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No. 1058.-10 September, 1864.
PAGE, Advance of Price of the Living Age,
482 1. Life of Edward Livingston,
483 2. The Perpetual Curate. Part 14,
Chronicles of Carlingford,
500 3. Cruise of the Alabama and the Sumter,
517 4. A Siberian Shipwreck,
522 5. Mr. Lincoln's Diplomacy, .
527 POETRY.—Before Vicksburg, 499. To-morrow, 499. Unwritten, 499.
SHORT ARTICLES.-Cheap Travelling in Switzerland, 516. Science of Bell-Ringing, 516. A heavy Snorer, 521. Mrs. Jameson's last Publication, 526. Discord about a Cord, 526.
NEW BOOKS. LINDISFARN CHASE will very soon be published by Messrs. Harper and Brothers, by arrangement with us ; and we shall have copies for sale. It is said to be by T. Adolphus Trollope, a brother of Anthony Trollope.
Since we announced the sale of the Stereotype plates of the First Series, there has been an increased demand for full sets of the whole work, so that we are obliged to reprint many numbers of the Second and Third Series, in order to complete our orders. We take occasion to ask that everybody who ineans to make his set perfect, will buy now such volumes or numbers as may be necessary for that purpose. These we will gladly supply at the old prices until the first of October, when the new Terms, according to the subjoined notice, will take effect.
POSTAGE.—Hereafter we shall pay postage on “The Living Age ” only when Six Dollars is paid in advance for a Year. Persons paying a smaller sum must pay their own postage. FIRST SERIES LIVING AGE, 36 vols., Morocco backs and corners, $90 a Set.
72 We have, at last, with great regret, sold the stereotype plates of the First Series of The Living Age, to be melted by type-founders. We have a small number of copies of the printed work remaining, which we shall be glad to receive orders for so long as we can supply them.
Persons desirous of buying odd volumes or numbers, to complete their sets, would do well to order them without delay. ATTENTION is respectfully requested to the following
NEW TERMS OF "THE LIVING AGE. The Publishers have resisted as long as they could the growing necessity of advancing the price of this work. But when paper costs three times as much as before, and a remittance to London more than twelve dollars for a pound, and every other expense of manufacture is greatly increased (saying nothing of the expense of living), it is evident that sooner or later the Proprietors must follow the course of The Trade.
The change is made only after every other resource has been exhausted ; and we confidently appeal to the kindness and justice of our old friends, asking them, not only to continue their own subscriptions, but to add the names of their friends to our list.
On the first of October, the prices will be-
Price to The Trade will be advanced 3 Cents a number.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
30 BROMFIELD STREET, Boston
ADVANCE OF PRICE OF THE LIVING AGE. fords a pleasant resource in evil days, and its
[The following letter is from a subscriber varied contents are uniformly excellent, inwho has the whole work from the beginning. teresting, and instructive. But this is not We shall promote his object by printing his all that we owe you. While you thus enletter, and thank him not only for the money, deavor to improve the mind, and refine but for the hearty good-will which is even more valuable.
the taste, by the diffusion of sound literaWe credit his account not for a year, as he ture,-(often, I doubt not, at pecuniary disoffers, but for a year and a quarter.
advantage, for public benefaction and private 0! si sic omnia !)
good are not inseparable,)-I am, in comDEAR MR. EDITOR,-I notice in the last
mon with many others, under lasting oblinumber your announcement of an intended gations to you for the influence which you increase of charge for The Living Age, be- also incidentally exert in behalf of our arginning with the lst of October. It did not duous struggle for national existence. The come upon me unprepared.
Living Age has given unequivocal proof of I had supposed that, in common with its opposition to the most wanton, wicked, business of every other kind, The Living Age and frantic rebellion that ever sullied the must necessarily feel the pressure of the times; page of history; and would deserve on that the more especially that people are not al. account, if no other, the hearty support of ways as punctual as they should be in paying every patriot. their subscriptions ; and had determined to
I hope, sir, that considerations such as have raise mine voluntarily with the coming year. weighed with me may induce others, if not Your announcement leads me to anticipate to exceed your terms, at least to acquiesce that intention. Please credit me with ten cheerfully in their proposed increase ; and dollars—herewith enclosed—and charge me by the punctuality of their remittances, cheer with a like sum annually hereafter.
the heart of him who furnishes their weekly I am not a moneyed man, but am dependent feast of good things. Nearly two hundred upon my daily labor for the support of my pages monthly of well-selected reading are family, and yet I would rather cut off some
more than worth all that you ask. bodily wants-wear homespun, dispense with gloves, etc.—than lose the mental improvement and pleasure which I derive from your
Very respectfully, etc., valuable weekly visitor. It is always warmly welcomed and eagerly perused; for it af- 25th August, 1864.
From The Edinburgh Review. having had strong temptations to overcome ; Life of Edward Livingston. By Charles for that pedigree is remarkable alike for its Havens Hunt. With an Introduction by clearness and its respectability. It is modestly George Bancroft. New York : 1864.
commenced with Sir Alexander Livingston, We have rarely been more struck or inter- of Calendar, who on the death of James I. ested by any biographical work than by this of Scotland, in 1437, was appointed one of book. It reanimates and elevates its theme two joint regents during the minority of by dint of truth and earnestness, without ex- James II., and was made keeper, of the aggerating a merit or palliating a defect; king's person, his associate Crichton being and we speedily found ourselves following chancellor. The murder of Earl Douglas in with anxious admiration the career of a leg- Edinburgh Castle by these worthies, has islator and jurist, whose rejected System of done more to perpetuate their memories than Penal Law has hitherto been thought to con- any good or wise action performed by either stitute his sole title to European attention or of them ; but as was pointedly said by Gibcelebrity. This effect may be partly owing bon, " treason, sacrilege, and proscription to the light thrown by his speeches and cor- are often the best titles of ancient nobilrespondence on the causes and growth of the ity.' The Livingstons had their fair share internecine dissensions of the once United of this sort of illustration, having generally States ; but the grand attraction may be managed to lose their peerages nearly as fast traced to the fact that his checkered life, quite as they got them by taking the losing side in independently of its manifold and momen- 1715 and 1745. The destinies of the foundtous relations to public measures and events, er of the American branch, Robert, were is fraught with useful lessons in conduct swayed, in his own despite, by the indepenand deeply colored with romance. We
e may dent and insubordinate spirit of bis race. simultaneously deduce from it, by way of He was born in Teviotdale, in 1654, the son moral, that honesty and energy of purpose of the Reverend John Livingston, who played must succeed in the long run, and that the a prominent part in Scottish ecclesiastical development of the highest talents, or the history, and passed the last nine years of his prosecution of the loftiest aims, may be fa- life (from 1663 to 1672) at Rotterdam, under tally checked by pecuniary embarrassments sentence of banishment for Nonconformity. resulting from neglect. It is a welcome Robert was bred up amongst Dutchmen, and change to turn from the sanguinary conten- as soon as he came to man's estate, he started tions, the sordid passions, and the shattered for New York, took up his residence in Alcondition of the American people at the pres- bany, then a Dutch village, and proceeded ent time, to the wisdom, the dignity and the to amass landed property in a fashion which love of freedom which marked the great citi- will sound strange to the conveyancers of zens of the commonwealth in its earlier Lincoln's Inn. The first purchase, we are years. Of these men Edward Livingston told, was of two thousand acres, on Roelof
Jansen's Hill. The deed, bearing date July The master passion of a prosperous family 12, 1683, was executed by two Indians and in the New World is to prove its descent two squaws, with names defying pronunciafrom one of traditional nobility or gentility tion and orthography. The consideration in the Old. A member of the transatlantic consisted of three hundred guilders and a tribe of Warrens has printed a comely quarto strange medley of assorted goods and articles to prove that the last Earl de Warrenne (who to be paid or delivered in five days. The left no issue) was their lineal ancestor ; and other conveyances were of the same characa Bright of Boston has devoted a royal octavo ter, and at the foot of one of them is this of three hundred and forty-five pages to receipt :6. The Brights of Suffolk ; ” in which, strange to say, he lays no claim to relationship with
“ This day, the 18th July, 1687, a certain his distinguished namesake, the Member for Cripple Indian Woman named Siakanochqui Birmingham. We may consequently con- satisfaction by a cloth garment and cotton Shift
of Catskil acknowledges to have received full sider ourselves as let off cheaply by Mr. for her share and claim to a certain Flatt of Hunt, when he disposes of the Livingston ped- Land Situate in the Manor of Livingston ; igree in a single chapter, of moderate length, Which Witness, &c.”
In this way Robert Livingston became the ways did and always will respect a man who proprietor of a territory embracing upwards becomes conspicuous by force of high capacof one hundred and sixty thousand acres, ity and virtue, in spite of humble birth and which was erected by patent from the crown better if public opinion should restrain poli
imperfect education ; but surely, it would be into the lordship; and he fondly looked for- ticians from aspiring to the presidency with ward to its perpetuation, one and undivid- out a respectable knowledge of grammar and ed, like an ancestral manor in Great Britain, the proprieties of life.” in a succession of representatives. But the
Unluckily it is this very public opinion force of democratic institutions was too which encourages these unlettered and unstrong; and the third possessor parcelled it inannered“ statesmen,” as they are called by out amongst his children with 48 prouda con
courtesy, and it will be well if they transtempt for primogeniture and aristocracy as
gress no bigher rules than those of grammar if he had been a cotton lord or manufacturer, and propriety. The democratic principle, --perhaps prouder. In allusion to the result- however, was only just beginning to operate ing luss of concentrated influence and impor- when Edward Livingston was approaching tance, Mr. Hunt exclaims,–
manhood : its foundations had hardly been “What a change has the intervening half- so much as laid when he came into the century wrought, not merely in the affairs world ; and he had all the advantages at of this house, but in those of all like estab- starting which the wealth, position, and conlishments in this country! The Livingstons sections of progenitors and parents can beare now a multiplied host of for the most
stow. part energetic and successful individuals, and
His father was a judge of the Supreme their aggregate wealth and influence exceed the probable dreams of their ambitious an
Court of the Colony of New York, and was cestor. Yet the strength which comes of so highly esteemed that one of his most inticombination is gone from them. Our democ- mate friends, William Smith, the historical racy divides every clan, minces every estate, writer, was accustomed to say,“ If I were to individualizes everybody, disintegrates every- be placed in a desert island, with but one thing. Each man is the head of his own fam- book and one friend, that book should be ily; no man can be the head of the family of the Bible, and that friend Robert R. Livingbis ancestors.”
ston. His mother, Margaret Beekman, a Down to this point the writer seems to fa- woman of a large and heroic mould, is devor the inference that the change is for the scribed as a meet mate for such a man. best. But in the very next paragraph we An anecdote of Edward's boyhood proves are shown the reverse of the medal, and are both his own sweetness of temper and the warned to anticipate a consummation which maternal sagacity on which the formation of is already more than balf completed :- character in children so materially depends.
“In the United States, we seem to be out- One of bis sisters came with a complaint to heroding this tendency of the times, Our
the mother of baving been roughly accosted political leaders, representatives, and even or unkindly treated by him. " Then go into judges, are now too often individuals whom the corner. I am sure you have been very many an obscure, well-bred person would naughty, or Edward would not have done so.” not meet in the same drawing-room for all His only battle at school was in vindication the world. We are certainly making some of bis veracity, when assailed, like that of progress in bridging the gulf which once gen- Bruce in the centre of Africa, for the stateerally separated low manners from high po- ment of a familiar fact. sitions. Such progress is one of the worst
** The occasion," of our present evils ; it threatens us with the says Mr. Hunt, “ was the moral necessity of most palpable of our future dangers. How backing up a statement which he casually far the effrontery of ill-bred ignorance and made among bis fellows, to the effect that at incapacity will carry itself towards monopo- Clermont they had an ice-house in which ice lizing places of dignity, power, and trust, is
was preserved for family use through the truly a question of moment. It is frightful
summer, ,- a statement which one of the boys, to contemplate the possibility that the entire government in all its branches of so great because he had never heard of such a thing and prosperous a country may, some day, he before, honestly but indiscreetly pronounced given permanently over to unlettered and un- to be-a lie.” He was not remarkable for mannered statesınen. The whole world al- diligence at school; but no degree of idleness
could deprive a boy of his stamp, of the educa- 1 sented to this partition to the extent of tion of events and circumstances; and these abandoning all claim to a share of the ladies ; were of the most impressive kind at the precise for his finical attention to his dress had earned time when his heart and imagination were him the title of Beau Ned; and at a still most prone to be moved and stirred by them. later period he wrote on the fly-leaf of his
Born on the 26 May, 1764, he was in his Longinu 8,thirteenth year on the day of the Declara
“ Longinus, give thy lessons o'er ; tion of Independence : his first degree at
I do not need thy rules : college, Nassau Hall, Princeton, was
Let pedants on thy precepts pore, temporary with the surrender of Lord Corn
Or give them to the schools. wallis in 1781; and his legal studies were “ The perfect beauty which you seek, completed about the time when “ a grave lit
In Anna's verse I find ; tle gentleman in black (John Adams) walked
It glows on fair Eliza's cheek,
And dwells in Mary's mind.” up St. James's as first American ambassador.” Before attaining his majority, he had min- The ladies in question were the daughters | gled in the contest for the most sacred of of Mr. McEvers, a merchant of New York ; rights ; he had played his part in popular and the Mary, whose perfect beauty dwelt demonstrations ; he had witnessed marches in her mind, subsequently became his wife. and countermarches, advances and retreats ;
The division of labor which is rigidly enhe had seen all that was dearest to him re- forced amongst English lawyers has never peatedly at stake ; he had heard the angry been held compulsory on the profession in clamor of the market-place suddenly drowned America, where the callings of barrister and by the rattle of musketry; and when his attorney are frequently combined. We must family were hastily decamping with their not, therefore, be surprised at reading that household goods from their cherished home, Livingston was admitted to practise as an with the hostile soldiery at hand, be had attorney in January, 1785, and that he speedcaught courage from the hearty laugh of his ily became a formidable rival to the advocates mother at the figure made by a favorite ser- of highest reputation at the New York bar. vant, a fat old negro woman, perched in sol. A sketch of these is given by Mr. Hunt; and emn sadness on the top of a wagon. The amongst other names that have acquired more training supplied by scenes of this kind is at than provincial celebrity, are those of Aaron least as valuable as that which the university Burr and Alexander Hamilton. No particucan confer; and Edward Livingston's mind lars are given of our hero's forensic career, was fortunately steeled by them for vicissi- of the prosecutions which he conducted, the tudes for which no ordinary culture would accused persons whom he defended, or the bave afforded an adequate preparation. causes that he led. We are simply aesured
At the same time, we are not prepared to that in the course of nine years' practice he accept his own statement that he neglected had distanced the great bulk of his competithe usual studies pa was deficient in the com- tors, that he was Romilly or Scarlett of New mon round of attainments at school or col- York, and that his reputation as an eminently lege. The extensive knowledge of science accomplished orator led to his being elected and literature which he subsequently dis- a member of Congress for that city in 1794. played, must most of it have been acquired— He was opposed by a Mr. Watts, a gentleman at least, the foundations of it must have been whose speciality was that he had never articulaid-in his student days; and that he was lated anything but “ay” and “ during not thought an idle boy by his friends appears his congressional career; and he was confrom (amongst other indications) a letter trasted for this very reason (his friends written by John Jay, from Paris, to Chan-thought favorably) with one whose ready cellor Livingston (his elder brother) in 1783 : rhetoric was denounced as an unanswerable " I send you a box of plaster copies of med- proof of shallowness. als: if Mrs. Livingston will permit you to Livingston's most remarkable effort in his keep so many mistresses, reserve the ladies first session was the delivery of a speech, for yourself, and give the philosophers and occupying nearly a day, in support of the poets to Edward.” It may certainly be right of Congress to question the policy of doubted whether Edward would have con- treaties with foreign countries, on which it