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(John's son ?) and Joseph Calkin, book- His father Chauncy Townsend was sellers to the King, to build the house 118 “ considerable merchant in Austin Friars," (which has always been so numbered). It and a member of the Mercers' Company, is therefore not without its irony that the having been admitted to the freedom in house of Budd, imprisoned in 1810 in the 1730, after apprenticeship to Richard name of the Army, should fall into the hands Chauncy. He was put on the Livery on of an Army club a century later. I may note 14 July, 1738, and was called to the Court that the firm, on moving to 118, Pall Mall, of Assistants on 15 March, 1754. From became Calkin & Budd-names that seem | 1747 to 1768 he was member of Parliament to come straight out of Dickens.

for Westbury in Wiltshire ; and from DecemThese booksellers were followed during the ber, 1768, to his death he represented the fifties by the St. George Life and Title Assur- Wigtown Burghs. George Augustus Selwyn ance Company, which in turn was succeeded had been returned for the latter at the in 1863 by the old firm of wine merchants, general election, but he preferred to repreChristopher & Co. It started in Mile End sent the city of Gloucester, and Townsend and was long established in Great Coram is said to have been the first Englishman who Street: it has now moved to 43, Pall Mall.

sat in Parliament for a constituency in It would not be of sufficient interest to Scotland. Unlike his son, he supported the detail all the tenants of No. 118, but, as Court. His wife was Bridget, daughter of

wide generalization, I may note the James Phipps, Governor of Cape Coast dominance of War, in the shape of old Castle, She died on 17 January, 1762; he officers like General G. Tito Brice, C.B., and survived until 28 March, 1770 (Horace WalGeneral Sir George Young, K.C.B. (d. 1911); pole, “Memoirs of George III.,' ed. 1894, and Peace, in the shape of the India iii. 112). Association, with which Mr. William Irving

James Townsend was baptized at St. Hare (b. 1821), who had offices in the Christopher le Stocks, London, on 8 February, house for forty-four years, was connected, 1736/7. On 22 March, 1756, when his age and the Waldensian Missions, for which was given as eighteen, he matriculated from Col. Martin Frobisher held offices here for Hertford College, Oxford, but did not prothirty-four years.

Messrs. Henry & Sons, ceed to a degree. He entered upon public of Martini-Henry fame, also had offices for life as member for the Cornish borough of fifteen years; and Lieut.-Col. William Henry West Looe in July, 1767, and represented Lockett Hime, R.A., the many-sided his-that constituency until 1774. It was then torian of the Royal Artillery, previously under the control of the Trelawny family. occupied the same chambers as the present

Townsend lost no time in taking a conwriter, who, though a mere civilian, has spicuous position in the strife over the spent many years on planning a biographical representation of Middlesex. He was much dictionary of all Gordons who have borne excited about the riot at the election for commissions under the title of 'The Gordons that county in December, 1768, and he joined under Arms,' to be issued by the New with John Sawbridge, another City politiSpalding Club, Aberdeen. Messrs. Watson, cian of marked characteristics and advanced Lyall & Co., the Scots estates agents, had politics, in nominating Wilkes when he was offices here for many years, and have now re-elected for Middlesex on 16 February, moved up the street. The house was form- | 1769. In 1769 he was adınitted by patrially evacuated on 31 Dec., 1911.

mony to the freedom of the Mercers' Com-

J. M. BULLOCH. pany. On 23 June in that year he was 123, Pall Mall, S.W.

elected Alderman of Bishopsgate Ward, was sworn in office on 4 July, and continued

in that position until his death. He and JAMES TOWNSEND, M.P.

his friend Sawbridge became Sheriffs of

London and Middlesex on 24 June. An JAMES TOWNSEND (1737-87), another City account by Burke of the meeting at which alderman and Whig politician, was, like they were elected is given in Lord AlbeTrecothick (see 11 S. iii. 330), a Wilkite, but marle’s ‘Life of Lord Rockingham,' ii. 95no friend of Wilkes. He represented in City 101. The two Sheriffs united in resisting life the views of Lord Shelburne, afterwards for a time the royal warrant for the executhe Marquess of Lansdowne, with whom he tion of two rioters at the “ most convenient was connected in sentiment from about place near Bethnal-green church, instead 1760 (Fitzmaurice, "Shelburne,' ii. 287-92 ; of the usual place, Tyburn (Gent. Mag.,· Bentham's Works,' x. 101).

xxxix. 611; xl. 23).

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These years were spent by Townsend in a received the thanks of the City for his contornado of politics. He was one of the duct in the chair. His friends said that he deputation from the City that presented the was zealous and firm as the chief magistrate; remonstrance to George III. (14 March, some of his opponents accused him of 1770). Two letters written by him in May, 'brutality


haughtiness." Special 1770, and one from Lord Chatham in reply, allusion was made to his services on behalf are printed in the Chatham Correspon- of the police. The Bill which he suggested dence,' iii. 458-61. They bear witness to for the government of the cities of London the authenticity of Beckford's speech to the and Westminster provided that the magisKing. In a speech in the House of Commons trates should not be nominated by the Crown, on 25 March, 1771, Townsend made a strong but elected by the inhabitant householders. attack on the influence of the Princess of In October, 1773, Wilkes was again disWales upon the Government, and in that appointed over the Lord Mayoralty. By year he refused, on the ground of the mis- Townsend's casting vote another alderman, representation of the constituency of Middle- Frederick Bull, was preferred to him. Next sex, to pay the land tax. His goods were year he was duly elected to the coveted consequently distrained upon to the amount chair by eleven votes to two, the dissenof 2001. (October, 1771), and an action which tients being Townsend and Oliver (Walhe brought in the Court of King's Bench on pole ‘Journals of Reign of Geo. III., 1771-83,' 9 June, 1772, against the collector of the tax i. 117-18, 124-6, 163-4, 184-5, 262, 420-22). was unsuccessful, Lord Mansfield showing his In return for a long unanimity of action usual timidity during the case, but obtaining Townsend was in 1774 the chief supporter from the jury a verdict against him (Gent. of Oliver for the representation of the City. Mag., xli. 517, xlii. 291 ; 'Letters of Junius,' Townsend was an original member of the ed. 1812, iii. 264-8).

society for supporting the Bill of Rights. Townsend disliked the character of Wilkes He was on intimate terms with Horne Tooke, so much that he was determined not to and they worked together in politics. Four “have any connexion or intercourse with of the friends of Tooke on his resigning his him,” but he helped in the payment of orders in the Church with a view to going to Jack's debts (Percy Fitzgerald, Wilkes,' ii. the Bar agreed to enter into a bond for allow89, 109, 206-12). fierce struggle for the ing him, until he could be called, the sum of Lord Mayorship took place in November, 1001. a year apiece. Two out of the four 1772. With the desire of keeping out Wilkes, were Sawbridge and Townsend (Stephens, two aldermen were nominated in support John Horne Tooke,' i. 163, 418; ii. 284-5). of the government. He and Townsend Tooke dedicated his solitary sermon to stood in the popular cause and had Townsend, eulogizing him for his exertions a great majority of the votes, Wilkes for Wilkes, “ a much injured and oppressed polling twenty-three more than his co- individual,” and lauding his " noble motives.” adjutor. The majority of the aldermen On the elevation of John Dunning to the were not friendly to the demagogue, and peerage, Lord Shelburne, the patron of the through the intrigues of another Whig borough of Calne, nominated Townsend alderman, Richard Oliver, the Court of |(5 April, 1782) as its representative in Aldermen named Townsend for the office. Parliament, and he continued its member Wilkes furious and the night until his death. While in Parliament he lived of Lord Mayor's Day an angry


during the session at Shelburne House, and attacked the Guildhall in his interest. In met within its walls many distinguished his revenge Wilkes drew up a remonstrance,


His name and that of his brother couched in the most violent terms, against Joseph Townsend, the Rector of Pewsey, the Middlesex election, and forced the un- frequently occur in the correspondence of willing Townsend to present it to the King, the Abbé Morellet with Shelburne. The although it was known that the action would Abbé refers to his “ grande chaleur," and meet with general disapproval. Towns- there is a general agreement that he was end's portrait as Lord Mayor was painted violent in temper. He was resolute and by Sir Joshua Reynolds in March, 1773. determined, very tenacious of his promise, His wife as Lady Mayoress also sat to Rey- and his speeches in the House of Commonsnolds (Graves and Cronin, iv. 1480, M.M.). the substance of many of them will be found

On 22 February, 1773, Townsend suc- in the debates of Sir Henry Cavendish, ceeded in passing through the Court of were full of animation, and marked by Aldermen a motion for short Parliaments, great natural eloquence.” It is said that and at the close of his year of office hel a highway robbery having been committed

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in the neighbourhood of Tottenham, he and The unwitnessed will of Townsend, then a friend disguised themselves and appre- described as of Conduit Street, Middlesex, hended the culprit. The man was naturally was dated 18 December, 1764. He left his much surprised to find that his captors personal estate whatsoever to his wife, were gentlemen of recognized position. One except 1001. to his friend Samuel Phipps of of his peculiarities was that he would travel Lincoln's Inn, and he appointed Phipps and from one end of the kingdom to the other his wife executors and guardians of his without a servant and with a small change of daughter Henrietta Jamina. He also left an linen in a leathern trunk behind the saddle" annuity of 401. to his friend Thomas Law. (Beloe, “Sexagenarian,' ii. 20-24).

On 11 September, 1787, John and Henry Still acting with Lord Shelburne, he sup- Smith of Drapers' Hall swore to their knowported Pitt against Fox. He was spokes- ledge of Townsend and his handwriting for man for the City (28 February, 1784) on the twenty years, and proved the will. Next day presentation to Pitt of the resolutions of the administration was granted to Henry Hare Court of Common Council against his rival. Townsend, the son, Mrs. Townsend being But his active days were past. A cold dead and Samuel Phipps renouncing. brought on fever, and he died at Bruce

Townsend during his lifetime divided the Castle, Tottenham (a property which he Manor of Walpole in Norfolk, 3,000 acres in had acquired through his wife), on 1 July, all, into small holdings, and built houses for 1787. He was buried in the Coleraine his tenants. After his death the greater burying-place adjoining the parish church part of the property at Tottenham was sold of Tottenham, à passage being broken on 24 and 25 September, 1789, to pay his through the wall of his garden, and only debts; but Bruce Castle, to which he had his servants attending. This is said to have added a new east wing (Home Counties been the ancient custom on the death of the Mag., xi. 139-40), the gardens, and sixty owner of that estate.

acres of rich meadow land which adjoined Townsend married at St. George's, Han- | them, were bought in. An etching of the over Square, on 3 May, 1763, Henrietta Rosa castle was made by Townsend (Robinson, Peregrina du Plessis, only child of Henry Tottenham,' i. 171, and App. II., p. 41, &c., Hare, third and last Lord Coleraine, by Rose vol. ii. p. 64; Dyson, “Tottenham, 2nd ed., du Plessis (d. 30 March, 1790). She was 1792, pp. 37-8, 93). Mrs. Townsend is said born at Crema in Italy, 12 September, 1745, to have been an etcher and to have made and baptized at St. Mary's Church, Colchester, an etching of St. Eloy's Well, Tottenham. on 13 December, 1748, a long entry being The son, Henry Hare Townsend, sold the inserted in the parish register in explana- | Manor of Tottenham in 1792, and Busbridge tion of the desertion of Lord Coleraine by Hall, near Godalming, about 1824. his lawful wife, and of his union in 1740 with died in April, 1827, and was also buried at Mlle. du Plessis. At his death at Bath on Tottenham. A memoir of Chauncy Hare 4 August, 1749, the peer left his estates to Townsend (1798-1868), his son and James this child. “She, being an alien, could not Townsend's grandson, is in the ' D.N.B.' take them; the will, being legally made, For the dates relating to the Mercers' barred his heirs at law; so that the estates Company I am indebted to the kindness of escheated to the Crown (Nichols's “Lit. Mr. G. H. Blakesley. Anecdotes,' v. 349-51 ; Gent. Mag., 1787,

W. P. COURTNEY, part ii. 640-41, 738). Through the influence of Henry Fox, Lord Holland, and the senior Townsend, a grant of them was made by

SIGNS OF OLD LONDON. the Crown to Mr. and Mrs. James Townsend, . and confirmed by Act of Parliament (See 11 S. i. 402, 465 ; ii. 323 ; iii. 64, 426 ; (3 George III., 1763, iv. 1764). Horace Wal

iv. 226.) pole met the Townsends at dinner at Lord Shelburne's in October, 1773, when he de- The list of signs presented hereunder is scribed the wife as a bouncing dame with compiled from the printed (but altogether a coal-black wig, and a face coal-red

unindexed) • Calendar of the Chancery Pro(Letters, ed. Toynbee, viii. 347). She

ceedings,' Second Series, vol. iii., extending

from 1621 to 1660 :died on 8 November, 1785, leaving issue one daughter and one son, Henry Hare Towns- Sword and Buckler, St. George's-in-the-Fields. end, who was at the University of Cam- Boar's Head, King Street, Westminster.

Chequers, Holborn. bridge in 1787. She too was buried privately Mitre, Bread Street. at Tottenham Old Church.

Rose, West Smithfield.




Three Crowns, Allhallows, Lombard Street.

Purchasers of the book will be glad of the Windmill Inn, St. John Street, parish of St. corrections, and as the type is distributed,

Anchor and Serpent, Royal Exchange.

and I have no intention of reissuing the Chequers, Charing Cross.

memoir when this edition is exhausted, the Prince's Arms, Goswell Street.

record of the mistakes may be useful at some Vine, Kent Street, Southwark.

future date. Black Boy, West Smithfield. Hare and Bottle, St. Agnes, Aldersgate Street [sic].

(1) The name of Constantine E. Prichard Dolphin, Ludgate Hill.

is throughout the book printed Pritchard. Mitre, Fish Street.

He spelt his name without the t. Boar's Head, Southwark.

(2) On p. xci it is stated that Father Red Bull, St. John Street, Clerkenwell. Golden Ball, St. Dunstan’s-in-the-West, Fleet Ignatius was at Llanthony when Dolben was Street.

at Boughrood. This is an

Father Hart's Horn (brewhouse), in the parish of Ignatius was at Claydon, and did not go to St. Katherine.

Llanthony till after Dolben had left BoughRed Lion, Whitechapel Street. Bull's Head Tavern, Allhallows, Barking (?).

rood. This satisfactorily accounts for there Green Dragon, Fowl Lane, St. Saviour's, South- being no mention of their meeting at that wark.


Three Guilded [sic] Lions, St. Clement Danes.
Black Boy, Bermondsey Street, St. Olave's, A DICKENS TOY-BOOK. My mother

Horn Tavern, Fleet Street.

used to tell me about a quaint little book Mermaid, St. Mary-at-Hill.

which was given to her in her childhood Swan, Long Lane, West Smithfield, parish of by the family doctor. It was bound in St. Sepulchre.

brown paper, and contained pictures of Walnut Tree, St. Olave, Southwark. King's Head, Cheapside.

Dickens's characters, with descriptive verses Hart's Horn, Silver Street, Edmonton.

under each. Barrel and Oyster, Gracechurch Street.

Her copy went the way of most children's Queen's Head, Long Lane, parish of St. Bartholo- possessions, and was lost before her marriage.

mew the Great. Star, Candlewick Street.

Therefore the little which I remember of Queen's Head, Fleet Street, parish of St. Dun- it is quoted at second-hand, and probably stan's-in-the-West.

incorrect. For example, there was Oliver Green Dragon, St. Martin's, Ludgate.

Twist, recaptured by the help of Nancy, Rose, St. Lawrence Jewry.

and standing again in the presence of Fagin : Crown, West Smithfield. White Swan, St. Nicholas Cole Abbey.

Why, Oliveer, my little dear! Symond's Inn, Chancery Lane.

And is it really you King's Head, Wapping.

Come back once more, so smartly dressed, Bear, Cateaton Street.

To see the poor old Jew ? Ship, St. Botolph without Aldgate.

Well, well, my child ! We'll take much care Black Bull, St. Saviour's, Southwark.

That you don't run away. Three Tuns Tavern, St. Mary-at-Hill.

So now with Sikes you go by night ;
Green Dragon, Tuttle Street, Westminster.

With me go all the day.
Nag's Head, Wapping Wall, Stepney.
Pewter Pot, Leadenhall Street.

Next there was Noah Claypole :
King's Head Tavern, Wapping.

When cat's away the mice will play Three Cocks, St. Mary Woolnoth.

(At least so says the fable); King's Head and Bell House (sic), Gracechurch

So Noah, when his master's out, Street.

Takes up his place at table. In this instance the proceedings are listed Then comes poor Smike :in rough alphabetical order of plaintiffs I'll run away! I'll go to-night! names within the period, consequently the

They'll kill me if I stay. signs do not follow chronology, as in most

'Tis very cold! The moon shines bright! of my other lists.

I'll soon be far away.
WILLIAM MCMURRAY, This was evidently Smike's second (and suc-

cessful) attempt at escape, after Nicholas

had rescued him from Squeers's clutches, DOLBEN'S POEMS.—May I ask you to

and repaid that worthy in his own coin. allow me to make use of your columns to tions, except such as are as indefinite as her

Miss La Creevy sums up all my recolleccorrect two mistakes in my memoir of Digby

own miniatures: Mackworth Dolben, which accompanies the edition of his poems reviewed in the

There now, I've done your portrait, miss ;

It only wants the nose Literary Supplement of The Times of 21

To make it perfect and complete December last ?

From head unto the toes.


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on :

All mouths I copy from my own ;

is possible that De Quincey's prediction is And when I look for eyes

being fulfilled after all. I see 'em as I walk abroad,

G. M. H. PLAYFAIR. For colour, shape, and size. Very likely this pamphlet was an ephe- " CINEMATOGRAPH": “ CINEMACOLOR." meral local production, now quite unknown. - N. & Q.' is protesting against linguistic

BOOKWORM. impurities. Is it too late to protest against

two recent introductions to our language ? PEPYS's ‘ DIARY': BRAYBROOKE EDITION

For some time we have been suffering -Pepys evidently makes a mistake in the

under name of a town which he visited on 8 June, as though it were written sinni-mattograph,

cinematograph,” often pronounced 1668. I write to point it out, as there is Now have the deplorable hybrid no note in my edition mentioning the error, “cinemacolor.” Better than these, though though I think it must have been noticed

not themselves perfect, would be kinēbefore this. On 8 June he travelled from Bedford to machrome.” They may serve, at least, as

magraph,” or kinēmascope,” and “kinēNewport (evidently Newport Pagnell, I think), then to Buckingham. Then he goes adopted, would not give rise to the absurd

& starting-point for improvement, and, if

sounds which now result from the words “ At night to Newport Pagnell ; and there a good pleasant country town, but few people in it. employed. A protest from ‘N. & Q.’ may A very fair and like a Cathedral Church ; and move etymologists, and may, perhaps, induce I saw the leads, and a vault that goes far under PROF. SKEAT himself to say something in ground: the town and so most of this country, behalf of our language.

CIVIS. well watered. Lay here well, and rose next day by four o'clock ; few people in the town: and THE KING “ OVER THE WATER.”—In his so away. Reckoning for supper, 178. 6d. ; poor, book · Some Recollections' the late Canon Bd. Mischance to the coach, but no time lost. 9th (Tuesday).-We came to Oxford,”' &c.

Teignmouth Shore, writing about a visit This town must have been Bicester, not which he paid to Osborne in 1878, says :Newport Pagnell. C. LESLIE SMITH.

“I had noticed before that at the Household

dinners there were never any finger-bowls, and DE QUINCEY: THE MURDERER WILLIAMS. thinking there might be some interesting reason - In the postscript to 'Murder, considered for the absence of what is so general elsewhere,

I ventured to ask Sir John Cowell, the Master of as one of the Fine Arts,' De Quincey winds the Household, whether this was so. He exup by the peroration :

plained to me that in old days, when there was They perished on the scaffold : Williams, as

à certain Jacobite element even in the vicinity of I have said, by his own hand ; and, in obedience the Court, it had been noticed that on the toast to the law as it then stood, he was buried in the of 'The King' being given after dinner, some of centre of a quadrivium, or conflux of four roads those present used to pass their glass over the (in this case four streets), with a stake driven finger-bowl, and it was discovered that thus they through his heart. And over him drives for ever drank "To the King over the water, and the the uproar of unresting London.”

temptation to do so was removed by the abolition However, at the beginning of August,

of the finger-bowls.” 1886, the following statement appeared in


39, Renfrew Road, Lower Kennington Lane. “In excavating a trench for a main for the

THE BLINDFOLDED MAN: JAPANESE Commercial Gas Company, the workmen of Messrs. John Aird & Sons made a remarkable discovery

VARIANTS. (See 11 S. iii. 424.)—Only a few days ago. At a point where Cannon Street recently I have come across a passage in Road and Cable Street, in St. George's-in-the- Hiuen-tsang’s ‘Si-yih-ki,' A.D. 646, tom. x., East, cross one another, and at a depth of six feet which seems to prove these Japanese stories below the surface, they discovered the skeleton to have originated in an Indian tradition. of a man with a stake driven through it, and some portions of a chain were lying near the bones. It After narrating how enormous a quantity is believed that the skeleton is that of a man who of gold King Sadvaha had expended for murdered a Mr. and Mrs. Marr, their infant child, the completion of the grand rocky monastery and a young apprentice in their house in Ratcliff

on Black Peak in Central India, the Chinese Highway in 1811. .He hanged himself while under remand in Coldbath-fields Prison.

itinerary says :coroner's jury having brought in a verdict of “ Then there arose a dispute among the cenofelo-de-se, the murderer was buried in accordance bites resident in it, who applied for a decision to with the custom of the time.”

the sovereign. The anchorets deemed the cenoIt is true that there is nothing in the bites to be the cause of the coming desolation of quotation from The Citizen to show that the from it. Thus it has become inhabited by the

the monastery, and expelled all the cenobites remains have not been left in situ, and it anchorets only, who made its entrance quite

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