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vered of a daughter, who died within a few myself; let him remember how awkward I hours after her birth. This accident, and was in my dissembled indifference towards the retired manner of life I led, gave cri- him before company; ask him how I, who minal hopes to a neighbouring brute of a could never conceal my love for him, at his country gentleman, whose folly was the own request can part with him for ever? Oh, source of all my affliction. This rustic is Mr. Spectator, sensible spirits know no inone of those rich clowns who supply the difference in marriage: what then do you want of all manner of breeding by the think is my piercing_affliction?- -I leave neglect of it, and with noisy mirth, half un- you to represent my distress your own way, derstanding and ample fortune, force them-in which I desire you to be speedy, if you selves upon persons and things, without any have compassion for innocence exposed to sense of time or place. The poor ignorant infamy. OCTAVIA.' people where I lay concealed, and now passed for a widow, wondered I could be


-Modo vir, modo fœmina.
Sometimes a man, sometimes a woman.

so shy and strange, as they called it, to the No. 323.] Tuesday, March 11, 1711-12 squire; and were bribed by him to admit him whenever he thought fit: I happened to be sitting in a little parlour which belonged to my own part of the house, and THE journal with which I presented my musing over one of the fondest of my hus- reader on Tuesday last has brought me in band's letters, in which I always kept the several letters, with accounts of many pricertificate of my marriage, when this rude vate lives cast into that form. I have the fellow came in, and with the nauseous fami- Rake's Journal,' the 'Sot's Journal,' the liarity of such unbred brutes snatched the Whoremaster's Journal,' and, among se papers out of my hand. I was immediately veral others, a very curious piece, entitled, under so great a concern, that I threw my-The Journal of a Mohock. By these inself at his feet, and begged of him to return stances, I find that the intention of my last them. He, with the same odious pretence Tuesday's paper has been mistaken by to freedom and gaiety, swore he would read many of my readers. I did not design so them. I grew more importunate, he more much to expose vice as idleness, and aimed curious, till at last, with an indignation at those persons who passed away their arising from a passion I then first disco- time rather in trifles and impertinence, vered in him, he threw the papers into the than in crimes and immoralities. Offences fire, swearing that since he was not to read of this latter kind are not to be dallied with, them, the man who writ them should never or treated in so ludicrous a manner. In be so happy as to have me read them over short, my journal only holds up folly to the again. It is insignificant to tell you my tears light, and shows the disagreeableness of and reproaches made the boisterous calf such actions as are indifferent in themleave the room ashamed and out of coun- selves, and blameable only as they proceed tenance, when I had leisure to ruminate on from creatures endowed with reason. this accident with more than ordinary sorMy following correspondent, who calls row. However, such was then my confi- herself Clarinda, is such a journalist as I dence in my husband, that I writ to him require. She seems by her letter to be the misfortune, and desired another paper placed in a modish state of indifference beof the same kind. He deferred writing two tween vice and virtue, and to be susceptible or three posts, and at last answered me in of either, were there proper pains taken general, that he could not then send me with her. Had her journal been filled with what I asked for; but when he could find a gallantries, or such occurrences as had proper conveyance, I should be sure to have shown her wholly divested of her natural it. From this time his letters were more innocence, notwithstanding it might have cold every day than other, and, as he grew been more pleasing to the generality of indifferent I grew jealous. This has at last readers, I should not have published it: brought me to town, where I find both the but as it is only the picture of a life filled witnesses of my marriage dead, and that with a fashionable kind of gaiety and lazimy husband, after three month's cohabita-ness, I shall set down five days of it, as I tion, has buried a young lady whom he mar- have received it from the hand of my fair ried in obedience to his father. In a word correspondent. he shuns and disowns me. Should I come to the house and confront him, the father would join in supporting him against me, though he believed my story; should I talk it to the world, what reparation can I expect for an injury I cannot make out? I believe he means to bring me, through necessity, to resign my pretensions to him for some provision for my life; but I will die first. Pray bid him remember what he said, and how he was charmed when he laughed at the heedless discovery I often made of

DEAR MR. SPECTATOR,-You having set your readers an exercise in one of your last week's papers, I have performed mine according to your orders, and herewith send it you enclosed. You must know, Mr. Spectator, that I am a maiden lady of a good fortune, who have had several matches offered me for these ten years last past, and have at present warm applications made to me by a very pretty fellow.' As I am at my own disposal, I come up to town every winter, and pass my time in it

after the manner you will find in the follow-flowered handkerchief. Worked half a vio ng journal, which I began to write the very let leaf in it. Eyes ached and head out of day after your Spectator upon that subject.' order. Threw by my work, and read over the remaining part of Aurengzebe. TUESDAY night. Could not go to sleep till one in the morning for thinking of my journal.

WEDNESDAY. From eight till ten. Drank two dishes of chocolate in bed, and fell asleep after them.

From ten to eleven. Eat a slice of bread and butter, drank a dish of bohea, and read the Spectator.

From eleven to one. At my toilette; tried new hood. Gave orders for Veny to be combed and washed. Mem. I look best in blue.

From one till half an hour after two. Drove to the 'Change. Cheapened a couple of fans.

Till four. At dinner. Mem. Mr. Froth passed by in his new liveries.

From four to six. Dressed: paid a visit to old lady Blithe and her sister, having before heard they were gone out of town that day. From six to eleven. At basset. Mem. Never set again upon the ace of diamonds. THURSDAY. From eleven at night to eight in the morning. Dreamed that I punted* to Mr. Froth.

From eight to ten. Chocolate. Read two acts in Aurengzebe a-bed,

From ten to eleven. Tea-table. Sent to borrow lady Faddle's Cupid for Veny. Read the play-bills. Received a letter from Mr. Froth. Mem. Locked it up in my strong box.

Rest of the morning. Fontange, the tirewoman, her account of my lady Blithe's wash. Broke a tooth in my little tortoiseshell comb.

Sent Frank to know how my lady Hectic rested after her monkey's leaping out at window. Looked pale. Fontange tells me my glass is not true. Dressed by three. From three to four. Dinner cold before I sat down.

From four to eleven. Saw company. Mr. Froth's opinion of Milton. His account of the Mohocks. His fancy of a pin-cushion. Picture in the lid of his snuff-box. Old lady Faddle promises me her woman to cut my hair. Lost five guineas at crimp.

Twelve o'clock at night. Went to bed. FRIDAY. Eight in the morning. A-bed. Read over all Mr. Froth's letters. Cupid and Veny.

Ten o'clock. Stayed within all day, not

at home.

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From three to four. Dined.

From four to twelve. Changed my mind, dressed, went abroad, and played at crimp till midnight. Found Mrs. Spitely at home. Conversation: Mrs. Brilliant's necklace false stones. Old lady Love-day going to be married to a young fellow that is not worth a groat. Miss Prue gone into the country. Tom Townly has red hair. Mem. Mrs. Spitely whispered in my ear, that she had something to tell me about Mr. Froth; I am sure it is not true.

Between twelve and one. Dreamed that Mr. Froth lay at my feet, and called me Indamora.

SATURDAY. Rose at eight o'clock in the morning. Sat down to my toilette.

half an hour before I could determine it. From eight to nine. Shifted a patch for Fixed it above my left eyebrow.

From nine to twelve. Drank my tea, and


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From three to four. Dined. Miss Kitty called upon me to go to the opera before I was risen from table.

From dinner to six. Drank tea. Turned

off a footman for being rude to Veny.

Six o'clock. Went to the opera. I did not see Mr. Froth till the beginning of the second act. Mr. Froth talked to a gentleman in a black wig; bowed to a lady in the front box. Mr. Froth and his friend clapped Nicolini in the third act. Mr. Froth cried out Ancora.' Mr. Froth led me to my chair. I think he squeezed my hand.


Eleven at night. Went to bed. Melancholy dreams. Methought Nicolini said he was Mr. Froth. SUNDAY. MONDAY. Eight o'clock. Waked by Miss Kitty. Aurengzebe lay upon the chair by me. Kitty repeated without book the eight best lines in the play. Went in our mobst to the dumb man, according to appointment. Told me that my lover's name began with a G. Mem. The conju

rors was within a letter of Mr. Froth's name, &c.

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I am at leisure. As for Mr. Froth and Veny, I did not think they took up so much of my time and thoughts as I find they do upon my journal. The latter of them I will turn off, if you insist upon it; and if Mr. Froth does not bring matters to a conclusion very suddenly, I will not let my life run away in a dream. Your humble servant, CLARINDA.'

To resume one of the morals of my first paper, and to confirm Clarinda in her good inclinations, I would have her consider what a pretty figure she would make among posterity, were the history of her whole life published like these five days of it. I shall conclude my paper with an epitaph written by an uncertain author on Sir Philip Sydney's sister, a lady who seems to have been of a temper very much different from that of Clarinda. The last thought of it is so very noble, that I dare say my reader will pardon me the quotation.


required in the members. In order to exert this principle in its full strength and perfection, they take care to drink themselves to a pitch, that is, beyond the possibility of attending to any motions of reason or humanity; then make a general sally, and attack all that are so unfortunate as to walk the streets through which they patrole. Some are knocked down, others stabbed, others cut and carbonadoed. To put the watch to a total rout, and mortify some of those inoffensive militia, is reckonby which these misanthropes are distined a coup d'eclat. The particular talents guished from one another, consist in the

various kinds of barbarities which they lebrated for a happy dexterity in tipping execute upon the prisoners. Some are ce the lion upon them; which is performed by squeezing the nose flat to the face, and boring out the eyes with their fingers Others are called the dancing-masters, and teach their scholars to cut capers by running swords through their legs; a new invention, whether originally French I cannot tell. A third sort are the tumblers, whose office is to set women on their heads, and commit certain indecencies, or rather bar barities, on the limbs which they expose. But these I forbear to mention, because they cannot but be very shocking to the reader as well as the Spectator. In this manner No. 324.] Wednesday, March 12, 1711-12. they carry on a war against mankind; and


Underneath this marble hearse
Lies the subject of all verse,
Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother:
Death, ere thou hast kill'd another,
Fair and learn'd and good as she,
Time shall throw a dart at thee.

O curve in terris animæ, et cœlestium inanes!


Pers. Sat. ii. 61.

O souls, in whom no heavenly fire is found,
Flat minds, and ever grovelling on the ground!*

'MR. SPECTATOR,-The materials you
have collected together towards a general
history of clubs, make so bright apart of your
speculations, that I think it is but justice we
all owe the learned world, to furnish you with
such assistance as may promote that useful
work. For this reason I could not forbear
communicating to you some imperfect in-
formations of a set of men (if you will allow
them a place in that species of being) who
have lately erected themselves into a noc-
turnal fraternity, under the title of the
Mohock-club, a name borrowed it seems
from a sort of cannibals in India, who
subsist by plundering and devouring all
the nations about them. The president is
styled, Emperor of the Mohocks;' and his
arms are a Turkish crescent, which his im-
perial majesty bears at present in a very
extraordinary manner engraven upon his
forehead. Agreeable to their name, the
avowed design of their institution is mis-
chief; and upon this foundation all their
rules and orders are framed. An outrage-
ous ambition of doing all possible hurt to
their fellow-creatures, is the great cement
of their assembly, and the only qualification

The motto prefixed to this paper in folio, is from


Savis inter se convenit ursis.
Even bears with bears agrec.

by the standing maxims of their policy, are to enter into no alliances but one, and that is offensive and defensive with all bawdyhouses in general, of which they have de clared themselves protectors and guaran tees.

'I must own, sir, these are only broken, incoherent memoirs of this wonderful society; but they are the best I have been yet able to procure: for, being but of late esta blished, it is not ripe for a just history; and, to be serious, the chief design of this trouble is to hinder it from ever being so. You have been pleased, out of a concern for the good of your countrymen, to act, under the character of a Spectator, not only the part of a looker-on, but an overseer of their actions; and whenever such enormities as this infest the town, we immediately fly to you for redress. I have reason to believe, that some thoughtless youngsters, out of a false notion of bravery, and an immoderate fondness to be distinguished for fellows of fire, are insensibly hurried into this senseless, scandalous project. Such will pro bably stand corrected by your reproofs, especially if you inform them, that it is not courage for half a score fellows, mad with wine and lust, to set upon two or three soberer than themselves; and that the manners of Indian savages are not becoming accomplishments to an English fine gentle


and scowerers of a long standing, and are Such of them as have been bullies grown veterans in this kind of service, are,

fear, too hardened to receive any impres


-Quid frustra simulacra fugacia captas?
Quod petis, est nusquam: quod amas avertere, perdes.
Ista repercussæ, quam cernis, imaginis umbra est,
Nil habet ista sui: tecum venitque, manetque;
Tecum discedet; si tu discedere possis.

sions from your admonitions. But I beg No. 325.] Thursday, March 13, 1711-12.
you would recommend to their perusal your
ninth speculation. They may there be
aught to take warning from the club of
duellists; and be put in mind, that the com-
mon fate of those men of honour was, to be
hanged. I am, sir, your most humble ser-

'March 10, 1711-12.'

The following letter is of a quite contrary nature; but I add it here, that the reader may observe, at the same view, how amiable ignorance may be, when it is shown in its simplicities; and how detestable in barbarities. It is written by an honest countryman to his mistress, and came to the hands of a lady of good sense, wrapped about a thread-paper, who has long kept Et by her as an image of artless love.

Ovid. Met. Lib. iii. 432.

[From the fable of Narcissus.]

What could, fond youth, this helpless passion move?
What kindled in thee this unpitied love?

Thy own warm blush within the water glows;
With thee the colour'd shadow comes and goes;
Its empty being on thyself relies:

Step thou aside, and the frail charmer dies.-Addison.
WILL HONEYCOMB diverted us last night
with an account of a young fellow's first dis-
covering his passion to his mistress. The
young lady was one, it seems, who had long
him, and was still in hopes that he would
before conceived a favourable opinion of

some time or other make his advances. As he was one day talking with her in comTo her I very much respect, Mrs. Mar-pany of her two sisters, the conversation

tion excuse

garet Clark.

happening to turn upon love, each of the young ladies was, by way of raillery, recomLovely, and oh that I could write loving, mending a wife to him; when, to the no small Mrs. Margaret Clark, I pray you let affec-surprise of her who languished for him in happy presumption. Having been so secret, he told them, with a more than oras to enjoy the sight of your sweet dinary seriousness, that his heart had been countenance and comely body, sometimes long engaged to one whose name he thought when I had occasion to buy treacle or himself obliged in honour to conceal; but liquorish powder at the apothecary's shop, that he could show her picture in the lid of I am so enamoured with you, that I can no his snuff-box. The young lady, who found more keep close my flaming desires to be- herself most sensibly touched by this concome your servant. And I am the more fession, took the first opportunity that ofbold now to write to your sweet self, be- fered of snatching his box out of his hand. Cause I am now my own man, and may match He seemed desirous of recovering it; but where I please; for my father is taken finding her resolved to look into the lid, away, and now I am come to my living, begged her, that, if she should happen to which is ten yard land, and a house; and know the person, she would not reveal her it is as well worth ten pounds a year as a she was very agreeably surprised to find there is never a yard land, † in our field, but name. Upon carrying it to the window, thief is worth a halter, and all my brothers there was nothing within the lid but a little provided for: besides, I have looking-glass; on which, after she had good household stuff, though I say it, both viewed her own face with more pleasure brass and pewter, linens and woollens; and than she had ever done before, she returnhouse be thatched, yet, if ed the box with a smile, telling him she

and sisters are

though my


and I match, it shall go hard but I will could not but admire his choice.
have one half of it slated. If you think well Will, fancying that this story took, im-
of this
mediately fell into a dissertation on the
y new clothes are made, and hay harvest usefulness of looking-glasses; and, applying
is in,, I could, though I say it, have good himself to me, asked if there were any
The rest is torn off; and posterity looking-glasses in the times of the Greeks
must be contented to know, that Mrs. and Romans; for that he had often observ
Margaret Clark was very pretty; but are ed, in the translations of poems out of those


note in Mr. Chalmers's edition of the Spectator in formans, that this letter was really conveyed in the oner here mentioned to a Mrs. Cole, of Northamp on the writer was a gentleman of the name of Bullock: the part torn off is given in the note alluded to as


good matches amongst my neighbours.

seeing themselves in wells, fountains, lakes,
and rivers. Nay, says he, I remember Mr.

Dryden, in his Ovid, tells us of a swinging
fellow, called Polypheme, that made use
of the sea for his looking-glass, and could
never dress himself to advantage but in a


My mother, peace be with her soul! the good old gen-
her own spinning, a chest full. If you and I lay our further informed us, that there were still
My friend Will, to show us the whole
heroman, has left me good store of household linen of compass of his learning upon this subject,
way to do well. Your loving servant till death, Mister several nations in the world so very barba-

means together, it shall go hard but I will pave the

Gabriel Bullock, now my father is dead." See No. 328.* A yard land [virgata terra] in some counties, some 24, and in others 30 acres of

contains 20 acres,

and-Les Termes de la Ley. Ed. 1667.

rous as not to have any looking-glasses
among them; and that he had lately read
a voyage to the South Sea, in which it is

said that the ladies of Chili always dressed | No. 325.] Friday, March 14, 1711-12. their heads over a basin of water.

I am the more particular in my account of Will's last night's lecture on these natural mirrors, as it seems to bear some relation to the following letter, which I received the day before.

'SIR, I have read your last Saturday's observations on the fourth book of Milton with great satisfaction, and am particularly pleased with the hidden moral which you have taken notice of in several parts of the poem. The design of this letter is to desire your thoughts, whether there may not also be some moral couched under that

place in the same book, where the poet lets us know, that the first woman immediately after her creation ran to a looking-glass, and

became so enamoured of her own face, that

she had never removed to view any of the
other works of nature, had she not been
led off to a man? If you think fit to set
down the whole passage from Milton, your
readers will be able to judge for themselves,
and the quotation will not a little contribute
to the filling up of your paper. Your hum-
ble servant,
R. T.'

The last consideration_ urged by my querist is so strong, that I cannct forbear closing with it. The passage he alludes to is part of Eve's speech to Adam, and one of the most beautiful passages in the whole


"That day I oft remember, when from sleep
I first awak'd, and found myself repos'd
Under a shade of flowers, much wond'ring where
And what I was, whence hither brought, and how.
Not distant far from thence a murmuring sound
Of waters issued from a cave, and spread
Into a liquid plain, and stood unmov'd
Pure as th' expanse of heaven: I thither went
With unexperienc'd thought, and laid me down
On the green bank, to look into the clear
Smooth lake, that to me seem'd another sky.
As I bent down to look, just opposite,
A shape within the watery gleam appear'd,
Bending to look on me; I started back,

It started back; but pleas'd I soon return'd,
Pleas'd it return'd as soon with answering looks
Of sympathy and love: there I had fix'd
Mine eyes till now, and pin'd with vain desire,
Had not a voice thus warn'd me: "What thou seest,
What there thou seest, fair creature, is thyself;
With thee it came and goes; but follow me,
And I will bring thee where no shadow stays
Thy coming and thy soft embraces; he
Whose image thou art, him thou shalt enjoy,
Inseparably thine; to him shalt bear
Multitudes like thyself, and thence be call'd
Mother of human race." What could I do,
But follow straight, invisibly thus led?
Till I espy'd thee, fair indeed and tall,
Under a plantain; yet, methought, less fair,
Less winning soft, less amiably mild,

Than that smooth watery image: back I turn'd;
Thou following cry'dst aloud, "Return, fair Eve!

Inclusam Danaen turris ahenea,
Robustæque fores, et vigilum canum
Tristes excubiæ munierant satis
Nocturnis ab adulteris:
Si non

Hor. Lib. iii. Od. xvi. L.

Of watchful dogs an odious ward
Right well one hapless virgin guard,
When in a tower of brass immur'd,
By mighty bars of steel secur'd,
Although by mortal rake-hells lewd
With all their midnight arts pursu'd,
Had not-

Francis, vol. ii. p. 77.

Be to her faults a little blind,
Be to her virtues very kind,

And clap your padlock on her mind.-Padlock. dent's letter relating to fortune-hunters, 'MR. SPECTATOR,-Your corresponand your subsequent discourse upon it, have given me encouragement to send you


state of my case, by which you will see, that the matter complained of is a common grievance both to city and country. five and six thousand a year. I am a country-gentleman of between fortune to have a very fine park and an only It is my misdaughter; upon which account I have been so plagued with deer-stealers and fops, that for these four years past I have scarce enjoyed a moment's rest. I look upon my self to be in a state of war; and am forced to keep as constant watch in my seat, as a governor would do that commanded a town on the frontier of an enemy's country. I have indeed pretty well secured my park, having for this purpose provided myself of four keepers, who are left-handed, and handle a quarter-staff beyond any other fel lows in the country. And for the guard of my house, besides a band of pensioner matrons and an old maiden relation whom I keep on constant duty, I have blunder busses always charged, and fox-gins plant ed in private places about my garden, of which I have given frequent notice in the neighbourhood; yet so it is, that in spite of all my care, I shall every now and then have a saucy rascal ride by, reconnoitering (as I think you call it) under my windows, as sprucely dressed as if he were going to a ball. I am aware of this way of attacking a mistress on horseback, having heard that it is a common practice in Spain; and have therefore taken care to remove my daugh ter from the road-side of the house, and to lodge her next the garden. But to cut short my story: What can a man do after all? I durst not stand for member of parliament last election, for fear of some ill conse quence from my being off my post. What I would therefore desire of you is, to pro

Whom fly'st thou ? Whom thou fly'st, of him thou art, mote a project I have set on foot, and upon

His flesh, his bone; to give thee being, I lent
Out of my side to thee, nearest my heart,
Substantial life, to have thee by my side,
Henceforth an individual solace dear:
Part of my soul, I seek thee, and thee claim,
My other half!"-With that thy gentle hand
Seiz'd mine; I yielded, and from that time see
How beauty is excell'd by manly grace
And wisdom, which alone is truly fair.'
So spake our general mother-


which I have written to some of my friends: and that is, that care may be taken to se cure our daughters by law, as well as our deer; and that some honest gentleman, of a public spirit, would move for leave to bring in a bill for the better preserving of the female game. I am, sir, your humble


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