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The Shrewsbury Edition of the Works of Samuel Butler: Unconscious memory
Просмотр фрагмента - 1924
The Shrewsbury Edition of the Works of Samuel Butler: The notebooks of ...
Просмотр фрагмента - 1926
able according action actually already animals appeared become bees birds body brain Buffon cause cells certain chapter circumstances closely comes common concerning conclusion connection conscious consider continually course edition effect eggs Erasmus Darwin evolution example existence experience explain fact follow give given greater Habit hand hold idea identity individual instinct kind knowledge Lamarck leave less living manner matter means mechanism memory mind natural nest never objects observe once opinion organized Origin of Species original passage perception performance perhaps phenomena Philosophy possible present Professor Professor Hering question reader recollection refer regard remains remember repeated reproduction respect result selection sense side similar species stand substance suppose taken theory thing thought tion translation true unconscious vibrations whole writers
Стр. 202 - The hypothesis of Lamarck - that progressive changes in species have been produced by the attempts of animals to increase the development of their own organs, and thus modify their structure and habits - has been repeatedly and easily refuted by all writers on the subject of varieties and species...
Стр. 8 - On my return home, it occurred to me, in 1837, that something might perhaps be made out on this question by patiently accumulating and reflecting on all sorts of facts which could possibly have any bearing on it. After five years' work I allowed myself to speculate on the subject, and drew up some short notes ; these I enlarged in 1844 into a sketch of the conclusions, which then seemed to me probable : from that period to the present day I have steadily pursued the same object. I hope that I may...
Стр. 64 - Who would not ask for demonstration, when told that a gnat's wing, in its ordinary flight, beats many hundred times in a second? or, that there exist animated and regularly organized beings, many thousands of whose bodies, laid close together, would not extend an inch?
Стр. 64 - ... second ; that it is by such movements communicated to the nerves of our eyes that we see ; nay, more, that it is the difference in the frequency of their recurrence which affects us with the sense of the diversity of colour ; that, for instance, in acquiring the sensation of redness, our eyes are affected four hundred and eighty-two millions of millions of times ; of yellowness, five hundred and forty-two millions of millions of times ; and of violet, seven hundred and seven millions of millions...
Стр. 42 - Erasmus Darwin's system was in itself a most significant first step in the path of knowledge which his grandson has opened up for us, but to wish to revive it at the present day, as has actually been seriously attempted, shows a weakness of thought and a mental anachronism which no one can envy.
Стр. 8 - These facts, as will be seen in the latter chapters of this volume, seemed to throw some light on the origin of species —that mystery of mysteries, as it has been called by one of our greatest philosophers. On my return home, it occurred to me, in 1837, that something might perhaps be made out on this question by patiently accumulating and reflecting on all sorts of facts which could possibly have any bearing on it. After five years...
Стр. 25 - But it would be a serious error to suppose that the greater number of instincts have been acquired by habit in one generation, and then transmitted by inheritance to succeeding generations. It can be clearly shown that the most wonderful instincts with which we are acquainted, namely, those of the hive-bee and of many ants, could not possibly have been acquired by habit.
Стр. 197 - that a single particle of living protoplasm should once have appeared on the globe as the result of no matter what agency. In the eyes of a consistent [!] evolutionist any further [!] independent formation of protoplasm would be sheer waste...
Стр. 28 - Owing to the imperfection of language the offspring is termed a new animal, but is in truth a branch or elongation of the parent, since a part of the embryon-animal is, or was, a part of the parent, and therefore in strict language, cannot be said to be entirely new at the time of its production ; and, therefore, it may retain some of the habits of the parent system.
Стр. 56 - If it appears that I have used language such as is rarely seen in controversy, let the reader remember that the occasion is, so far as I know, unparalleled for the cynicism and audacity with which the wrong complained of was committed and persisted in. I trust, however, that, though not indifferent to this, my indignation has been mainly roused, as when I wrote " Evolution, Old and New,