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Fut upon applying our glasses to it, we ade a very odd discovery, namely, that hat we looked upon as brains, were not ich in reality, but a heap of strange maerials wound up in that shape and texture, nd packed together with wonderful art in he several cavities of the skull. For, as fomer tells us, that the blood of the gods not real blood, but only something like ; so we found that the brain of a beau as not real brain, but only something ke it.

must have been entirely deprived of the
faculty of blushing.

The os cribriforme was exceedingly stuff-
ed, and in some places damaged with snuff.
We could not but take notice in particular
of that small muscle which is not often dis-
covered in dissections, and draws the nose.
upward when it expresses the contempt
which the owner of it has, upon seeing any
thing he does not like, or hearing any thing
he does not understand. Ineed not tell my
learned reader, this is that muscle which
performs the motion so often mentioned
by the Latin poets, when they talk of a
man's cocking his nose, or playing the rhi-

We did not find any thing very remark-, able in the eye, saving only, that the musculi amatorii, or, as we may translate it into English, the ogling muscles, were very much worn and decayed with use; whereas, on the contrary, the elevator, or the muscle which turns the eye towards heaven, did not appear to have been used at all.

The pineal gland, which many of our odern philosophers suppose to be the seat f the soul, smelt very strong of essence nd orange-flower water, and was encom-noceros. assed with a kind of horny substance, cut to a thousand little faces or mirrors, hich were imperceptible to the naked ye, insomuch that the soul, if there had een any here, must have been always taken P in contemplating her own beauties. We observed a large antrum or cavity in ne sinciput, that was filled with ribands, ace, and embroidery, wrought together in most curious piece of net-work, the parts f which were likewise imperceptible to he naked eye. Another of these antrums r cavities was stuffed with invisible billetoux, love-letters, pricked dances, and ther trumpery of the same nature. In anther we found a kind of powder, which set he whole company a sneezing, and by the cent discovered itself to be right Spanish. The several other cells were stored with commodities of the same kind, of which it would be tedious to give the reader an exct inventory.

I have only mentioned in this dissection
such new discoveries as we were able to
make, and have not taken any notice of
those parts which are to be met with in
common heads. As for the skull, the face,
and indeed the whole outward shape and
figure of the head, we could not discover
any difference from what we observe in
the heads of other men. We were inform-
ed that the person to whom this head be-
longed, had passed for a man above five
and thirty years: during which time he eat
and drank like other people, dressed well,
talked loud, laughed frequently, and on
particular occasions had acquitted himself
tolerably at a ball or an assembly; to which
one of the company added that a certain
knot of ladies took him for a wit. He was
cut off in the flower of his age by the blow
of a paring-shovel, having been surprised
by an eminent citizen, as he was tendering
some civilities to his wife.

There was a large cavity on each side of
he head, which I must not omit. That on
he right side was filled with fictions, flat-
eries, and falsehoods, vows, promises, and
protestations; that on the left with oaths
nd imprecations. There issued out a duct
rom each of these cells, which ran into
he root of the tongue, where both joined
ogether, and passed forward in one com- When we had thoroughly examined this
non duct to the tip of it. We discovered head with all its apartments, and its seve-
everal little roads or canals running from ral kinds of furniture, we put up the brain,
he ear into the brain, and took particular such as it was, into its proper place, and
are to trace them out through their seve- laid it aside under a broad piece of scarlet
al passages. One of them extended itself cloth, in order to be prepared, and kept in
a bundle of sonnets and little musical in- a great repository of dissections; our ope-
ruments. Others ended in several blad-rator telling us that the preparation would
ers, which were filled either with wind or not be so difficult as that of another brain,
oth. But the large canal entered into a for that he had observed several of the little
reat cavity of the skull, from whence pipes and tubes which ran through the
ere went another canal into the tongue. brain were already filled with a kind of
his great cavity was filled with a kind of mercurial substance, which he looked upon
Dongy substance, which the French ana- to be true quicksilver.
mists call galimatias, and the English, He applied himself in the next place to
the coquette's heart, which he likewise
The skins of the forehead were extremely laid open with great dexterity. There oc-
ugh and thick, and what very much sur-curred to us many particulars in this dis-
ised us, had not in them any single blood- section: but being unwilling to burden my
ssel that we were able to discover, either reader's memory too much, I shall reserve
th or without our glasses; from whence this subject for the speculation of another
concluded, that the party when alive day.




do so,

I mean here to say to you is, that the most free person of quality can go no further than being a kind woman; and you should never say of a man of figure worse than that he knows the world. I am, sir, your most humble servant,


'MR. SPECTATOR,-I am a woman of unspotted reputation, and know nothing I have ever done which should encourage such insolence; but here was one the other day, and he was dressed like a gentleman too, who took the liberty to name the words not but you will resent it in behalf of, sir, "lusty fellow" in my presence. I doubt CELIA.' your humble servant,

No. 276.] Wednesday, Jan. 16, 1711-12. Errori nomen virtus posuisset honestum. Hor. Sat. iii. Lib. 1. 45. Misconduct screen'd behind a specious name. 'MR. SPECTATOR,I hope you have philosophy enough to be capable of hearing the mention of your faults. Your papers which regard the fallen part of the fair sex, are, I think, written with an indelicacy which makes them unworthy to be inserted in the writings of a moralist who knows the world. I cannot allow that are at liberty to observe upon the actions of mankind with the freedom which you seem to resolve upon; at least, if you you should take along with you the distinction of the manners of the world, according to 'MR. SPECTATOR,-You lately put out the quality and way of life of the persons a dreadful paper, wherein you promise a concerned. A man of breeding speaks full account of the state of criminal love; of even misfortune among ladies, without and call all the fair who have transgressed giving it the most terrible aspect it can in that kind by one very rude name, which Bear: and this tenderness towards them is I do not care to repeat: but I desire to know much more to be preserved when you speak of you whether I am or am not one of those? of vices. All mankind are so far related, My case is as follows: I am kept by an old that care is to be taken, in things to which bachelor who took me so young that I know all are liable, you do not mention what not how he came by me. He is a bencher concerns one in terms which shall disgust of one of the inns of court, a very gay another. Thus to tell a rich man of the in- healthy old man, which is a very lucky digence of a kinsman of his, or abruptly thing for him; who has been, he tells me, to inform a virtuous woman of the lapse of a scowerer, a scamperer, a breaker of winone who until then was in the same degree dows, an invader of constables, in the days of esteem with herself, is a kind of involv- of yore, when all dominion ended with the ing each of them in some participation of day, and males and females met helter those disadvantages. It is therefore ex-skelter, and the scowerers drove before pected from every writer, to treat his ar- them all who pretended to keep up order gument in such a manner as is most proper or rule to the interruption of love and ho to entertain the sort of readers to whom his nour. This is his way of talk, for he is very discourse is directed. It is not necessary gay when he visits me; but as his former when you write to the tea-table, that you knowledge of the town has alarmed him should draw vices which carry all the hor-into an invincible jealousy, he keeps me in ror of shame and contempt: if you paint an a pair of slippers, neat bodice, impertinent self-love, an artful glance, an coats, and my own hair woven in ringlets, assumed complexion, you say all which after a manner, he says, he remembers. you ought to suppose they can be possibly am not mistress of one farthing of money, guilty of. When you talk with this limita- but have all necessaries provided for me, tion, you behave yourself so as that you under the guard of one who procured for may expect others in conversation may him while he had any desires to gratify. I second your raillery; but when you do it in know nothing of a wench's life, but the re a style which every body else forbears in putation of it: I have a natural voice, and respect to their quality, they have an easy a pretty untaught step in dancing. His remedy in forbearing to read you, and hear-manner is to bring an old fellow who has ing no more of their faults. A man that is been his servant from his youth, and now and then guilty of an intemperance is gray-headed. This man makes on the vio not to be called a drunkard; but the rule of lin a certain jiggish noise to which I dance; polite raillery is to speak of a man's faults and when that is over I sing to him some as if you loved him. Of this nature is what loose air that has more wantonness than was said by Cæsar: when one was railing music in it. You must have seen a strange with an uncourtly vehemence, and broke windowed house near Hyde Park, which is out with, "What must we call him who so built that no one can look out of any was taken in an intrigue with another man's the apartments; my rooms are after this wife?" Cæsar answered very gravely, "A manner, and I never see man, woman, or careless fellow." This was at once a re- child, but in company with the two persons the those days had not the abhorrence attending books, pamphlets, plays, operas, and songs it as it ought, as well as an intimation that that come out; and his utmost delight

warm petti


all intemperate behaviour before superiors me, as a woman, is to talk over his old

loses its aim, by accusing in a method unfit amours in my presence, for the audience. A word to the wise. All neck, say

to play

with my

"the time was," give me a kiss

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d bid me be sure to follow the directions | tain, that their first attempts were without
my guardian, (the above-mentioned lady) success, to the no small disappointment of
d I shall never want. The truth of my our whole female world; but as their con-
se is, I suppose, that I was educated for stancy and application, in a matter of so
purpose he did not know he should be great importance, can never be sufficiently
fit for when I came to years. Now, sir, commended, so I am glad to find, that in
hat I ask of you as a casuist, is to tell me spite of all opposition, they have at length
w far, in these circumstances, I am inno- carried their point, of which I received
nt, though submissive: he guilty, though advice by the two following letters:
potent? I am, sir, your constant reader,

To the Man called the Spectator. "FRIEND,-Forasmuch as at the birth of y labour, thou didst promise upon thy ord, that letting alone the vanities that abound, thou wouldest only endeavour straighten the crooked morals of this our abylon, I gave credit to thy fair speeches, d admitted one of thy papers, every day ve Sunday, into my house, for the edificaon of my daughter Tabitha, and to the end at Susanna the wife of my bosom might ofit thereby. But, alas! my friend, I find at thou art a liar, and that the truth is t in thee; else why didst thou in a paper hich thou didst lately put forth, make ention of those vain coverings for the ads of our females, which thou lovest to en unto tulips, and which are lately rung up among us? Nay, why didst thou ake mention of them in such a seeming, if thou didst approve the invention, in much that my daughter Tabitha begineth to wax wanton, and to lust after these olish vanities? Surely thou dost see with e eyes of the flesh. Verily, therefore, less thou dost speedily amend, and leave following thine own imaginations, I will

ave off thee.

Thy friend, as hereafter thou dost deean thyself,



Mr. Spectator, I am so great a lover of whatever is French, that I lately discarded an humble admirer, because he neither spoke that tongue nor drank claret. I have long bewailed in secret the calamities of my sex during the war, in all which time we have laboured under the insupportable inventions of English tire-women, who, though they sometimes copy indifferently well, can never compose with that goût" they do in France.


I was almost in despair of ever more seeing a model from that dear country, when last Sunday I overheard a lady in the next pew to me whisper another, that at the Seven Stars, in King-street, Coventgarden, there was a mademoiselle pletely dressed, just come from Paris.


I was in the utmost impatience during the remaining part of the service, and as soon as ever it was over, having learnt the milliner's "addresse," I went directly to her house in King-street, but was told that the French lady was at a person of quality's in Pall-mall, and would not be back again until very late that night. I was therefore obliged to renew my visit very early this morning, and had then a full view of the dear moppet from head to foot.

You cannot imagine, worthy sir, how ridiculously I find we have been trussed up during the war, and how infinitely the French dress excels ours.

The mantua has no lead in the sleeves, and I hope we are not lighter than the 0.277.] Thursday, January 17, 1711-12. French ladies, so as to want that kind of

-fas est et ab hoste doceri.

Ovid. Met. Lib. iv. 428.

Receive instruction from an enemy.

ballast; the petticoat has no whalebone, but
sits with an air altogether gallant and de-
gage: the coiffure is inexpressibly pretty;
and, in short, the whole dress has a thou-

IPRESUME I need not inform the polite
rt of my readers, that before our cor-
spondence with France was unhappily
I thought fit, however, to give you this
errupted by the war, our ladies had all notice, that you may not be surprised at my
eir fashions from thence; which the mil-appearing a la mode de Paris on the next
ers took care to furnish them with by birth-night. I am, sir, your humble ser-
ans of a jointed baby, that came regu- vant,

sand beauties in it, which I would not have
as yet made too public.

ly over once a month, habited after the

anner of the most eminent toasts in Paris.

I am


Within an hour after I had read this letcredibly informed, that even in the ter, I received another from the owner of

the puppet.

'SIR,-On Saturday last, being the 12th

ttest time of the war, the sex made seve-
efforts, and raised large contributions
wards the importation of this wooden instant, there arrived at my house in King-


Whether the vessel they sent out was the year 1712. I have taken the utmost street, Covent-Garden, a French baby for t or taken, or whether its cargo was care to have her dressed by the most celeParis, and do not find that I have any reason to be sorry for the expense I have been


piece of contraband goods, I have not been able to learn; it is however cer

at in her clothes and importation: however, they are now practised at the court of
as I know no person who is so good a judge France.
of dress as yourself, if you please to call at
my house in your way to the city, and take
a view of her, I promise to amend what-
ever you shall disapprove in your next
paper, before I exhibit her as a pattern to
the public. I am, sir, your most humble
admirer, and most obedient servant,


Her necklace was of an immoderate length, being tied before in such a manner, that the two ends hung down to her girdle; but whether these supply the place of kissing-strings in our enemy's country, and whether our British ladies have any occasion for them, I shall leave to their serious

She added, that she hoped she might depend upon having my encouragement as soon as it arrived; but as this was a petition of too great importance to be answered extempore, I left her without a reply, and made the best of my way to Will Honey comb's lodgings, without whose advice I never communicate any thing to the public of this nature.

-Sermones ego mallem
Repentes per humum-

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As I am willing to do any thing in reason for the service of my country women, and No. 278.] Friday, January 18, 1711-12 had much rather prevent faults than find them, I went last night to the house of the above-mentioned Mrs. Cross-Stitch. As Hor. Ep. i. Lib. 2. 250. soon as I entered, the maid of the shop, I rather choose a low and creeping style. who, I suppose, was prepared for my coming, without asking me any questions, in'MR. SPECTATOR,-SIR,-Your having troduced me to the little damsel, and ran done considerable services in this great city, away to call her mistress. by rectifying the disorders of families, and The puppet was dressed in a cherry-several wives having preferred your advice coloured gown and petticoat, with a short and directions to those of their husbands, working apron over it, which discovered emboldens me to apply to you at this time. her shape to the most advantage. Her hair I am a shop keeper, and though but a young was cut and divided very prettily, with man, I find by experience that nothing but several ribands stuck up and down in it. the utmost diligence both of husband and The milliner assured me, that her com- wife (among trading people) can keep af plexion was such as was worn by all the fairs in any tolerable order. My wife at the ladies of the best fashion in Paris. Her beginning of our establishment showed her head was extremely high, on which subject self very assisting to me in my business as having long since declared my sentiments, much as could lie in her way, and I have I shall say nothing more to it at present. I reason to believe it was with her inclination: was also offended at a small patch she wore but of late she has got acquainted with a on her breast, which I cannot suppose is school-man, who values himself for his great placed there with any good design. knowledge in the Greek tongue. He enter tains her frequently in the shop with dis courses of the beauties and excellences of that language; and repeats to her several passages out of the Greek poets, wherein he tells her there is unspeakable harmony and agreeable sounds that all other lan guages are wholly unacquainted with. He has so infatuated her with his jargon, that instead of using her former diligence in the shop, she now neglects the affairs of the house, and is wholly taken up with her tutor in learning by heart scraps of Greek, which she vents upon all occasions. She told me some days ago, that whereas I use some Latin inscriptions in my shop, she advised me with a great deal of concern to have them changed into Greek; it being a language less understood, would be more conformable to the mystery of my profes sion; that our good friend would be assisting to us in this work; and that a certain faculty As I was taking my leave, the milliner of gentlemen would find themselves so much farther informed me, that with the assist- obliged to me, that they would infallibly ance of a watch-maker, who was her neigh-make my fortune. In short, her frequent bour, and the ingenious Mr. Powel, she had importunities upon this, and other imperti also contrived another puppet, which by nences of the like nature, make me very the help of several little springs to be wound uneasy; and if your remonstrances have no up within it, could move all its limbs, and more effect upon her than mine, I am afraid that she had sent it over to her correspon- I shall be obliged to ruin myself to procure dent in Paris to be taught the various lean- her a settlement at Oxford with her tutor, ings and bendings of the head, the risings for she is already too mad for Bedlam the gentee! trip, and the agreeable jet, as exposed to, and the likelihood of my


After having observed the particulars of her dress, as I was taking a view of it altogether, the shop-maid, who is a pert wench, told me that Mademoiselle had something very curious in the tying of her garters; but as I pay a due respect even to a pair of sticks when they are under petticoats, I did not examine into that particular. Upon the whole, I was well enough pleased with the appearance of this gay lady, and the more so because she was not talkative, a quality very rarely to be met with in the rest of her country women.




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ecoming both troublesome and useless, uness her reading herself in your paper may make her reflect. She is so very learned hat I cannot pretend by word of mouth to rgue with her. She laughed out at your nding a paper in Greek, and said it was a int to women of literature, and very civil ot to translate it to expose them to the ulgar. You see how it is with, sir, your umble servant. >


'MR. SPECTATOR,-You will forgive us professors of music if we make a second application to you, in order to promote our design of exhibiting entertainments of music in York-buildings. It is industriously insinuated that our intention is to destroy operas in general, but we beg of you to in-. sert this plain explanation of ourselves in your paper. Our purpose is only to improve our circumstances, by improving the art 'MR. SPECTATOR,-If you have that huwhich we profess. We see it utterly demanity and compassion in your nature that stroyed at present, and as we were the ou take such pains to make one think you a groundless imputation that we should set persons who introduced operas, we think it ave, you will not deny your advice to a istressed damsel, who intends to be deup against the opera itself. What we preermined by your judgment in a matter of authors injudiciously put together, and a tend to assert is, that the songs of different reat importance to her. You must know hen, there is an agreeable young fellow, to foreign tone and manner which are expected hose person, wit and humour, nobody has put music itself to a stand; insomuch every thing now performed amongst us, makes any objection, that pretends to have that the ears of the people cannot now be -een long in love with me. To this I must dd (whether it proceeds from the vanity impertinent gaiety, without any just spirit, entertained with any thing but what has an f my nature, or the seeming sincerity of my lover, I will not pretend to say) that I or a languishment of notes, without any erily believe he has a real value for me; passion or common sense. We hope those ugment his merit with his mistress. In ashamed of their patronage towards us, and hich, if true, you will allow may justly persons of sense and quality who have done us the honour to subscribe, will not be hort, I am so sensible of his good qualities, not receive impressions that patronising us nd what I owe to his passion, that I think is being for or against the opera, but truly could sooner resolve to give up my liberty him than any body else, were there not promoting their own diversions in a more n objection to be made to his fortunes, in hitherto performed. We are, sir, your just and elegant manner than has been egard they do not answer the utmost mine most humble servants, may expect, and are not sufficient to secure ne from undergoing the reproachful phrase commonly used, "that she has played he fool." Now though I am one of those ew who heartily despise equipage, dia


'There will be no performances in York

monds, and a coxcomb, yet since such op-buildings until after that of the subscripposite notions from mine prevail in the tion."

world, even amongst the best, and such as


re esteemed the most prudent people, I No. 279.] Saturday, January 19, 1711-12.
cannot find in my heart to resolve upon in-
urring the censure of those wise folks,
which I am conscious I shall do, if when I
nter into a married state, I discover a
hought beyond that of equalling, if not ad-

Reddere persone scit convenientin cuique.
Hor. Ars Poet. v. 316.
He knows what best befits each character. donat

WE have already taken a general survey ancing my fortunes. Under this difficulty of the fable and characters in Milton's Paranow labour, not being in the least deter-dise Lost. The parts which remain to be ined whether I shall be governed by the considered, according to Aristotle's method, ain world, and the frequent examples I are the sentiments and the language. Beeet with, or hearken to the voice of my over, and the motions I find in my heart in avour of him. Sir, your opinion and advice this affair is the only thing I know can m the balance, and which I earnestly treat I may receive soon; for until I have our thoughts upon it, I am engaged not to ive my swain a final discharge.

fore I enter upon the first of these, I must advertise my reader, that it is my design, as soon as I have finished my general reflections on these four several heads, to give particular instances out of the poem which is now before us, of beauties and imperfections which may be observed under each of them, as also of such other particulars as Besides the particular obligation you will may not properly fall under any of them. y on me, by giving this subject room in This I thought fit to premise, that the e of your papers, it is possible it may be reader may not judge too hastily of this use to some others of my sex, who will piece of criticism, or look upon it as imas grateful for the favour as, sir, your perfect, before he has seen the whole exumble servant, FLORINDA.


'P. S. To tell you the truth, I am mared to him already, but pray say something justify me.'

long biby, viies ar a Lipo

tent of it.

The sentiments in an epic poem are the

thoughts and behaviour which the author
ascribes to the persons whom he introduces,

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