« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
that generously confided in thee, if thou art a lover, and hast ever given one unmerited pang to that true heart which now lies cold and still beneath thy feet, then be sure that every unkind look, every ungracious word, every ungentle action, will come thronging back upon thy memory, and knocking dolefully at thy soul,then be sure that thou wilt lie down sorrowing and repentant on the grave, and utter the unheard groan, and pour the unavailing tear, more deep, more bitter, because unheard and unavailing.
8. Then weave thy chaplet of flowers, and strew the beauties of nature about the grave; console thy broken spirit, if thou canst, with these tender yet futile tributes of regret; but take warning by the bitterness of this thy contrite affliction over the dead, and henceforth be more faithful and affectionate in the discharge of thy duties to the living.
QUESTIONS.-1. What is said of the grave? 2. Of the sorrow for the dead? 3. What of it in a mother? 4. A child? 5. A husband? 6. What is said of the grave of an enemy? 7. Of the grave of buried love? What may we do vain at the graves of our friends whom we have wronged? 9. To whom should our sorrow teach us to be more faith ful?
What inflection do the questions in the fourth verse require? (Rule II. Les. IV.) What inflection prevails in the seventh verse? How will you account for the change of inflection, on the repetition of grave, sixth verse? What can you say of the emphasis on the repetition of never, seventh verse? (Les. VIII. Note VI.)
SPELL AND DEFINE-1. Soliloquy, a talking to one's self. 2. Circumscribed, limited; confined. 3. Benighted, involved in darkness. 4. Vitality, the principle of life, or of animation. 5. Dye, stain; color. 6. Enamel, to form a smooth, glossy surface. 7. Approximation, a drawing near; an approach. 8. Cogitation, the act of thinking; thought, 9. Volition, the act of willing, or of determining a choice. 10. Metaphys' ical, pertaining to the science of mind.
Contrasted Soliloquies.-JANE TAYLOR.
1. "ALAS!" exclaimed a silver-headed sage, "how nar row is the utmost extent of human science!-how circum. scribed the sphere of intellectual exertion! I have spent my life in acquiring knowledge; but how little do I know. The farther I attempt to penetrate the secrets of nature, the more I am bewildered and benighted. Beyond a certain limit, all is but confusion or conjecture; so that the advan
tage of the learned over the ignorant, consists greatly in having ascertained how little is to be known.
2.It is true that I can measure the sun, and compute the distances of the planets; I can calculate their periodical movements, and even ascertain the laws by which they per form their sublime revolutions; but with regard to their construction, and the beings which inhabit them, what do I know more than the clown?
Delighting to examine the economy of nature in our own world, I have analyzed the elements; and have given names to their component parts. And yet, should I not be as much at a loss to explain the burning of fire, or to account for the liquid quality of water, as the vulgar, who use and enjoy them without thought or examination?
4. "I remark that all bodies, unsupported, fall to the ground; and I am taught to account for this by the law of gravitation. But what have I gained here more than a term? Does it convey to my mind any idea of the nature of that mysterious and invisible chain which draws all things to a common center? I observe the effect, I give a name to the cause; but can I explain or comprehend it?
5. " Pursuing the track of the naturalist, I have learned to distinguish the animal, vegetable, and mineral kingdoms; and to divide these into their distinct tribes and families; but can I tell, after all this toil, whence a single blade of grass derives its vitality? Could the most minute researches enable me to discover the exquisite pencil, that paints and fringes the flowers of the field? Have I ever detected the secret, that gives, their brilliant dye to the ruby and the emerald, or the art that enamels the delicate shell?
6. "I observe the sagacity of animals; I call it instinct, and speculate upon its various degrees of approximation to the reason of man. But, after all, I know as little of the cogitations of the brute, as he does of mine. When I see a flight of birds overhead, performing their evolutions, or steering their course to some distant settlement, their signals and cries are as unintelligible to me, as are the learned languages to the unlettered rustic; I understand as little of their policy and laws, as they do of Blackstone's Commentaries.
7. "But leaving the material creation, my thoughts have often ascended to loftier subjects, and indulged in metaphysical speculation. And here, while I easily perceive in my self the two distinct qualities of matter and mind, I am baffled
in every attempt to comprehend their mutual dependence and mysterious connection. When my hand moves in obedience to my will, have I the most distant conception of the manner, in which the volition is either communicated or understood? Thus, in the exercise of one of the most simple and ordinary actions, I am perplexed and confounded, if I attempt to account for it.
8. "Again, how many years of my life were devoted to the acquisition of those languages, by the means of which I might explore the records of remote age3, and become familiar with the learning and literature of other times! And what have I gathered from these, but the mortifying fact, that man has ever been struggling with his own im potence, and vainly endeavoring to overleap the bounds which limit his anxious inquiries?
9. "Alas! then, what have I gained by my laborious re searches, but a humbling conviction of my weakness and ignorance? How little has man, at his best estate, of which to boast! What folly in him to glory in his contracted
to value himself upon his imperfect acquisitions !"
10. "Well," exclaimed a young lady, just returned from school, "my education is at last finished!—indeed it would be strange, if, after five years' hard application, any thing were left incomplete. Happily, that is all over now; and I have nothing to do, but to exercise my various accomplishments.
11. "Let me see! As to French, I am complete mistress of that, and speak it, if possible, with more fluency than English. Italian I can read with ease, and pronounce very well; as well, at least, as any of my friends; and that is all one need wish for in Italian. Music I have learned till I am perfectly sick of it. But, now that we have a grand piano, it will be delightful to play when we have company; I must still continue to practice, a little ;-the only thing, I think that I need now to improve myself in. And then there are my Italian songs! which every body allows I sing with. taste; and as it is what so few people can pretend to, I am particularly glad that I can.
12. "My drawings are universally admired,-especially the shells and flowers, which are beautiful, certainly besides this, I have a decided taste in all kinds of fancy ornaments. And then my dancing and waltzing,-in which our master
himself owned that he could take me no farther-just the figure for it, certainly; it would be unpardonable if I did not excel.
13. "As to common things, geography and history, and poetry and philosophy,-thank my stars, I have got through them all! so that I may consider myself not only perfectly accomplished, but also thoroughly well informed. Well, to be sure, how much I have fagged through!—the only wonder is, that one head can contain it all!"
QUESTIONS.-1. What soliloquies are here contrasted? 2. What is the substance of the old man's soliloquy? 3. What of the young lady's? 4. What feeling is manifested by the old man in view of his attainments? 5. What by the young lady? 6. Which reasons the most correctly?
With what different tones of voice should these two soliloquies be read? What different inflections at the end of the second and third verses, and
why? What at the questions in the fourth verse? What inflection prevails in the fifth verse? What words in the last verse are sometimes wrongly articulated?
SPELL AND DEFINE-1. Pharisees, a sect of the Jews who considerua themselves, by the observance of certain rites, more righteous than others. 2. Disciples, learners, or followers. 3. Meat, any kind of food; literally, flesh. 4. Salvation, the redemption of mankind. 5 Bards, poets. 6. Patriarch, Jacob—literally, a father considered as a ruler.
Christ talketh with the Woman of Samaria.--Bible.
1. WHEN therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John,-though Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples, -he left Judea, and departed again into Galilee. And he must needs go through Samaria. Then cometh he to the city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son, Joseph. Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus, therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well; and it was about the sixth hour.
2. There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water. Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink. For his disciples were gone away into the city to buy meat. Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria ?for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans. Jesus
answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink, thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
3. The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep; from whence then hast thou that living water? Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle? Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water, shall thirst again but whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him, shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him, shall be in him a well of water, springing up into everlasting life.
4. The woman saith unto him, Sir, give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw. Jesus saith unto her, Go call thy husband, and come hither. The woman answered and said, I have no husband. Jesus saith unto her, Thou hast well said, I have no husband; for thou hast had five husbands, and he whom thou now hast, is not thy husband ;—in that saidst thou truly. The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet. Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and ye say that in Jeru. salem is the place where men ought to worship.
5. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. Ye worship, ye know not what: we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the trun worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth,—for the Father seeketh such to worship him. God is a Spirit; and they that worship him must worship him in spirit, and in truth. The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ; when he is come, he will tell us all things. Jesus saith unto her, I tha speak unto thee am he.
1. O THOU, to whom, in ancient time,
The lyre of Hebrew bards was strung,