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and Vertumnus on the other, in a robe of | faint, whilst for half the steps he took, the changeable silk. After this I was surprised dog-star levelled his rays full at his head. to see the moon-beams reflected with a sud- They passed on, and made way for a perden glare from armour, and to see a man son that seemed to bend a little under the completely armed, advancing with his weight of years; his beard and hair, which sword drawn. I was soon informed by the were full grown, were composed of an equal genius it was Mars, who had long usurped number of black and gray; he wore a robe a place among the attendants of the Spring. which he had girt round him, of a yellowish He made way for a softer appearance. It cast, not unlike the colour of fallen leaves, was Venus, without any ornament but her which he walked upon. I thought he hardly own beauties, not so much as her own ces- made amends for expelling the foregoing tus, with which she had encompassed a scene by the large quantity of fruits which globe, which she held in her right hand, he bore in his hands. Plenty walked by his and in her left hand she had a sceptre of side with a healthy fresh countenance, gold. After her followed the Graces, with pouring out from a horn all the various pro arms entwined within one another; their ducts of the year. Pomona followed with a girdles were loosed, and they moved to the glass of cider in her hand, with Bacchus in sound of soft music, striking the ground a chariot drawn by tigers, accompanied by alternately with their feet. Then came up a whole troop of satyrs, fauns, and sylvans the three Months which belong to this sea- September, who came next, seemed in his son. As March advanced towards me, looks to promise a new Spring, and wore there was, methought in his look a lower- the livery of those months. The succeeding ing roughness, which ill-befitted a month month was all soiled with the juice which was ranked in so soft a season; but grapes, as he had just come from the wineas he came forwards, his features became press. November, though he was in this insensibly more mild and gentle; he smooth- division, yet, by the many stops he made, ed his brow, and looked with so sweet a seemed rather inclined to the Winter which countenance, that I could not but lament followed close at his heels. He advanced in his departure, though he made way for the shape of an old man in the extremity April. He appeared in the greatest gaiety of age; the hair he had was so very white, imaginable, and had a thousand pleasures it seemed a real snow; his eyes were red to attend him: his look was frequently and piercing, and his beard hung with great clouded, but immediately returned to its first quantity of icicles; he was wrapt up in furs, composure, and remained fixed in a smile. but yet so pinched with excess of cold, that Then came May, attended by Cupid, with his limbs were all contracted, and his body his bow strung, and in a posture to let fly bent to the ground, so that he could not an arrow: as he passed by, methought I have supported himself had it not been for heard a confused noise of soft complaints, Comus, the god of revels, and Necessity, gentle ecstacies, and tender sighs of lovers; the mother of Fate, who sustained him an vows of constancy, and as,many complain- each side. The shape and mantle of Comus ings of perfidiousness; all which the winds was one of the things that most surprised wafted away as soon as they had reached me: as he advanced towards me, his coun my hearing. After these I saw a man ad- tenance seemed the most desirable I had vance in the full prime and vigour of his ever seen. On the fore part of his mantle age; his complexion was sanguine and was pictured joy, delight, and satisfaction, ruddy, his hair black, and fell down in with a thousand emblems of merriment, beautiful ringlets beneath his shoulders; a and jests with faces looking two ways at mantle of hair-coloured silk hung loosely once; but as he passed from me I was upon him: he advanced with a hasty step amazed at a shape so little correspondent after the Spring, and sought out the shade to his face: his head was bald, and all the and cool fountains which played in the gar- rest of his limbs appeared old and deformed. den. He was particularly well pleased On the hinder part of his mantle was re when a troop of Zephyrs fanned him with presented Murder with dishevelled hair their wings. He had two companions, who and a dagger all bloody, Anger in a robe of walked on each side, that made him appear scarlet, and Suspicion squinting with both the most agreeable; the one was Aurora eyes; but above all, the most conspicuous with figures of roses, and her feet dewy, was the battle of Lapitha and the Centaurs attired in gray; the other was Vesper, in a I detested so hideous a shape, and turned robe of azure beset with drops of gold, my eyes upon Saturn, who was stealing whose breath he caught while it passed away behind him, with a scythe in one over a bundle of honeysuckles and tuberoses hand and an hour-glass in the other, unob which he held in his hand. Pan and Ceres served. Behind Necessity was Vesta, the followed them with four reapers, who goddess of fire, with a lamp that was per danced a morrice to the sound of oaten-pipes petually supplied with oil, and whose flame and cymbals. Then came the attendant was eternal. She cheered the rugged brow Months. June retained still some small of Necessity, and warmed her so far as allikeness of the Spring; but the other two seemed to step with a less vigorous tread, especially August, who seemed almost to


The English are branded, perhaps unjustly, with being addicted to suicide about this time of the year.

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0.426.] Wednesday, July 9, 1712.


-Quid non mortalia pectora cogis,
Pa Auri sacra fames?
Virg. Æn. iii. 56.
O cursed hunger of pernicious gold?
What bands of faith can impious lucre hold!

host to make her assume the features and to help her; just as long as an infant is in hkeness of Choice. December, January, the womb of its parent, so long are these and February, passed on after the rest, all medicines of revivification in preparing. a furs: there was little distinction to be Observe this small phial and this little galshade amongst them; and they were only lipot-in this an ungent, in the other a erore or less displeasing as they discovered liquor. In these, my child, are collected such dore or less haste towards the grateful re- powers, as shall revive the springs of lite arn of Spring. when they are yet but just ceased, and give new strength, new spirits, and, in a word, wholly restore all the organs and senses of the human body to as great a duration as it had before enjoyed from its birth to the day of the application of these my medicines. But, my beloved son, care must be taken to apply them within ten hours after the breath is out of the body, while yet the A VERY agreeable friend of mine the clay is warm with its late life, and yet caher day, carrying me in his coach into the pable of resuscitation. I find my frame untry to dinner, fell into a discourse con-grown crazy with perpetual toil and medierning the care of parents due to their tation; and I conjure you, as soon as I am ildren, and the piety of children to- dead, anoint me with this ungent; and ards their parents. He was reflecting when you see me begin to move, pour into on the succession of particular virtues my lips this inestimable liquor, else the d qualities there might be preserved from force of the ointment will be ineffectual. the generation to another, if these regards By this means you will give me life as I edhe never fails to mix an air of mirth and tually lay aside the authority of having be

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ere reciprocally held in veneration: but

od-humour with his good sense and reaning, he entered into the following rela

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stowed life on each other, live as brethren, and prepare new medicines against such another period of time as will demand an'I will not be confident in what century, other application of the same restoratives. under what reign it happened, that this In a few days, after these wonderful ingreant of mutual confidence and right under- dients were delivered to Alexandrinus, Baanding between father and son was fatal silius departed this life. But such was the the family of the Valentines in Germany. pious sorrow of the son at the loss of so exasilius Valentinus was a person who had cellent a father, and the first transports of rived at the utmost perfection in the her- grief had so wholly disabled him from all etic art, and initiated his son Alexandri- manner of business, that he never thought is in the same mysteries: but, as you of the medicines till the time to which his ow they are not to be attained but by the father had limited their efficacy was exinful, the pious, the chaste, and pure of pired. To tell the truth, Alexandrinus art, Basilius did not open to him, because was a man of wit and pleasure, and consihis youth, and the deviations too natural dered his father had lived out his natural it, the greatest secrets of which he was time; his life was long and uniform, suitaaster, as well knowing that the operation ble to the regularity of it; but that he himgould fail in the hands of a man so liable to self, poor sinner, wanted a new life to rerors in life as Alexandrinus. But be- pent of a very bad one hitherto; and, in ving, from a certain indisposition of mind the examination of his heart, resolved to well as body, his dissolution was draw-go on as he did with this natural being of g nigh, he called Alexandrinus to him, his, but repent very faithfully, and spend d as he lay on a couch, over against very piously the life to which he should be hich his son was seated, and prepared by restored by application of these rarities, nding out servants one after another, and when time should come to his own person. monition to examine that no one overard them, he revealed the most importt of his secrets with the solemnity and henguage of an adept. "My son," said he, many have been the watchings, long the cubrations, constant the labours of thy ther, not only to gain a great and plentiful tate to his posterity, but also to take care at he should have no posterity. Be not nazed my child: I do not mean that thou alt be taken from me, but that I will ver leave thee, and consequently cannot said to have posterity. Behold, my arest Alexandrinus, the effect of what is propagated in nine months. We are to contradict nature, but to follow and

of his

'It has been observed, that Providence frequently punishes the self-love of men, who would do immoderately for their own offspring, with children very much below their characters and qualifications; insomuch that they only transmit their names to be borne by those who give daily proofs of the vanity of the labour and ambition of their progenitors.

'It happened thus in the family of Basilius; for Alexandrinus began to enjoy his ample fortune in all the extremities of household expense, furniture, and insolent equipage; and this he pursued till the day of his own departure began, as he grew sensible, to approach. As Basilius was

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punished with a son very unlike him, "Well, Alexandrinus died, and the heire Alexandrinus was visited by one of his of his body (as our term is) could not for


own disposition. It is natural that ill men should be suspicious; and Alexandrinus, besides that jealousy, had proofs of the vicious disposition of his son Renatus, for that was his name.

Alexandrinus, as I have observed, having very good reason for thinking it unsafe to trust the real secret of his phial and gallipot to any man living, projected to make - sure work, and hope for his success depending from the avarice, not the bounty of his benefactor.


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bear, in the wantonness of his heart, tox
measure the length and breadth of his be
loved father, and cast up the ensuing value
of him before he proceeded to the operation Gr
When he knew the immense reward of his
pains, he began the work: but, lo! when he
had anointed the corpse all over, and be
gan to apply the liquor, the body stirred,
and Renatus, in a fright, broke the phial.'

No. 427.] Thursday, July 10, 1712.


Quantum a rerum turpitudine abes, tantum te a ver borum libertate sejungas. Tall We should be as careful of our words, as our actions;

and as far from speaking, as from doing ill.

With this thought he called Renatus to lis bed-side, and bespoke him in the most pathetic gesture and accent. "As much, my son, as you have been addicted to vanity and pleasure, as I also have been before you, you nor I could escape the fame or Ir is a certain sign of an ill heart to be inthe good effects of the profound knowledge clined to defamation. They who are harmof our progenitor, the renowned Basilius. less and innocent can have no gratification His symbol is very well known in the phi-that way; but it ever arises from a neglect losophic world; and I shall never forget the of what is laudable in a man's self, and an venerable air of his countenance, when he impatience in seeing it in another. Else let me into the profound mysteries of the why should virtue provoke? Why should smaragdine tables of Hermes. "It is true," beauty displease in such a degree, that a said he, "and far removed from all colour man given to scandal never lets the menof deceit; that which is inferior is like that tion of either pass by him, without offering which is superior, by which are acquired something to the diminution of it? A lady and perfected all the miracles of a certain the other day at a visit, being attacked work. The father is the sun, the mother somewhat rudely by one whose own chathe moon, the wind is the womb, the earth racter has been very rudely treated, anis the nurse of it, and mother of all perfec-swered a great deal of heat and intemper tion. All this must be received with mo- ance very calmly, "Good madam, spare desty and wisdom. The chymical people me, who am none of your match; I speak carry, in all their jargon, a whimsical sort ill of nobody, and it is a new thing to me to of piety which is ordinary with great lovers be spoken ill of." Little minds think fame of money, and is no more but deceiving themselves, that their regularity and strictness of manners, for the ends of this world, has some affinity to the innocence of heart which must recommend them to the next. Renatus wondered to hear his father talk so like an adept, and with such a mixture of piety; while Alexandrinus, observing his attention fixed, proceeded. "This phial, child, and this little earthen pot, will add to thy estate so much as to make thee the richest man in the German empire. I am going to my long home, but shall not return to common dust." Then he resumed a countenance of alacrity, and told him, that if within an hour after his death he anointed his whole body, and poured down his throat that liquor which he had from old Basilius, the corpse would be converted into pure gold. I will not pretend to express to you the unfeigned tenderness that passed between these two extraordinary persons; but if the father recommended the care of his remains with vehemence and affection, the son was not behind hand in professing that he would not cut the least bit off him, but upon the utmost extremity, or to provide for his younger brothers and sisters.

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consists in the number of votes they have on their side among the multitude, whereas it is really the inseparable follower of good and worthy actions. Fame is as natural a follower of merit, as a shadow is of a body. It is true, when crowds press upon you, this shadow cannot be seen; but when they separate from around you, it will again ap pear. The lazy, the idle, and the froward, are the persons who are most pleased with the little tales which pass about the town to the disadvantage of the rest of the world. Were it not for the pleasure of speaking ill, there are numbers of people who are too lazy to go out of their own houses, and too ill-natured to open their lips in conver sation. It was not a little diverting the other day to observe a lady reading a postletter, and at these words, After all her airs, he has heard some story or other, and the match is broken off,' gives orders in the midst of her reading, Put to the horses That a young woman of merit had missed an advantageous settlement was news not to be delayed, lest somebody else should have given her malicious acquaintance that satisfaction before her. The unwillingness to receive good tidings is a quality as in separable from a scandal-bearer, as the readiness to divulge bad. But, alas! how wretchedly low and contemptible is that

state of mind, that cannot be pleased but so well as this old lady does to disperse it. by what is the subject of lamentation. This She does not know the author of any thing temper has ever been, in the highest de- that is told her, but can readily repeat the gree, odious to gallant spirits. The Persian matter itself; therefore, though she exposes soldier, who was heard reviling Alexander all the whole town, she offends no one body the Great, was well admonished by his of-in it. She is so exquisitely restless and ficer, Sir, you are paid to fight against peevish, that she quarrels with all about Alexander, and not to rail at him.' her, and sometimes in a freak will instantly Cicero, in one of his pleadings, defend-change her habitation. To indulge this mg his client from general scandal, says humour, she is led about the grounds bevery handsomely, and with much reason, longing to the same house she is in; and the There are many who have particular en-persons to whom she is to remove being in gagements to the prosecutor; there are the plot, are ready to receive her at her many who are known to have ill-will to him | own chamber again. At stated times the for whom I appear; there are many who are gentlewoman at whose house she supposes naturally addicted to defamation, and en- she is at the time, is sent for to quarrel with, vious of any good to any man, who may have contributed to spread reports of this kind; for nothing is so swift as scandal, nothing is more easily set abroad, nothing received with more welcome, nothing diffuses itself so universally. I shall not desire, that if any report to our disadvantage has any ground for it, you would overlook or extenuate it: but if there be any thing advanced, without a person who can say whence he had it, or which is attested by one who forgot who told him it, or who had it from one of so little consideration that he did not think it worth his notice, all such estimonies as these, I know, you will think too slight to have any credit against the inocence and honour of your fellow citizens.' When an ill report is traced, it very often Vanishes among such as the orator has here Grecited. And how despicable a creature Whoever receives impressions to the dismust that be, who is in pain for what passes advantage of others, without examination, is among so frivolous a people! There is a to be had in no other credit for intelligence own in Warwickshire, of good note, and than this good lady Bluemantle, who is subformerly pretty famous for much animosity jected to have her ears' imposed upon for and dissention, the chief families of which want of other helps to better information. have now turned all their whispers, back- Add to this, that other scandal-bearers bitings, envies, and private malices, into suspend the use of these faculties which mirth and entertainment, by means of a she has lost, rather than apply them to do peevish old gentlewoman, known by the title justice to their neighbours: and I think, for of the lady Bluemantle. This heroine had, the service of my fair readers, to acquaint for many years together outdone the whole them, that there is a voluntary lady Bluesisterhood of gossips in invention, quick mantle at every visit in town. utterance, and unprovoked malice. This

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according to her common custom. When they have a mind to drive the jest, she is immediately urged to that degree, that she will board in a family with which she has never yet been; and away she will go this instant, and tell them all that the rest have been saying of them. By this means she has been an inhabitant of every house in the place, without stirring from the same habitation: and the many stories which every body furnishes her with, to favour the deceit, make her the general intelligencer of the town of all that can be said by one woman against another. Thus groundless stories die away, and sometimes truths are smothered under the general word, when they have a mind to discountenance a thing, Oh! that is in my lady Bluemantle's Memoirs.'

Occupet extremum scabies.


good body is of a lasting constitution, though No. 428.] Friday, July 11, 1712. extremely decayed in her eyes, and decrepid in her feet. The two circumstances Hor Ars Poet. ver. 417. being always at home, from her lameThe devil take the hindmost!- -English Proverbs. ness, and very attentive from her blindess, make her lodgings the receptacle IT is an impertinent and unreasonable of all that passes in town, good or bad; fault in conversation, for one man to take out for the latter she seems to have the up all the discourse. It may possibly be petter memory. There is another thing to objected to me myself, that I am guilty in De noted of her, which is, that, as it is this kind, in entertaining the town every usual with old people, she has a livelier day, and not giving so many able persons, memory of things which passed when she who have it more in their power, and as was very young than of late years. Add to much in their inclination, an opportunity to this, that she does not only not love any oblige mankind with their thoughts. ody, but she hates every body. The statue sides,' said one whom I overheard the other Rome* does not serve to vent malice half day, why must this paper turn altogether upon topics of learning and morality? Why should it pretend only to wit, humour, or the like-things which are useful only


A statue of Pasquin in that city, on which sarcas ic remarks were pasted, and thence called Pasquinades. VOL. II.


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what tracts of land have been purchased by a constant attendance within a walk of thirty foot. If it could also be noted in the equipage of those who are ascended from the successful trade of their ancestors into figure and equipage, such accounts would quicken industry in the pursuit of such acquisitions, and discountenance luxury in the enjoyment of them.

ruptcy: how plenty, credit, cheerfulness, full hopes, and easy possessions, are in an instant turned into penury, feint aspects, diffidence, sorrow, and misery; how the man, who with an open hand the day be fore could administer to the extremities of others is shunned to-day by the friend of his bosom. It would be useful to show how just this is on the negligent, how lament able on the industrious. A paper written by a merchant might give this island a true sense of the worth and importance of his character, it might be visible from what he could say, that no soldier entering a breach adventures more for honour, than the trader does for wealth to his country. In both cases, the adventurers have their own advantage; but I know no cases wherein every body else is a sharer in the success.

to men of literature, and superior educa-
tion? I would have it consist also of all
things which may be necessary or useful to
any part of society; and the mechanic arts
should have their place as well as the libe-
ral. The ways of gain, husbandry, and
thrift, will serve a greater number of peo-
ple than discourses upon what was well
said or done by such a philosopher, hero,
general, or poet.'-I no sooner heard this To diversify these kinds of information,
critic talk of my works, but I minuted what the industry of the female world is not to be
he had said; and from that instant resolved unobserved. She to whose household vir
to enlarge the plan of my speculations, by tues it is owing, that men do honour to her
giving notice to all persons of all orders, husband, should be recorded with venera-
and each sex, that if they are pleased to tion; she who has wasted his labours, with
send me discourses, with their names and infamy. When we are come into domestic
places of abode to them, so that I can be life in this manner, to awaken caution and
satisfied the writings are authentic, such attendance to the main point, it would not be
their labours shall be faithfully inserted in amiss to give now and then a touch of tra
this paper. It will be of much more conse-gedy, and describe that most dreadful of
quence to a youth, in his apprenticeship, all human conditions, the case of bank-
to know by what rules and arts such-a-one
became sheriff of the city of London, than to
see the sign of one of his own quality with
a lion's heart in each hand. The world,
indeed, is enchanted with romantic and
improbable achievements, when the plain
path to respective greatness and success,
in the way of life a man is in, is wholly
overlooked. Is it possible that a young man
at present could pass his time better than
in reading the history of stocks, and know-
ing by what secret springs they have had
such sudden ascents and falls in the same
day! Could he be better conducted in his
way to wealth, which is the great article
of life, than in a treaties dated from
'Change-alley by an able proficient there?
Nothing certainly could be more useful,
than to be well instructed in his hopes and
fears; to be diffident when others exult;
and with a secret joy buy when others
think it their interest to sell. I invite all
persons who have any thing to say for the
profitable information of the public, to take
their turns in my paper: they are welcome
from the late noble inventor of the longi-
tude, to the humble author of straps for ra-
zors. If to carry ships in safety, to give
help to a people tossed in a troubled sea,
without knowing to what shores they bear,
what rocks to avoid, or what coast to pray
for in their extremity, be a worthy labour,
and an invention that deserves a statue; at
the same time, he who has found a means
to let the instrument which is to make your
visage less horrible, and your person more
snug, easy in the operation, is worthy of
some kind of good reception. If things of
high moment meet with renown, those of
little consideration, since of any considera-
tion, are not to be despised. In order that
no merit may lie hid, and no art unim-
proved, I repeat it, that I call artificers, as
well as philosophers, to my assistance in the
public service. It would be of great use if
we had an exact history of the successes
of every great shop within the city walls,


It is objected by readers of history, that the battles in those narrations are scarce ever to be understood. This misfortune is to be ascribed to the ignorance of historians in the methods of drawing up, changing the forms of a battalia, and the enemy re treating from, as well as approaching to, the charge. But in the discourses from the correspondents, whom I now invite, the danger will be of another kind; and it is ne cessary to caution them only against using terms of art, and describing things that are familiar to them in words unknown to the reader. I promise myself a great harvest of new circumstances, persons, and things, from this proposal; and a world, which many think they are well acquainted with, discovered as wholly new. This sort of intelligence will give a lively image of the chain and mutual dependance of human society, take off impertinent prejudices, enlarge the minds of those whose views are confined to their own circumstances; and, in short, if the knowing in several arts, professions, and trades, will exert them selves, it cannot but produce a new field d diversion and instruction, more agreeable than has yet appeared.



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