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A. S. PACKARD, JR., AND EDWARD D. COPE.

ASSOCIATE EDITORS:

Prof. C. E. BESSEY, DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY.
PROF. C. V. RILEY, DEPARTMENT OF ENTOMOLOGY.
PROF. 0. T. MASON, DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY.
Prof. H. CARVILL LEWIS, DEPARTMENT OF MINERALOGY.
ELLIS H. YARNALL, DEP. OF GEOGRAPHY AND TRAVELS.
Dr. R. H. WARD, DEPARTMENT OF MICROSCOPY.

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Copyrighted 1882.
By MCCALLA & STAVELY,

For the Proprietors.

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CONTENTS.

1

13

19

102

109

122

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The Blind Cave Fishes and their Allies .....

S. A. Forbes...

A Singular Parasitic Isopod Crustacean and some of its Develop-

mental Stages....

Carl F. Gissler.

The Heterogony of Oxalis violacea..

William Trelease.

Forests-Their Influence upon Climate and Rainfall.

7. M. Anders .

Glacial Marks in Labrador..

d. S. Packard, yr..

30

The Siphonophores. (IV. - Anatomy and Development of

Diphyes.)...

3. Walter Fewkes.

& ।

Remarks on the Cretaceous and Tertiary Flora of the Western

Territories...

Leo Lesquereux ..

Structure and Ovarian Incubation of Gambusia patruelis, a Top-

Minnow

John A. Ryder..

Note on a few of the Useful Plants of Northern Japan. . D. P. Penhallow.

Habits of Butterflies ...

11. H. Edward's .

The Tertiary Formations of the Central Region of the United

E. D. Cope..

177

A Pathogenic Schizophyte of the Hog.

H., Detmers.

195, 293

On Certain Aboriginal Implements from Napa county, California Robert E. C. Stearns

.F. V. Endlich .

Courtship and Marriage among the Choctaws of Mississippi . .H.C. Halbert.

Edwin A. Barber.
On the Flowers of Solanum rostratum and Cassia chamacrista. 2. E. Todd

281

1- Limulus an Arachnid?...

1. S. Packard, 7r.

287

lexican Caves with Human Remains .

Edward Palmer..

34,6

The Acorn-storing Habit of the California Woodpecker.

Robert E. ( Stearns..

Observations on some American forms of Chara coronata

T. F. Allen.

R'. Ellstorth Col!.

Ichthyological Papers by George Powers Dunbar, with a sketch

Jacob 1. lortman

381

7. E. Kingsley..
Transformations of Planurbis at Steinheim, with Remarks on the
Effects of Gravity upon the forms of Shells and Animals... Alpheus Hlyait..

E. 1). copii.
Charles Vlorris

470, 549, 650

II. N. Leckington.

484

On Some Entomostraca of Lake Michigan and Adjacent Waters. S. A. Forbes.

537, 640)

Notes on the Habits of sonie Western Snakes.

.H.A. Brous.

564

The Limit of the Innuit Tribes on the Alaska coast

. k'ın Petroff

567

Binjamin tl'ord.

6:5

Jary H. Hinckley.

66

Meth 3ds of Microscopical Research in the Zoological Station in

C 0. Whitman..

Notes on the Habits of the "Savannah Cricket Frog."

.697, 772

Charles S. Abbott .

The Evolution of Forms from the Clinton to the Niagara Group. Eugene N. S. Ringueberg .

711

D. 1. Prentiss.

Sketch of the Progress of North American Ichthyology in the

11. N. Lockington.

765

di S. Packard, fr..

785

Charles C. Abbott .

799

1.0. Ayres.

Samuel Lockwood. .854, 937

The Crustacean Nebalia and its Fossil Allies, representing the

S Packard Ir...

861

Iuliam ll. Pall. 874.9:

order Phyllocarida...

American Work on Recent Mollusca in 1881. .

887

.

Progress of Invertebrate Palæontology in the United States for

the year 1881

C. A. White ....

The Number of Bones at present known in the Pectoral and Pel-

vic Limbs of Birds, .

.R. W. Shufeldt

892

A Pilgrimage to Teotihuacan.

R. E. Hills

933

The Palæozoic Allies of Nebalia.

. A. S. Packard, Jr.

945

The Organic Compounds in their Relations to Life

. Lester F. Ward.

968

The Reptiles of the American Eocene .

.E. D. Cope..

• 979

EDITORS' TABLE.

Legal Insanity, 33 : Science and Art, 123; Lewis H. Morgan. 124; Tariff on specimens and

apparatus, 125; The Philadelphia Academy, 125; Spitzka's Evidence, 125; The Equivalents of
Consciousness, 224; Effort and Use in Evolution, 311; Charles R. Darwin, 487: Sexual Selec-
tion in Man, 490; Tax on Books coming through the Foreign Mails, 576; The Philadelphia
Academy of Natural Sciences, 663; Projects for commemorating men of science, 803; Guiteau's
Brain, 895 ; Arctic Exploration, 896; The British Association in 1884,836; The Gardener's
Monthly, 896; The Calaveras Skull, 836: Women in Universities, 996; Governmeni of Unversi-
ties, 995: The Calaveras Skull, 897, 995; Admission of Women to our Universities, 994: Ad-

ministration of Universities, 995.

Recent LiteraTURE,

Mivart's The Cat, 35: Thomas' Fifth Report on the Injurious Insects of Illinois, 39: Walcott

on the Organization of Trilobites, 40; Recent Books and Pamphlets, 41 ; Murphy's Habit and

Intelligence, 125: Southall's Pliocene Man in America, 128 ; Miss Ormerod's Manual of Inju-

rious Insects, 129: Recent Books and Pamphlets, 130; Balfour's Comparative Embryology, 227;

Gill's Recent Progress in Zoology for the years 1879 and 1880, 229 ; Thorell's Spiders of Malay-

sia and Papua, 230; The Distribution of North American Fresh-water Mollusca, 231: Zittel's

Handbuch der Palæontologie, 232 ; Martin and Moale's How to Dissect a (Chelonian, 23?; Pack-

ard's Zoology, third edition, 232 ; Verrill's Cephalopods of the Northeastern coast of America,

233: Recent Books and Pamphlets, 233: The Development of Amphioxus by Hatschek, 373;

Trouessart's Catalogue of Recent and Fossil Mammals, 314 : Bettany's Practical Botany, 315;

Balfour's Comparative Embryology (second notice), 315; Elliott's Seal islands of Alaska, 317;

Recent Books and Pamphlets, 318; The Zoological Record for 1881, 391; The Fish Fauna of

Borneo, 391; Mark's Maturation, Fecundation and Segmentation of Limax, 392 : Gentry's Nests

and Exgs, 392 ; Recent Books and Pamphlets, 393 : Volcanoes, 492 ; Brunton's Bible and Science,

496; Chautauqua Text Books, No, 22, Biblical Biology, 498; Darwin's Formation of Vegetable

Mold through the action of Worms, 499 : The Microscope in Medicine, by Lionel S. Beale, M.B.,

F.R.S., 500; Recent Bouks and Pamphlets, 504: Knowledge, 577; Animal Analysis, 578; Bio-

logisches Centralblatt, 578; Pagenstecher's General Zoology, 4th Part, 579 ; Brooks' Inverte-

brate Zoology, 579: Hartman on Partula, 580; Recent Books and Pamphlets, 582; Nordenshi-

öld's Voyage of the Vega, 664: Huxley's The Crayfish, 666; Recent Books and Pamphlets, 671 :

Oustalei's Monograph of the Megapodiidæ, 727: Donnelly's Atlantis, 729 : Underwood's Ferns,

731 ; Studies from the Biological Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University. 737; Recent Books

and Pamphlets, 732; Lubbock's Ants, Bees and Wasps, E04: Lutken's Zoology, 808: Grote's

Illustrated Fssay on the Nocuidæ cf North America, 838 : Recent Books and Pamphlets, Eu8 ;

Hough's Elements of Forestry, 897: Scudder's Nomenclator Zoologicus, 898; Revue des Tra.

veaux Scientifiques, 836; Hovey's Celebrated American Caves, 899; Recent Books and Pamphlets,

900; Lankester on Degeneration, 996; Geikie's Geological Sketches, 997: Treat's Injurious In-

sects of the Farm and Garden, 998; Geikie's Physical Geography, 99); U. S. Fish Commission

Report for 1879, 1000; Recent Books and Pamphlets, 1000.

GENERAL NOTES.

Botany.-Mimicry in Fungi, 42; Simblum rubescens Gerard, in Iowa, 42; The Asparagus

Stem for Laboratory Study, 43; The Abundance of Fresh-water Algæ, 43; The Systematic Ar-
rangeinent of the Thalloplaytes, 43 : Electric Light and Plant Growth, 46; Botanical Notes, 47:
An Instance of the Physiological Value of Trichomes, 132; The Arrangement of Fibrous Roots,
132; The Royal Gardens at Kew, 133 : A General Index to the Journal of Botany, 134 ; Bentham
on Gramineæ, 134 : Botanical Notes, 134: Gordonia pubescens L'Her Franklinia altamaha
Marshall), 235; Diatrype disciformis (Hoff) Fr.,238; Botanical Notes, 240: Motility in the Flowers
of Draba verna, 320; New Work on the Fungi, 320; De Thumen's Mycotheca universalis, 321;
Nistes on N. American Grasses, based on Mr. Bentham's recent paper on Gramineæ. 321; Botan.
ical Notes, 322: The Study of Lichens in North America, 394; On the terms Anual and Bien-
mial, 3)': A Botanist's trip to “The Aroostook," No. 2, 397; Botanical Notes 399: The Quill

worts of North America, 506; Modern Botany and Mr. Darwin, 507; Botanical Notes, 508: An

Active Desmid, 584: The Coffee-leaf Fungus one of the Uredineæ. 584; Popularizing Crypto-

gamic Botany, $86; Abnormal Spathes of Symplocarpus, 587 : Ellis' North American Fungi. 588 ;

Nore on Uredineæ, 671; Allen's Characeæ Americanæ Exsiccatæ, 672 ; Colored Figures of the

larger Fungi, 673: The Scarcity of Alder Catkins, 673: Botanical Notes, 673; Notes on Misile.

toes, 732; Differences iu Radial Thickness in Tree Trunks, 735; A climbing Polypodium, 736 ;

Some new species of Sphæriaceous Fungi, 809; New Fungi by J. B. Ellis, 810); Pacific Coast

Botany, 811; Gray's “Contributions to North American Botany," 812; A Botanical Excursion

10 Mt. Mansfield and Smuggler's Notch, gor; Botanical N tes, 996; New Species of North

American Fungi, 1001; Cut-leaved Beech, 1004 ; Agency of Water in Forest Destruction, 1004;
On the Heteræcism of the Uredineæ, 1005; Note on Gerardia, 1005.

Zoology.—Observations on the species of Planarians parasitic on Limulus, 48; The Circulation

of Seasile-eyed Cristacea, 51; Viviparous Chirodota, 51; A marine Planarian and its Habitation,

52; Eye of Planarians, 53; The Structure and Affinities of the Hippopotamus, 53 ; Verrillia

Hlakei or Halipteris blakei, 55; Discoveries of the U.S. Fish Commission on the southern coast

of New England, 56; Does the row Blackbird eat Crayfish? 57; Wild birds racing with the

Cars, 58; Infusoria in Dew, 59 ; Zoological Notes, 59 : Is the Human Skull becoming Thinner?

136: Habies of the Fierasfer, a boarder in the Sea-cucumber, 137: Habits of the Menopoma, 139 ;

The Sparrow pest in Australia, 140; Occurrence of the Opossum in Central New York, 141; The

daw sa the '' index" finger of the Cathartidæ, 141; A new Distomum Parasite in the egg-sacks

of Apus, 142 ; Additional note on the egg cases of Planarians ectoparasitic on Limulus, 142 ;

Notes on some fresh-water Crustacea togсther with descriptions of two new species, 143: Revival

of Tardigrades after Desiccation, 146; Variation in Æquoria forskalea, 147; Development of the

Steriet, 147 ; Zoological Notes, 148; Nesting Habits of the Horned Lark, 240; Nutes on some

fresli-water Crustacea, together with descriptions of two new species, 241 ; Albinism in a Crusta-

cean, 243: Longevity of the Turtle, 243; Habits of the Boring Sponge, 243; Color Sense in

Cristarea, 244; Hairs of the anterior Antennæ of Crustacea, 244; Bythinia tentaculata, 244 ;

2 ndugical Noles, 245: The Cell-parasite of the Frog. 323 ; Vitality of the Mud Puppy, 325; The

fira! Californian Fel caught, 326; Wild Geise as Pests, 326; Zoological Notes, 326; Note on the

Geographical Distribution of certain Mollusks, 400 ; The European House Sparrow, 402; The

Opossum at Elmira, N. Y., 403 : A large Octopus on the Florida coast, 403; Japanese Aquatic

Aa'mals living on Land. 4.)3; Zones of Life in the Ocean, 405; Stelier's Manatee, 4-6; Zoologi.

ical Notes, 407: The Nature of Life, 509 : Is Man the highest Animal? 5u; 2o logical Nites,

312; Preliminary Classification of the Brain of Crustacea, 588: The Coloring of Z 19-geographical

Maps, 587 : Professor E. A. Birge on the first 2 yea stage of Pinnotheres ostreum, 58), Bypyroides

latesticola, a new species of Isopod Crustacean parasitic on a gull.weed Shrimp, 591; Zoologi.

ta

! Nistes, 194 ; The Distribution of M. margaritifera, 675; Nomenclature of external parts of

Arb up wia, 676; Zoological Notes, 677: The Occurrence of Mephitis interrupta Rafinesque.

in North Carolina, 736; Note on Gadinia excentrica Tiberi, 737 ; Molluscan Notes, 737 ; Habits

of the Wodcork, 737: Feline Development, 738; Development of the Sturgeon and the Ho-

n! ging of the Vertebrate Brain, 739 : Recent Progress in the Study of Worms, 739 ; Nervous

System in Tape-worms, 740; Simroth's Nervous System and Locomotion of Germau land and

frexi -water Mollusks, 740; Zoology in France, 741; Development of the paired Fins in Sharks

anti Skates, 741; Mr. Stearns on Variation in American Planorbes, 741; Researches on the Com-

Barative Structure of the Cortex Cerebri, 742; Concluding Observations on the Locomotor Sys.

tem of Medusa, 743 : Ova of Echidna hystrix, 744 ; 2 vological Notes, 771; Habits of Fresh.

water Crustacea, 813; On the Habits of Cryptobranchus, 816: Mammals of New Guinea, 817;

Resaies of the Voyage of the Magenta, 819; The Ink-bag of the Cephalopoda, 820); Zoological
Nites, 8»t ; The Bite of the Gila Monster i Heloderma suspectum) 907; A land Shell new to the
L'nited states, oog: Gavarret on Astigmatism, 99; W. Leche upon the Milk Dentiti on and Ho-
m» gies of the Teeth of Cheiroptera, 910; Early Stages of the Clam, 911; Anatomy of the Ophi-
hit, bu, 311; Zoological Nores, 912; A new genus and species of the crustacean family Lynco.
Caplnica, 106; Food of the Nestlings of Turdus migratorius, 1007; More Complaint about
L'asser domesticus, 1008; A Prolific Garter Snake, 1008: The Spotted Spreading Adder Vivipa-
***8, 16:8; Habits of the English Sparrow, 1009: The Black-footed Ferret, (Putorius nigripes) in
Texas, 100; The Occurrence of Demodex phylloides (sokor, in American Swine, 10x9: How
brid Weather affects the Birds, 10ta; Protective Change of Color in a Spider, 1010; The Seru.
tuire and Development of the Skull in Sturgeons, 1011; The Amylolytic and Proteolytic activity

I Pancreatic Extracts, 100; The Birds of leligoland, 1012; Zoological Notes, 1012.

Entomology – In some cur ous methods of Chalcid Piipation. 60 ; On the Oviposition of Pro-

doxus der ipiens, óz : Clover Insects, 63: Horn's Classification of the Carabidæ, 63: The But-
terfly Trees of Bloaterey again, 64; Interest felt in cconomic entomology in California, 65; Obi

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