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others, as there were straight and crooked paths, which attended all along to their respective issues.

I observed from the several paths many Dow and then diverting, to refresh and otherwise qualify themselves for their journey, to the respective rivulets that ran near them: they contracted a very observable courage and steadiness in what they were about, by drinking these waters. At the end of the perspective of every straight path, all which did end in one issue and point, appeared a high pillar, all of diamond, casting rays as bright as those of the sun into the paths; which rays had also certain sympathizing and alluring virtues in them, so that whosoever had made some considerable progress in his journey onwards towards the pillar, by the repeated impression of these rays upon him, was wrought into an habitual inclination and conversion of his sight towards it, so that it grew at last in a manner natural to him to look and gaze upon it, whereby he was kept steady in the straight paths, which alone led to that radiant body, the beholding of which was now grown a gratification to his nature.

the crooked paths, who came up to me, bid me go along with them, and presently fell to singing and dancing: they took me by the hand, and so carried me away along with them. After I had followed them a considerable while, I perceived I had lost the black tower of light, at which I greatly wondered; but as I looked and gazed round about me and saw nothing, I began to fancy my first vision had been but a dream, and there was no such thing in reality; but then I considered that if I could fancy to see what was not, I might as well have an allusion wrought on me at present, and not see what was really before me. I was very much confirmed in this thought, by the effect I then just observed the water of Worldly-Wisdom had upon me; for as I had drank a little of it again, I felt a very sensible effect in my head; methought it distracted and disordered all there; this made me stop of a sudden, suspecting some charm or enchantment. As I was casting about within myself what I should do, and whom to apply to in this case, I spied at some distance off me a man beckoning, and making signs to me to come over to him. I cried to him, I did not know the way. He then called to me, audibly, to step at least out of the path I was in; for if I stayed there any longer I was in danger to be catched in a great net that was just hanging over me, and ready to catch me up; that he wondered I was so blind, or so distracted, as not to see so imminent and visible a danger; assuring me, that as soon as I was out of that way, he would come to me to lead me into a more secure path. This I did, and he brought me his palmfull of the water of Heavenly-Wisdom, which was of very great use to me, for my eyes were straight cleared, and I saw the great black tower just before me: but the great net which I spied so near me cast me in such a terror, that I ran back as far as I could in one breath without looking behind me. Then my benefactor thus bespoke me: "You have made the wonderfullest escape in the world; the water you used to drink is of a bewitching nature; you would else have been mightily shocked at the deformities and meanness of the place; for besides the set of blind fools, in whose company you was, you may now behold many others who are only bewitched after another no less dangerous manner. Look a "They would sometimes cast their nets little that way, there goes a crowd of pastowards the right paths to catch the strag-sengers; they have indeed so good a head glers, whose eyes, for want of drinking at the brook that run by them, grew dim, whereby they lost their way: these would sometimes very narrowly miss being catched away, but I could not hear whether any of these had ever been so unfortunate, that had been before very hearty in the straight paths.

'At the issue of the crooked paths there was a great black tower, out of the centre of which streamed a long succession of fames, which did rise even above the clouds; it gave a very great light to the whole plain, which did sometimes outshine the light, and oppressed the beams of the adamantine pillar; though by the observation I made afterwards, it appeared that it was not from any diminution of light, but that this lay in the travellers, who would sometimes step out of straight paths, where they lost the full prospect of the radiant pillar, and saw it but sideways: but the great light from the black tower, which was somewhat particularly scorching to them, would generally light and hasten them to their proper climate again.

'Round about the black tower there were, methought, many thousands of huge mis-shapen ugly monsters; these had great nets which they were perpetually plying and casting towards the crooked paths, and they would now and then catch up those that were nearest to them: these they took up straight, and whirled over the walls into the flaming tower, and they were no more seen nor heard of.

I considered all these strange sights with great attention, until at last I was interrupted by a cluster of the travellers in

as not to suffer themselves to be blinded by this bewitching water; the black tower is not vanished out of their sight, they see it whenever they look up to it: but see how they go sideways, and with their eyes downwards, as if they were mad, that they thus may rush into the net, without being beforehand troubled at the thought of so miserable a destruction. Their wills are so perverse, and their hearts so fond of the pleasures of the place, that rather than

forego them they will run all hazards, and cetious companions; that he need not ow
venture upon all the miseries and woes be- he married only to plunder an heiress
fore them.
her fortune, nor pretend that he uses h
"See there that other company; though ill, to avoid the ridiculous name of a for
they should drink none of the bewitching husband.

water, yet they take a course bewitching Indeed, if I may speak my opinion
and deluding. See how they choose the great part of the writings which once pr
crookedest paths, whereby they have often vailed among us under the notion of h
the black tower behind them, and some-mour, they are such as would tempt one
times see the radiant column sideways, think there had been an association amor
which gives them some weak glimpse of it! the wits of those times to rally legitima
These fools content themselves with that, out of our island. A state of wedlock w
not knowing whether any other have any the common mark of all the adventurers
more of its influence and light than them-farce and comedy, as well as the essaye
selves: this road is called that of Supersti- in lampoon and satire, to shoot at; and n
tion or Human Invention: they grossly thing was a more standing jest, in all clu
overlook that which the rules and laws of of fashionable mirth and gay conversatio
the place prescribe to them, and contrive It was determined among those airy critic
some other scheme, and set off directions that the appellation of a sober man shou
and prescriptions for themselves, which signify a spiritless fellow. And I am a
they hope will serve their turn." He to think it was about the same time th
showed me many other kinds of fools, good-nature, a word so peculiarly elega
which put me quite out of humour with in our language, that some have affirmed
the place. At last he carried me to the cannot well be expressed in any othe
right paths, where I found true and solid came first to be rendered suspicious, an
pleasure, which entertained me all the in danger of being transferred from
way, until we came in closer sight of the original sense to so distant an idea as th
pillar, where the satisfaction increased to of folly.
that measure that my faculties were not
able to contain it: in the straining of them
I was violently waked, not a little grieved
at the vanishing of so pleasing a dream.
'Glasgow, Sept. 29.'

No. 525.] Saturday, November 1, 1712.

Ο δ' εις το σωφρον 17' αρετην T' αγων όρως,
Ζηλωτος ανθρωποισιν,

That love alone, which virtue's laws control,
Deserves reception in the human soul.

It is my custom to take frequent oppor-
tunities of inquiring, from time to time,
what success my speculations meet with in
the town. I am glad to find, in particular,
that my discourses on marriage have been
well received. A friend of mine gives me
to understand from Doctor's-commons, that
more licenses have been taken out there of
late than usual. I am likewise informed
of several pretty fellows, who have resolv-
ed to commence heads of families by the
first favourable opportunity. One of them
writes me word that he is ready to enter
into the bonds of matrimony, provided I
will give it him under my hand (as I now
do) that a man may show his face in good
company after he is married, and that he
need not be ashamed to treat a woman with
kindness who puts herself in his power for

I have other letters on this subject, which say that I am attempting to make a revolution in the world of gallantry, and that the consequence of it will be that a great deal of the sprightliest wit and satire of the last age will be lost; that a bashful fellow, upon changing his condition, will be no longer puzzled how to stand the raillery of his fa

I must confess it has been my ambitio in the course of my writings to restore, well as I was able, the proper ideas things. And as I have attempted this a ready on the subject of marriage in sever papers, I shall here add some farther of servations which occur to me on the san head.

Nothing seems to be thought, by our fir gentlemen, so indispensable an ornament fashionable life, as love. A knight-erran says Don Quixote, without a mistress, like a tree without leaves;' and a man mode among us who has not some fair o to sigh for, might as well pretend to appe dressed without his periwig. We ha lovers in prose innumerable. All our pr tenders to rhyme are professed inamorato and there is scarce a poet good or bad, be heard of, who has not some real or su posed Saccharissa to improve his vein.

If love be any refinement, conjugal lo must be certainly so in a much higher d gree. There is no comparison between t frivolous affectations of attracting the eyes women with whom you are only captivat by way of amusement, and of whom perha you know nothing more than their feature and a regular and uniform endeavour make yourself valuable, both as a frie and lover, to one whom you have chos to be the companion of your life. The fi is the spring of a thousand fopperies, si artifices, falsehoods, and perhaps barbar ties; or at best rises no higher than to kind of dancing-school breeding, to g the person a more sparkling air. The la ter is the parent of substantial virtues an agreeable qualities, and cultivates the min while it improves the behaviour. Th passion of love to a mistress, even where

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most sincere, resembles too much the me of a fever: that to a wife is like the Cal heat.

of you, and of your and her ancestors. Her ingenuity is admirable; her frugality extraordinary. She loves me; the surest pledge I have often thought, if the letters writ- of her virtue; and adds to this a wonderful by men of good-nature to their wives disposition to learning, which she has acere to be compared with those written by quired from her affection to me. She reads en of gallantry to their mistresses, the my writings, studies them, and even gets mer, notwithstanding any inequality of them by heart. You would smile to see the le, would appear to have the advantage. concern she is in when I have a cause to iendship, tenderness, and constancy, plead, and the joy she shows when it is essed in a simplicity of expression, re- over. She finds means to have the first mmend themselves by a more native news brought her of the success I meet egance, than passionate raptures, extra- with in court, how I am heard, and what gant encomiums, and slavish adoration. decree is made. If I recite any thing in we were admitted to search the cabinet public, she cannot refrain from placing the beautiful Narcissa, among heaps of herself privately in some corner to hear, pistles from several admirers, which are where, with the utmost delight, she feasts ere preserved with equal care, how few upon my applauses. Sometimes she sings ould we find but would make any one my verses; and accompanies them with the ck in the reading, except her who is flat-lute, without any master except love, the red by them? But in how different a style ust the wise Benevolus, who converses ith that good sense and good humour nong all his friends, write to a wife who the worthy object of his utmost affection? enevolus, both in public and private, and 1 occasions of life, appears to have every od quality and desirable ornament. broad he is reverenced and esteemed; at ome beloved and happy. The satisfaction e enjoys there settles into an habitual omplacency, which shines in his counteance, enlivens his wit, and seasons his Onversation. Even those of his acquaintice, who have never seen him in his rerement, are sharers in the happiness of it; nd it is very much owing to his being the est and best beloved of husbands, that he the most steadfast of friends, and the most agreeable of companions.

best of instructors. From these instances I take the most certain omens of our perpetual and increasing happiness; since her affection is not founded on my youth and person, which must gradually decay, but she is in love with the immortal part of me, my glory and reputation. Nor indeed could less be expected from one who had the happiness to receive her education from you, who in your house was accustomed to every thing that was virtuous and decent, and even began to love me, by your recommendation. For, as you had always the greatest respect for my mother, you were pleased from my infancy to form me, to commend me, and kindly to presage I should be one day what my wife fancies I am. Accept therefore our united thanks; mine, that you have bestowed her on me; and hers, that you have given me to her, There is a sensible pleasure in contem-as a mutual grant of joy and felicity. lating such beautiful instances of domestic fe. The happiness of the conjugal state

-Fortius utere loris. Ovid Met. Lib. ii. 127.

Keep a stiff rein.-Addison.

ppears heightened to the highest degree No. 526.] Monday, November 3, 1712. is capable of when we see two persons of ccomplished minds not only united in the ime interests and affections, but in their ste of the same improvements and diverons. Pliny, one of the finest gentlemen ad politest writers of the age in which he ved, has left us, in his letter to Hispulla, is wife's aunt, one of the most agreeable mily pieces of this kind I have ever met ith. I shall end this discourse with a anslation of it, and I believe the reader ill be of my opinion, that conjugal love is rawn in it with a delicacy which makes it ppear to be, as I have represented it, an mament as well as a virtue.

'Pliny to Hispulla. As I remember the great affection hich was between you and your excellent rother, and know you love his daughter your own, so as not only to express the nderness of the best of aunts, but even to pply that of the best of fathers; I am are it will be a pleasure to you to hear that 18 proves worthy of her father, worthy

I AM very loath to come to extremities with the young gentlemen mentioned in the following letter, and do not care to chastise them with my own hand, until I am forced by provocation too great to be suffered without the absolute destruction of my spectatorial dignity. The crimes of these offenders are placed under the observation of one of my chief officers, who is posted just at the entrance of the pass between London and Westminster. As I have great confidence in the capacity, resolution, and integrity of the person deputed by me to give an account of enormities, I doubt not but I shall soon have before me all proper notices which are requisite for the amendment of manners in public, and the instruction of each individual of the human species in what is due from him in respect to the whole body of mankind. The present paper shall consist only of the above-men

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tioned letter, and the copy of a deputation would but give them two or three touches which I have given to my trusty friend, with your own pen, though you might not Mr. John Sly; wherein he is charged to perhaps prevail with them to desist entirely notify to me all that is necessary for my from their meditations, yet I doubt not but animadversion upon the delinquents men- you would at least preserve them from tioned by my correspondent, as well as all being public spectacles of folly in our others described in the said deputation. streets. I say two or three touches with your own pen; for I have already observed, Mr. Spec, that those Spectators which are so prettily laced down the sides with little

To the Spectator General of Great

'I grant it does look a little familiar, but I c's, how instinctive soever they may be, do

must call you



not carry with them that authority as the others. I do again therefore desire, that for 'DEAR DUMB,-Being got again to the the sake of their dear necks, you would befarther end of the Widow's coffee-house, I stow one penful of your own ink upon them. shall from hence give you some account of I know you are loath to expose them; and the behaviour of our hackney-coachmen it is, I must confess, a thousand pities that since my last. These indefatigable gentle- any young gentleman who is come of honest men, without the least design, I dare say, parents should be brought to public shame. of self-interest or advantage to themselves, And indeed I should be glad to have them do still ply as volunteers day and night for handled a little tenderly at the first, but if the good of their country. I will not trouble fair means will not prevail, there is then you with enumerating many particulars, no other way to reclaim them but by makbut I must by no means omit to inform you ing use of some wholesome severities; and of an infant about six feet high, and be- I think it is better that a dozen or two of tween twenty and thirty years of age, who such good-for-nothing fellows should be was seen in the arms of a hackney-coach-made examples of, than that the reputaman, driving by Will's coffee-house in Co- tion of some hundreds of as hopeful young vent-garden, between the hours of four and gentlemen as myself should suffer through five in the afternoon of that very day their folly. It is not, however, for me wherein you published a memorial against direct you what to do; but, in short, if our them. This impudent young cur, though coachmen will drive on this trade, the very he could not sit in a coach-box without first of them that I do find meditating in holding, yet would venture his neck to bid the street, I shall make bold to "take the defiance to your spectatorial authority, or number of his chambers,"* together with to any thing that you countenanced. Who a note of his name, and despatch them to he was I know not, but I heard this relation you, that you may chastise him at you this morning from a gentleman who was an own discretion. I am, dear Spec, for eve eye witness of this his impudence; and I was willing to take the first opportunity to 'Esq. if you please. inform you of him, as holding it extremely 'P. S. Tom Hammercloth, one of ou requisite that you should nip him in the bud. But I am myself most concerned for coachmen, is now pleading at the bar a my fellow-templars, fellow-students, and the other end of the room, but has a littl fellow-labourers in the law, I mean such of too much vehemence, and throws out hi them as are dignified and distinguished un- arms too much to take his audience, with der the denomination of hackney-coach- a good grace.' men. Such aspiring minds have these ambitious young men, that they cannot enjoy themselves out of a coach-box. It is, however, an unspeakable comfort to me that I can now tell you that some of them are grown so bashful as to study only in the indignities, omissions, and trespasses, fo Whereas frequent disorders, affront night time, or in the country. The other which there are no remedies by any form night I spied one of our young gentlemen of law, but which apparently disturb an very diligent at his lucubrations in Fleet disquiet the minds of men, happen nea Street; and, by the way, I should be under the place of your residence; and that yo some concern, lest this hard student should are, as well by your commodious situation, a one time or other crack his brain with stu- the good parts with which you are endowe dying, but that I am in hopes nature has properly qualified for the observation c taken care to fortify him in proportion to the said offences; I do hereby authorize an the great undertakings he was designed for. depute you, from the hours of nine in th Another of my fellow-templars on Thurs-morning until four in the afternoon, to kee day last was getting up into his study at the bottom of Gray's-Inn-Lane, in order, I suppose, to contemplate in the fresh air. Now, sir, my request is, that the great modesty of these two gentlemen may be recorded as a pattern to the rest; and if you!

To my loving and well-beloved John Sly haberdasher of hats, and tobacconis between the cities of London and Wes minster.

a strict eye upon all persons and things tha or walk on foot, from the city of London t are conveyed in coaches, carried in carts the city of Westminster, or from the cit

* An allusion to the number of a hackney-coach.

of Westminster to the city of London, | the history picture of a fan in so gallant a within the said hours. You are therefore manner as he addresses it. But see the not to depart from your observatory at the letters. end of Devereux-court during the said space of each day, but to observe the be- 'MR. SPECTATOR,-It is now almost haviour of all persons who are suddenly three months since I was in town about transported from tramping on pebbles to some business; and the hurry of it being sit at ease in chariots, what notice they over, I took a coach one afternoon, and take of their foot acquaintance, and send drove to see a relation, who married about me the speediest advice, when they are six years ago a wealthy citizen. I found guilty of overlooking, turning from, or ap- her at home, but her husband gone to the pearing grave and distant to, their old Exchange, and expected back within an friends. When man and wife are in the hour at the farthest. After the usual salutasame coach, you are to see whether they tions of kindness, and a hundred questions appear pleased or tired with each other, about friends in the country, we sat down and whether they carry the due mean in to piquet, played two or three games, and the eye of the world, between fondness and drank tea. I should have told you that this coolness. You are carefully to behold all such was my second time of seeing her since. as shall have addition of honour or riches, marriage; but before, she lived at the same and report whether they preserve the town where I went to school; so that the countenance they had before such addition. plea of a relation, added to the innocence As to persons on foot, you are to be atten- of my youth, prevailed upon her good-hutive whether they are pleased with their mour to indulge me in a freedom of concondition, and are dressed suitable to it; versation as often, and oftener, than the but especially to distinguish such as appear strict discipline of the school would allow discreet, by a low-heel shoe, with the de- of. You may easily imagine, after such an cent ornament of a leather garter: to write acquaintance, we might be exceeding merry down the names of such country gentlemen without any offence; as in calling to mind as, upon the approach of peace, have left how many inventions I have been put to in the hunting for the military cock of the deluding the master, how many hands hat; of all who strut, make a noise, and forged for excuses, how many times been swear at the drivers of coaches to make sick in perfect health; for I was then never haste, when they see it is impossible they sick but at school, and only then because should pass; of all young gentlemen in out of her company. We had whiled away coach-boxes, who labour at a perfection in three hours after this manner, when I found what they are sure to be excelled by the it past five; and not expecting her husband meanest of the people. You are to do all would return until late, rose up, and told that in you lies that coaches and passengers her I should go early next morning for the give way according to the course of busi- country. She kindly answered she was ness, all the morning in term-time, towards afraid it would be long before she saw me Westminster, the rest of the year towards again; so, I took my leave, and parted. the Exchange. Upon these directions, toge- Now, sir, I had not been got home a fortther with other secret articles herein en-night, when I received a letter from a closed, you are to govern yourself, and give advertisement thereof to me, at all convenient and spectatorial hours, when men of business are to be seen. Hereof you are not to fail. Given under my seal of office. T. THE SPECTATOR.'

No. 527.] Tuesday, November 4, 1712.

Facile invenies et pejorem, et pejus moratam;
Meliorem neque tu reperies, neque sol videt.
Plautus in Stichor.

neighbour of theirs, that ever since that fatal afternoon the lady has been most inhumanly treated, and the husband publicly stormed that he was made a member of too numerous a society. He had, it seems, listened most of the time my cousin and I were together. As jealous ears always hear double, so he heard enough to make him mad; and as jealous eyes always see through magnifying glasses, so he was certain it could not be I whom he had seen, a beardless stripling, but fancied he saw a gay than myself; and for that reason, I presume, gentleman of the temple, ten years older durst not come in, nor take any notice when I AM SO tender of my women-readers, I went out. He is perpetually asking his that I cannot defer the publication of any wife if she does not think the time long (as thing which concerns their happiness or she said she should) until she see her cousin quiet. The repose of a married woman is again. Pray, sir, what can be done in this consulted in the first of the following letters, case? I have writ to him to assure him I and the felicity of a maiden lady in the was at his house all that afternoon expectsecond. I call it a felicity to have the ad-ing to see him. His answer is, it is only a dresses of an agreeable man; and I think I trick of hers, and that he neither can nor have not any where seen a prettier applica- will believe me. The parting kiss I find tion of a poetical story than that of his, in mightily nettles him, and confirms him in making the tale of Cephalus and Procris all his errors. Ben Jonson, as I remember, VOL. II.

You will easily find a worse woman; a better the sun

never shone upon.


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