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RIVER

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF
CAMPBELL ISLAND

BUTLER COUNTY, OHIO
FIELD EXPLORATIONS

DY
H.C. SHETRONE

SEPT. 1921
MJCE PERSON - SURVCTOR

EXPLORATIONS OF THE CAMPBELL ISLAND VILLAGE SITE AND THE HINE MOUND

AND VILLAGE SITE

BY H. C. SHETRONE,
Curator of Archaeology

TRANSMITTAL OF REPORT

JUNE II, 1923 PROFESSOR WILLIAM C. Mills, Director,

Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Museum. MY DEAR PROFESSOR MILLS:

I have the honor to submit for your approval a condensed report of the examination of the Campbell Island Village Site and Hine Mound and Village Site, located near Hamilton, Butler County, Ohio.

Very truly yours,
H. C. SHETRONE,

Curator.

THE CAMPBELL ISLAND SITE Late in the summer of 1921, Dr. H. L. Good, of Hamilton, Ohio, brought to the attention of the Museum authorities the fact that marked evidences of prehistoric human occupation exist on what is known as Campbell Island, in the Miami river at the northern edge of the city of Hamilton; and also on the farm of George Hine, five miles south of Hamilton, on the west side of the river. In view of the fact that Dr. Good had interested himself to the extent of obtaining exploration privileges, the Director of the Museum deemed the occasion favorable for obtaining definite information regarding the pre-historic occupation of Butler county, and instructed the writer to devote the remainder of the exploration season to the examination of these sites.

Campbell Island was named for Lewis D. Campbell, the early owner of the land, who was an uncle of Honorable James E. Campbell, former governor of Ohio, and at this time president of the Ohio State Archæological and Historical Society. The term island is something of a misnomer in this instance, since the site is not a true, or natural island, but owes its origin to the fact that early in the nineteenth century the river, at a point about three miles north of the city, changed its course and made for itself a new channel to the westward. At the south end of the island the stream assumes its regular course, leaving the abandoned channel to form the eastern boundary of the thus created island, of several hundred acres extent.

It is upon the elevated southern portion of the island that remains of prehistoric human occupation are found. The site presents the anomaly of being located on the eastern side of the river, whereas it formerly lay on the west; and furthermore, as a result of the flood of 1913, it is covered by a deposit of sand and silt to a depth of from three to eight inches, so that even where the soil is under cultivation, not a vestige of human handiwork is to be seen, and surface scrutiny would give no hint of the underlying remains of human occupation.

The Campbell Island site, of limited extent, at best, is in great part occupied by the farm house with its numerous barns and buildings, so that only restricted portions were available for examination.

The accompanying map shows the portions excavated and

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