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SPANISH JEWS INNOCENT OF THE CRUCI- no one. To the proud and wicked he is unFIXION.
yielding; and because he tells you your sins In the notes to Southey’s “ Don Roderick,” to your faces, ye are his enemies, and bear there is a letter relative to the Jews, so re- him ill-will. We inquired of the man the markable and so curious that I have at- year, month, and day of his (this prophet's) tempted a translation, although the original birth, and we remember that on the day of is in quaint old Spanish, differing as much his nativity three suns appeared here in the from modern Castilian as the English of our heavens, which by little and little formed days does from the English of Chaucer’s. themselves into one ; and when our fathers
Mr. Southey prefaces this letter in the beheld this sign they were astonished, saying following words : ! When Toledo was recov- to the assembly, ' Messiah will soon be born, ered from the Moors by Alonzo VI., the Jews or mayhap he is already come into the world.' of that city waited on the conqueror, and Beware, therefore, brethren, lest he (Messiah) assured bim they were part of the ten tribes be come, and ye did not recognize him. whom Nebuchadnezzar had transported into Moreover, the same man told us that one of Spain, not descendants of Jerusalem Jews, his shepherds said that about the time of the who had crucified Christ. Their ancestors, nativity certain Magi, men of great wisdom, they said, were entirely innocent of the cruci- came to the Holy Land, inquiring the place fixion ; for when Caiaphas, the high-priest, of the holy child's birth; and also that had written to the Toledan synagogues to ask Herod, your king , was astonished, and sent their advice respecting the person who called for the wise men of the city, asking them himself the Messiah, and whether he should where the child should be born. They inbe slain, the Toledans returned for answer quired of the Magi, and they said in Bethlethat, in their judgment the prophecies seemed hem of Judah. The Magi said that a star of fulfilled in this person, and therefore he great brilliancy led them from far to the ought not by any means be' put to death. Holy Land. See now if the prophecy be not This reply they produced in the original fulfilled which says, ' Kings shall behold, and Hebrew, and in Arabic, as it had been trans- shall walk in the brightness of his nativity.' lated by command of King Galifre. Alonzo Beware lest you persecute him whom you gave ear to the story, had the letter trans- ought to receive with pleasure and hold in lated into Latin and Castilian, and deposited honor. But do whatsoever to you shall apamong the archives of Toledo. The latter pear right. For our parts, neither by our version is thus rendered by Sardoval." advice, neither by our will shall this man be
Here follows the letter in the old Castil. put to death. For should we do such a ian tongue, of which the following is a trans- thing, in us might be fulfilled the prophecy lation :
which says, “ They gathered themselves with Levi, chief of the synagogue, and Sam- one consent against the Lord, and against uel and Joseph, honorable men and of good re- his Messias. And, although you be men port in the congregation of Toledo, to Eleazar of much wisdom in such matters, this advice Nugad, high-priest, and to Samuel Canud, we give you, lest the God of Israel be angry and to Anus and Caiaphas, good and noble with you, and destroy your temple a second men of the congregation of the Holy Land, time; and know this for a certainty that it health in the God of Israel. Your messen- soon will be destroyed. This is the reason ger, Azarias, a master of the law, has why our forefathers escaped from the Babybrought us your letter, by which you inform Ionish captivity. Pyrro being their captain, us of the signs and acts of the prophet of empowered by King Cyrus, laden with much Nazareth. A certain person of the name of riches, in the sixty-ninth year of the captivity, Samuel, the son of Amacias, lately passed dwelt at Toledo, being there received by the through this city, and he related many Gentiles ; and not willing to return to Jerugood deeds of this prophet; that in his con- salem to build the temple, which was again duct he is very meek and humble, freely to be destroyed, they built one in Toledo.”' conversing with the miserable, doing good
A. C. even to his enemies, while he does injury to -Ladies' Companion.
No. 1050.—16 July, 1864.
PAGE, 1. Socrates as he seemed to the Athenian People, . Cornhill Magazine,
99 2. The Perpetual Curate. Part 12,
106 3. Lindisfarn Chase. Part 13,
124 4. Old Letters, :
142 POETRY.—The Painted Window, 98. Whom I Envy, 98. How to make a Novel, 105. Let it Pass, 105.
SHORT ARTICLES.—Miss Watt, 141. Dr. Seeman, 141. A new Copper Paint, 144. To purify infectious Air, 144.
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THE PAINTED WINDOW.
To shape the heavenly thought, This is our painted window,
And on my painted window
The holy picture wrought.
But now the pallid Virgin,
With saffron-oozing hair, To grass for evermore.
Forever weeps, and ever
The four are rigid there ; And here she sits, beneath it,
And gold and reds and purples
Are all their saintly wear.
The lights are mediæval,
The figures square and quaint ; Through morning service goes.
But more I loved the splendor
No human hand could paint To see our famous window
The heaven now blotted under
Each intercepting saint.
As these were men, their presence
Can all my manhood move, Our village boast and pride.
Their sufferings all my pity,
Their loving all my love ; For me, I loved that better
But thoughts of men tend downward, Which as a boy I knew,
And thoughts of God above.
Not being more than human,
Is this, then, gain to me? Was ever streaming through.
To bound my soul's perceptions
By their humanity? Hour after hour beneath it
To gaze upon God's sainted, I, dreaming boy, would sit,
Where God was wont to be? And watch it, with the splendor
W. S. Of heaven's radiance lit,
- Temple Bar. A window beautiful indeed;
For God had painted it !
„Sometimes of the good Shepherd
Our loving pastor told, And of the sheep he tended :
And, lo ! I saw the fold, There in the blue reposing
Cloud-white, or fleeced in gold.
Sometimes a sea of crystal
The cloud-isles’ rosy tips
Waved over cloudy ships;
Of John's Apocalypse.
The yew-tree's ragged branches
Stretched black against the light; And when the stormy sunset
Burned in it redly bright, The burning bush on Horeb
Gleamed on my wondering sight.
WHOM I ENVY.
In treasure-chambers pilèd high ;
Who rule the nation's destiny;
And God there is an open road,
To be the Deity's abode ;
Into his soul a strengthening tide,
There is a God ; for, sanctified
He stands serene and undefiled;
He leans on God, a trusting child.
In earthly wealth, it matters, not,
In palace-hall or lowly cot ;.
The only truly rich is hez
H. K. D. -11lependent.
And sometimes in the twilight,
Before the prayer was done, Out of the warming opal
The stars broke one by one : To me they were the symbols
Of Heaven's benizon.
So in each prayer repeated,
Each sacred lesson taught, 'Twas Heaven itself assisted
From The Cornhill Magazine. of certain homely oral expositions of social THE SOCRATES OF THE ATHENIAN PEOPLE. and moral well-being which he made to his
What is the value of the portrait which fellow-citizens. That he lived the life he the old philosophers have left us of Socrates ? taught; that he died the death his princiIs our Socrates the Socrates of the Athenian ples demanded ; that his practice, in fact, people ? or are we accepting a myth' made to did not discredit his teachings, opens quite the image of our own likings as the man another subject ; namely, that inner excelwhom we claim to have given Greece the lence, which is rarely considered in our estihighest of all human teachings, and to have mates of a human greatness. The obvious illustrated them by the highest of all human facts are, that in a country where the govtraits ? Why that homage paid to him by ernment, the army, and the arts offered the a posterity removed from his day by a gen- only openings to high distinction, it was not eration, and that indifferent credit in which his lot to command in war or lead the counhe lived among the accomplished citizens who cils of his country in peace ; that it was not knew him best, and to whom he was nearly his glory to save it from the shame of foreigo AB familiar as the members of their own conquest, or that injury of domestic tyranny households? Odd as it is that the antiquity which he shared with it; that he was no orposterior to his own times, and the people ator, no poet, and left behind him none of of our own, so differently circumstanced as those excellent works in history, philosophy, to almost every ingredient in the formation or literature, such as have made immortal of opinion, should be found taking precisely not a few of his contemporaries. How, the same high estimate ; it is still more cu- then, has it happened that the most unconrious that some of the most enlightened of sidered character in Athenian public life has his contemporaries, his own near neighbors, become the most commanding figure in its' should have discredited him as a buffoon, or history? To what chance do we owe it, eccentric busybody during life, and should that a repute the most equivocal in the rol} have made him end it as a malefactor. of philosophers during his life should have
It would be pleasant in this age of histor- merged on his death into the most assured ical doubt to make up debatable ground out and illustrious of celebrities ? of a character so solidly established in pub- In trying to understand how this great lie opinion ; and the discussion might prove teacher stood in so unfortunate a relation to quite as prolific as any we have had out of his epoch, we cannot do better than take a the difficulties of celebrated biography. It mental photograph of him as he stood in the 80 happens that the anomaly is so well au- ripened greatness of his later years, winding thenticated that it is almost as easy to have, up his mission of usefulness in the midst of as not to have, doubts about its cause ; for the citizens who were so soon to give it its the great man lived in an age and country due climax; taking him as he stood in some of eminent historians and acute-minded phi- favorite spot in the most beautiful city of losophers,-little as his doom suggests the the world, at that moment, however, shorn fact,-thanks to whose full records and ex- of many of the glories in the midst of which, uberant commentaries, we know him nearly for half a century or more, it had flourished as well as, following the precept of the as the queen and mistress of the civilized Delphic temple, he endeavored to know world. There, in the centre of the city, himself; that is to say, a great deal better stands the Arthur's Seat of Athens, the sathan we know our own Shakspeare, or the cred Acropolis, with its circuit of two miles, Italians their Correggio or Dante.
where temples and institutions and portiAnother of the strange inconsistencies in coes and marble gates and colossal statues the celebrity of Socrates is that, unexampled of deities and of men nearly as divine tower as it is, it was raised on no better founda- aloft over the citizens, standing ont in the tion than talking. As the great men we clearest sky and balmiest climate in the have named are known to us only by what world in the most beautiful proportions the they did, he is known to us only by what he skill and genius of inspired men had ever said. Beyond a poetic trifle or two, with given to the work of their hands. On one which he amused himself in prison, he wrote side of the great city flows the rapid Ilissus, nothing ; and he is all he is with us because under its fringed canopies of plane-trees, fed at this point by the wilder Eridanus. There, bust health and rude physical enjoyment, on the other side, runs the torrent-like Ce- you see him marking out his man, seizing phissus, both meandering in crystal clear- him by the button, or the appendage that noss and delicious freshness toward the sea, does duty for it, and learn, as the victim is that may be seen a few stones’-throw off, addressed by name, that he is a rich tanner, * glistening like a colossal mirror, waiting to re- who has a reputation for ability on which he ceive their waters. Filled with a lively pop- claims to be one of the leaders of his fellowulation of some hundred thousand citizens, citizens. A ring forms of half-laughing, strar.gers, and slaves,—whom Paris, after the half-sulking spectators, curious to see how humiliating campaign of 1814, may recall to the aspiring candidate will fare in the little u8,—there is one thing human-and, as far discussion into which they are sure he will as we know, only one thing human-that be inveigled. A few homely questions, fol- . has survived unchanged the half-century of lowed by as many answers, and the gentleincredible vicissitudes which the city bas man wbo felt competent to govern the State passed through, Socrates, now an institu- stands convicted of knowing nothing of the tion rather than a man. To-day we have first elements of the science on which he him in the meadow alongside of the Ilissus, fancied he was so well informed. There is accompanied hy Xenophon, Plato, and a few consulation, however, for him under his deof the more accomplished or enthusiastic of fect, if he only know how to apply it. The his papils. To-morrow his morning will be man who has unborsed him has been despent in some of the gympasia, or if the clared the wisest of maðkind by Apollo, and Agora bas its meeting, or some other public yet is no better than himself on the same subplace has drawn its crowd, there will stand ject; that is, knows no more than he, except the well-known form of Socrates, waiting for the circumstance that be knows bis ighis occasion to turn some event or per- norance, — knows that he knows nothing. son into missionary account. We bave The flaneurs laugh, turn on their heel ; the intimated what in fame he now is to us. vanquished disputant sneaks off with the asWhat seems he there to the acute and surance, “ I can't say I like it;" and the highly-gifted citizens who have seen co philosopher confiding himself to a friend or much of him, have heard so much more two who remain by his side, and who reabout him, and who are just now puzzling mind bim that he has made another enemy, their active fancies as to the position they and can afford it, says, Ay, and the advanaccord or will accord him? How adjudge tage on his side, nothing ; on that of the they the strange-looking old man by their side public, simply that the Athenians know with that emphatic personality of his which what our great statesmen are made of.” in the largest assembly would be the first to And this suggestion of an added danger attract the artist's attention, and which may brings us to the inquiry, What really is the safely be pronounced the most prominent place which the great philosopher occupies of objects wheresoever he goes? To this in the love and hatred of the sovereign townsstranger, just come from unfortunate Cor- men who bold in their hands the power of cyra, he looks as though one of the marble life and death over him? What are the Sileni he has been studying in a niche of feelings, what the opinions of the twenty yon temple of Bacchus had taken flesh un- thousand free citizens about him during this der the prayer of the Pygmalion who had incubation in their midst of the most remark1 carved it, and stepping down from its pedes- able historical greatness men have ever been tal, were busying itself inquiring what these called upon to admire? The contrast is the Athenian worshippers were thinking about humiliating one 50 often shown in the annals with their recent niggardliness in its patron's of every people, between the lot of the man worship. He has the bare ponderous head of genius himself and the honors accorded to with shining bald crown, large, prominent his memory. eyes, thick lips, and fat, turn-up nose, with
Yet for the Athenians there is an explanahuge exposed nostrils, under which the tion, which, if it does not diminish our reAthenian artists impersonated their ideal of gret, at all events, takes away our surprise.' Bacchanal enjoyment. As you are studying While we see but the immortal genius great that meanly-robed, barefooted figure, of ro