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and afforded a brilliant spectacle. On the 17th, when the Queen and her distinguished guests attended the celebration, the number of persons within the Palace, 11,649, did not much exceed that of the first day, but the number outside was much greater. The lanes and woods between Dulwich and the Palace were at an early hour lined and occupied by ranks. of well-dressed persons four or five deep, the ladies predominating. Within the Palace, the effect of such a large assemblage of the gentle sex was very striking. Viewed upon the level, they looked like a flower-covered prairie; but when seen from a high gallery, they took the form and regularity of a garden, the blocks being all separated by well-marked divisions, allowing free ingress and cgress, but each block closely packed with fashionable occupants. The Queen arr ved at the Palace a little before one o'clock. With her were the Archduke Maximilian of Austria, Prince Albert, the Princess Royal, and Prince Frederick William of Prussia, the Princess Alice, and the Prince of Wales. The reception of her Majesty by the people, followed by the national anthem, was very stirring. As soon as the audience had settled themselves for the concert, a photograph of the whole scene, with the royal box as a centre, was rapidly taken; and before the first part of the oratorio was over, well-finished copies, framed and glazed, were laid before her Majesty and her guests. It was observed that the Queen beat time with her fan, and Prince Albert with a roll of music. An obstinate demand was made for a repetition of "See the conquering hero comes." Mr. Costa hesitated, and looked towards the Queen, who, bending forward, sided with her people against the dictator of the day. Before the Royal party left Sydenham, Prince Albert conducted the Archduke through the grounds. They were dogged by mobs of visitors. A body of police, acting in military fashion as a corps of observation, moved from place to place, and occupied positions that would have enabled them easily to interpose between the Princes and the crowd had it been expedient. The Queen did not reach Buckingham Palace on her return until six o'clock. On this, the last day, nearly 18,000 persons were present.

The New National Gallery. — The Royal Commissioners have presented their report on the site of the National Gallery. The report has not yet been made actually public, but, as its general tenour is notorious, there can be no harm in anticipating by a few days the conclusions of a document which are everybody's seGENT. MAG. VOL. CCIII.

cret. The Commissioners recommend that the National Gallery shall be left where it is. This was the chief point at issue. Mr. Richmond was, we believe, the only dissen ient in favour of the more courtly theory which would have removed the Gallery to South Kensington.

JUNE 20.

The Old Court Suburb of Kensington has had a loss in the last few days which will be regretted by some of our club gos. sips. The King's Arms has been totally destroyed by fire. It was the last place in or about London where the old coffeehouse style of society was still preserved, and where Members of the Legislature and a hi-h class of gentry were to be met with in rooms open to the town. It was extremely old fashioned in its furniture; and the upper rooms, with their wains cotting and faded finery, took one back to the days of Queen Anne. It gained its vogue from its having been actively patronised for many years by the family at Holland House, and Moore in his "Diary" alludes to it. In summer-time it was a favourite haunt of gentlemen of the most opposite tastes, and occasionally members of Brookes's, the Carlton, and other clubs, were to be seen there engaged in animated talk with the Lord knows who. Several very interesting characters were amongst the frequenters of that quaint old hostelry. Amongst them was " Vesey, junior," (Lord Eldon's Law Reporter,) who preserved his forensic name to his eightieth year. Flaxman, the sculptor, was fond of retiring thither, and always dined in one of the small rooms overlooking the gardens; and it was there also that "the Doctor" (William Maginn) was to be found in his best conversational mood. It was a pleasant summer lounge, where old friends drank old wine, and thought and talked of "the days that are no more."

An Ancient Church.-The Church of Minster, in the Isle of Thanet, one of the oldest in England, is a noble edifice, but time is playing its part on it. Beams and rafters are reported as fast decaying; unsightly pews, or rather boxes of various heights and sizes, “grace" the interior; several coats of whitewash "adorn" many of its fine pillars, and hide their beauty, and a considerable sum would be required to put the ancient fabric in proper order. A Church-rate, however, in these highrated times, is quite out of the question, and the only reasonable and fair way is to fall back on its own property, all of which being na ional property, part might be well applied on this national building. The living, with rents of glebe lands, &c., is over £800 per annum, and if the Arch


bishop would limit the Vicar's salary to £500 a-year on the next presentation, Church-rates might be abolished, distasteful wooden mullions replaced by stone ones, other architectural blunders rectified, and all fear of the edifice falling down be banished. Persons visiting the towns of Margate and Ramsgate will at any time be repaid by a visit to this beautiful, although retired village. Its ancient church is supposed by some to be the oldest Christian place of worship in England, and which contains many Saxon remains, tombs, &c. Its ancient abbey also furnishes a subject of no small interest to the antiquary.

JUNE 23.

Shakspeare's Relatives. - Mr. Walter Savage Landor having heard that some of Shakspeare's descendants were living in a state of poverty, proposed a subscription on their behalf; this proposition has elicited the following letter from Mr. Halliwell:"Mr. Landor's eloquent advocacy in favour of the descendants of Shakspeare would no doubt have met with a ready and cheerful response were it not for the circumstance that the poet's direct lineage has been long extinct. I expected others would have mentioned this, but as no notice has been taken of Mr. Landor's communication, and it might appear that there was an apathy on the subject, I venture to trouble you with a few lines briefly stating the facts of the case. At Shakspeare's death, in 1616, his family consisted of his wife, his daughter Susanna, married to Dr. Hall, his daughter Judith, married

to Thomas Quiney, and Elizabeth Hall, a granddaughter, the only child of Susanna Shakspeare. Judith Quiney had several children, who were all dead as early as the year 1639, leaving no issue, she herself surviving till 1662. The poet's granddaughter, Elizabeth Hall, was married in 1626 to Thomas Nash, who died in 1647 without issue; and secondly, in 1649, to John Barnard, afterwards Sir John Barnard, of Abington, county of Northampton, by whom she had no family. Lady Barnard died in 1670, leaving no children, so that with her the lineal descent from Shakspeare expired.

There may, however, be descendants from the Shakspeare family still living, deriving their genealogy from Joan, the poet's sister, who married William Hart of Stratford. Joan and her sons are kindly mentioned in the poet's will. The pedigree is not complete, and there is only a descent from the second son Thomas, to whose son Thomas, with a remainder to his brother George, the birth-place and adjoining premises at Stratford were bequeathed by Lady Barnard in 1669. These continued in the possession of the family for upwards of a century. About fifty years ago the Harts removed to Tewkesbury, where, in 1848, resided Thomas Shakspeare Hart, the eighth in descent from the sister of the great dramatist. One's fancy is apt to aid in deception in such matters, but I remember to have traced in his features a remarkable similarity to those of the bust of Shakspeare at Stratford."



May 27. Thos. Geo. Baring, esq., to be one of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. Henry Singer Keating, esq., Q.C., to be Solicitor General.

Henry Arthur Herbert, esq., to be Chief Secretary for Ireland.

June 18. The honour of Knighthood was this day conferred on Charles Cooper, esq., Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of South Australia.

Sir Lawrence Peel to be a Director of the H.E.I.C.

William Blanshard, esq., to be Recorder of Doncaster.

Viscount Lismon to be Lord-Lieut. of Tipperary. Sir Wm. F. Williams to be Governor of Malta.

Member returned to serve in Parliament.
County of Carmarthen.-David Pugh, esq.

For a complete list of the Members of the New Parliament see p. 81.



June 17. At his residence, Southampton, aged 79, Thomas Brown, Esq., Admiral of the Blue.

Thomas Brown entered the navy towards the close of 1787, as midshipman, on board the "Elizabeth," 74, guard-ship at Portsmouth, and in the following year sailed for the East Indies in the "Phoenix," 36, commanded successively by Capts. Geo. Anson Byron and Sir Ricli. John Strachan, under the latter of whom he partook, in Nov., 1791, on the Malabar coast, of an obstinate conflict with the French frigate, "La Résolue," of 46 guns, which terminated in the enemy striking his colours after occasioning a loss to himself of 25 killed and 40 wounded, and to the British of 6 killed and 11 wounded. In 1792 Mr. Brown removed to the "Minerva," 38, flag-ship of Hon. Wm. Cornwallis, and after assisting, in 1793, at the reduction of Chandenagore, Pondicherry, and other places, he returned home with that officer in the "Excellent," 74, and next followed him into the "Cæsar," 80, one of the fleet in the Channel, where he was promoted to a Lieutenancy in the "Glory," 98, bearing the flag of RearAdmiral Bourmaster, Oct. 24, 1794. His succeeding appointments were-in Nov. following, to the "Venerable," 74, flag-ship of Sir John Orde on the same station; April 11, 1795, to the "Flora," 36, Capt. Robt. Gambier Middleton; June 19, 1801, as FirstLieutenant, to the "Centaur," 74, Capt. Bendall Robt. Littlehales, in the Channel; March 26, 1802, to the "Leander," 50, Capt. Upton, fitting for the Halifax station; and, July 3 following, to the "Royal Charlotte" yacht, Capt. Sir Harry Burrard Neale, off Weymouth. During the six years he was attached to the "Flora" we find him present at the occupation of Porto Ferrajo, in July, 1796; at the capture, besides the French 16-gun corvette "La Corceyre," of nine privateers, carrying in the whole 102 guns and 640 men ; and in the expedition to Egypt under Lord Keith and Sir Ralph Abercromby, whose mortal remains he subsequently conveyed to Malta. Capt. Brown, who was advanced to the rank of commander Oct. 8, 1802, was next appointed, Jan. 14, 1803, to the "William" store-ship, and, in Sept. of the same year, to the "Orestes," 14, in which vessel he afforded every support and assistance to Commodore Owen of the "Immortalité" in a skirmish with the Boulogne flotilla, Oct. 23, 1804, and had the misfortune to be wrecked, July 11, 1805, on the Splinter Sand, in Dunkerque Road. After cruizing for some time to the westward in the "Raven" brig, he was awarded, Jan. 22, 1806, the command of the "Solebay," 32, engaged on Channel service, and he next joined in succession-Sept. 8, 1808, the "Inflexible," 64, employed in the river Medway and off Halifax; May 29,

1810, the "Curaçoa," stationed in the Channel; August 30, 1810, the "Vengeur," 74, flag-ship of Sir Joseph Sidney Yorke, in which, after escorting a large body of troops intended as a reinforcement to the Duke of Wellington's army in Portugal, he cruized off the Western Islands for the protection of a homeward-bound East India fleet; Nov. 29, 1811, the "Bulwark," 74, Commodore Sir Rich. King, serving off Brest and L'Orient, -and, March 21, 1812, and Nov. 20, 1814, the "Loire," 38, and "Saturn," 6, in both of which ships he took a very active part in the hostile operations on the coast of North America, and in the former captured, Dec. 10, 1813, the "Rolla" privateer, of 5 guns and 80 men He was placed out of commission April 24, 1815; obtained command of the Ordinary at Sheerness, Oct. 14, 1816; was selected by Rear-Admiral Robt. Lambert to be his Flag-Captain in the " Vigo,' 74, at St. Helena, then the abode of Napoleon Buonaparte, Nov. 12, 1819; from Oct. 16, 1822, until his return home with specie to the amount of 820,000 dollars, Jau. 31, 1826, commanded the "Tartar," 42, in South America, where he was presented by the celebrated Bolivar, with his portrait, as a mark of esteem; was next appointed, Oct. 26, 1831, to the "Talavera," 74, employed on particular service; and on May 17, 1833, assumed command of the "Caledonia," 120, as Flag-Captain to Sir Josias Rowley in the Mediterranean. Capt. Brown was superseded in Oct., 1835, and has since been on half-pay. He obtained his flag June 28, 1838.


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June 8. At his residence, Kilburn-Priory, St. John's Wood, aged 54, Douglas Jerrold, Esq.

Douglas Jerrold was born in. London on the 3rd of January, 1803; but his early home was Sheerness, where his father was manager of the theatre. The profession of his father might thus have given a colour to his literary tendencies; yet that profession had no attractions for him. He chose the life which so many an ardent youth has chosen, and he became a midshipman under Captain Austen, the brother of Miss Austen the novelist. In his brief period of service, the sensitive boy was filled with terror and indignation at many of the severities of naval discipline as then enforced. We have seen his eyes fill with tears, and his lips quiver, as he detailed his feelings at seeing a sailor flogged through the fleet. The peace came, and he had to choose another calling. He was apprenticed to a printer in London. The labours of a printer's apprentice are not ordinarily favourable to intellectual development; the duties of a compositor are so purely mechanical, and yet demand such a constant attention, that the

subject-matter of his employ can rarely engage his thoughts. It was not in the printing office that the mind of Douglas Jerrold was formed, although the aspirations of the boy might have thought that there was the home of literature. He became his own instructor after the hours of labour. He made himself master of several languages. His "one book" was Shakspere. He cultivated the habit of expressing his thoughts in writing; and gradually the literary ambition was directed into a practicable road. He was working as a compositor on a newspaper, when he thought he could write something as good as the criticism which there appeared. He dropped into the editor's letter-box an essay on the opera of Der Frieschutz, which performance he had witnessed with wonder and delight. His own copy, an anonymous contribucion, was handed over to hm to put in type. An earnest editorial "notice," soliciting other contributions from our 66 correspondent," &c., was the welcome of the young writer, whose vocation was now determined. We qu te this from the "English Cyclopædia,' in which the notice of his life was written by one who had the happiness of his friendship.

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He wrote for the stage, to which he felt a family call, and produced clouds of pieces ere he was twenty, some of which still keep the stage, like "More Frightened than Hurt," performed at Sadler's Wells. He engaged with Davidge, then manager of the Coburg, to produce pieces at a salary; and some of his plays at t is time, hastily composed, and as he thought unworthy of his powers, appeared under the name of Henry Brownrig. In consequence of quarrels he went from the Coburg Theatre to the Surrey, with "BlackEyed Susan" in his hand. He had brought from the quarter-deck of the "Namur" a love of the sea and a knowledge of the service, which he turned to account on the stage and in his general writings. Salt air sweeps through these latter like a breeze and a perfume. "Black-Eyed Susan," the most successful of his naval plays, was written when he was scarcely twenty years old,-a piece which made the fortune of the Surrey Theatre, restored Elliston from a long course of disastrous mismanagement, and gave honour and independence to T P. Cooke. Indeed, no dramatic work of ancient or modern day ever reached the success of this play. It was performed, without break, for hundreds of nights. All London went over the water, and Cooke became a personage in society, as Garrick had been in the days of Goodman's Fields. Covent Garden borrowed the play, and engaged the actor, for an afterpiece. A hac ney cab carried the triumphant William, in his blue jacket and white trousers, from the Obelisk to Bowstreet, and Mayfair maidens wept over the strong situations, and laughed over the searching dialogue, which had moved an hour before the tears and merriment of the Borough. On the 300th night of representation the walls of the theatre were illuminated, and vast multitudes filled the thoroughfares. When subsequently repro

duced at Drury Lane it kept off ruin for a time even from that magnificent misfortune. Actors and managers throughout the country reaped a golden harvest. Testimonials were got up for Elliston and for Cooke on the glory of its success. But Jerrold's share of the gain was slight:-about 70%. of the many thousands which it realized for the management. With unapproachable meanness, Elliston abstained from presenting the youthful writer with the value of a toothpick; and Elliston's biographer, with kindred sense of poetic justice, while chanting the praises of Elliston for producing "Black-Eyed Susan," forgets to say who wrote the play! When the drama had run 300 nights, Elliston said to Jerrold, with amusing coolness, "My dear boy, why don't you get your friends to present you with a bit of plate?"


Many dramas, comic and serious, followed this first success, all shining with points and colours. Among these were Nell Gwynne," ," "The School-fellows," and "The Housekeeper." Drury Lane opened its exclu-ive doors to an author who made fortune and fame for rlliston and Cooke. But Mr. Osbaldiston, who only timidly perceived the range and sweep of the youthful genius which he wooed to his green-room, proposed the adaptation of a French piece, offering to pay handsomely for the labour. Adapt a French piece! The volunteer rose within him, and he turned on his heel with a snort. Drury Lane was then in the hands of the French, freshly captured, and the boy who had gone to sea in order to fight Napoleon refused to serve in London under his literary marshals. He returned to the theatre after a while with his "Bride of Ludgate," the first of many ventures and many successes on the same bards. "The Mutiny at the Nore" had followed the first nautical success, and his minor pieces on the Surrey side continued to run long and gloriously. But the patent theatres, with a monopoly of the fiveact drama, were strongly garrisoned by the French, aided by native troops whom they had raised, and some of whom, such as Poole and Planchè, were men of great technical skill and facile talent; and he never felt his feet se ure in either theatre until the

production of his "Rent Day," a play suggested and elaborated from Wilkie's pictures.Wilkie sent him a handsome letter and a pair of proof engravings with his autograph. The public paid him still more amply.

A selection from the early writings for the stage, made by himself, has been published in the Collected Edition of his works. But many were unjustly condemned, and among those rejected plays the curious seeker will find some of the most sterling literary gold. His wit was so prodigal, and he prized it so little, save as a delight to others, that he threw it away like dust, never caring for the bright children of his brain, and smiling with complacent kindness at people who repeated to him his jests as their own! At the least demur, too, he would surrender his most happy allusions

and his most trenchant hits. In one of his plays an old sailor, trying to snatch a kiss from a pretty girl-as old sailors will-got a box on the ear. "There," exc'aimed Buejacket, "like my luck; always wrecked on the coral reefs !" The manager, when the play was read in the green-room, could not see the fun, and Jerrold struck it out. A friend made a captious remark on a very characteristic touch in a manuscript comedy -and the touch went out:-a cynical dog in a wrangle with his much better-half, said to her, "My notion of a wife of forty is, that a man should be able to change her, like a bank-note, for two twenties."

The best part of many years of his life was given up freely to these theatrical tasks, for his genius was dramatic; his family belonged to the stage, and his own pulpit, as he thought, stood behind the footlights. His father, his mother, and his two sisters all adorned the stage; his sisters, older than himself, had married two managers, one, the late Mr. Hammond, an eccentric humourist, and unsuccessful manager of Drury Lane; the other, Mr. Copeland, of the Liverpool Theatre Royal. He himself for a moment retrod the stage, playing in his own exquisite drama, "The Painter of Ghont." But the effort of me hanical repe tition wearied a brain so fertile in invention and he happily returned to literature and journalism, only to re-appear as an actor in the plays performed by the amateurs at St. James's Theatre and Devonshire-house.

After this time appeared, in succes ion, the greatest and maturest of his comedies. In The Prisoner of War," in parts cast for them, the two Keeleys harvested their highest comic honours. "Bubbles of a Day" followed, the most electric and witty play in the English language; a play without story, scenery, or character, but which, by mere power of dialogue, by flash, swirl, and coruscation of fancy, charmed one of the most intellectual audiences ever gathered in the Haymarket. Then came "Time works Wonders," remarkable as being one of the few works in which the dramatist paid much attention to story. "The Cats. paw," produced at the Haymarket; "St. Cupid," an exquisite cabinet-piece, first produced at Windsor Castle, and afterwards at the Princess's Theatre, with Mrs. Kean in "Dorothy," one of the most dainty and tender assumptions of this charming artist; and "The Heart of Gold," also produced by Mr. Kean, complete the series of his later works. We are glad to announce, however, that the dramatist has left behind a finished five-act comedy, with the title of "The Spendthrift," for which the managements should be making early enquiries.

Contemporaneously he had worked his way into notice as a prose writer of a very brilliant and original type-chiefly through the periodicals. His passion was periodicity -the power of being able to throw his emo. tions daily, or weekly, into the common reservoirs of thought. Silence was to him a pain like hunger. He must talk-act upon men briefly, rapidly, irresistibly. For

many years he brooded over the thought of "Punch." He even found a publisher and a wood-engraver, and a suitable "Punch" appeared, but the publisher was less rich in funds than he in epigrams, and after five or six numbers the bantling died. Some time later, his son-in-law, Mr. Mayhew, revived the thought, and our merry companion-now of world-wide name-appeared. All the chief writings of our author, except "A Man made of Money," saw the light in magazines, and were written with the "devil" at the door. "Men of Character" appeared in "Blackwood's Magazine;" "The Chronicles of Clovernook" in the "Illuminated Magazine," of which he was founder and editor; "St. Giles and St. James" in the "Shilling Magazine" of which he was also founder and editor ;" and "The Story of a Feather," ""Punch's Letters to his Son," and the "Caudle Lectures," in "Punch." The exquisite gallery of Fireside Saints, which appear in "Punch's Almanack" for the present year, is from his hand. Most of these works bear the magazine mark upon them-the broad arrow of their origin; but the magazine brand in this case, like the brands of famous vintages, if testifying to certain accidents of carriage, attests also the vigour and richness of the soil from which they come. "Clovernook" is less perfect as a work of art than many a book born and forgotten since the hermit fed on dainty viands and discoursed of sweet philosophy. Some of his essays contributed at an early time to the "Athenæum" and to "Blackwood's Magazine" rank among the most subtle and delicate productions of his muse.

For seven years past he had devoted himself more exclusively than before to politics. Politics, indeed, had always attracted him as they attract the strong and the susceptible. In the dear old days when Leigh Hunt was sunning himself in Horsemonger Lane for calling George IV. a fat Adonis of forty, and the like crimes, he composed a political work, in a spirit which would probably in those days have sent him to Newgate. The book was printed, but the publishers lacked courage, and it was only to be had in secret. Only a few copies are extant. Of late years he had returned to politics, as a writer for the "Ballot" under Mr. Wakley; and as sub-editor of the "Examiner" under Mr. Fonblanque, returned to find his opinions popular in the country and triumphant in the House of Commons. He afterwards edited " Douglas Jerrold's Weekly Newspaper;" and when he consented, at the earnest wish of the proprietor of "Lloyd's Newspaper," to undertake its editorship, with, we believe, a salary of £1,000 a-year, he became deeply impressed with the conviction that he had undertaken a charge which demanded the exercise of his best faculties. He was to address a very large number of readers in various walks of life, and especially the working classes. He felt that the most solid foundation for doing good amongst all classes was to cultivate an intelligent patriotism, which should regard every class of

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