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requests and the temporal responses, and to accept the result as a preeminent demonstration of “the power and willingness of God to answer prayer." We cannot recognize the pertinence of either the challenge or the conclusion.

Dr. Francis Wayland, at the close of his Introduction, says: On the contrast which is seen between the plan of Mr. Müller and the plans by which our missionary and other benevolent operations are conducted, it is unnecessary to enlarge. If Mr. Müller is right, I think it is evident that we are all wrong. We cannot go into this subject in detail. We may, however, be permitted to remark, that the means which are frequently employed to secure the approbation and pecuniary aid of worldly men, in carrying forward the cause of Christ, are intensely humiliating. It would seem as though God was the last being to be relied on in carrying forward the work which he has given us to do.

With all respect for the memory and eminent services of Dr. Wayland, we cannot admit the justice of his inferences and imputations here. It is by no means clearly evident that Mr. Müller is wholly right in his plans and our benevolent societies wholly wrong. The latter can show quite as plain a Scriptural warrant for their methods and quite as marked a testimony of the divine favor upon their work. Our foreign mission enterprise, alike in its home management and its evangelizing service abroad, can present examples of consecration, holy wisdom and efficient zeal which will not suffer in any comparison with Mr. Müller. If "intensely humiliating" means are “frequently employed" in our benevolent operations, and if God is so little consulted in these matters as to justify the belief that he is "the last being relied on," it ought not to be difficult to specify instances of such terrible infidelity and practical ungodliness. We insist that these ungenerous and humiliating imputations should be either established or withdrawn.

In our judgment, Mr. Müller's “life of trust" is possible only because those who endeavor to follow his principles are in a very small minority. Make such a life general—which is fortunately impracticable—and its thorough variance with Scripture and sound reason would soon appear. Like pietism, or asceticism, or celibacy, or any other abnormal and onesided growth of the religious spirit, it requires a generally healthful state of society around it as the condition of its existence. It is at best only a parasite, and can thrive only as all parasites must. The book, then, has its uses, and may perhaps be read with advantage by those who can read it with discrimination; but in the majority of cases we apprehend that its influence will be to excite morbid tendencies already unduly vigorous, and to involve in embarrassment and mischievous doubt those who are endeavoring to live as Christians in a Scriptural, rational and neighborly way.

L. M.

The Early Baptists of Virginia. By ROBERT BOYLE C. HOWELL, D.D.,

Pastor of the Second Baptist Church, Richmond, Va. Duodecimo.
Pp. 246. Philadelphia : The Bible and Publication Society.


Dr. Howell's name is a familiar one to Baptists, North as well as South. Many have seen and heard him, and many more have read his books on

the Terms of Communion, the Deaconship, etc. The present little volume will be cordially welcomed. The theme has recently become invested with fresh interest, and the interest will doubtless be increased by Dr. Howell's researches among authoritative documents, and his judicious and clear exposition of their contents. The book was originally an address before the American Baptist Historical Society; afterward it was enlarged by the author, and now, a few years since his death, is published in its present form. It will be found to contain some wise cautions as well as some deserved eulogy.

Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. By PETER MARK ROGET.

Revised and edited, with a List of Foreign Words defined in English and other Additions, by BARNAS SEARS, D. D., LL. D. New American, from the last London edition, with Additions and Improvements. Duodecimo. Pp. 567. Boston: Gould and Lincoln. 1873.

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This valuable work of reference is already well-known in this country, and in the former editions, as prepared by Dr. Sears, has had a wide use. The present "additions and improvements" embrace the "insertion of many thousand expressions not contained in any of the former editions' and "a better arrangement, in various places, both of words and phrases." The foreign words and phrases are here incorporated with the others, in their proper classes, and are also presented in a separate table, with English definitions, at the close of the volume. As is known, the book is not a dictionary, but a convenient auxiliary to one. of a dictionary is to explain the meaning of words, and, the word being given, to find its signification, or the idea it is intended to convey." In the Thesaurus, on the other hand, "the object is exactly the converse of this; the idea being given, to find the word or words by which that idea may be most fitly and aptly expressed.” Or, as some one has described it, “it gives a writer a word he wants, when that word is on the tip of his tongue but altogether beyond his reach." Different writers will estimate differently the real serviceableness of the Thesaurus, but to many it will prove an instrument of great help, and we are glad to know that its past circulation has encouraged the publishers to issue this enlarged and attractive edition.

Suggested Emendations of the Authorized English Version of the Old

Testament. By ELIAS RIGGS, D. D., LL. D., Missionary of the
A. B. C. F. M. at Constantinople. Duodecimo. Pp. 130. Andover:
Warren F. Draper. 1873.

This little volume presents the ripe fruit of a scholarship widely recognized and honored. A fine Hebrew and Chaldee scholar before he left his native land, Dr. Riggs for many years has also been at home in the languages, and in the customs of the people, so necessary for the correct interpretation of the languages of the East. Engaged in translation of the Bible during the greater part of his missionary service, he has minutely compared the Authorized English Version with the Hebrew and Chaldee, and has suggested emendations where they seemed to him to be absolutely needful. Without any parade of learning, for the benefit of all readers of the Bible, he gives in one column the passages of the Common Version which need revision, and in the opposite column his "suggested emendations." The emendations are not proposed as final; they are merely "suggested." With respect to a number of his translations the best scholars widely differ, but Dr. Riggs has not chosen his words without a careful survey of the whole field of controversy on disputed points. To the student of the Bible, whether in the original languages or in the English Version, to all who gladly accept any aid to a clearer understanding of the words of God, this modest volume will prove of the utmost value.

All the publications of Messrs. T. and T. Clark may readily be obtained through Messrs. Scribner, Armstrong and Company, New York, and Messrs. Smith, English and Company, Philadelphia.

The Baptist Ilymn and Tune Book, for Public Worship. Music

Adapted and Arranged by John M. Evans. Pp. 438. Small oc

tavo. Philadelphia: Bible and Publication Society. This is a neat, compact, convenient, and cheap edition of the Baptist Hymn and Tune Book. It contains all the hymns (1,000), all the tunes (300), all the chants (58), and all the doxologies (43), found in the larger sizes and other forms of the book. The hymns are consecutively arranged, and are adapted to the same tunes as in the large octavo edition, so that this edition may be used with either or all the others. It is printed from new and very distinct type, made expressly for this work, and is tastefully and strongly bound. This edition will be sold, in large or small quantities, at the uniform price of one dollar a copy.

L. M.

Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. By C. F. KEIL, D.D., and

F. DELITZSCH, D. D. The Books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, by C. F. KEIL. Duodecimo. Volume VIII. Pp. 330. Edinburgh : T. and T. Clark. 1873.

This volume continues the series of the Messrs. Clark's translations of Keil and Delitzsch's Commentary on the Old Testament. Among all the commentaries on the Old Testament issued within the past twenty years, this is pre-eminent in worth for the earnest student. If he can afford to buy but one, let him buy Keil and Delitzsch. With the works of Lange, Bunsen, Wordsworth, Speaker's Commentary, the Exegetical Handbook to the Old Testament, Brown, Fausset, and Jamieson before us, we find ourselves turning with greater frequency and assurance to Keil and Delitzsch than to any other. Without the genius of Delitzsch, and no match for him in vast stores of learning and facile grasp of his accumulations, Keil has a power of work, a clearness of view, a directness of purpose, which enable him to state plainly what may be said against and for any point in dispute, without leaving you in doubt as to the solution he favors, and which give to his discussions a solid worth for which all readers of German commentaries will be duly grateful. In the hands of Miss Taylor the translation flows smoothly for the English reader, making the study of the work a pleasure as well as a profit.

Black Diamonds; or, The Curiosities of Coal. By Rev. SIDNEY DYER,

A. M., author of “Great Wonders in Little Things,” etc. Duodecimo. Pp. 320. Philadelphia : Bible and Publication Society.

Mr. Dyer needs no introduction. His endeavors to make the children interested in the common topics of natural science have met with gratifying success. The tendency of his books, including this latest one, is to train the faculties of observation, to promote a rational enjoyment of the works of God, and to lead the reader to see the wisdom and goodness of God, as displayed in all his works. Surely this is a worthy design, and it is here well executed. Mr. Dyer has made a good book for the Sunday-school and the household.

Apologetic Lectures on the Moral Truths of Christianity. Delivered in

Leipsic in the Winter of 1872, by Chr. Ernst LUTHARDT, Doctor and Professor of Theology.

Translated from the German, by SOPHIA TAYLOR. Duodecimo. Pp. 415. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark. 1873.


This may be regarded as the third volume in the author's “ Apology for Christianity," and ihose who have read his previous lectures on the “Fundamental Truths of Christianity" and the "Saving Truths of Christianity," will find here the same evangelical soundness, the same aptness in apprehending the currents of modern thought and life, and the same clearness in his own thinking and expression. Some of the topics discussed are: The Nature of Christian Morality; Man; Christian Marriage; The Christian Home; The State and Christianity; Culture and Christianity; Humanity and Christianity. The author frequently shows the peculiarities of his theological and national position, and we can by no means always assent to his statements; but there is much in the book to admire and approve, and it is very timely.

AMERICAN PERIODICALS. We have received the following: Quarterlies.- Princeton Review ; Methodist Review ; Southern Review ; New Englander; American Church Review ; Theological Medium ; Christian Quarterly; Mercersburg Review. Monthlics.-Catholic World; Religious Magazine; Atlantic Monthly; Missionary Herald.

International Review.–We have received the Prospectus of a new quarterly review, with the above title. It is to be under the competent editorial supervision of Prof. John M. Leavitt, and will be published by the well-known house of Messrs. A. S. Barnes and Company, New York. Its contributors are expected to embrace the "best talent of Europe and America,” and not a few of the ablest writers are announced as already secured. It is to discuss the “great questions of our age and country,” religious, literary, scientific, social, and national; and it will “never assail the divine authority of the Scriptures or the supremacy of our Constitution over a united Republic. We doubt not there is room for such a periodical, and we shall be glad to see the place well occupied.

The Edinburgh Review, July:-1. The Trevelyan Papers ; 2. The Talmud; 3. Baron Hübner's Trip around the World; 4. The Savings of the People; 5. Life of Sir Henry Lawrance; 6. The Approaching Transit of Venus; 7. Miss Thackeray's Old Kensington; 8. Fergusson on Rude Stone Monuments; 9. The Life and Labors of Antoine Courb; 10. Personal Memoir of Mr. Grote; 11. Recent Events in Afghanistan.

The Westminster Review, July :-1. Public and Private Schools; 2. The Chanson de Raland ; 3. An Early French Economist; 4. Mr. Lewis's Juvenal; 5. Emigration and the Coolie Trade in China ; 6. Bishops in the House of Lords; 7. The Personal Life of George Grote; 8. France and its Government; 9. Contemporary Literature.

The British Quarterly Review, July:-1. The Failure of the French Reformation; 2. The Public Health ; 3. Catholicism and Papal Infallibility; 4. Mazzini and New Italy; 5. Recent Travels and Explorations in Syria ; 6. Miracles, Visions, and Revelations; 7. The Gladstone Administration; 8. Contemporary Literature.

London Quarterly Review, July:-1. The State of English Poetry; 2. The Church of France; 3. Celtic Scotland ; 4. George Grote; 5. Dartmoor; 6. Harold of Norway; 7. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity-John Stuart Mill; 8. Beaumarchais and His Times; 9. The Shah of Persia; 10. Lessons of the French Revolution.

Blackwood's Magazine, August:-1. The Parisians, Book IX ; 2. Savalls, and the Carlists in Catalonia; 3. A Century of Great Poets, from 1750 Downwards--No. IX--Johann Friedrich Schiller; 4. The Scilly Isles and South West Cornwall; 5. A Visit to Albion; 6. The North, the Land of Love and Song; 7. Dragging Out a Wretched Existence.

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