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I appeal to any white man to say, if ever he entered Logan's cabin hungry and he gave him not meat; if ever he came cold and naked and he clothed him not. During the course of the last, long and bloody war, Logan remained idle in his cabin, an advocate for peace. Such was my love for the whites that my countrymen pointed as they passed and said, "Logan is the friend of white men." I had even thought to live with you but for the injuries of one man. Colonel Cresap the last spring in cold blood and unprovoked murdered all the relatives of Logan; not sparing even his women and children. There runs not a drop of my blood in the veins of any living creature. This called on me for revenge. I have sought it. I have killed many. I have fully glutted by vengeance. For my country, I rejoice at the beams of peace. Yet do not harbor the thought that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear. He will not turn on his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan? Not one."

But nothing could turn back the white man.

In 1774 this message was copied by the press from the official reports of Lord Dunmore. Thomas Jefferson stated that he heard it at Lord Dunmore's quarters. In 1781 Thomas Jefferson said: "I may challenge the whole orations of Demosthenes and Cicero and of any more eminent orator, if Europe has furnished any more. eminent, to produce a single passage superior to the speech of Logan, a Mingo Chief, to Lord Dunmore.

President Roosevelt said of Logan's speech: "It is one which will always retain a place as perhaps the finest outburst of savage eloquence of which we have any authentic record."

Mr. Alfred Lee, secretary to Governor Hayes and a man of much learning and fairness, says of Logan's speech: "Taken in connection with the circumstances, which are said to have inspired it, this is one of the most pathetic deliverences in all literature. In brevity, simplicity and directness of appeal, as well as in the im

mortality of its thoughts, it bears a striking resemblance to Abraham Lincoln's dedicatory address at Gettysburg."

It is both seemly and right that we assemble here each year and with pride and reverence honor the name of Logan.



"Of which I was a great part," is the classic motto which for almost twenty centuries hero after hero has proudly taken to himself. President Hayes would smilingly have passed it by. Perhaps no other phrase exists, however, which so effectively describes the pervasion of his personality through all the commemorative events and the scene in which they were staged, at Fremont, Ohio, October 4, 1922, the centenary of his birth.

Spiegel Grove, the home to which he was devotedly attached, and which he had known intimately from boyhood, was never fairer than on that serene autumnal day, basking under the bluest of blue skies. Every one of those great trees his hands had touched; each fair vista had delighted him; the clearings in the dense forest, letting in the sunlight, had been planned and executed by him; on many of the finest trees he had bestowed the names of his comrades; spot after spot he had enriched with gathered lore; the homestead which he had reshaped to his family life, the rooms he had lived and worked in and in which he had been the generous, delightful host; the porches and paths he had trod; the national colors under which he had fought and bled and served; the secluded Knoll where his mortal remains lie beside those of his beloved wife; the numberless books he had gathered and studied; the reunion again of all

his children whose first hero he ever was; the presence of aged survivors of his old regiment, and of his successors in the State and Federal government; the city to whose welfare he had given himself and his fame so generously and which forever becomes his heir in the enjoyment of Spiegel Grove:- marching feet, martial music, happy faces, distinguished guests, ringing tributes of love and honor and praise of all this he is still the greatest part.

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The formal invitation for the proceedings of the day was as follows:

Seventy-seven years ago, in 1845, Rutherford Birchard Hayes began the practice of law in Lower Sandusky, now Fremont. He had been admitted to the Bar of Ohio at Marietta, following his graduation in February of that year from the Dane Law School of Harvard University, on the completion of his two years' course at that institution. His father had died some three months before his birth, which occurred on the 4th of October, 1822, at Delaware, Ohio; but his maternal uncle, Sardis Birchard, who had himself been adopted into the family at twelve years of age, on the death of his parents, at once assumed the direction and control of his sister's little family and continued to the end of his life as the fond uncle, guardian and benefactor.

Young Hayes first visited his uncle at Lower Sandusky, (now Fremont) in 1834, and on entering the Norwalk Academy, in 1836, walked the intervening twentyfive miles to spend his Sundays with his uncle at Lower Sandusky.


The Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society

requests the pleasure of your presence
at the Centenary Celebration of the birth of

Rutherford Birchard Hayes

Nineteenth President of the United States, 1877-1881,
Wednesday afternoon October fourth,
Nineteen hundred and twenty-two,
Spiegel Grove Fremont Chic

Dedication of

The Library Addition to the Hayes Memorial The Memorial Gateways of the Spiegel Grove State Park and The Soldiers Memorial Parkway of Sandusky County

Fac-simile of First Page of Invitation.

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