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castle built upon a hill or rock. This account of the name is just enough."

The figure of Britannia on our coins, (p. 797).-"Roti, the celebrated graver to King Charles II., was so passionate an admirer of the beautiful Mrs. Stuart, afterwards Duchess of Richmond,) that on the reverse of the best of our coins he delineated the face of Britannia from her picture. And in some medals, where he had more room to display both his art and affection, the similitude of features is said to have been so exact, that every one who knew her Grace, at the first view could discover who sat for Britannia."

Merry as a grig, (p. 804).—" What we commonly say, as merry as a grig,' perhaps should be as merry as a Greek."" Grig is an old name for a small eel; and the expression is more generally considered to mean "as lively as an eel." Elisha Coles, however, seems to have been of Hearne's way of thinking; for in his Latin Dictionary he gives Græculus as the Latin for a 'merry grig," i.e. a lively, jocular fellow.

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"London," origin of the name, (p. 810). -"Camden hath several conjectures about the reason of the name of London. I take it to be nothing but Longdon or Longtown."

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The History of Tom Thumb, (p. 822).— "I begin to think that [Andrew] Borde was author of the History of Tom Thumb. It relates to some dwarf, and he is reported to have been King Edgar's dwarf, but we want history for it, and I fear the author Borde (or whoever he was) had only tradition, the original being perhaps lost before Henry VIIIth's time. What makes me think so, is the method of those times of turning true history into little pretty stories, of which we have many instances; one of which is Guy of Warwick."

Strange story about a viper, (p. 833).— "The prints of Thursday, July 25 last, tell us that they wrote from Bristol, that one day the week before, a carpenter sitting down in a field near Bedminster to rest himself, a viper rushed out of a hedge, and bit him by the hand: the venom mortified all down the side he was bit on, before any relief could be applied by the surgeons, and he died after four days' languishing, in a very miserable condition. His body was obliged to be burnt without ceremony, the stench was so offensive. may be here noted, that in such accidents as this, sallad oil applied warm to the wound is an effectual cure. There are Bristol men in Oxford who confirm the truth of the preceding story."

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For a story relative to Wulstanet, King Edmund's dwarf, see GENT. MAG., July, 1857, p. 28.

Thomas Hyde, the Orientalist, (p. 835). -Hearne gives the following story as to his preaching -"He had a prodigious genius for languages, but was wonderful slow of speech, and his delivery so very low, that 'twas impossible to hear what he said; insomuch that when he preached one Sunday morning at Christ Church, at my first coming to Oxford, after he had been in the pulpit an hour-and-a-half, or thereabouts, most of the congregation went out of the church, and the Vice-Chancellor sent to him to come down, which with much ado he did, nobody being able to hear a word he said." An edifying sermon, truly!

Ainsworth, author of the Latin Dic. tionary, (p. 837).-" Aug. 30, 1734. I was told yesterday, by a gentleman of Brazenose College, that Mr. Aynsworth had finished and printed his Dictionary, but that 'tis not yet published. Mr. Aynsworth formerly kept a boarding-school, and had a very flourishing school. His wife is dead, but he had no children. He is not in orders. He was born in Lancashire, in which county he is about making a settlement, being down there at present, for the poor for ever, having no relations but at a great distance. He hath been said to be a non-juror. I think he is rather a Calvinist. He hath a very great collection of coins. A maid-servant robbed him of many gold and silver ones. Dr. Middleton Massey is much acquainted with him. He is well spoken of in Westminster School." Ainsworth was born at Woodgate, near Manchester, 1660, and died at Poplar, 1743. He realised a competence by keeping school, first at Bethnal-green, then at Hackney, and afterwards in other localities near London. He made a curious collection of coins and books in the latter part of his life: is it known what became of them?

Aldrich and Prideaux, (p. 844).—" The late Dr. Henry Aldrich, dean of Christ Church, had but a mean opinion, and used to speak slightingly, of Dr. Humphrey Prideaux, dean of Norwich, as an unaccurate, muddy-headed man. Prideaux's chief skill was in Orientals, and yet even there he was far from being perfect in either, unless in Hebrew, which he was well versed in." Prideaux was one of the clergy who opposed James II.'s arbitrary measures, and as he was not one of the non-jurors, (though he always acted with the greatest kindness towards them.) it is more than probable that Hearne was influenced by prejudice against him. So far from being a smatterer, he was one of the most learned men of the age.

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(p. 847). In reference to the sale of Thomas Rawlinson's books, Hearne has the following passage:-"My friend Mr. John Brome, that honest gentleman of Ewithington, in Herefordshire, in a letter to the Dr. says, 'that he cannot but wonder at the low rates of most of the MSS.,' and adds, had I been in place, I should have been tempted to have laid out a pretty deal of money, without thinking myself at all touched with bibliomania." This appears to be a very early use of the word bibliomania. Thomas Rawlinson, the book collector, was the Tom Folio of the "Tatler."

Mr. Molyneux and Sir Richard Blackmore, (p. 851).-"Mr. Molyneux, Mr. Locke's great admirer and correspondent, was a pretender to poetry, and sometimes exercised himself that way. He was a great admirer of Sir Richard Blackmore's Prince Arthur and King Arthur,' and they used to complement Blackmore highly for his skill in poetry, as Sir Richard used likewise to complement them very much. But this is no wonder, since Sir Richard was a republican, and a man that was for making his way, as well as he could, in the government. "Tis true, Sir Richd. was a poet, but he is not placed by the best judges at the top head, notwithstanding Molyneux says in his Letters on Locke's Works, p. 568, that 'all our English poets (except Milton) have been ballad-makers, in comparison to him, Sir Richard."" Addison, Johnson, and Cowper have spoken favourably of Blackmore's

"Creation," but posterity in general has not endorsed the opinion above attributed to William Molyneux and John Locke, and he is only now remembered as one of the most moral writers of his age, and as the butt of his contemporary wits as the "Bard of Cheapside," and the "Poet of Dulness."

Figg, the prize-fighter, (p. 852).-" Dec. 18th. 1734. On Saturday morning, the 7th, inst., died at London, where he lived, the celebrated Mr. James Figg, the prizefighter from Thame in Oxfordshire, who was reckoned to fight with the most judg ment of any of the profession." It is not often that we hear of the profession of a prize-fighter. Figg, we may observe, was buried in the churchyard of Marylebone.

Dr. Walter Raleigh, Dean of Wells, (pp. 861-2).-"He is mentioned as chaplain in ordinary to King Charles I., and as having been 'barbarously murdered,' for his fidelity to his sovereign." What relation was he, if any, to Sir Walter Raleigh; and what were the circumstances of his death?

Aaron, a Jew, living at Oxford, (p. 875).-"One Aaron, a Portuguese Jew, hath resided with a wife and children a great while, before which he had lived a good while and taught Hebrew at Dublin, having the character of being well skill'd, but with respect to principles he is but indifferently qualify'd, and 'tis feared he does much mischief." Is anything further known of this person ?

HENRY THOMAS RILEY.

COATS OF ARMS IN ESSEX CHURCHES.
UTTLESFORD HUNDRED.-No. V.

Henham-on-the-Hill.-Haydon.-Littlebury.-Newport.-Quendon.-Strethall.

Henham-on-the-Hill.-In the spandrels

of the arch of the south doorway of the nave are two coats:--

1. Fitzwalter, a fess between 2 chevrons. 2. a saltire.

Round the font are eight shields, with these arms:

1. Fitzwalter, impaling quarterly,-
1, 2. obliterated.

3. Quarterly per fess indented.

4. obliterated.

2. Bourchier.

In the south window of the chancel the arms and quarterings of Ratcliffe, Earl of Sussex, c. A.D. 1600, quarterly of four :1.-1, 4. Ratcliffe, Arg., a bend eng. sab., a martlet for difference. 2, 3. Fitzwalter, Or, a fess between 2 chevrons gu.

2.

az.

Arg., a lion ramp. sab., border

3. Lucy, Gu., 3 lucies haurient arg.

4. Arg., 2 bars gu.

On a marble stone with incised effigy to

3. Erm., on a chevron 3 crescents. Thomas Kyrlie, Gent., 1603:

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4. Montechensi.

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A monument to Sir Peter Soame, Bart., 1798, and his wife, daughter of Governor Philips, of Stanwell, Middlesex :---

Soame, with Ulster, impaling

Philips, Arg., a lion ramp. sab., collared gu,, chained or.

A monument on the south wall of the chancel to James Vaughan, Esq., M.D., of Leicester, sole heir to Sir Charles Halford, Bart., whose arms he assumed, and his wife, the daughter of Sir Everard Buckworth Herne, Bart., who afterwards assumed the name and arms of Soame. Quarterly,

1, 4. Halford, Arg., a greyhound passant sab., on chief az. 3 fleur-delys or.

2, 3. Vaughan of Leicester, impaling
1, 4. Herne, Sab., chevron erm. be-
tween 3 herons arg.

2. Buckworth, Sab., chevron between
3 crosslets fitchée arg.
3. Soame.

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1. Griffin, Sab., griffin segreant arg., armed or.

2. Latymer, Gu., a cross patée or, file
of 3 points sab.

3. Mowbray, Gu., lion ramp. arg.
4. Howard, with file 3 points az.
5. Brotherton.

6. Audley, Quarterly per pale in-
dented or, az.; in 2nd and 3rd
quarters an eagle displayed or, on
bend az. a fret between 2 mart-
lets or.

A hatchment to Richard Aldworth Neville, second Baron Braybrook.

1, 4. Griffin.

2, 3. Quarterly :

1, 4. Neville.

2, 3. Neville ancient, impaling

Grenville, Vert, on cross or 5 torteaux.

Newport.-A large monument in the chancel to Giles Dent, Esq., who built Shortgrove, and Mary his wife, daughter of Sir John Hewett, Bart., of Waresby, co. Hunts., and widow of Sir Thomas Brograve, Bart., of Hamels, co. Herts., 1704:

1. Dent, Sab., fess dancette arg., in chief 3 escallops or.

2. Hewett, Gu., chevron eng. between 3 oves arg.

3. Dent imp. Hewett.

A flat stone to Giles Dent, citizen and salter of London, (father of the above) :Dent only.

A flat stone in the north aisle to Elizabeth Nightingale, 1686, and Elizabeth Cummins, 1686. Arms:

1. Nightingale, Per pale erm., gu., a rose counterchanged.

2. Cummins, Az., a chevron erm. between 3 garbs or.

A brass to Katharine Nightingale, 1608. Arms as before.

A hatchment to Joseph Smith, Esq., of Shortgrove:

Gu., on a chevron arg., between 3 besants,
3 crosses patée fitchée az.
Surtout, Cocks, Sab., a chevron or be-

tween 3 pair of stags' antlers arg. Crest, an Eastern goat's head erased and collared.

Quendon.-A large monument on the north wall of the chancel to Thomas Turner, Esq., of Newman-hall, now Quendonhall, 1681, son and heir of Thomas Turner, Esq., of Westley-hall, co. Camb. He married, 1, Jemima, daughter of Thomas Waldegrave, Esq., of Smallbridge, co. Suffolk; and 2, Catherine, daughter of Robert Cheeke, of Pergo, co. Essex.

1. Turner, Az:, on fess between 2 fer- 6 de-moulins or, a lion pass. sab.

2. Turner imp. Waldegrave, Per pale arg., gu.

3. Turner imp. Cheeke, Arg., 3 crescents gu., 2, 1.

Several flat stones in the chancel with the arms of Turner.

A flat stone to Samuel Gibbs, Esq., and
Anne his wife, daughter of Francis Ashe,
Esq., of London, 1649:-

Gibbs, Az., 3 pole-axes arg., 2, 1; imp.
Ashe, Arg., 2 chevrons sab.

A hatchment to the Cranmer family, of
Derendon-hall:-

1, 4. Cranmer, Arg., on a chevron between 3 pelicans vulning az., 3 cinquefoils or, a canton erm.

2, 3. Mounsey, Checky or, gu., on fess

az, a cinquefoil between 2 annulets
or; impaling

Cranmer, without the canton.
Crest, a pelican, as in the arms.

Strethall. Here is a fine altar-tomb, with canopy, to John Gardyner, Gent., 1508, and Joan his wife, daughter of Henry Woodcock; Gent., of London. The arms are all obliterated from the shields. A hatchment to the wife of Archdeacon Raymond, Rector :

Raymond, Sab., a chevron between 3

eagles displayed arg., on chief arg. a bend eng. between 2 martlets sab. Surtout, Forbes, Az., 3 bears' heads erased arg., 2, 1, muzzled gu.

JOHN H. SPERLING. Wicken Rectory, Nov. 1857.

THE KNIGHTS TEMPLARS IN YORKSHIRE.

MR. URBAN,-The document of which I send you a transcript is an interesting addition to those which you have lately published relating to the Templars in Yorkshire. It illustrates their assumption of a jurisdiction interfering with that of the established courts of law, which, by creating an imperium in imperio, helped to produce that jealousy on the part both of the civil and ecclesiastical powers, to which, along with other causes, they owed their downfall. Peter Midelton, of Nesfield, near Ilkley, who had had disputes with the tenants of the Templars in Wharfedale, engages by this bond, under a penalty of twenty shillings, to be paid towards the fabric of St. Peter's at York, that neither he nor any of his tenants shall take proceedings against the Templars in any court, canonical or civil; that he will not avail himself of any right of appeal, royal prohibition, or legal remedy, that might be beneficial to him, or prejudicial to them; and that if he should be injured by any of their tenants, he will bring the cause to their court at Whitkirk, where stood their great preceptory of Temple Newsome. The bond in question is among the records of the Vicars-choral of York Minster. The building of the north transept was near completion at the time of its execution, and the application of the penalty to the fabric may account for its coming into the possession of a body connected with the cathedral.

The chapel appendant to the Castle Mills at York, of the furniture of which an inventory is given, p. 520, is no longer in existence. It seems to have been subsequently appropriated to the use of the fellowship, or guild, of St. George. A few

months since, in carrying out some improvements, it was pulled down, and nothing now remains of it except a stone placed over a doorway, and bearing a cross inscribed in a shield, which is now in the Museum of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society. JOHN KENRICK.

"Omnibus Xi fidelibus, presens scriptum visuris aut audituris, Petrus f. Roberti de Midelton, eternam in Do. salutem. Cum controversia de pluribus contentionibus et delictis magistro et fratribus militiæ Templi in Anglia et tenentibus et hominibus eorundem, per me graviter illatis, mota fuit, ita amabiliter conquievit. Scilicet quod in parte me cognovi esse reum domus dictæ militiæ, accepta absolutione, devote et humiliter tactis sacrosanctis, juravi, quod nunquam meo perpetuo contra prædictos magistrum et fratres, nec eorum tenentes et homines in aliquibus præsumam contraire, nec aliquis pro me, neque in curia canonica, neque in curia civili. Et si aliquo modo me contingat huic scripto, quod absit, [non ?] observare, et quociescunque poterit probari per duos viros fide dignos, obligo me, fide media festinante [?] ad satisfactionem predictorum magistri et fratrum venire et xxs. nomine pœnæ, fabrica Ecclesiæ Bti. Petri Eborum, sine strepitu judiciali persolvere. Et volo et concedo quod si in prædictis pœnæ et satisfactionis solucione deficio, quod officialis Di. Archiepiscopi Eborum per quamcunque censuram ecclesiasticam voluit, me compellat ad omnia prædicta firmiter et sine fraude observanda, renunciando omni appellationi, cavillationi, regia prohibitioni et omni juris remedio, canonico et civili, quæ prædictis fratribus possunt obesse et mihi prod

glory round the head of the Virgin. Some have a small hoop behind that represented in the wood-cut. Others wear an ornament of woven hair and hide adorned with

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beads. The hair of the tails of buffaloes, which are to be found further east, is sometimes added. Others weave their own hair on pieces of hide into the form of buffalo

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horns, or make a single horn in front. The features given are frequently met with, but they are by no means universal. Many tattoo their bodies by inserting some black

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