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fessing the fact,) consented to become his agent, and to administer poison to the sick. Opium at night was administered in gratifying food; the wretched, unsuspecting victims banquetted; and in a few hours, 580 soldiers, who had suffered so .much for their country, perished thus miserably by order of its Idol. Is there a Frenchman whose blood does not chill with horror at the recital of such a fact? Surely, the manes of these murdered, unoffending people must be now hovering round the seat of government and . . . . . If a doubt should still exist as to the ve racity of this statement, let the members of the Institute at Cairo, be asked what passed in their sitting after the return of Bonaparte from Syria; they will relate that the same virtuous physician, who refused to become the destroyer of those committed to his protection, accused Bonaparte of high treason, in the full assembly, against the honour of France, her children, and humanity; that he entered into the full details of the poisoning of the sick, and the massacre of the garrison; aggravating these crimes by charging Bonaparte with strangling previously at Rosetta, a number of French and Copts, who were ill of the plague; thus proving, that this disposal of his sick was a premeditated plan, which he wished to introduce into general practice. In vain Bonaparte attempted to justify himself. The members sat petrified with terror, and almost doubted whether the scene passing before their eyes was not illusion. Assuredly, all these proceedings will not be found in the minutes of the Institute! No! Bonaparte's policy foresaw the danger, and power produced the erasure :— but let no man calculate on the force of circumstances which may prevent such an avowal as is solicited, presume on this to deny the whole; there are records which remain, and which in due season will be produced. In the interim, this represen
"IN the official correspondence lately published, there appears some remarks, which the French Ambassador was instructed to make on my History of the Expedition to Egypt, and of which I feel called upon to take notice; not in personal controversy with General Andreossi, for, conscious of the superior virtue of my cause, I find myself neither aggrieved nor irritated by the language he has used ; but that the public may not attribute my silence to a desire of evading further discussion, and thus the shallow mode of contradiction adopted by the Chief Consul acquire an unmerited consideration.
"The Ambassador observes, 'That a Colonel in the English army has published a work in England, filled with the most atrocious and disgusting calumnies against the French army and its General. The lies it contains have been contradicted by the reception which Colonel Sebastiani experienced. The publicity of his report was at once a refutation and reparation, which the French army had a right to expect.'
"But surely a new signification must have been attached in France to the word calumny, when such a term is applied to my account of the conduct of the French troops in Egypt, and the consequent disposition of the inhabitants towards them!
"Independent, however of the proofs to be adduced in corroboration of my statement, Europe may justly appreciate the probable truth of what I have written, when she recollects the unparallelled sufferings endured by the unoffending countries, into which, during the last war, a French army penetrated; and she will at least hesitate to believe that the same armies should voluntarily ameliorate their conduct, in a country more remote, where the atrocities they might commit would be less liable to publicity, and that this extraordinary change should be in favour of a people, whose principles and resistance might have excited the resentment of more generous invaders.
"I will not enter into any unnecessary detail of the numerous facts which I could urge; but I appeal to the honour of every British officer employed in Egypt, whether those observations are not sacredly true, which describe the French as being hateful to the inhabitants of that country, which represent them as having merited that hatred from the ruin and devastation with which their progress through it has been marked; and I am ready, if there be one who refuses to sanction this relation, to resign for ever every pretension to honourable reputation, and submit, without farther struggle, to that odium which should attach to calumny, and a wilful perversion of truth. "But, Sir, I feel confident there is no individual, who will not amply confirm all that I have written on this subject; and perhaps Europe has a right to condemn me for not having made the accusations still stronger, when I can prodnce general orders of the French army, for the destruction of villages and their inhabitants; when I can prove, that above 20,000 of the natives perished by the swords of the French soldiery; and that every act of violence was committed, and particularly in Upper Egypt, which
could outrage humanity, and disgrace the character of civilized nations. When writing a history of the campaign, was it possible not to express indignation against the authors of such calamities? Would it have been natural not to have felt the animation of that virtuous pride, which a reflection on the different conduct of the British soldiery must inspire in the breast of every Briton? I have asserted that a British soldier could traverse alone through any part of Egypt, or even penetrate through the Desert, secure from injury or insult. I have described the natives as considering the British as their benefactors and protectors, soliciting opportunities to manifest their gratitude, and esteeming their uniform as sacred as the turban of Mahometanism; and I may venture to predict, that hereafter the French traveller will be compelled to conceal the name of his nation, and owe his security to the assumption of the British character.
"But, Sir, does the effect of Colonel Sebastiani's report justify the Chief Consul's conclusion, that it is "2 complete refutation of what I have advanced," even if we attach to that report implicit belief in its candour and veracity? Is it possible that the Chief Consul can suppose the world will trace respect for the French name in the circumstance which occurred to Colonel Sebastiani at Cairo, and which rendered it necessary for him to demand protection from the Vizir ? or would he imagine that the apologue of d'Ghezzar Pacha was not intelligible even previous to the instructions being published which M. Talleyrand sent to the French commercial agents?
"That illustrious senator, to whose virtues and stupenduous talents England owes so much of her prosperity, has declared, that this report of Colonel Sebastiani in no case contradicts my statement; and I should consider that high opinion
tramply sufficient to remove any impression which the French Ambassador's note might otherwise have made, did I not think it a duty to press some observations on that part of the paragraph which alludes to the direct accusation against General Bonaparte, that the public may know I was fully aware of the important responsibility which I had voluntarily undertaken, and in which much
national honour was involved. I would wish the world seriously to examine, whether the accuser or accused have shrunk from the investigation, and then hold him as guilty who has withdrawn from the tribunal of enquiry.
"I avowed that I was his public accuser; I stood prepared to support the charge. The courts of my country were open to that mode of trial, which, as an innocent man, he could alone have required, but of which he did not dare to avail himself. It was no anonymous libeller against whom he was to have filed his answer, but against one (and without any indecent vanity I may say it) whose rank and character would have justified his most serious attention.
"The charges were too awful to be treated with neglect, and we know that they have not been read with indifference. Nor is it possible that the First Consul can imagine the fame of General Bonaparte is less sullied, because a few snuffboxes bearing his portrait were received by some abject or avaricious individuals with expressions of esteem. Or can he hope, that the contemptible, but not less unworthy insinuation, directed against the gallant and estimable British General, will divert mankind from a reflection of the crimes with which he stands arraigned?
"Fortunately for Europe, she is daily becoming more intimately acquainted with the character of this hitherto miscon
ceived man; and I confess that I feel considerable gratification when I indulge the thought that I have contributed to its developement.
"Success may, for inscrutable purposes, continue to attend him; abject senates may decree him a Throne, or the Pantheon; but history shall render injured humanity justice, and an indignant posterity inscribe on his cenotaph
"Ille venena Colchia
Et quidquid usquam concipitur nefas,
“ I am, Sir, yours, ROBERT WILSON, K. M. T. Lieutenant-Colonel."
Confirmation of the Tender Mercies of BONAPARTE in Egypt.
As a a proof of the veracity of Sir Robert Wilson's account of the tremendously inhuman murders perpetrated at Jaffa by order of that most sanguinary monster, and detestable tyrant, Bonaparte, Dr. Wittman, who was physician to the British Military Mission which accompanied the army of the Grand Vizir in its route through Turkey, Syria, and Egypt, during the late campaign in that country, in his Narrative of his Tra vels, page 128, thus speaks: "Four "thousand of the wretched inhabitants who had surrendered, and who had in vain implored the mercy of their conquerors, were, together with a part of the late Turkish garrison of El-Arish, (amounting, it has been said, to five or six hundred,) dragged out in cold blood, four days after the French had obtained possession of Jaffa, to the sand hills, about a league distant, in the way to Gaza, and there most inhumanly put to death. I have seen the skeletons of those unfortunate victims, which lie scattered over the hills, a modern
a modern Golgotha, which remains a lasting disgrace to a nation calling itself civilized. Indeed, I am sorry to add, that the charge of cruelty against the French General does not rest here. It having been reported that, previously to the retreat of the French army from Syria, their commander in chief (BONAPARTE) had ordered all the Freuch sick at Jaffa to be poisoned, I was led to make the enquiry, to which every one who had visited the spot would naturally be directed, respecting an act of such singular, and, it should seem, wanton inhumanity. It concerns me to have to state, not only that such a circumstance was positively asserted to have happened, but that while in Egypt, an individual was pointed out to us as having been the executioner of these diabolical Commands." !!!
ENGLISHMEN, can you possibly read this account without horror? Can you read it, and not wish for the most consummate vengeance on the head of the wretch who caused it? Not only in cold blood to murder Four Thousand Five Hundred of his captives, but to destroy, by poison, his unfortunate comrades— his own sich soldiers!-Never was there an action committed in the world-so barbarous, so horribly cruel. And it is this execrable fiend who menaces your shores with invasion, who has presumptuously ordered a general massacre of Britons, and the unlimited pillage and plunder of your Metropolis, as a reward to his recreant army! That he will attempt to invade you, ought not for one moment to be doubted-That he will fail in his attempt, cannot for one moment be disputed. You have only with heart and hand to rally round the throne of your King, and the Constitution of your country, and, with the blessing of God, which you may most confidently expect on so excellent a cause, the proud, the insulting foe, should he come, will, to his
eternal dismay, prove that the descendants of the heroes of Cressy, Agincourt, &c. (some of whom are the Heroes of Aboukir, of Acre, and of Alexandria,) are animated with the same soul, possess the same courage and unshaken zeal for their country, which glowed in the breasts of their Forefathers.
Partly Historical, partly Prophetical, which, for the sake of the moral order of the world, and of the tranquillity of manmind, it is hoped may not, ere long, be wholly consigned to a marble Monu
ment to be erected at Jaffa.
To hand down for ages to come to the just execration of posterity, the Name and Memory of N-N B-P—E ; this Charnel House, filled with the bones of our Fathers, and Brethren in Arms,
was erected by us,
in the cold-blooded massacre of near four thousand of our race.
take good heed, and know, that it was reserved for Jacobin France to prove
that there could exist, upon the face of the earth, a human being
so completely bereft of all the sympathies our nature, as to be capable,
first to conceive, next to command, and, at last,
after the basest simulation till the fatal moment,
to witness, as he did,
with hellish exultation,
of perfidy and murder. The relentless butchery of that day almost glutted
the ruthless satellites of his power. The Jacobin soldiery
of the French Republic,
a set of wretches truly abandoned, and alone worthy of such a commander; who,
in point of talents and genius,
the false glare of his name,
as a minion of fortune, proved fortune to be blind. Estimated
by the pretensions of his person, he was a pigmy;
by the propensities of his soul, and
of wrath and destruction,
FREDERIC THE GREAT,
KING OF PRUSSIA.
THE day before the bloody but deci
sive battle at Leuthen, in which the Aus
trian army, commanded by Prince Charles of Lorrain, was greatly superior to the Prussian forces, the king ordered all his officers to attend him, and made to them the following speech.
"I intend to march against the enemy to-morrow, and to give him battle. As the success of the whole campaign depends
entirely upon the event of this battle, and as it will decide who is to be the future master of Silesia, I have ordered you to attend me, in order to tell you, that I expect every one of you to do his duty in the strictest manner, and to exert himself to the utmost of his power.
“I desire that every one of you in his particular post, attend to the word of command, and lead on his troops with undaunted courage and bravery; in short,' that every one approach the enemy with FIXED RESOLUTION TO CONQUER OR DIE!If all of you, WITHOUT EXCEPTION, are of my mind-I AM SURE OF VICTORY!
"I am perfectly well informed where the strength and where the weakness of the enemy lies; and I shall therefore place every corps in a situation in which it will fight with advantage to itself. It will then only depend on you to fight with manly courage and old Prussian bravery.
"If any one of you is a coward-if any one is not DETERMINED TO SACRIFICE HIS LIFE FOR HIS COUNTRY;-let him step forward, before he makes others AS COWARDLY AS HIMSELF!!!-Let him step for. ward, and he shall immediately receive his discharge, without ceremony or reproach.
"After a short pause, one of the staffofficers said, with enthusiasm, in the name of all the rest, "WE ARE ALL READY TO SACRIFICE OUR
LIVES FOR YOUR MAJESTY"!!
"On this reply the King proceeded as follows, with apparent composure and satisfaction:
"I see there is none amongst you who does not possess TRUE HEROISM!-But though I am convinced of this, I shall take particular notice whether each of you fulfills his promise and does his duty faithfully. I shall be in the front, and in the rear. I shall fly from one wing to the