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THE

COMPREHENSIVE HISTORY.

OF THE

.OUTHERN REBELLION-

AND THE

WAR FOR THE UNION.

EMBODYING ALSO IMPORTANT STATE PAPERS, CONGRESSIONAL
PROCEEDINGS, OFFICIAL REPORTS, REMARKABLE
SPEECHES, ETC., ETC.

Jaimes

BY ORVILLE J. VICTOR.

VOLUME I.

New York:

JAMES D. TORREY, PUBLISHER,

THE NEW YORK
PUBLIC LIBRARY

167559

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS.

1900.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1861, by JAMES D. TORREY, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.

PREFACE.

THE production of a History of the Southern Rebellion and the War for the Union which shall cover the entire subject, in all its aspects and relations, is a work of magnitude, comprising three distinct histories, each of which might properly demand a specific record. The Political, Social and Military conditions of the Rebellion are so clearly defined as to offer strong claims for their separate consideration; still, each is but part of a single whole; and each are so interwoven as to be treated in unity.

In assuming the responsibility of producing the History in its comprehensive form, I felt, but too keenly, the requisition for the 'exercise of abilities which but few persons are permitted to call their own. Clearness of apprehension, correctness of judgment, impartiality, power of grouping and association, patience of research-all to be guided by a style of narrative at once clear, concise, and impressive, surely I might well have shrunk from the ordeal. But, the earnest desire to see the much-needed work performed, to place the public in possession of the story of the Secession Revolution,overcame apprehension for the result, and induced me to assume the responsible trust. How that trust has been discharged, the public must judge.

From the outset I have had to contend against the quantity of data offered as material for my work. The historian generally seeks for multiplicity in his authorities, thus to be the more able to secure a correct version of his story; but, in the present instance at least, there has been only too much "authority" offered. What with interminable versions of the same affair in almost countless papers--with news dispatches from responsible and irresponsible sources-with letters written in a partisan spirit, in ignorance or in malice -with endless Convention reports, speeches, ordinances, resolutions, &c.-with Legislative proceedings of many States-with the proceedings of two Congresses, and the documents of two cotemporary Executives-with the great ebb and flow of popular feeling in all sections, as represented by two thousand newspapers-I have been fairly oppressed with the weight and multitude of my witnesses. To reduce this chaos to order was a labor of many days, and if, in the reproduction of testimony offered, occasional errors have occurred, I feel that they were unavoidable, considering the circumstances under which this History has been produced-thirty-two octavo letter-press pages being demanded weekly. Still, I can but hope that errors of facts are few :-if they do occur, it is from no purpose to modify the record, nor to suppress the truth.

I acknowledge every obligation to the New York daily journals. Their extraordinary facilities of information, their vast net-work of correspondence, render them cotemporary caroniclers which no book-maker can slight in the composition of a history of the times. Their editorial views, or partisan bias, scarcely affect the statement of events, in which posterity will be chiefly concerned. Where a difference of statement has been made, having the several leading dailies at hand, and other collateral evidence, it is not necessary for the careful collaborateur of evidence to be led estray by the "writing up" or the "writing down" of editors and correspondents.

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In reporting Congressional proceedings I have used, to a great exte abstracts or digests. Having before me, however, the Congressional Glob enabled to correct those errors incident to mere news dispatches; while, in great "representative" speeches of leading members of the two Houses, I h recourse to the Official (Globe) reports. The pages of this work, therefo necessitate rei, a repository of some of the finest specimens of eloquence which now are a part of our oratorical treasures.

The State Papers and Documents reproduced are such as have true h and signifieance. I have used abstracts of such papers in but few instan that the public should be placed in possession of the originals. In the fut great struggle shall enlist, in its exposition, writers of various views, it wi safe guard against misinterpretation or partizan zeal to be possessed of the Having these, the intelligent reader need have no fears of being misled in his

The detail of State Legislature' and State Convention's proceedings h extent, been omitted. I preferred not to encumber the narrative with th legislation when the final results would convey all historically necessar A volume would be required for each State, if its doings were given in detail. it will remain for some citizen in each State to perform, who shall have sources of local information and proceedings. I may here confess my many leading citizens throughout the country for the interest they have taken in m their valuable suggestions, for their generous remittances of portant d special information, for their publicly and privately expressed opinions work I was performing, I can but be grateful. In my future labors I tru offices will not be intermitted. I shall be ever happy to receive any informati tions which can add to the value of this History.

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