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BIBLIOGRAPHY. This list is not intended for scholars, but for those readers who desire a further systematic introduction to the general subject. It is merely suggestive; and makes no pretension to exhaustiveness. The works named can be found in public libraries, or can be purchased through booksellers. Lists, prices, etc., will be promptly furnished by Brentano's Bookstore, New York City.
A careful account of the beginnings and development of sociology will be found in SMALL AND VINCENT, An Introduction to the Study of Society. In connection with this the following handbooks may be taken up. SPENCER, The Study of Sociology. FAIRBANKS, An Introduction to Sociology. Ward, Outlines of Sociology. GIDDINGS, The Theory of Socialization. IDEM, The Elements of Sociology. No exact order can be given in which these, and books to be named below, should be taken up. The reader should not limit himself to any one work; but should use as many as possible, seeking a well rounded view. From these works the reader should pass to larger treatises : SPENCER, The Principles of Sociology. WARD, Dynamic Sociology. IDEM, The Psychic Factors of Civilization. Ross, Social Control. On the political phase of society see, in the following order: Wilson, The State, or Elements of Historical and Practical Politics. WILLOUGHBY, The Nature of the State. BLUNTSchli, Theory of the State. On the economic phase of society, see the introductions by Ely and by BULLOCK, and the larger works by HADLEY and by MARSHALL. On the domestic phase of society, see STARCKE, The Primitive Family. WESTERMARCKE, History of Human Marriage.
Attention to the evidences for the evolution of mankind should precede further historical study of society. For this use: CLODD, A Primer of Evolution. ROMANES, Darwin and after Darwin. Conn, Evolution of Today. Morris, Man and His Ancestor.
Passing to the prehistoric age of society; the following books will be found of service: CLODD, The Story of Primitive Man. LUBBOCK, Prehistoric Times. IDEM, The Origin of Civilization. KEARY, The Dawn of History. TYLOR, The Early History of Mankind.
Turning away from prehistoric society toward historic times, use: MORGAN, Ancient Society. MAINE, Ancient Law. IDEM, Early History of Institutions. IDEM, Early Law and Custom.
In taking up the earliest of the great historic circles of communities, the two handbooks following will be found useful: GOODSPEED, History of the Babylonians and Assyrians. BREASTED, History of the Egyptians. These should be followed by: MASPERO, Life in Ancient Eg and Assyria. ERMAN, Life in Ancient Egypt. SAYÇE, Babylonians and Assyrians, Their Life and Customs. Reverting to the more strictly historical treatment, the following larger works may now be studied: MasPERO, The Dawn of Civilization. IDEM, The Struggle of the Nations.
IDEM, The Passing of the Empires. ROGERS, History of Babylonia and Assyria.
Before taking up the study of Israel's history and religion, it is necessary to consider the origin and earlier development of religion in general. The following books will serve as a good introduction; and perhaps the order given is as good as any. ALLEN, The Evolution of the Idea of God. The special chapters on the religion of Israel and Christianity in this work are insufficient, and may be passed over; but the general treatment is good. FISKE, The Idea of God. CLODD, The Childhood of Religions. BRACE, The Unknown God. BRINTON, The Religions of Primitive Peoples. KEARY, Outlines of Primitive Belief. MENZIES, History of Religion. GEDEN, Studies in Comparative Religion. ROBERTSON SMITH, The Religion of the Semites. Barton, Semitic Origins, social and religious.
The last two books in the preceding paragraph directly introduce the general subject of the early religion of Israel. This is further treated in: Budde, The Religion of Israel to the Exile. MONTEFIORE, The Religion of the Ancient Hebrews.
By way of introduction to the history of Israel, use G. A. SMITH, Historical Geography of Palestine. PATON, Early History of Syria and Palestine. FISKE, The Myths of Israel. Ryle, The Early Narratives of Genesis. GUNKEL, The Legends of Genesis. ROBERTSON SMITH, The Old Testament in the Jewish Church. Ryle, The Canon of the Old Testament. DRIVER, An Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament. The entire history is taken up in brief in: WELLHAUSEN, History of Judah and Israel. CORNIL, History of the People of Israel. At greater length in: KENT, History of the Hebrew People. IDEM, History of the Jewish People. McCURDY, History, Prophecy, and the Monuments. See also G. F. MOORE, Commentary on Judges, for material on social conditions. H. P. SMITH, Commentary on Samuel. A late modern translation of the Bible should be used in connection with these works. For general reference, CHEYNE AND BLACK, Encyclopedia Biblica. HASTINGS, Bible Dictionary.
The above works will furnish an introductory view of the vital subject of prophecy in its relations to Israel's history. But a more special study of the prophets is necessary. For this, begin with CORNIL, The Prophets of Israel. A more detailed treatment is found in KIRKPATRICK, The Doctrine of the Prophets. This should be followed by ROBERTSON SMITH, The Prophets of Israel (Cheyne's ed.). G. A. SMITH, The Book of the Twelve Prophets. For individual prophets: DRIVER, Isaiah, His Life and imes. CHEYNE, Introduction to the Book of Isaiah. G. A. SMITH, The Book of Isaiah.
Turning to the classic civilization, a general view should first be obtained through handbooks on Greece and Rome: MAHAFFY, A Survey of Greek Civilization. BOTSFORD, A History of Greece. PELHAM, Out
lines of Roman History. How AND LEIGH, A History of Rome to the Death of Cæsar. Fowler, The City State of the Greeks and Romans. BEESLEY, The Gracchi, etc. Larger works : DUNCKER, History of Greece. CurTIUS, same title. ABBOTT, same title. MOM MSEN, History of Rome. Long, Decline of the Roman Republic. GIBBON, Decline of the Roman Empire.
By way of preliminary to the study of Christianity in classic civilization, use: MATHEWS, History of New Testament Times in Palestine. Wady-Moss, Malachi to Matthew. A more extensive treatment: SCHURER, The Jewish People in the Time of Jesus Christ. GRAETZ, History of the Jews. Leading out from Israel to Christianity: Toy, Judaism and Christianity.
On the critical treatment of the Gospels, see Cone, Gospel Criticism and Historical Christianity. Bacon, Introduction to the New Testament, On the life and teachings of Jesus: STEVENS, The Teaching of Jesus. CONE, The Gospel and its Earliest Interpretations. FAIRBAIRN, Studies in the Life of Christ. Rogers, The Life and Teachings of Jesus. Mathews, The Social Teaching of Jesus.
On the apostolic age, etc., the following are useful: McGIFFERT, History of Christianity in the Apostolic Age. Bartlet, The Apostolic Age, WEIZSCACKER, The Apostolic Age. Cone, Paul, the Van, Missionary and Teacher. BRUCE, Paul's Conception of Christianity. SABATIER, The Apostle Paul. RAMSAY, St. Paul, the Traveller and Roman Citizen. On the general history of the Church: FISHER, History of the Christian Church. IDEM, History of Christian Doctrine.
An excellent introductory survey of western civilization will be found in Adams, Civilization During the Middle Ages. Use also: EMERTON, Introduction to the Middle Ages. Idem, Mediaeval Europe. THATCHER AND SCHWILL, Europe in the Middle Age. Although old, HALLAM, Europe During the Middle Ages, is still valuable in connection with other works.
On various countries: ADAMS, Growth of the French Nation. KITCHIN, History of France. HENDERSON, Germany in the Middle Agos IDEM, A Short History of Germany. MOTLEY, Rise of the Dutch Republic. BLOK, History of the Netherlands. GREEN, History of the English People. STUBBS, Constitutional History of England. For modern European history in general, see the excellent single volume work by SCHWILL, The History of Modern Europe, which contains useful bibliographies. For European history during the nineteenth century: AnDREWS, The Historical Development of Modern Europe. SEIGNOBOS, The Political History of Europe Since 1814.
On economic history: Ashley, English Economic History. RogERS, Six Centuries of Work and Wages. CUNNINGHAM, Growth of English Industry and Commerce. Gross, The Gill Merchant. GREEN, English Town Life in the Fifteenth Century.
On American history: brief works by THORPE, FISKE. Larger works by SCHOULER, McMASTER. See also: FORD, Rise and Growth of American Politics. JOHNSTON, History of American Politics. Wilson, Congressional Government.
On present conditions and problems in western civilization, see: Dawson, Germany and the Germans. GOHRE, Three Months in a German Workshop. SpAhr, America's Working People. WOODS, Riis, AND OTHERS, The Poor in Great Cities. BOSANQUET, Rich and Poor. WYCKOFF, The Workers. BRYCE, The American Commonwealth. DE RousSIERS, The Labor Question in Britain. SHERARD, The White Slaves of England. BODLEY, France. DEMOLINS, Anglo-Saxon Superiority. VON HALLE, Trusts, or Industrial Combinations in the United States. HYNDMAN, The Historical Basis of Socialism in England. Dawson, German Socialism and Lasalle. KIRKUP, History of Socialism. Ely, Socialism and Social Reform. IDEM, French and German Socialism. Bliss, Handbook of Socialism. ELY, Taxation in American States and Cities. WELLS, Theory and Practice of Taxation. SELIGMAN, Essays on Taxation. SHEARMAN, Natural Taxation. GEORGE, Progress and Poverty. IDEM, Social Problems. IDEM, The Land Question..
Leading periodicals - Sociology: "The American Journal of Sociology" (University of Chicago Press). Socialism: “The People" (New York City). Single Tax: “The Public" (Chicago).
(NOTE.— The numbers refer to section's (88) — not to pages. In order
evil aspects, 39.
in Israel, 62.
in western civ., 142f.
vs. individualism, 23.
Collectivism and individualism, 83.
classic, 117, 118.
Commercial classes, oriental, 33.
Commutation of services for
Concentration, causes of, 87.
Conduct as cosmically determined,
Education, oriental, 37.
Elohim, gods, the mighty, 59.
Ethicalism, origin of prophetic, 92.
Evolution, social, 1, 2.
materials for study of, 3.
and universal history, 4.
Fallacy, post-hoc, 99.
Future life, in primitive thought,