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demy as to the manner of spelling the past definite tense of the indicative. The promiscuous sentences contain a pleasing variety of extracts, both in prose and verse, from the most celebrated French writers; and there is also a copious selection of idiomatic expressions.
ART. XXIV. French Pronunciation, with Spelling Vocabularies, and New Fables in French and English. By C. Gros. Law and Whittaker.
THE Author of this work has certainly committed an error in his title page, so far from the Fables being new, they are the most common of Æsop's, and may be met with in almost every English spelling book.
ART. XXV. New Orthographical Exercises, with the correct Orthoepy of every Word, according to the most approved modern Usage. By Alexander Power, Master of the Commercial Academy, Ashford, Kent. 12mo. Law and Whit
MR. Power has been at great pains in compiling this little work, but we have doubts of its utility, and many words have a disorganised and improper pronunciation. Thus we find education, according to Mr. P.'s System of Orthoepy, pronounced, “ êd-ju-ka'-shůn,” virtue, " vẻr'-tshů," and nature," nå-tshure." P. 26. We deprecate many innovations introduced of late into the English language, by a pedantic and false method of pronunciation, of which there are too many instances in these "Orthographical Exercises."
ART. XXVI. Grammatical Figures and System of Rhetoric, illustrated by Examples of Classical Authority, for the_Use of Senior Forms in Grammar Schools. By the Rev. George Whittaker, A. M. Author of the "Latin Exercises," &c. Law and Whittaker.
MR. Whittaker has in the present work concentrated a mass of useful instruction in a very small compass. It is an easy introduction to the study of rhetoric, and the classical examples are peculiarly appropance. The whole is well calculated for those classes in grammar schools whose improvement the author chiefly had in view.
ART. XXVII. History of the Small Por. By James Moore, Director of the National Vaccine Establishment. 8vo. 12s. 312 pp. Longman and Co. 1815.
To those who are desirous of becoming acquainted with the history and the progress of this dreadful malady, we recommend the volume before us, as abounding in much useful and entertaining matter. The various opinions on the origin of the disease, are detailed, together with the earliest accounts of its progress in Asia and Africa, down to its general diffusion over Europe and America. On the superstitious notions of the Indians, respecting the Goddess of the Small Pox, we find the following curious
"A physician in the service of the East India Company informed me, that when he was at Benares, a great alarm was one night raised by the appearance of a multitude of lights, moving to and fro, and waving about at a distance, in a manner which seemed almost supernatural. This physician, being determined to find out the cause, ran out of the town with one of his friends towards the place where these nocturnal lights appeared, but before he reached it, the phantoms had thrown away their fires and vanished; and the field was strewed with small wisps of half-burned straw. On making enquiry he learnt, that this was a mystic rite, performed by the women of the village to disperse the contagion of the Small Pox, and to appease the wrath of the superintending deity.
"There are many monstrous idols of this malignant power throughout India: and among a fine collection of original Hindoo drawings brought to this country, which illustrate the mythology and manners of the East; there is one whose subject is, a religious dramatic representation of the actions of the Small Pox Goddess. This evil spirit stands with two uplifted crooked daggers, threatening to strike on the right and left. Before her are a band of the executers of her vengeance. Two of them wear red grinning masks, carry black shields, and brandish naked scimitars. White lines, like rays, issue from the bodies of the others, to indicate infection. On the right, there is a group of men with spotted bodies, inflicted with the malady: bells are hung at their cinctures, and a few of them wave in their hands, black feathers. They are preceded by musicians with drums, who are supplicating the pity of the furious deity.
"Behind the Goddess on the right, there advances a bevy of smiling young women, who are carrying gracefully on their heads, baskets with thanksgiving-offerings, in gratitude for their lives and their beauty having been spared.
"There is, besides, a little boy with a bell at his girdle, who
seems to be conveying something from the right arm of the Goddess. This action may possibly be emblematic of inoculation." P. 32.
The latter part of the volume contains all the methods of treatment which have been practised both in barbarous and enlightened ages, with a full history of the origin and progress of inoculation.
The following is the history of its first commencement in England, by an experiment upon six felons.
"Five of the felons contracted the Small Pox favourably: the sixth, who concealed having previously had the Small Pox, was not infected; but all escaped hanging. A seventh criminal was likewise pardoned, on the easy terms of having a few Small Pox crusts put up her nostrils, according to the Chinese mode, at the suggestion of Dr. Mead, and only a sore nose was the consequence.
"This success encouraged Mr. Maitland to inoculate some others; by the event of which it appeared, that the inoculated Small Pox was sometimes severe; and he was amazed to find, that the artificial disease was as infectious as the casual. This was a circumstance totally unexpected, and it ought to have induced the profession to pause e'er they proceeded; or at least to have prompted them never to inoculate without adequate measures being adopted to prevent the infection spreading to others. The neglect of this easy precaution, has occasioned the loss of millions of lives." P. 232.
ART. XXVIII. Synopsis of French Grammar, comprehending the most useful and necessary Rules in the Grammar Chambaud. By P. F. Merlet. Longman. 1815.
As an abridgement of Chambaud, this might have been a useful publication, particularly to those who are desirous of acquainting themselves with the Elements of French Conversation, with the least possible expenditure of time and trouble, had the French Idioms been translated into English,
ART. XXIX. Notice of Christian Observer. 1816.
IN our Review of Gurney's Visitation Sermon, Nov. 1815, the following sentence will be found: "In p. 8, occurs the following inexplicable passage; Hope as an anchor of the soul,
both sure and stedfast entereth into that (what?) within the vail, whither our Forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus."
Upon which the Christian Observer makes the following remark, "Is it not to be lamented that the writer of this paragraph, had no kind friend to point out to him the passage in Heb. v. 19, and to remind him that his criticism was applied, not to Mr. Gurney's Sermon, but to the inspired word of God." And again, with his usual Christian candour, he ob serves," that nothing but the conviction of the Reviewer's ignorance, can defend him from the charge of profaneness."
We feel ourselves vastly obliged to the Christian Observer for this piece of information, that the passage in question will be found in St. Paul, and in return, we will present him with another, equally profound, of which, however, he appears to stand in no little need: viz. That many sentences in authors inspired as well as uninspired are perfectly explicable when taken with the context, but perfectly inexplicable when taken alone. He, for instance, who reads the whole chapter from which the sentence in question is taken, will clearly understand what is signified by the word "that;" while he who reads the sermon of Mr. Gurney will find the isolated sentence, as we observed in our Review, wholly inexplicable. The charge therefore of ignorance and profanation rests upon those who, by random citations, make nonsence of St. Paul, not upon those who discover and expose it when made.
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