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seats round it. I believe there is scarcely another example in the kingdom. This arrangement offered no obstruction to the decent performance of our present ceremonies, and I confess I cannot enter into the feelings of those who could view it as offensive, and would insist on the table being placed close to the east wall, and the rest of the chancel re-arranged.

"Before I close my observations on this subject an instance or two may be named of the proceedings of restorers :

"A large and fine church in the country has an able and energetic minister. It was cumbered from end to end with ugly pews. A large sum of money was raised, the pews were removed, and their place supplied by oaken benches. Now, if there be one feature of the arrangement of our Norfolk churches which may be called a prevailing character, it is the use of the poppy-head benching. I know none where the slightest remains of early benching have been left where it was otherwise. This church has now benching of a pattern common, I am told, in Somersetshire, although large remains of the bench-ends among the pews shew it to have been arranged originally after the Norfolk fashion. And this is called restoration, and was done under the supervision of an eminent architect!

"I will name another instance which came under my notice of a projected restoration. It is of a small but beautiful country church, to which much has been judiciously done of late years, the fabric being sound in every part, and calculated, with occasional repairs, to last for centuries; and there is ample accommodation for any congregation likely to be gathered there. But the incumbent has become an ecclesiologist,' and now proposes to destroy a screen dividing the church from the chancel, having figures of saints painted on the panels, and to erect in lieu thereof a fine open iron-work screw, nearly filling the arch. An arch is to be made in the north wall of the chancel, and a vestry-I beg pardon, a sacristy,' -built. Within the arch an organ is to be placed. Chancel seats, of approved mediaval design, are to be constructed, from one of which the incumbent is to read or intone the service, the reading-desk-sad relic of Puritanism!-being done away with; an ancient and curious family pew is also doomed to destruction. The east window is to be renovated and filled with stained glass, and silken hangings are to adorn the walls around the altar! And this is restoration! Restoration to what?

"It should be stated, too, that in the instance I have named, and in a vast number of others, there is no pretence that the space is inadequate for the wants of the congregation, the plea advanced is simply that of a desire to restore.


That a feasible plan of church conservation might be adopted I have no doubt. Meanwhile, much might be done if appointments to deaneries and archdeaconries were made with some reference to the fitness of the persons appointed to undertake one of the most important duties of those offices. Among the present holders of such offices-I say it with all possible respect a knowledge of architecture and a reverence for ancient art is the exception and not the rule.

"It has been thought that much might have been done by the Archæological Societies. My experience has convinced me that it is not so. The manner in which, during my official career, the most respectful representations, the mildest observations in opposition to the views of the restorers were received, would, I feel sure, amply confirm me in that assertion."

Most of our readers could without doubt confirm Mr. Harrod's assertions;

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but we are sorry to say that the passion for destruction is not confined to young and ignorant architects, it is largely participated in by older members of the profession, and whose published opinions are directly contrary to their practice.


"TETBYRI," as described in Leland's Itinerary, "is vii miles from Malmesbyri, and is a praty market-town. Tetbyri liyth a 2 miles on the lift hand of from Fosse, as men ride to Sodbyri. The Hed of Isis in Cotteswolde riseth about a mile a this side Tetbyri." Pleasant as well as pretty, and commanding, from its situation on the Cotswold-hills, a wide tract of surrounding country, Tetbury presented suitabilities for a military station, of which both the Britons and the Romans took advantage. Camden says that Cunwallow Malmutius, King of the Britons, built a castle there the remains of a Roman camp were not obliterated until the middle of the last century; and Roman coins, heads of arrows and javelins, "horse-shoes of the ancient form, and spurs without rowels," have been at different times dug up, to bear their important though silent testimony to the history of the place.

Mr. Lee has sought, with praiseworthy zeal and learning, in all the sources of information concerning the ancient fortunes of the town and parish he has chosen for his theme, and his labour has been rewarded with the fruits that it deserved. He has traced their history downwards from the earlier periods of invasion, recording a number of interesting eventsnot omitting battles and assaults during the civil war-of which they have been the scenes, and gathering in his harvest of particulars even to the present times. Amongst the curious matter which he accumulated, his account of the spring in Magdalen, or Maudlin, or in the corrupt pronunciation which has, we believe, become most popular in the neighbourhood, "Morning Meadow," is well worthy of the reader's notice, especially as the water from this spring, whilst the fame of doctors fluctuates unceasingly, maintains its reputation for curative virtue unimpaired. Mr. Lee says:—

"The springs rising in this parish are worthy of especial mention. The Bristol Avon takes its rise from the spring in Magdalen Meadow, which is one of the original sources of that river. It leaves the parish almost immediately, and passing by Brokenborough, Malmesbury, Chippenham, and Bath, (where it becomes navigable.) runs to Bristol, and there falls into the Severn. This river was formerly the boundary between the kingdom of Wiccia, and that of the West Saxons.

"The water of the spring in Magdalen Meadow was famed in past years, both for its healing and petrifying nature. It was said to be exceedingly good for sore eyes, and to possess many other excellent qualities; but at the present time it has become mixed with other streams, and we are afraid has lost both these virtues. The following extract from England Displayed' will shew in what esteem it was held when this book was published.

"A little to the north of this town is a meadow called Maudlin Meadow, because, as we were told, it belongs to Magdalen College, Oxford. Here the inhabitants shewed us the head of a spring, which flowing from thence runs into a hedge-trough, and some tops of the wood that grows in the hedge rotting, and falling into this rill of water, are by it turned to stone. We took up a great many of them, which are generally in

"The History of the Town and Parish of Tetbury, in the County of Gloucester, compiled from original MSS. and other Authentic Sources. By the Rev. Alfred T. Lee, M.A., &c., &c." (London: John Henry and James Parker.)

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