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(Titles recorded in the following list have been exactly transcribed, except in the matter of the form of the author's name and the titular descriptions attached thereto. For this, a uniform phrase has been adopted, " by C. E. V. . . ." Attention is drawn to such of the articles as are unsigned or signed pseudonymously.)



I. SELECTIONS FROM BURKE'S REFLECTIONS ON THE FRENCH REvolution. (Edited.) With Introduction and Notes by C. E. V. . . . Rivingtons, 1892 (reprinted 1893 and 1906).

The editorial matter consists of an Introduction, pp. vii-xiv, Analysis, pp. xv-xvi, and Notes, pp. 125-144.


(Edited.) With Introduction and

Notes by C. E. V. . . . Rivingtons, 1893 (reprinted in 1898, 1904, 1907, 1914).

The editorial matter consists of an Introduction, pp. vii-xx, Analysis, pp. xxi-xxii, and Notes, pp. 121-154. C. E. V. acted as general editor to the series of which No. I and No. 2 are a part. This and the foregoing item, although professedly for use in schools, have a substantive value in themselves, and are steps on the way to the author's Rousseau: even the Notes are not infrequently succinct paragraphs of his political scholarship. Vaughan had been schoolmaster at Clifton from 1878 to 1888, and then for a very short time at Rugby. He felt very keenly the need for such radical alterations in the curriculum of secondary and public schools as would make the modern world, its history, languages, and literature, their main occupation on the Arts side. In a lengthy paper, still in MS., and written about 1919, he draws up a very serious indictment against the traditional classical education, all the more telling when we remember that he took a First in Classical Moderations (1874), a First in Litterae Humaniores (1877), was twice bracketed Jenkyns Exhibitioner (1876, 1877), and then taught Classics for ten years.


3. THE DUCHESS OF MALFI. A Play written by John Webster. with a Preface, Notes and Glossary by C. E. V. . . . Dent (Temple Dramatists), 1896 (reprinted 1900, 1907, 1913, 1919). The Preface occupies pp. v-xv, and throws new light on the source of the play. 4. ENGLISH LITERARY CRITICISM. With an Introduction by C. E. V. Blackie & Son, 1896. (This is a volume in the series, the Warwick Library of English Literature, of which C. H. Herford was general editor.) Pp. cii, 219 (reprinted 1901, 1903, 1905, 1911, 1912).


Pp. ix-cii are an introductory essay on the development of English Literary
Criticism. Pp. 1-219 reprint briefly annotated texts from Sidney, Dryden,
Johnson, Coleridge, Hazlitt, Lamb, Shelley, Carlyle and Pater.

5. AREOPAGITICA AND OTHER TRACTS. By John Milton. (Edited by C. E. V. . . .) Dent (Temple Classics), 1900 (reprinted 1907). Besides the Areopagitica, this contains the Letter on Education, and Autobiographical Extracts from four other tracts. The editorial matter consists of Notes, pp. 135-147, an introductory note to the Letter, pp. 70-71, and a longer

one to the Areopagitica, pp. 148-155. One of Vaughan's most impressive lectures to his pupils at Leeds was on the Areopagitica and Taylor's Liberty of

Prophesying as documents in the history of political and religious toleration. 6. The Romantic Revolt. By C. E. V. ... Blackwood & Sons,

1907 (reprinted 1923). (This is a volume in the series, Epochs of
European Literature, of which G. Saintsbury was general editor.)
Pp. vii and 507
This is a very characteristic survey of European literature from the death of
Rousseau and of Voltaire in 1778 to the death of Schiller in 1805. Except
for what concerns Russian, it was based throughout on original sources, and is

particularly noteworthy for the German section. 7. Types of Tragic Drama. By C. E. V. ... Macmillan, 1908.

Pp. viii and 275.
A reproduction, more or less faithful, of a course of lectures on Tragedy from
Aeschylus to Ibsen, delivered to a general audience in the Leeds University
during the winter of 1906. Each lecture was written out within a week after
delivery. The volume is probably the best illustration of the critical method

and the expository manner of Vaughan as a teacher of literature. 8. The Political Writings Of Jean Jacques Rousseau. Edited from

the original manuscripts and authentic editions. With Introduc-
tions and Notes. By C. E. V. ... Cambridge University Press,
1915. 2 vols. Pp. xxii, 516 and viii, 578.
The following details will indicate the extent of Vaughan's own writing in the
two volumes. Besides a general introductory essay on Rousseau as a Political
Philosopher (vol. 1, pp. 1-117), each separate work contained in the collection
has an introduction and a full critical apparatus of its own.

Thus in vol. I, the introduction to the Discours sur l'inégalité consists of pp. 118-123: that to L'économie politique, pp. 228-236: that to L'état de guerre, pp. 281-292: that to La paix perpetuelle, pp. 359-363: that to Diderot's Droit naturel, pp. 423-428: and that to the First Draft of the Contrat Social, pp. 434-445. In vol. the introduction to the Final Draft of the Contrat Social occupies pp. 1-20: that to the Passages illustrating the Contrat, pp. 137-142: that to the Lettres de la Montagne, pp. 173-196: that to the Projet .

de la Corse, pp. 292-305: that to the Considerations sur Pologne, pp. 369-409: then follows an Epilogue, pp. 517-526, whilst an Appendix II. reprints a large part of a previously published lecture, Rousseau and his Enemies, which is recorded below

(No. 11). 9. A Lasting Peace THROUGH the Federation of EUROPE, AND THE

State Of WAR, BY Jean Jacques Rousseau. Translated by C. E.
V.... Constable, 1917. Pp. 128.
This translation of Rousseau's two treatises has an Introduction, pp. 5-35,
written in the early summer of 1916, pointing out the bearing of Rousseau's

thought on the state of Europe in that year, 10. Du Contrat SOCIAL, OU PRINCIPES DU Droit POLITIQUE : JEAN

Jacques Rousseau. Edited by C. E. V. ... Manchester Uni-
versity Press, 1918.
Of the editorial matter, the Introduction occupies pp. xi-lxxvi, and the Notes
and an Appendix, pp. 125-178.



I. Published separately:

II. ROUSSEAU AND HIS ENEMIES. Being the substance of a Lecture delivered before the Philosophical and Literary Society of Leeds on February 7, 1911. R. Jackson, Leeds, n.d. (1911). Pp. 32. A large part of this is reprinted as an Appendix to Vol. 2 of Rousseau's Political Writings (No. 8 above). It exposes the worthlessness of Diderot's and Grimm's evidence against Rousseau's character. A preliminary note by C. E. V. allows us to see a congenial way in which he made his books: I desire to express my sincere thanks to the President and Council of the Society, for having kindly secured the services of a highly skilled Reporter on this occasion."

12. THE INFLUENCE OF ENGLISH POETRY UPON THE ROMANTIC REVIVAL ON THE CONTINENT. By C. E. V. ... British Academy Warton Lecture IV. Oxford University Press, 1914. Pp. 18.

This is reprinted from the Proceedings of the British Academy, vol. vi., Oxford Press, 1914. The Lecture was delivered before the Academy on October 29, 1913, and, as was his custom, was given without notes of any sort.

13. BIBLIOGRAPHIES OF SWINBURNE, MORRIS AND ROSSETTI. By C. E. V. . . . English Association Pamphlet, No. 29, December 1914. Pp. 12.

Vaughan served on the General Committee of the English Association, was
President of the Yorkshire Branch of it (1908-1911), and frequently lectured
to other northern branches. Reports, longer and shorter, of some of these
lectures will be found in the Bulletin of the English Association as under:

No. 8, June 1909, p. 4, "English Prose Literature and its place in
Teaching," a lecture given at Leeds, March 9, 1909.
No. 10, Feb. 1910, p. 40, "Recent Views of Shakespeare," a lecture given
at Newcastle, Oct. 15, 1909.
"Wordsworth and the French Revolution," a

No. 16, Feb. 1912, p. 30,

lecture given at Newcastle, Oct. 27, 1911.

No. 23, June 1914, p. 29, “The Edinburgh Review and its Victims," a lecture given at Manchester, March 6, 1914.

No. 33, Dec. 1917, p. 17, “The Debt of England to France," a lecture given at Manchester, Oct. 19, 1917.

He also lectured at Manchester under the same auspices April 26, 1912, on Elizabethan Drama and Foreign Politics, but apparently no report was sent to the Bulletin.

14. GIAMBATTISTA VICO: AN EIGHTEENTH CENTURY PIONEER. By C. E. V. . . . Manchester University Press, for the John Rylands Library, 1921. Pp. 22.

This is a reprint, from the Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, Vol. 6, No. 3, July 1921, of a lecture delivered at the Library on March 9, 1921. C. E. V. was a Governor of the Library from 1915 to his death.

II. Contributed to collaborated volumes :

15. To" The British Quarterly Review," Hodder & Stoughton: Vol. 77, January 1883, pp. 71-97: VICTOR HUGO, by C. E. V. ... Vol. 80, July 1884, pp. 1-27: MR. BROWNING, by C. E. V.

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These articles may easily escape attention, since, although they are signed, they b

have curiously slipped from the Index appended to the Review, and are consequently omitted from the list of authors in Poole's Index to Periodical Literature. Other of Vaughan's writings on Browning are noted below. The Hugo article follows the main motives of his work as dramatist, poet, novelist and public man. Hugo was one of Vaughan's earliest idols and one of his lasting passions. As a school-boy, he had addressed a letter of homage to him, and set great store on the reply it brought. And one of the present writer's last memories of Vaughan is of his declaiming one of the political hymns to the Derbyshire hills.

16. To "The Dictionary of National Biography":

Vol. 58, 1899. CHARLES JOHN VAUGHAN (1816-97), by C. E. V. ... This is a three-column life of his uncle, who was Headmaster of Harrow, Master of the Temple, and Dean of Llandaff.

17. To" The Cambridge Modern History" :

Vol. VI., 1909. Chap. xxiv. THE ROMANTIC MOVEMENT IN EUROPEAN LITERATURE, by C. E. V. ... Pp. 822-837.

18. To "The Cambridge History of English Literature " :Vol. VI., 1910. Chap. vi.


Pp. 166-187.

Vol. X., 1913. Chap. iii. by C. E. V. . . . Pp. Vol. XI., 1914. Chap. vi.




COLERIDGE, by C. E. V. . . . Pp. 117

19. To" Essays and Studies" by Members of the English Association, Oxford Press:

Vol. I., 1910, pp. 168-196. CARLYLE AND HIS GERMAN MASTERS, by C. E. V. ...

20. To "Transactions of the Yorkshire Dialect Society," Byles & Sons, Bradford :


This is a lecture delivered to the Society at Leeds, October 31, 1910. Its main thesis is indicated by a paragraph towards the end: "The theory which would build blank verse of feet, in any sense approaching to strictness, starts with everything in its favour: it is consistent, it is logical, it can claim historical probability; the one thing wanting to it... is that it does not tally with the facts.'

21. To "The Modern Language Review," Cambridge University


Vol. 6, 1911, pp. 225-230, REVIEW, by C. E. V. . .
Bradley's Oxford Lectures on Poetry.

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Vol. 11, 1916, pp. 482-496, REVIEW, by C. E. V. . . of G. M. Harper's William Wordsworth: His Life, Works and Influence. The review of Harper's volume is one of Vaughan's most characteristic writings. He seldom reviewed books: he said it was liable to breed detestable intellectual habits. But the review in question is as much an independent article as a review.

22. To "Charlotte Brontë, 1816-1916: a Centenary Memorial" prepared by the Brontë Society, edited by Butler Wood, F.R.S.L., with a Foreword by Mrs. Humphry Ward. Fisher Unwin, 1917 (and twice reprinted in 1918): pp. 173-206, CHARLOTTE AND EMILY BRONTË: A COMPARISON AND A CONTRAST, by C. E. V. . . . This is a skilled reporter's account of an address delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Brontë Society, held at Keighley on January 20, 1912. The editor writes that it" required almost no editing." (It gives a very good impression of Vaughan's style of lecturing to a popular audience.) It had been previously printed in Brontë Society Publications, Part 22, Transactions, Vol. 4, pp. 217235. In the copy of this in the Vaughan collection in the Library of the Leeds University are a few proof corrections in his hand.


23. To" The Marlburian" :

Vol. VII. No. 121, Nov. 13, 1872, THOMAS DE QUINCEY, by "Volpone."

This article, which runs to two and a half pages, is certainly by Vaughan. Vol. XXXVIII. No. 582, May 20, 1902, pp. 61-63, IN MEMORIAM: DEAN FARRAR.

Vol. XLI., No. 624, May 22, 1906, p. 60, C. M. BULL: OBITUARY NOTICE.

It is impossible to detect as his any other contribution, as they were usually either without signature or with a pseudonymous one. Major Davenport, who has generously searched the file for me, adds that in Vol. VII. No. 11I, April 24, 1872, there is a two-page article, Poetry of the Century, which, being signed "V,' may or may not be Vaughan's. He was a pupil at Marlborough from February 1867 to Midsummer 1873.

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No. 15, July 1878, pp. 21-22, "WHAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN," by " Samp

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Nothing in this article precludes our giving it to Vaughan; but the only reason for assuming that it is his, is the discovery amongst his papers of a copy of it with many corrections in his hand. All efforts to trace the origin of The Omnium have failed.

25. To" The Oxford Magazine":—

No. 6, February 1884, p. 62, REVIEW, by C. E. V. . . ., of Professor T. H. Green's Two Lay Sermons.

The review occupies a little more than a column, and although only signed 'V,' is known to be by C. E. V., who was T. H. Green's cousin. Vaughan was at Balliol from 1873 to 1877, leaving the University five years before The Oxford Magazine was founded.

26. To "The National Home-reading Union Magazine, Special Courses


Vol. 2, No. 1. Oct. 1891, ON THE STUDY OF LITERATURE, I,

PP. 3-4.

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