Evolutionary Psychology: The New Science of the Mind
Routledge, 22 февр. 2019 г. - Всего страниц: 518
Where did we come from?
What is our connection with other life forms?
What are the mechanisms of mind that define what it means to be a human being?
Evolutionary psychology is a revolutionary new science, a true synthesis of modern principles of psychology and evolutionary biology. Since the publication of the award-winning first edition of Evolutionary Psychology, there has been an explosion of research within the field. In this book, David M. Buss examines human behavior from an evolutionary perspective, providing students with the conceptual tools needed to study evolutionary psychology and apply them to empirical research on the human mind.
This edition contains expanded coverage of cultural evolution, with a new section on culture–gene co-evolution, additional studies discussing interbreeding between modern humans and Neanderthals, expanded discussions of evolutionary hypotheses that have been empirically disconfirmed, and much more!
Evolutionary Psychology features a wealth of student-friendly pedagogy including critical-thinking questions and case study boxes designed to show how to apply evolutionary psychology to real-life situations. It is an invaluable resource for undergraduates studying psychology, biology and anthropology.
See "Support Material" below for new online resources, including PowerPoint slides and Instructor’s Manual and Test Bank.
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More formally, Darwin's answer to all these puzzles of life was the theory of natural selection and its three essential ingredients: variation, inheritance, and differential reproductive success.1 First, organisms vary in all sorts of ...
Differential reproductive success or failure is defined by reproductive success relative to others. ... Because survival is usually necessary for reproduction, it took on a critical role in Darwin's theory of natural selection.
Hamilton reasoned that classical fitness—the measure of an individual's direct reproductive success in passing on genes through the production of offspring—was too narrow to describe the process of evolution by selection.
Thus, inclusive fitness can be viewed as the sum of an individual's own reproductive success (classical fitness) plus the effects the individual's actions have on the reproductive success of his or her genetic relatives.
First, Williams (1966) challenged the prevailing endorsement of group selection, the notion that adaptations evolved for the benefit of the group through the differential survival and reproduction of groups (Wynne-Edwards, 1962), ...