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there are so many offensive references to the udices that way; our only trouble is, we negro, so many insinuations of a community cannot get slaves enough. The English, who of interest between slave-dealers and the have no control over us, we being an indepenSouth, that the horrible idea will come into dent government, are strong enough to inter

fere in everybody's business, and, to say to us, our minds.

With him, the negro is always that we bring over from the main no more a dirty, lazy, intolerable beast. Every slave slaves." holder seems to be at once his friend. Thus,

The man who said this “ was a full-blooded he claimed community of interest in the war

African with slave-dealing Cubang. Writing to the

negro, as black as the ace of spades." Governor of Cienfuegos, he says, “I confi

And this man, we venture to think, has a dently rely upon the friendly disposition of truer insight into the relations of this ques

tion than the Maryland rover. He sees tbat Spain, who is our near neighbor in the most important of her colonial possessions, to re

all over the world England is at the front of

that ceive us with equal and even-handed justice,

great crusade against slavery which they if not with the sympathy which our unity of deplore. We have taken up that cause, and interest and policy, with regard to an im- we are not likely to lay it aside. We can

have no toleration of slavery, in any shape, portant social and industrial institution, are

under 80 well calculated to inspire."

any excuse. We can have no friendBut he is willing to find friends in anybody

ship with slave-holders. We can have no who owns negroes ; even negroes themselves. peace with a slave empire.

It is well for all sides that there should be This instructive scene occurs on the African

no illusions on this point. If a slave-empire coast :

should be founded in America by force of “ One of his companions asked me which arms, we can have no relations of amity with of the belligerent parties I belonged to, the such a State ; and should that empire try to North or the South. I replied to the South. revive the trade in human beings, it will be • Then,' said he, ‘ you belong to the side our duty and our right to resist it with all which upholds slavery.'-— Yes,' said I,' we; our force. belong to the country where the black man is better taken care of than in any other part States abandoning the principle for which

It is only on condition of the Confederate of the world. The churcbman seeing me put on the defensive, as it were, came to my Captain Semmes appears to be an ardent adaid, and said : Oh, we are slaveholders vocate, that England can ever consent to adhere ; being Mohammedans, we have no prej-'mit them into the fellowship of nations.


A Hevy SNORER.-Weonly wish all our readers sor's ample paunch. The beast got entangled and were members of the Minerva Club in London, pot tripped himself up, but lay still roaring and roarthat they might eat the club out of house and ing. All this time the professor lay on his back home, and rob the old members of their newspa- and snored and snored. Waking him was out of pers and easy-chairs, but just that they might the question. At last, one of the party thinking listen to some of its choice snorers. Why ! there the bull's bellowing more unbearable than the is one great naturalist there, Professor Snuffler, professor's snoring, took a lantern, and opening when he was on that famous expedition of the Al- the mouth of the tent, turned the bull's eye full on pine Club to Iceland, when it so fully and thor- the eye of the bull, which rose and retreated at the oughly explored and mapped out the unknown dreadful apparition. Next morning the profesland of the Vatna Jokull, brought down on the sor knew nothing of the hideous uproar, and bis whole party at the dead of night, as they lay warm danger was only brought home to him with his in their tent, a bull of the old Norse breed. Some breeches, which he had hung up on a rail hard of the company woke in fright at the stamping by to dry. They were found pierced and torn and roaring of the bull at the tent, which he took with sundry holes. The angry bull, as he went for another bull as savage as himself, and with off, had thus showed his sense of his rival's cowwhich he would do mortal combat. Luckily the ardice by wreaking his wrath on his unoffending cords ot' the tent were in his way, or his horns garments.--" A Fortnight in Faroe,in the would have been speedily embedded in the profes-North British Review.

From The Leisure Hour. their huts, waving their hands, and sbouting A SIBERIAN SHIPWRECK ;

to express their astonishment at such an un. OR, A STRUGGLE FOR LIFE ON THE ICE. wonted visit. Before morning, the vessels One of the companions of Sir Roderick were in sight of the Sea of Kara, which apMurchison in his Russian travels was the peared to be nearly covered with ice-fields Count Keyserling, who subsequently was en- and bergs. They anchored near Cape Kaninn, gaged in a scientific exploration of the north-in a calm sea ; but, an hour afterward, the eastern angle of Russian Europe, a vast dis- tide having turned, the ice came tumbling trict watered by the river Petchora and its in upon them from the open sea, and the vesconfluents. In this task the count was as- sels had to drive before it, rather than by resisted by M. von Krusenstern, of the Russian maining at anchor to risk being utterly navy, to whom was intrusted the strictly ge- crushed. As it was, the little Embrio lost ographical and hydrographical part of the ber masts in a violent concussion, and the Ierwork. The great ability then shown by M. mak was stripped of a great part of the larchvon Krusenstern as a careful and diligent ex- wood sheathing with which her sides had been plorer was acknowledged in the president's protected. address to our Royal Geographical Society in Lieutenant Krusenstern, seeing it would be 1848. Since then, M. (now Lieutenant) Kru- impossible to navigate that part of the Sea of senstern's merit has been recognized by the Kara, sought now for a secure ancherage, in Russian Government; and in 1862, he was order to wait his opportunity of repassing appointed in charge of an expedition for ex- the strait. He then hoped that he might obploring the mouths and banks of the Yenissei, tain a passage round the northward of the a Siberian river, which flows into the Sea of isle, between it and Nova Zembla. The fuKara at a point a little farther east than the rious tide bad, however, effectually encumeasternmost extremity of Nova Zembla. bered the entrance of the straits ; and when

The expedition comprised only two small the weather fell calm, the ice began gradually vessels—the lermak, a þrigantine of one hun- to close round the ships, more especially round dred and fifty tons, and the Embrio, a decked the Iermak. It was then found, by the incliboat of seventeen tons. The crews consisted nation of the sounding-line, that the comof thirty men, and had with them a six months' mander's ship was being gradually drifted supply of provisions. The ships sailed from toward the east into the main sea. The therKouia, on the River Petchora, on the 1st of mometer stood at 4 deg. (Reaumur), the sky August (our 12th), 1862. Why the voyage was now calm, and the sun shone brilliantly. had been planned for such a stormy period of Here the voyagers enjoyed the sight of those the year we are not informed; it is seldom splendid effects of light and color on the fanthe Russian Government undertakes enter-tastic forms of icebergs, with the descriptions prises so manifestly injudicious.

of which we have been familiarized by the acThe vessels cleared the river Petchora on counts of our own arctic explorers. The rethe 4th. The weather was then very fine ; fracted sunlight magnified the ice-crags into but the same night the wind changed, and on deceptive proportions, altering their irregular the 7th they met with a violent tempest. On shapes into the fantastic forms of fortresses the 9th, they anchored under the isle of Var- with keep and watch-towers, or alabaster palandei, to wait for a change of wind; and here aces with cu polas and minarets. the first piece of ice passed them. On the On the morning of the 16th, the crew of the 14th they anchored near the large island of lermak saw the Embrio for the last time. Vaigatz; the plan of the expedition being to The Embrio was then three miles nearer the sail through the narrow strait between that strait than was the lermak, and she did island and the continent. The strait was eventually regain the channel. After waitfound to be full of ice, except a narrow chan- ing there a fortnight for tidings of her connel next to the island. They pressed sail in sort, the captain decided to make his own esorder to pass through this channel whilst the cape, and the vessel reached Kouia safely on chance was afforded. Though it was night, the 13th of September. as the vessels glided past, they were observed The doomed Iermak, though apparently by some poor Samoydians who had encamped fixed in the ice, was speedily drifting to the on the island; they climbed on the top of northeast ; the isle of Vaigatz and the conti



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nent diminished on their western horizon, dertake the journey over the ice, rather than whilst all else of their circle of vision was to risk remaining by the ship. A large boat crowded with ice-fields and bergs. On the belonging to the Iermak had been constructed 20th, the mainland was seen in the south- so as to be available as a sledge. Into this east ; and on the 26th, land at a great dig- sledge-shallop were placed about three huntance was also seen in the northeast. This dred pounds of biscuit, some hams, bottles of last would be the peninsula called Land of rum, charts, and cases of instruments. Each Yabnal. Between these two dates, the ship man made for himself a sail-cloth bag, in had suffered severely by shocks from the which he placed thirty-five pounds of biscuit moving ice. She was thrown over on her and a change of clothes, affixing a pair of larboard side, and then back again on the boots outside. All the crew were provided starboard. In one shock her stern-post was with a Samoydian garment called a melitzka, broken, and the crew disembarked in great a sort of fur pelisse, which covered up the haste, taking to the boats, which had al- whole man except the face. ready been got out on to the ice. In this On the 9th, according to arrangement, the damaged state of the vessel the crew dreaded crew rose at four a.m., and, having enjoyed the being carried farther out to sea, as was the most sumptuous breakfast the cook could procase with them until the 30th, when the vide, they were ready to start at 6.30. Lieuwind changed to the west, and they then rap- tenant Krusenstern placed on the cabin-table idly drifted toward the coast. This was a a document containing all particulars as to new peril; for, when the body of ice reached the position of the ship, the reasons for and the shore, it would be split with great force, date of her abandonment, the number and and the ship could scarcely escape destruc- names of the crew, and an indication of the tion. In preparation against such a catastro- part of the coast toward which they intended phe, a large tent was formed of the ship’s to proceed. At seven A.M., having joined in sails, and stores and fuel were taken out of prayer to God for their preservation, the the vessel. On the night of the 30th, the au- company started on their perilous journey. rora borealis was very brilliant; and next The commander led the way, carrying the day being very fine, Lieutenant Krusenstern compass and choosing the safest route. His took observations. He made the position of lieutenant, M. Maticen, followed, with six the ship to be 69 deg. 54 min., north latitude, sailors drawing the shallop; next came the and 65 deg., 6 min., 30 sec., east from Green- surgeon, in charge of a small sledge laden wich. The 1st of September was the thou- with wood and provisions ; and the line was sandth anniversary of the Russian Empire ; closed with another sledge drawn by dogs beand, in spite of their dangerous position, the longing to the officers. This last equipage crew must keep the national festival. The was in charge of a Baron Budberg and anmen were served with double rations of bran- other Russian gentleman, both of whom had dy and hot punch, and they joined in jovial joined the expedition as volunteers. songs and patriotic choruses, the strains of This well-arranged caravan soon came to a which mingled with the sounds of the crack- dead stop. After a six hours' struggle, all ing ice and the groaning of the beleaguered were convinced that it would be impossible to vessel.

reach the coast with such incumbrances as The commander had thought of wintering the boat and sledge proved to be. These vein or near the ship; but he now became con- hicles were already half destroyed, and the vinced that their only chance of safety was to men found difficulty enough for themselves in reach the shore. His observations led him to clambering over the ice-walls and across the conclude that the land was about twenty miles gulleys, which checked them every few yards. distant. Two men were sent over the ice, to It was now.resolved to abandon both boats descry the coast if possible ; but, after trav- and sledges, though there seemed little hope elling about thirteen miles, they returned of being able to return for any of the stores. without having seen any land. Lieutenant The log-books, the instruments, and

maps, Krusenstern now called a council, which, be- were distributed amongst part of the crew ; sides his own officers, comprised the captain and to others the commander gave carbines, of the crew and three sailors delegated by pistols, and ammunition. These were intheir comrades. The council decided to un- tended for defence against the polar bears


which they expected to meet. Each man put which caused excessive vomiting with many, into bis bag provisions for twenty days, mak- and consequently still greater exhaustion. ing a very considerable burden for such a They encamped at night under the lee of a rough and slippery path. Before leaving the large iceberg, and there slept soundly enough, stores, they took another hearty meal, and though they awoke in pools of water, the the commander allowed a glass of rum to warmth of their bodies having melted part each. Only the masts of the Iermak were of their icy couches. As they ate their now visible. The dangers both of tempest | breakfast in the early morning, to their asand starvation were before them : in the con- tonishment and relief they were joined by sciousness of this they once more committed Sitnakov. He had walked all night, groping themselves to the care of Heaven. Lieuten- for the tracks of his comrades. This was a ant Krusenstern again took the lead, bearing remarkable instance of what a man may perthe compass ; but he soon had to make a form in the struggle for self-preservation. stand; for the men had straggled behind over Sitnakov had been mistaken about the dea line of a mile and a half, according to the cree of fate as previously expressed in his strength of each. When the last man came own drunken semi-consciousness. The party up, the commander missed Sitnakov, the started at 6.30, and had now to cross the ship’s smith, and he was told that the man glade of open water previously seen by the could not come: he was drunk. The smith scouts. They made the passage on an ice-five had loved rum too well, he having contrived by the help of the sounding-line. As we unto take three glasses instead of the one al. derstand the process, two men first pushed or lowed. The commander appealed to the men rowed across with their pikes or boat-books, aot to leave their comrade to perish ; but his taking the line with them. The line being words were followed by an ominous silence, secured on both sides, one man then pulled which showed that each thought only of his himself and the ice-floe back for another of own safety. Lieutenant Krusenstern then the crew, who then passed, one at a time. nobly resolved to go back himself, and took It took them an hour to make the transit. with him the captain of the crew. They On resuming the march, their fatigue became found the inebriate quite stupefied with insupportable. The men began to throw drink. The commander shook him, and away everything they could spare, the smith, with the grim humor of a halting-place was marked by collections of drunkard, murmured out, “ Leave me, shoes and clothing. The store-keeper was so your honor ; it is written that I die here." weary that he threw away even many of his It was evident that he must sleep longer ; biscuits. but the lieutenant pulled off Sitnakov's me- The farther they advanced the wider they litzka, so that the cold might rouse bim the found the channels. Sometimes the company sooner ; and they then left him, believing crossed together, all upon one large fragment that they had seen him for the last time. of ice, either rowing with their pikes or spreadAfter their return to the crew, the men were ing their garments for sails. Toward evening evidently affected by the loss of their com- of the 9th, M. Maticen and the surgeon were rade ; and, as they walked along, one or very ill; they, and indeed all the company, other of them would step up to the comman-only dragged themselves on by force of will.

“ Your honor, tell us the truth : As soon as a resting-place for the night was Sitnakov is dead now?"

fixed upon, the men, without speaking a The wind now rose, and snow falling fast word, threw themselves down upon the ice made their progress difficult. The sailor who and slumbered heavily. At daylight, Lieucarried the aneroid fell into a crevasse, and tenant Krusenstern mounted an iceberg, was extricated with difficulty. He was after- from which on the E.N.E. he descried the wards almost overpowered with cold, though coast-line. His announcement of this put the others lent him some of their garments. new life into the men, who declared they had Toward evening they came to a wider gap in now no fatigue, and scarcely gave the leader the ice, which they had great difficulty in pass- time to take his post. He had, however, seen ing. Into this Baron Budberg fell, breaking the wide channels of water which intervened the thermometer, but saving himself. The men and could not tell how they were to be passed were wearied with their unwonted exertion, without a boat. After they had crossed the

and every

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next open water, another difficulty arose, from from their floating isle. Some of the crew the ice being so broken as to be almost im- on the detached piece were saved with diffipassable. They had to scramble or vault culty. Again in the morning the ice-field from floe to floe with great and painful ex- split with a noise like the report of a canertions; but, as the commander says, “God non, and the spray now dashed over their had pity on us; " and in an hour and a half, narrow refuge. M. Maticen, who had not they regained the firm ice. Baron Budberg taken food for two or three days, appeared suffered most; having no sea-legs,” he to be sinking fast, and he gave to the comslipped about continually, and repeatedly fell mander farewell messages for his friends. into the water. The channels now met with Lieutenant Krusenstern tried to raise the were often one hundred and fifty fathoms spirits of the men, by telling them stories of broad. During the transit of one of these, shiprecked mariners who had been rescued when all the company were on one floe, they from dangers as great as theirs ; but hope were followed by six walruses. The com- had fled from his auditors, and he could not mander with his pike struck at but missed the rouse them from dejection. At noon, howforemost one, and the beast got his paws and ever, the wind changed to 8.8.W., and the tusks on the edge of the foe,which was al- sun shone, so that they could dry their garready well weighted by the crew. Happily ments and regain a little vital heat. They. a shot from a carbine detached the unwelcome again approached the coast, and at night iatruder from his hold, and his fellow-pirates succeeded in reaching a larger ice-field, though beat a retreat. The company struggled on in the darkness two of their number were this day until eight P.M., when the darkness nearly lost. The sunset had been very splencompelled them to stop. They had to make did, affording a strange contrast to the wretchtheir resting place on a large glacier, without edness of their situation. Next day, their any shelter from the wind. They huddled floating isle still approached the shore, but themselves together ; but the cold prevented at evening it again receded. This time the sleep, and their strength rapidly diminished. men, many of whom had not a biscuit, be

On the 12th, the wind changed into the gan with pieces of ice to build themselves cast, clearing away the ice from the sea be- huts, which they said were for their tombs. fore them, and driving farther from the land During the night, rain and snow fell in such the floe on which they were. When the tide quantities that all of them felt as if soaked turned, they managed to reach another frag- to the bones. The next day a fox sailed past ment of ice; but the wind freshened, and them on a piece of ice; but they were too this also receded from the shore. Lieutenant weak to take aim, although they wished to Krusenstern mounted one of the pinnacles of shoot him for the sake of their dogs, which ice, and from thence he could see that there were now reduced to skin and bone, one of only remained another tract of water to be them being so weak that it could not walk passed, when they should reach the ice which against the wind. Baron Budberg was now was connected with the land. Though only in a pitiable condition : he repeatedly fell about four versts from the shore, there was from weakness, and could hardly open his between them and it this channel, which they mouth. had no means of crossing, and which now be- On the morning of the 16th, which was came deeper and broader every hour. They Sunday, the wind still blew on to the land; even lost sight of the land, and all they had and, in looking from the nearest hillock of gained seemed to be lost. No wonder that, ice, there could not be observed any

channel shrouding themselves in their melitzkas, the between them and the shore. But the men gave themselves

up to despair. These were too much exhausted to indulge in hope. Samoydian garments must have the credit of and a stupid desire for rest began to supplant keeping in the vital heat of the men during the yet lingering love of life. The feet and the severe cold of the terrible night which legs of most of the men were wounded by succeeded. The ice-field on which they now their stumbling; and from six to eight A.M. were drifting was about three hundred yards their route lay through broken ice, which across, and about six feet thick.

tried them to the utmost. They walked on Toward midnight there was a tempest of mechanically until nearly noon, when the wind, and a large portion of ice broke off commander was obliged to allow half an hour's

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