The Political Debates Between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas, in the Senatorial Campaign of 1858 in Illinois: Together with Certain Preceding Speeches of Each at Chicago, Springfield, Etc (Classic Reprint)

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Excerpt from The Political Debates Between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas, in the Senatorial Campaign of 1858 in Illinois: Together With Certain Preceding Speeches of Each at Chicago, Springfield, Etc

The passage of the kansas-nebraska Act made clear to the North that the South would accept no limitations for slavery The position of the Southern leaders, in which they had the substantial backing of their constituents, was that slaves were property and that the Constitution, havmg guaranteed the protection of property to all the citizens of the commonwealth, a slaveholder was depnved of his constitutional rights as a Citizen if his control of this portion of his property was in any way inter fered With or restricted The argument in behalf of this extreme Southern claim had been shaped most eloquently and most forcibly by John C Calhoun during the years between 1830 and 1850 The Calhoun opinion was represented a few years later in the Presidential candidacy of John C Breckin ridge The contention of the more extreme of the Northern opponents of Slavery voters, whose spokes men were William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, James G Birney, Owen lovcjoy, and others, was that the Constitution in so far as it recognised slavery (which it did only by implication) was a compact With evil They held that the Fathers had been led into this compact unwittingly and Without full realisation of the responsibilities that they were assuming for the perpetuation of a great wrong They refused to accept the view that later generations of American citizens were to be bound for an indefi nite period by this error of Judgment on the part of the Fathers They proposed to get rid of Slavery.

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Об авторе (2017)

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 - April 15, 1865) was the 16th president of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional and political crisis. In doing so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy. Lincoln was a self-educated lawyer in Illinois, a Whig Party leader and a state legislator in the 1830s. After a series of highly publicized debates in 1858, during which Lincoln spoke out against the expansion of slavery, he lost the U.S. Senate race to his archrival, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. In 1860, Lincoln secured a Republican Party presidential nomination. His presidential election resulted in seven southern slave states to form the Confederacy before he took the office on March 4, 1861. Lincoln is regarded by historians as one of the greatest United States presidents. During his term, he created the system of national banks with the National Banking Act. This provided a strong financial network in the country. It also established a national currency. In 1862, Congress created, with Lincoln's approval, the Department of Agriculture. Lincoln was able to appoint five Supreme Court justices during his time as president. He is largely responsible for instituting the Thanksgiving holiday in the US. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address of 1863 became an iconic statement of America's dedication to the principles of nationalism, republicanism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy. Lincoln held a moderate view of Reconstruction. On April 15, 1865, six days after the surrender of Confederate commanding General Robert E. Lee, Lincoln was assassinated at the Ford Theater by John Wilkes Booth, a noted actor and Confederate spy from Maryland. Lincoln was married to Mary Todd Lincoln on November 4, 1842. They had four children, all boys. Only the oldest, Robert, survived to adulthood. After Lincoln's death, Robert committed his mother, Mary, for a short time. The death of their children had a profound effect on the mental health of both Lincoln and his wife.

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