for the use of the troops,
and pursuing peacefully their ordinary avoca-
tions, and who do not communicate directly or
indirectly with the rebel forces, and who may
comply with such orders as may be given
them, will be protected in their persons and
property. Any violation of this order by either
officers or soldiers, or any parties interested,
will be severely punished, and those who force
a safeguard, on conviction before a court-mar-
tial, will be punished with death.

II. The attention of all who are embraced in this order, and of all citizens whose business brings them within the limits of this command, whether by land or water, is called to the fiftypro-sixth and fifty-seventh Articles of War, as follows:

56. Whoever shall relieve the enemy with money, victuals, or ammunition, or shall knowingly harbor or protect an enemy, shall suffer death or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a court-martial.

57. Whoever shall be convicted of holding correspondence with or giving intelligence to the enemy, either directly or indirectly, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a court-martial.

III. No officers, soldiers, or citizens will be allowed to go out or come in, by the pickets, without orders from these head-quarters. Persons arriving at the pickets and wishing to come inside, will be detained until their busi

By the Governor :

J. E. R. RAY, Secretary of State.

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ness can be made known to these head-quarters, and proper permission given. This does not apply to persons bringing provisions, who are already provided with properly-signed passes.

by a crowd of more than one hundred armed men, who had appeared upon the road out of the bushes near the spot where the ties had been placed on the road. We all escaped uninjured, although twenty or thirty shots were

IV. No citizen will be allowed to pass be-fired before we were out of reach. There were yond Mill Creek Bridge, or to any of the camps, no persons on the train as passengers, but an without a pass from these head-quarters, or old black man, two aged white men, and myself. from the provost-marshal of Fort Monroe. This whole nefarious affair was, I have no V. The provost-marshals, commanding offi- doubt, contrived against my liberty, if not my cers, and officers in charge of guards and pick-life, by spies resident in this place, who notified ets, are directed, as far as possible, to prevent their allies in Virginia that I was to pass on any violation by officers, soldiers, or citizens, the railroad this morning. And nothing saved to arrest the offender and immediately report me but that coolness and presence of mind the circumstances of the case to these head- which prompted me, under Providence, to see quarters. By command of and guard against the danger prompt as electricity.

Major-General WOOL.

C. C. CHURCHILL,

First Lieutenant Third Artillery, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General. General Wool requests the Captain of the steamer Georgiana to make the contents of the above order known to the persons employed on his ship. By order of General WoOL. C. C. CHURCHILL, A. A. A.-G.

Doc. 5.
LETTER FROM GOV. THOMAS OF MD.
EX-GOVERNOR THOMAS, of Maryland, gives
the following account of the attempt of the
Maryland rebels upon his life:

Please hurry on the arming of our volunteers in Frederick, as I am doing here, that we may be ready for spies within and traitors without our State. Yours, respectfully, FRANCIS THOMAS.

Doc. 6.

19

THE RIOTS IN CONNECTICUT. NEW HAVEN "PALLADIUM" ACCOUNT. LAST Saturday evening, August 24, the telegraph brought word that the office of the Bridgeport Farmer had been "cleaned out by a mob, that a "peace" flag had been taken down in Stepney, and that two or three men CUMBERLAND, August 24, 1861. had been killed at New Fairfield. In conseDEAR SIR: As an incident of to-day may be quence of these reports our reporter proceeded misrepresented, I will communicate to you the to Bridgeport on Sunday, to gain such facts as precise facts of the case. I left here this morn- possible regarding the deplorable events. As ing at half-past six, for my home, in the rail-nearly as he could learn, the following is a road train. Ten miles from this place the cow-brief outline of the proceedings at Stepney and catcher of the engine ran against a pile of eight Bridgeport:

railroad ties, which had been carefully placed Notice had been given in Bridgeport that a across the track. Fortunately six of the ties" peace" flag was to be raised at Stepney, ten were scattered right and left of the road, and miles north of that place, on Saturday afterthe train continued to run for about five hun-noon, when a "peace meeting" would be addred yards, when it was stopped by the resist-dressed by Schnable of Pennsylvania, a wellance to its progress produced by the two re- known stump speaker in the last presidential maining ties, which were so situated that one campaign. E. B. Goodsell, ex-postmaster of end rested on the engine and the other plough- Bridgeport, and G. W. Belden, lawyer, of Newed along the road. As soon as the cars halted, town, were also advertised to speak. A large the engineer and fireman leaped off, and soon number of the citizens of Bridgeport, including removed the two ties, while the baggage-master many of the returned volunteers, decided to was out to see what had occurred to arrest our take part in the meeting, and for that purpose progress. All this happened in almost an in- procured five or six large omnibuses, besides stant, and before I had paid much attention to other vehicles, and proceeded to Stepney, what was occurring. where they found a pole with a large "white rag" floating at its top, and a platform for speaking. The crowd immediately surrounded the pole, and one of the volunteers climbed it to let loose the secession banner, that the Stars and Stripes might be run up instead. Our reporter was informed by several eye-witnesses that, as the Unionist went up the pole, one "General" Curtis levelled a cocked pistol at

At that moment the baggage-master exclaimed, "There is an armed man on the road behind us." This caused the thought to flash across my mind that this accident had been contrived, and I called the conductor to the platform on which I stood, and directed him to put the cars in motion by pulling the bell-rope. The conductor seemed at a loss to know how to act, but obeyed my directions, and as soon | him, and another unknown person a gun. Both as the train began to move we were fired upon these men were knocked down and their weap

followed, and seven or eight more pistols were taken from secessionists who drew them, but not a shot was fired on either side during the affray. The "peace" flag having been hauled down, the glorious old Stars and Stripes were run up amid loud cheering. Calls were then made for the speaker, but none appearing, P. T. Barnum, Esq., mounted the platform. Pistols were again drawn by the secessionists, and threats were made that if Mr. Barnum spoke he should be shot. He was immediately surrounded by a number of returned volunteers, who with revolvers in hand, promised death to any one who should fire at the platform. Mr. Barnum then called for the speakers advertised, promising them in the name of the Union men a fair hearing, provided they uttered nothing treasonable. They were not forthcoming; but, in answer to some remark of Mr. Barnum's, Schnable, who was standing unmolested in the crowd, cried out, "That's a lie," when he was somewhat severely kicked, (so our informant stated,) and disappeared for the day.

ons taken from them. Quite a "scrimmage" | trailing in the dust behind them, and their entry into the city being greeted with loud and continued cheering. [We learn of only two persons at all seriously hurt at Stepney; we were unable to obtain their names. Both were of the tory party, and both were carried from the ground by their friends. One was struck a very heavy blow upon the head with a club by a Union man whom he was pursuing, and who retreated backward some distance before he struck; the other attacked the rear wagon of the homeward procession, when he was kicked in the face by a man in the wagon, and when last seen was apparently insensible.]

A regular Union meeting was then organized, with Elias Howe, Jr., in the chair, and P. T. Barnum, Secretary. The following resolutions were adopted, the "Star-Spangled Banner" was sung, and the meeting adjourned:

RESOLUTIONS.

Whereas, We claim for ourselves, in common with our loyal fellow-citizens, to hold sacred not only the liberties of our country, but the peace of our glorious old Commonwealth of Connecticut;

Resolved, That as good citizens, and a law and order loving people, we deprecate and utterly condemn all those public exhibitions, falsely called peace meetings, but really intended as secession demonstrations, as insulting to the honor of our glorious flag, disgraceful to our country; and

Resolved, That we will discountenance all attempts of traitors, open or disguised, to repeat the said public demonstrations, and call upon all Union and liberty-loving men to place the ban of public scorn and reprobation upon all concerned therein.

Resolved, That, until this war is ended in the complete suppression of this wicked rebellion, we will stand by the old Stars and Stripes; and hereby pledge our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor to defend it to the last.

THE DESTRUCTION OF THE "FARMER OFFICE. Upon the arrival home of the Bridgeport party, with the white flag as a trophy, an excited concourse of people surrounded them in front of the Sterling House, on Main street, rending the air with shouts, and apparently ready for any desperate enterprise. Directly in front of the hotel, Wall street runs to Water street, and at the corner of Water and Wall streets stands the four-story brick building owned by Mrs. Ferris Hurd, and occupied (above the lower story) by Pomeroy & Morse, proprietors of the Advertiser and Farmer newspaper, and of quite an extensive job printing establishment. It was but a few steps, theref that the mob were obliged to take when voices in the crowd shouted "To the Farmer office."

A body of four or five hundred persons, followed by thousands of spectators, immediately moved down the street. The affair was, apparently, a deliberate one, there being little of the hurry that would be ordinarily manifested on such an occasion. It was known that the office had been guarded for several nights and days, and, as it was supposed that armed men were at the time within the building, a vigorous resistance was anticipated. It was even believed that preparations had been made some time before for throwing a flood of hot water from the boiler, situated in the second story, upon any body of men who might assail the building, but no one was found within to resist the rioters after they had forced the doors.

Once within the walls, a scene of destruction Resolved, That in the present crisis of the occurred that almost passes description. The country there are but two parties-Loyal men invaders, maddened by the obstinately and unand Traitors those who sustain the Union, the naturally disloyal and traitorous course of the Constitution, and the National Government, and doomed sheet, left nothing whole that could be those who oppose, either in open rebellion the disposed of. Type, job presses, ink, paper, enforcement of the laws, or aid and assist the books, all the paraphernalia of a printing estabenemies of the country by sympathizing with lishment were thrown into the street, and two secession, or through falsely called peace meet-presses, too large to get through the windows, ings. were broken in pieces by aid of a large and heavy lever. The crowd even ascended to the roof, and tore off such of the signs as they could reach. The only arms found in the building were a loaded rifle and some two hundred and fifty heavy clubs, turned from shovel handles and fitted with a cord to go about the wrist. A room was found containing a number of “bunks” arranged like berths, one above the

The return of the Bridgeport party was much like a triumphant procession of a somewhat disorderly character, the fallen secession banner

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other, which contained bedding, and had evidently been recently used. The appearance of the building on Sunday morning, windowless and rifled, was dreary in the extreme.

The active riot ended on Saturday night, but the streets were thronged on Sunday by excited groups of men, and Nathan F. Morse, the junior partner in the concern, was vigorously groaned when he appeared on the street.

General will issue to the Division Inspectors of the several military districts the orders necessary to carry this requisition into effect. The force called out will be for six months, unless peace in the State shall be restored. Arms will be furnished as rapidly as they can be had.

Doc. 7.

Given under my hand and the seal of the State, at Jefferson City, the 24th day of August, in the year 1861.

HAMILTON R. GAMBLE. By the Governor :

M. OLIVER, Secretary of State.

Doc. 8.

FIGHT AT NEW-FAIRFIELD.

On Saturday afternoon, an even more fearful riot than those at Stepney and Bridgeport was under way. It seems that a number of tories at New-Fairfield had a white flag up, which certain Union men in Danbury determined to take down. Some thirty or forty of them, therefore, repaired to the location of the obnoxious rag, taking an American flag with them to put in its place. They surrounded the pole for this purpose, when they were attacked by a party of tories, some two hundred strong, and a general fight ensued, the weapons being spades, axes, and clubs. Being soon overpowered, though not till after a hard fight, the Union men fled, carrying away with them Andrew Knox, John Allen, and Thomas Kinney, of their party, all very badly cut about the head with spades. The first blow struck was by a "peace man, who inflicted a fearful blow upon one of the above. Of the tories two were probably fatally wounded, (one report, and apparently authenticated, states that the first one named is dead, and the other beyond recovery,) named Abraham Wildman and Gorham. The Union men of course returned home to Danbury, and the "peace" flag still waves.

We left Fortress Monroe on Monday, at one o'clock P. M. The last ship of our fleet arrived off Hatteras Inlet about four o'clock Tuesday It may be mentioned as of interest, in connec- afternoon. Such preparations as were possible tion with the trouble in Fairfield County, that for the landing were made in the evening, and a "peace" flag was taken down in Easton on at daylight next morning dispositions were Thursday of last week, and brought into Bridge-made for an attack upon the forts by the fleet, port; and that preparations were making in and for the landing of the troops. Bridgeport on Sunday, to proceed to Hatterstown (in Monroe) to-day, (Monday,) to take

down another.

GOV. GAMBLE'S PROCLAMATION.

Owing to the previous prevalence of southwest gales, a heavy surf was breaking on the beach. Every effort was made to land the troops, and after about three hundred and fifteen were landed, including fifty-five marines from the fleet and the regulars, both the iron boats upon which we depended were swamped in the surf, and both flat-boats stove, and a THE power of the civil authorities being in- brave attempt made by Lieut. Crosby, of the sufficient to protect the lives and property of U. S. Army, (serving with the army as postcitizens of the State, I, Hamilton R. Gamble, captain at Fortress Monroe,) who had volunGovernor of the State of Missouri, do hereby teered to come down with the steam-tug Fanny, call into the active service of the State, forty- belonging to the army, to land in a boat from two thousand men of the militia of the State, the war steamer Pawnee, resulted in the beachassigning six thousand as the quota for each ing of the boat, so that she could not be got military district, which is the same as a Con- off. It was impracticable to land more troops gressional district. The force thus called into because of the rising wind and sea. Fortunateservice, will be, as far as possible, a volunteer ly, a twelve-pound rifled boat gun, loaned us force, and will consist of ten thousand cavalry by the flag-ship, and a twelve-pound howitzer and thirty-two thousand infantry. If the num- were landed, the last slightly damaged. Our ber volunteering should exceed this requisition, landing was completely covered by the shells the excess will be held as a reserve corps. If of the Monticello and the Harriet Lane. I was there should a deficiency, it may become on board the Harriet Lane, directing the disnecessary to resort to draft. The Adjutant-embarkation of the troops, by means of signals,

THE HATTERAS EXPEDITION.
REPORT OF GEN. BUTLER.

U. B. FLAG SHIP MINNESOTA, }
Major-General John E. Wool, Commanding

August 30, 1861.

Department of Virginia:

GENERAL: Agreeably to your orders, I embarked on the transport steamers Adelaide and George Peabody, five hundred of the Twentieth regiment New York Volunteers, Col. Weber commanding; two hundred and twenty of the Ninth regiment New York Volunteers, Col. Hawkins commanding; one hundred of the Uhion Coast Guard, Capt. Nixon commanding; sixty of the Second United States Artillery, Lieut. Larned commanding, as a force to operate in conjunction with the fleet, under command of Flag Officer Stringham, against the rebel forts at Hatteras Inlet.

and was about landing with them at the time the boats were stove.

No

We were induced to desist from further attempts at landing troops by the rising of the wind, and because, in the mean time, the fleet had opened fire upon the nearest fort, which was finally silenced, and its flag struck. firing had opened upon our troops from the other fort, and its flag was also struck. Supposing this to be a signal of surrender, Col. Weber advanced his troops, already landed, upon the beach. The Harriet Lane, Capt. Faunce, by my direction, tried to cross the bar to get in the smooth water of the inlet, when fire was opened upon the Monticello (which had proceeded in advance of us) from the other fort. Several shots struck her, but without causing any casualties, as I am in formed. So well convinced were the officers of both army and navy that the forts had surrendered at this time, that the Susquehanna had towed the frigate Cumberland to an offing. The fire was then reopened-as there was no signal from either-upon both forts. In the mean time, a few men from the "Coast Guard" had advanced up the beach, with Mr. Wiegel, (who was acting as volunteer aid, and whose gallantry and services I wish to commend,) and took possession of the smaller fort, which was found to have been abandoned by the enemy, and raised the American flag thereon. It had become necessary, owing to the threatening appearance of the weather, that all the ships should make an offing, which was done with reluctance, from necessity, thus leaving the troops upon shore-a part in possession of the small fort, (about seven hundred yards from the larger one,) and the rest bivouacked upon the beach, near the place of landing, about two miles north of the forts. Early the next morning the Harriet Lane ran in shore for the purpose of covering any attack upon the troops. At the same time a large steamer was observed coming down the Sound, inside the land, with reinforcements for the enemy, but she was prevented from landing by Capt. Johnson, of the "Coast Guard," who had placed the two guns from the ship and a six-pounder captured from the enemy in a small sand battery, and opened fire upon the rebel steamer.

At eight o'clock the fleet opened fire again, the flag ship being anchored as near as the water allowed, and the other ships coming gallantly into action. It was evident, after a few experiments, that our shot fell short. An increased length of fuse was telegraphed, and firing commenced with shells of fifteen seconds fuse. I had sent Mr. Fiske, acting aide-de-camp, on shore, for the purpose of gaining intelligence of the movements of the troops and of the enemy. I then went with the "Fanny," for the purpose of effecting a landing of the remainder of the troops, when a white flag was run up from the fort. I then went with the "Fanny " over the bar into the inlet. At the same time the troops, under Colonel Weber, marched up

66

the beach, and signal was made from the flag
ship to cease firing. As the "Fanny " rounded
in over the bar, the rebel steamer "Winslow"
went up the channel, having a large number
of secession troops on board, which she had
not landed. We threw a shot at her from the
Fanny,"
," but she proved to be out of range.
I then sent Lieut. Crosby on shore to demand
the meaning of the white flag. The boat soon
returned, bringing Mr. Weigel, with the follow-
ing written communication from Samuel Bar-
ron, late captain in the United States Navy:
Memorandum.

FORT HATTERAS, August 29, 1861. offers to surrender Fort Hatteras, with all the "Flag officer Samuel Barron, C. S. Navy, arms and munitions of war. lowed to go out with side arms, and the men S. BARRON, "Commanding Naval Defence, Va. and N. Carolina."

The officers al

without arms to retire.

And also a verbal communication stating that he had in the fort six hundred and fifteen men, and a thousand more within an hour's call, but that he was anxious to spare the effusion of blood. To both the written and verbal communications I made the reply which follows, and sent it by Lieut. Crosby:

Memorandum.

"Benjamin F. Butler, Major-General United States Army, commanding, in reply to the communication of Samuel Barron, commanding forces at Fort Hatteras, cannot admit the terms proposed. The terms offered are these: Full capitulation, the officers and men to be treated as prisoners of war. No other terms admissible.

"Commanding officers to meet on board flagship Minnesota, to arrange details." August 9, 1861. After waiting three-quarters of an hour Lieut. Crosby returned, bringing with him Capt. Barron, Major Andrews, and Col. Martin, of the rebel forces, who, on being received on board the tug Fanny, informed me that they had accepted the terms proposed in my memorandum, and had come to surrender themselves and their command as prisoners of war. I informed them that, as the expedition was a combined one from the army and navy, the surrender must be made on board the flag-ship to Flag-officer Stringham, as well as to myself. We went on board the Minnesota for that purpose. On arriving there the following articles of capitulation were signed, which I hope will meet your approval. [See Com. Stringham's Report.]

I then landed, and took a formal surrender of the forts, with all the men and munitions of war, inspected the troops, to see that the arms had been properly surrendered, marched them out, and embarked them on board the Adelaide, and marched my own troops into the fort, and raised our flag upon it, amid the cheers of our men and a salute of thirteen guns, which had been shotted by the enemy. The embarkation

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