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The Crossbill

14 English HistoryForms of Scales of some species of Nonsuch Palace

17 Butterfly

93 Procession from Hunsdon House 81 Caulinia Fragilis........ 148 Mary Stuart.....

137 Three Forms of the Envelopes of the Elizabeth at Tilbury

161 Larvæ of the Mayfly

.... 177
Spanish Armada

217 The Water Beetle

178 Destruction of the Spanish Ar

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Ancient two-horse chariot. Designed from various sculptures and paintings.


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tained. It appears, however, that the The warriors of primitive times were aboriginal inhabitants of Canaan were carried to the field in chariots, generally trained to that mode of warfare, long bedrawn by two horses. The engraving fore their land was invaded by Joshua. represents an Egyptian prince in such a Thus we read:—“The children of Joseph vehicle, taken from numerous delineations said, The hill is not enough for us : and among the ancient sculptures. It was all the Canaanites that dwell in the land made offrame-work, covered with leather, of the valley have chariots of iron, both but so light as to be easily borne by a they who are of Beth-shean and her towns,

and they who are of the valley of Jezreel, The period in which the chariot was Joshua xvii. 16. But here it should be first used in battle, cannot now be ascer. observed, that the chariots were only




armed with iron, and not made of that which was about five miles distant. metal. The ancients used them, having Moreover, we both thought that we could a kind of scythes fastened to long axle- bear the fatigue of sitting up late for trees on both wheels, and these mowed once without injury. My uncle at last down men as grass of the field. Formida- consented, and invited us to pass the evenble in assault, they furnished no common ing in his library, the windows of which means of defence. Hence the sacred opened towards

Ten o'clock historian says: “ The Lord was with

was the hour at which the family usually Judah; and he drave out the inhabitants separated, and at that time we were asof the mountain ; but could not drive out sembled around a blazing fire. Frank the inhabitants of the valley, because asked my uncle if he knew the origin of they had chariots of iron," Judges i. 19. the custom of bell-ringing at that season.

The chariots of princes and heroes Uncle said he did not, but that it always were intended for ornament as well as struck him as very incongruous; the service, being frequently richly embossed season, he thought, demanded serious with gold and other metals. Homer reflection rather than noisy mirth. “I describes that of Rhesus as adorned with don't know,” said he, “how it may be a profusion of gold and silver, and Ly- with you young ones; but to an old man caon's chariot as furnished with splendid | like me, the merry peal sounds plaintive curtains, expanded like the wings of a rather than joyous. It seems, as one of bird. Solomon, the richest and most our poets has said, magnificent sovereign of his time, had “. But the knell of my departed hours;' chariots of proportionate taste and splen- and the knell, too, of my departed frienddour.

ships. I have been accustomed for many “ The chariots of God,” says the years to keep a sort of obituary of friendpsalmist, are twenty thousand, even ship, and oh how rapidly the list extends ! thousands of angels;" and similar imagery and were it not for a few dear young is employed when he says, in words so ones rising up around me, how very small frequently used in supplication : “ Gird would be my remaining circle! How thy sword upon thy thigh, 0 most mighty, few can I number now among my livwith thy glory and thy majesty, And in ing friends that were such when I bethy majesty ride prosperously because of gan this list of the departed, and how truth and meekness and righteousness; soon will my own name be added to the and thy right hand shall teach thee terri- latter class! As there is still an hour ble things,” Psalm xlv. 3, 4.

and a half before the peal will strike up, perhaps we may find it an interesting though mournful employ to look through my register.”

'We were both delighted with the proIt was the last day of the year posal, and the book being produced, we when Frank and myself petitioned my drew still closer around the fire, and uncle uncle's permission to sit up and hear the began reading over his list, occasionally midnight peal. It is a pretty general making a remark on the character of the custom, I know not whether it is univer- deceased person, or informing us of the sal, to ring the church belis half an degree of relationship in which they stood hour before and after twelve o'clock to the family. We thus became posat night. This is called, ringing out sessed of many interesting family anecthe old year, and ringing in the new dotes, and gathered from my uncle's ob

Uncle said he thought we should servations some useful practical hints: a miss our rest, and be unfitted for the few of them I may, perhaps, be able to engagements of the next day. Beside, as recollect and present to the reader. the village peal consisted only of three "My first entry,” said my uncle,"is beils, one of them wofully cracked, so the death of a younger brother, one that that there was not much more harmony came between your father and me, Frank. than in the clacking of an old woman's This was the first time I had known real broken pattens, he thought we should

Ronald was my constant companot find much entertainment. But Frank nion and playfellow. We were seized with felt sure, as the night was still, and what the measles together. He was taken, and little wind there was, was in the right di- I left. The distress of all the family at rection, that we should hear the numerous losing him was extreme; for he was a and fine-toned bells of the city of lovely child, and beloved by all. His







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