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undiscernible. And to this day they continue to over by a Mr. Solee for the City Theatre, live there entirely secluded from the world. Only Charleston, South Carolina. They remained now and then they invite good physicians to cure their diseases; but even then they invari- long enough at New York to fulfil an engageably blindfold them on every ingress and egress, ment in the Old John Street Theatre, and in order to prevent them from revealing the among the pieces which they played was the secret.'

popular farce of The Spoiled Child,' in KUMAGUSU MINAKATA.

which Miss Amold performed the part of Tanabe, Kii, Japan.

Maria. Who Miss Arnold was, except that "NoSE OF WAX.” (See 10 S. viii. 228, she was an English actress, and what was 274, 298 ; X. 437.)—I find the source of this her rank in the theatrical profession, can phrase was traced by VERTAUR at 1 S. x. 235 only be conjectured. The company played to Apuleius.


in other cities. Miss Arnold is said to have New York.

appeared in Baltimore while David Poe, jun., MINIATURE OF MARY, QUEEN OF Scots.- also said to have been a Mrs. Hopkins at

was a member of the Thespian Club, and is With reference to L. M. M. R.'s query at the time. 3 S. ix. 256, I have such a miniature in my

David Poe and Miss Arnold married in the possession.

GEORGE MACKEY. 70, New Street, Birmingham.

spring of 1806. In the summer season at the New Vauxhall Gard ns, New York, she played (16 July) the part of Priscilla

Tomboy. In the winter of 1809 the husQueries.

band (who had gone on the stage) and the

wife were We must request correspondents desiring in

both engaged at the Boston formation on family matters of only private interest

Theatre. The Boston Gazette contains anto affix their names and addresses to their queries, nouncements of her appearance on a number in order that answers may be sent to them direct. of dates from January to May, 1809. Her

son Edgar was born there during this engageDINNER-JACKET.-Can

reader of ment, From Boston she proceeded with 'N. & Q.' say when the dinner-jacket first her husband and her two children to New came into fashion in England, and whether York, and played at the Park Theatre. it is an English or an American invention, Sight is lost of her until the autumn of 1811, or was imported from any other country ? when she was attached to the Richmond Further, was it always known by this name : Theatre. She was then the mother of three In Germany it is generally called smoking children-William Henry, who was in his (probably = smoking jacket) or smocking fourth or fifth year ; Edgar, who was in his The latter seems to be merely a corruption third year; and Rosalie, who was a babe of smoking. It would be interesting to in arms. She was ill, she was destitute, and, know whether either of these forms was ever if the recollections of those who knew her in use in English-speaking countries, or at this time are to be trusted, she was whether one or both of them are “made in abandoned by her husband. Her public Germany."

F. J. C. record closed with the paragraph in The Frankfurt-am-Main.

Richmond Enquirer of Tuesday, 10 December, KINGS WITH SPECIAL TITLES —There were

1811: “Died, on Sunday last, Mrs. Poe,

one of the actresses of the company at four kings in Europe having special titles : present playing on the Richmond boards,” France, Spain, Portugal, and Hungary, &c. Plus Chrétien, Plus Catholique, Plus Apostolique. What was the fourth, and to which earlier career, birth, parentage, and place

Is anything further now known of the did each belong ?

B. M. D. Gibraltar.

of origin in England of Poe's mother ?

Was she really twice married, and was her EDGAR ALLAN POE'S MOTHER: Miss true maiden name Elizabeth Arnold ? Will ELIZABETH ARNOLD. --- In R. H. Stoddard's the readers of ‘N. & Q.' on both sides of “Life of Edgar Allan Poe,' prefacing his the Atlantic assist me in my search? If we edition of Poe's works (Kegan Paul, Trench assume Miss Arnold was 25 or 26 years of & Co., 1884), it is stated that Poe's mother age in 1806 at the time of her marriage was a Miss Elizabeth Arnold, with whom to David Poe, she would be born about his father (David Poe, jun.) became ac- 1780. Whose was the company of comequainted during a visit she made to New York dians engaged by Mr. Solee from England ? as an actress in a company of comedians. Are there any means of tracing such a The company was an English one, brought company or an ordinary member of the



profession, such as Miss Arnold was at this one evening in two, we have a pint between us.... time ?

I give a guinea a-week for my board, and can eat I shall be most obliged to any


readers who can assist me in my quest.

Has Mr. Gery ever been identified, or is LIONEL CRESSWELL.

anything known about him ?

I cannot trace a reference to the name in The Hall, Burley-in-Wharfedale.

any of the ten General Indexes of ‘N. & Q.,' DECORATED SHOE-HORNS BY R. MIN-numerous as are the entries under Swift. DUM.-In the Proceedings of the Society of

FREDK. CHARLES WHITE. Antiquaries, Second Series, vol. vii. pp. 121-2 26, Arran Street, Cardiff. (1877), Sir John Evans publishes notes on three shoe-horns bearing dates 1593, 1600,


RUTLAND HOUSE.' and 1604, and inscriptions showing that

In they were made by one Robart Mindum.”

‘N. & Q.' for 20 March, 1858 (2 S. v. 231),

MR. RAYMOND DELACOURT made Another, in the Saffron Walden Museum,

an is inscribed round the edge, “Robart Mindum inquiry regarding Sir William Davenant's made this shooing-horn for Bridget Dearsley, Entertainment at Rutland House,' &c., and 1605.” The decorations are carried out quoted a description of the scene “from a conin dots and incised lines, into which some temporaneous MS.” Mr. DELACOURT further dark substance has been worked. The stated that “five shillings a head was the crowned Tudor rose is the principal orna- charge for admission, and 400 persons were ment employed in the last specimen.

expected, but we learn that there appeared Who or what Robart Mindum may have no more than 150 auditors.” been was not known to Sir J. Evans, who Can any one furnish me with information states that the above three were the only respecting the MS. referred to ? decorated specimens of the period which he

WATSON NICHOLSON. had been able to trace.

20, Gordon Square, W.C. I should be glad to know if any light has J. R.: LETTERS TO LORD ORRERY.been cast on the matter since 1877, and also “ Observations upon Lord Orrery's Remarks to hear of any other signed or dated speci- on the Life and Writings of Dr. Jonathan mens of English make.

Swift. By J. R., Dublin, 1754,” sm. 8vo.

GUY MAYNARD. Who was the writer of the above, which The Museum, Saffron Walden.

are of considerable interest and value ? DEAN SWIFT AND THE REV. GERY.

CHARLES S. KING, Bt. In the ‘Journal to Stella,' Letter XLVI.,

St. Leonards-on-Sea. p. 28, vol. iii. of the ‘Works of Swift, MINER FAMILY. (See 2 S. iii. 170.) edited by Sir Walter Scott, 1824, Swift According to an old pedigree now in the writes :

library of the Connecticut Historical Society,

May 10th, 1712. the descent of the Miners of Chew, Somerset, Did I tell you that young Parson Gery is going is as follows: Henry Bullman, of Mendippe to be married, and asked my advice when it was too late to break off ?

Hills, Somerset, having proffered himself And at p. 78 of same volume, Letter LVII., and his “ domesticall and menial servants, Swift continues :

armed with battleaxes and in number & London, Dec. 18, 1712.

hundred, for service in the French wars, Lord-Keeper promised me yesterday the first

was rewarded by Edward III. with the name convenient living to poor Mr. Gery, who is of Miner and the coat of arms Gules, a fesse married, and wants some addition to what he argent between three plates. The crest has. He is a very worthy creature, &c.

now borne by the family, a mailed hand In vol. xix. p. 336, there is a rather long holding a battleaxe armed at both ends, letter from the Dean to Vanessa. It is sent all proper, and the motto · Fortis qui from Upper Letcomb, near Wantage, in prudens, are, I believe, of later date. Berkshire," and addressed to Mrs. Esther Henry died in 1359, leaving issue Henry, Vanhomrigh, 8 June, 1714.

Here are

a Edward, Thomas, and George. Henry marfew sentences :

ried Henretta, daughter of Edward Hicks I have been a week settled in the house where of Gloucester, and had issue William and I am....I am at a clergyman's house, an old Henry. William married - Hobbs of friend and acquaintance, whom I love very well. Wiltshire, and had issue Thomas and George. ....We dine exactly between twelve and one; Thomas (1399) married “ Gressley, daughter at eight we have some bread and butter, and a glass of ale, and at ten he goes to bed. Wine is of Cotton ” of Staffordshire, and had issue a stranger, except a little I sent him, of which, Lodovick, George, and Mary. Lodovick




married Anna, daughter of Thomas Dyer cargo was 1,2001., and it was to be delivered of Stoughton, Huntingdonshire, and had to the Earl of Clancarty, then Lord Muskerry, issue Thomas, born 1436, George and Arthur who was besieged in Ross by the usurper's (twins), born 1458, who served the House of army. When the vessel arrived at the Austria. Arthur married Henretta de la mouth of the Valentia river the master heard Villa Odorosa. Thomas married Bridget, that Ross had capitulated on terms, so he second daughter to Sir George Hervie de tried to get away to sea to find some place St. Martin's, Middlesex, and died 1480, where the King's forces lay. Meeting with leaving issue William and Anna. William a storm, he was driven on the coast of Britmarried Isabella Harcope de Frolibay, and tany, where he put in for safety to a place “ lived to revenge the death of the young called Aberbracke, and there was seized Princes murdered in the Tower of London on by orders from the Duc de Vendôme, upon their inhuman uncle, Richard III.” Lord High Admiral of France, who disHe was called Flos Militiæ." He left ten tributed all the arms and ammunition among

-William, George, Thomas, Robert, the French ships of war, without giving any Nathaniel, and John (the rest not recorded). manner of satisfaction to the petitioner. George lived in Shropshire, Thomas in By letters patent dated 28 Jan., 1664, Hereford. Nathaniel and John settled in Charles II. acknowledged his indebtedness Ireland. William, the eldest son, had issue to Patrick Archer for the sum of 6,2941. 58., Clement and Elizabeth, and was buried in and ordered it to be paid within three years the_chancel at Chew Magna, Somerset, by six equal instalments. 23 Feb., 1585. Clement had issue Clement, In June, 1670, Archer brought an action Thomas, Elizabeth, and Mary, died 31 March, in the Irish Chancery Court against one 1640, and is buried at Chew Magna.

John Preston. Thomas emigrated to New England in Seven years before, the plaintiff had 1630, and is the ancestor of the Connecticut agreed with John Dawes and others in Miners. Thomas's brother Clement married England for the purchase of two Irish Sarah, daughter of John Pope of Norton- villages, Riverstown and Castletown, being Small-Reward, Somerset, and had issue 911 acres, and had paid a good part of the William and Israel.

He was

buried at purchase money. Afterwards Dawes and Burslingtown, Somerset. William married the rest sold the same lands amongst others Sarah, daughter of John Batting of Clifton, to John Preston, Alderman of Dublin, and Gloucestershire, and in 1683 was living in Archer brought this action to enforce his Christmas

Street, Bristol, having issue prior claim, after an action in the English William and Sarah. Israel married Eliza- Chancery Court had failed, by reason of beth, daughter of Thomas Jones of Bursling- the defendant retiring to Ireland. Patrick town, and had issue Clement, Thomas, Archer appears to have dispossessed Preston Sarah, Jean, and Elizabeth.

and to have settled at Riverstown, which I should be grateful for any information is in the co. Meath. His will, in the Preregarding the early history of the family or rogative Wills of Ireland, is dated 1686. its present branches in England.

He married Catherine Dillon, and left & JOHN RICE MINER.

son, John Archer of Riverstown, who Ann Arbor, Mich., U.S.

married, probably circa 1700, Margaret,

daughter of Jonas and Mary Archer of PATRICK ARCHER OF LONDON, MERCHANT, Kiltimon, co. Wicklow. Nothing is known TEMP. CAR. II.--I should be glad of any of any previous relationship between the information relating to the parentage and Riverstown and Kiltimon Archers. The family of Patrick Archer of London, mer- will of Anthony Archer of Keeloge, co. chant, died circa 1686, whose Irish adventures Wicklow, dated 27 Jan., 1707/8, a brother are told at some length in the Calendar of Mrs. Margaret Archer, contains bequests of State Papers, Irish Series, September, to the latter and to John Archer, and also 1669, to December, 1670' (1910).

to their two daughters, named Alice and In 1660 Archer was petitioning the King Christian Archer.

H. G. ARCHER. that he would give his ambassadors instruc

29, Sussex Gardens, Hyde Park, W. tions to get him redress for the following

MRS. GORDON, ACTRESS.The Theatrical grievance. In 1652 Archer, by the King's orders, sent of Mrs. Gordon, as Imogen in “ Bertram.

Times, 17 April, 1847, published a woodcut a small vessel to Ireland, the St. Ann, with Who was she, and what was her husband ? arms and ammunition upon his own account

J. M. BULLOCH. for the King's service. The value of the

123, Pall Mall, S.W.


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LATIN PHRASE FOR “MISTLETOE FOR THE very remarkable festive occasion, when the New YEAR.”—We sadly want references for famous sailor, fresh from the sea, came to some of the statements made at 11S. iv. 502. “ consort with his old friends and, so to The general account of the gathering of the speak, messmates”-a term he would mistletoe by the Druids is to be found in appreciate—in the ancient (but then newPliny, ‘Nat. Hist.,' bk. xvi. chap. xliv., built) Hall ? If not, and if Consortium near the end.

be not here a synonym for “ Societas," But do not find there the statement what, I ask, can it mean? As for its use in that “the attendant youths distributed it the plural, that certainly presents a difficulty, to the people as a holy thing, crying, “The but I would suggest that it may have a subtle mistletoe for the New Year.'

reference to the custom or method (still I have strong reasons for supposing that observed) of dining in messes—“ fellowthe phrase

The mistletoe for the New ships (consortia)-and this suggestion Year

is comparatively modern, certainly seems to me to derive confirmation from later than 1300, and that no phrase corre

the expression “omnibus de consortiis in sponding to it ever existed in Latin. My aulâ præsentibus,” which I think may be query is, accordingly, What is the alleged translated as meaning that “all the tables authority for it, and what is the Latin were full up,” as they naturally would be for it ?

on such an auspicious occasion. I hope the dozen or twenty correspondents

I am ready to admit, however, that there who are ready to give me the bogus French is a good deal of speculation in this attempted equivalents will kindly refrain from doing so.

interpretation of the interesting“ memoThat is not my question at all

. I am asking randum ” which puzzles your querist, and for the Latin phrase and the Latin authority, it may be that this is the only instance and before A.D. 1300.

If there is a single of “consortium being used, either in the atom of truth in the story, we are entitled singular or the plural, for the conventional to expect such evidence.

Societas”; but the occasion was peculiar, WALTER W. SKEAT. and the writer of the “report

(as the memorandum' may be called) may be excused some deviation from strict form

and some play of fancy in drawing it up, Replies.

fresh, as he evidently was, from the festivi

ties he was recording. SIR FRANCIS DRAKE, “UNUS DE

That Sir Francis Drake, however, was a

member (“ socius” consors ") of the CONSORTIO MEDII TEMPLI."

Middle Temple I think there can be no (11 S. iv. 347, 414, 490.)

doubt-elected probably honoris causa,

like so many other celebrities, to that Inn. IN reference to this


which That his name does not appear on the has only just been brought to my notice, Register may probably be accounted for by though I find it has already been dealt with his being absent-perhaps at sea—at the by my successor, MR. BEDWELL, at the time of his election, and no note being second reference, I would ask, as the writer entered of it. The Middle Temple Records of the statement out of which it arose are not without omissions. ('Notable Middle Templars,' p. 78), to be As regards the afterwards famous Adpermitted, though late in the day, to make miral's provisional “ admission” to the some reply.

Inner Temple, I suppose there can be no Your querist, MEDIO-TEMPLARIUS, seems denying that fact in the face of the entry to doubt my inference, from the above to that effect on the Register of that Inn in description of Sir Francis Drake that he 1582; but, if he afterwards paid his fine was a member of the Middle Temple, remind- and proceeded to “. membership,” of which ing us, truly, that the word used to denote Master Inderwick admits there is no record, that community was not Consortium," the question why, after his prosperous

Societas,” and, to designate a single return from his voyage in 1586, he was not member, not consors,” but socius.” entertained and fêted there, instead of by the But, though this may have been the case consortia generosorum of the Middle generally, or, indeed, universally, as he says, Temple, is, it seems to me, a very difficult throughout the Records, may not one to answer. JOHN HUTCHINSON exception have been made, I would ask, and

(late Librarian to the M.T.). appropriately made, on this particular and Dullatur House, Hereford.



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Keats's 'ODE TO A NIGHTINGALE' (11 S. if we bear in mind that Attica specially iv. 507).—Mr. A. R. Weekes's edition of favoured the worship of Poseidon, and * The Odes of John Keats,' in “ The Uni- that a poet may take liberties when he versity Tutorial Series," says in the Notes uses topography for illustrative purposes. (p. 95):

Thomas Francklin's version of a celebrated Faery lands are not so much countries where chorus in the Edipus Coloneus' might be the fairies live-for that matter they used to live the source whence Keats derived his idea in England—but rather legendary countries of of the region :romance,' with probably an underlying thought of the realm of faery in which befel the adventures

Where, beneath the ivy shade, of Spenser's Faery Queen and her knights.

In the dew-besprinkled glade, “Critics trace in this famous stanza an allu

Many a love-lorn nightingale sion to Claude's picture of the 'Enchanted Castle,

Warbles sweet her plaintive tale. of which Keats had already written a detailed study in his Epistle to Reynolds."

Here first obedient to command, Mr. Buxton Forman, in his small edition

Formed by Neptune's skilful hand,

The steed was taught to know the rein, of 'The Complete Works of Keats' (Gowans And bear the chariot o'er the plain ; & Gray, 1901), vol. ii. p. 102, notes, says :

Here first along the rapid tide “ It seems to me unlikely that any particular

The stately vessels learned to ride, story is referred to, though there are doubtless

And swifter down the currents flow many stories that will answer more or less nearly

Than Nereids cut the waves below. to the passage.”

THOMAS BAYNE. He adds that the spelling “faery is to be preferred to fairy,” as eliminating all Mr. H. Buxton Forman's note on this possible connexion of fairy-land with Christ- passage in 1889 was as follows :mas trees, tinsel, and Santa Claus, and carry- “ In the last line of this stanza the word ing the imagination safely back to the Middle fairy instead of faery stands in the MS. and in the Ages—to · Amadis of Gaul,' to ' Palmerin of Annals ; but the Lamia volume reads faery, England,' and above all to the East, to the which enhances the poetic value of the line in the

subtlest manner.' • Thousand and one Nights.''

A. R. BAYLEY. I note that Tennyson's 'Recollections of the Arabian Nights' include the “bulbul,” and surely there is no need to put the poet Why did the nightingale's song make Keats

I beg to move the previous question. on his oath (if that were possible in the think of fairyland at all ? Can it have been Elysian fields) as to whether he ever heard for the same reason that made the cuckoo's a nightingale on the edge of the sea. Fairy

shout” make “ the earth we pace country of any sort has its own architecture, to Wordsworth an unsubstantial fairy geology, and natural history. Poets im

Can it have been because he was prove on Nature. Why shouldn't they, if place”?

a poet ? Surely such literalism as your they can ? The way in which annotators of the classics leave out the imagination is the charm of poetry. And why are these

correspondents' queries imply is fatal to astonishing. Forlorn is surely a suitable word to

particular points chosen for inquiry? We associate with enchantment. On fairy

might as well ask what particular reason ground one easily gets lost.

Keats had for associating the nightingale PENNIALINUS.

with Ruth-or why the full-throated song

of summer in the first stanza turns into a It would be pleasant to think that Keats plaintive anthem in the last—or why was inspired by the 'Edipus Coloneus' when the eglantine should be pastoral any more he introduced the voice

than the hawthorn--“ or any other reason that ofttimes hath

why.” What would the stanza gain in Charm'd magic casements, opening on the foam beauty-what would it not lose in signifiOf perilous seas, in faery lands forlorn.

-if we could " hook it to some legend The “magic casements

C. C. B. might well be or bit of folk-lore ? those of the temple of the Eumenides, adjoining which was the grove with its Is not the tradition of “ forlornness in warbling nightingales. These were faery fairies and fairyland derived, in the first lands of the first order, sadly “ forlorn, , instance, from the old belief that—though however, in the view of a modern poet, since longer-lived and more powerful than human Greece is living Greece no more.

beings—fairies have not immortal souls, and The difficulty presented by the “perilous are outside the scheme of Redemption ? loses some of its formidable character

F. H.



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