Evolutionary Psychology: The New Science of the Mind
Routledge, 22 февр. 2019 г. - Всего страниц: 518
Where did we come from?
What is our connection with other life forms?
What are the mechanisms of mind that define what it means to be a human being?
Evolutionary psychology is a revolutionary new science, a true synthesis of modern principles of psychology and evolutionary biology. Since the publication of the award-winning first edition of Evolutionary Psychology, there has been an explosion of research within the field. In this book, David M. Buss examines human behavior from an evolutionary perspective, providing students with the conceptual tools needed to study evolutionary psychology and apply them to empirical research on the human mind.
This edition contains expanded coverage of cultural evolution, with a new section on culture–gene co-evolution, additional studies discussing interbreeding between modern humans and Neanderthals, expanded discussions of evolutionary hypotheses that have been empirically disconfirmed, and much more!
Evolutionary Psychology features a wealth of student-friendly pedagogy including critical-thinking questions and case study boxes designed to show how to apply evolutionary psychology to real-life situations. It is an invaluable resource for undergraduates studying psychology, biology and anthropology.
See "Support Material" below for new online resources, including PowerPoint slides and Instructor’s Manual and Test Bank.
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To mention one prominent example, inclusive fitness theory partially solved the “problem of altruism”: How could altruism evolve—incurring reproductive costs to oneself to benefit the reproduction of others—if evolution favors genes ...
But we consider the costs of this solution to be ridiculously high. ... It would prevent people from solving other adaptive problems, such as gathering fruits, plants, and other food resources necessary for survival.
The key point about all these instincts is that they evolved through natural selection and were adaptations to solve specific problems. Contrary to the common view, James believed that humans had many more instincts than other animals: ...
For an organism to accomplish certain tasks, it must solve a number of informationprocessing problems. Successfully accomplishing the tasks of seeing, hearing, walking bipedally, and categorizing, for example, requires a tremendous ...
Computers can be programmed to play chess, do calculus, predict the weather, manipulate symbols, or guide missiles. In this sense, the computer is a domain-general information processor. But to solve any particular problem, ...