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according action already American appear base beds belong Boulder-clay boulders called Canada clay coal coast colonies considerable consist contains deposits depth described direction drift evidence examined existence extend facts fauna feet formation fossils Geological give given glaciers Goderich Gulf hills iron Island known Lake land latter Lawrence Leda clay less limestone Lower marine mass miles Montreal mountain Murchison nature nearly observed occur original period portion Post-pliocene present probably Prof published Quebec recent referred regard region remains remarkable Report represented ridges River rocks rounded sand sandstone seen separated shales shells shore side Silurian similar slates slope Society sometimes species specimens stones strata supposed surface Survey thickness tion trilobites Upper valley various whole
Стр. 145 - There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being evolved.
Стр. 153 - But expectation is permissible where belief is not ; and if it were given me to look beyond the abyss of geologically recorded time to the still more remote period when the earth was passing through physical and chemical conditions, which it can no more see again than a man can recal his infancy, I should expect to be a witness of the evolution of living protoplasm from not living matter.
Стр. 153 - I must carefully guard myself against the supposition that I intend to suggest that no such thing as abiogenesis ever has taken place in the past, or ever will take place in the future. With organic chemistry, molecular physics, and physiology yet in their infancy, and every day making prodigious strides, I think it would be the height of presumption for any man to say that the conditions under which matter assumes the properties we call ' vital,' may not some day be artificially brought together.
Стр. 145 - It is interesting to contemplate an entangled bank, clothed with many plants of many kinds, with birds singing on the bushes, with various insects flitting about, and with worms crawling through the damp earth, and to reflect that these elaborately constructed forms, so different from each other, and dependent on each other in so complex a manner, have all been produced by laws acting around us.
Стр. 143 - organic cells," or "protoplasm." But science brings a vast mass of inductive evidence against this hypothesis of spontaneous generation, as you have heard from my predecessor in the Presidential chair. Careful enough scrutiny has, in every case up to the present day, discovered life as antecedent to life. Dead matter cannot become living without coming under the influence of matter previously alive. This seems to me as sure a teaching of science as the law of gravitation.
Стр. 431 - Logan attempted a new explanation of the stratigraphy of the region ; declaring at- the same time that, "from the physical structure alone, no person would suspect the break which must exist in the neighborhood of Quebec ; and without the evidence of the fossils every one would be authorized to deny it." (Ibid., page 218.) The typical Potsdam sandstone of the New York system, as seen in the Ottawa basin in northern New York and the adjacent parts of Canada, affords but a very meagre fauna, including...
Стр. 314 - Taconic theory in 1859, the year in which the subject was reopened. As I understand it at present, some of the Taconic rocks are certainly more ancient than the Potsdam, others may be of the same age, and perhaps some of them more recent. The details are not yet worked out, and judging from...
Стр. 138 - Each meteor circulating round the Sun must fall in along a very gradual spiral path, and before reaching the Sun must have been for a long time exposed to an enormous heating effect from his radiation when very near, and must thus have been driven into vapour before actually filling into the Sun.
Стр. 133 - Lockyer was first led into the investigation of the effects of varied pressure on the quality of the light emitted by glowing gas which he and Frankland have prosecuted with such admirable success. Scientific wealth tends to accumulation according to the law of compound interest. Every addition to...