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our infant Nation in a most perilous position. General Wayne, appointed by President Washington, was in command of an army of two thousand five hundred men at Fort Greenville, where the present Greenville is now situated. General Wayne was a man of stern will and we may rightly say had a heart full of love for his country. At that time it had become very difficult to furnish sufficient protection for the many convoys of supplies as the soldiers were all needed to repel the sudden, treacherous attacks of the enemy at each fort.

The Battle of Forty Foot Pitch did not occur at what is now called Forty Foot Pitch but really took place at Ludlow Springs, Preble County, Ohio, which was probably located on the Montgomery farm. This site was supposed to be in a picturesque little hollow 'near the Zion Church, about seven miles from Fort St. Clair.

On the morning of the 17th of October, 1793, or one hundred twenty-nine years ago, the seventeenth of last month, began the skirmish which has meant so much to us and in which we are interested at present.

Lieutenant Lowery of the second Legion, and Ensign Boyd of the first, in charge of one of those precious convoys of provisions and in command of about ninety non-commissioned soldiers, were our leaders in this skirmish. At the head of the Indians was Little Turtle, the chief of the Miamis, ready to do his part in maintaining the honor of his tribes. This Indian leader was a real gentleman and a most sagacious statesman. Even many of his enemies at his death paid him the highest of honors.

It has been said by old residents that, as the soldiers were looking for a place to camp, they sent a few men ahead as usual to blaze the trail. When the soldiers came along a short time after, they found a deer where the battle later took place, so they naturally supposed it had been left there by the other men who had blazed the trail. Accordingly they camped in that place, believing the deer a sign that they should do so. However it had not been left by the blazers but by the Indians, and the Indians had in that way used strategy in getting the soldiers to camp at an advantageous spot for an attack. This is only a tradition, but at any rate Lieutenant Lowry and his men had camped at Ludlow Springs always on the lookout for attacks and yet not realizing any immediate danger. Suddenly early on the morning of October 17th they found a band of fierce Indians upon them, led by the wary and able Little Turtle. Upon the very first discharge the unfortunate little company of white men were heartlessly abandoned by the greater part of their escort, but even in the face of all this and superior numbers they fought bravely and obstinately. Gradually their ranks were thinning. It was then in the crucial moment that Lieutenant Lowry proved his bravery. Heedless of his own suffering and safety, his supreme thought was the welfare of the many helpless ones at home. His last and inspiring words were, "My brave boys, all you that can fight, now display your activity and let your balls fly.”

In addition to Lieutenant Lowry, there was Ensign Boyd, both promising young officers, with about thirteen officers and privates who were killed. About seventy horses were either killed or carried off by the savages, although the stores remained undisturbed.

Those who fell in this encounter were buried at Fort St. Clair. Later, on July 4, 1846, the bodies were taken up and re-interred, with impressive funeral services and all the honors of war. The bodies of Lieutenant Lowry and his men were afterwards removed to the mound in the cemetery at Eaton. A stately shaft marks their resting place which is now and will be throughout the centuries a monument of glory and honor for those who knew the true meaning of patriotism. The monument is one of the finest, made of elegant Rutland marble, cweive feet iii height, erected on an artificial mound and constructed by L3 Dorn and Hamilton of Dayton at a cost of $300. This was gladly contributed by publicspirited persons who truly cherished the memory of "' ese beloved patriots.

May we, as staunch citizens of our great United States and our own Ohio, remember this example of genuine patriotism and by doing our utmost at this present day save our country from many lurking perils and thus contribute our part in making it a land to be loved and cherished by the citizens of the near future.

Vol. XXXII — 34.



The Ohio State Archæological and Historical Society is gradually coming into full recognition as one of the important educational agencies of the state. Evidence of this fact is found in the recognition accorded it by the General Assembly of the state at its last regular session.

Its place among the institutions of the state was recognized when the trustees of the Ohio State University granted permission to erect on the University grounds at the principal entrance the present Museum and Library building which is the headquarters of the Society and the home of its chief collections. The plans of the Society at the time of the granting of this privilege contemplated the ultimate completion of a building quadrangular in form of which the present building is the High Street wing. It was deemed appropriate that the home of this Society should ultimately be the treasure house of its archæological and historical exhibits and library and the source from which its publications should be issued. At the main entrance to the University grounds, it should emphasize the Ohio idea of that great institution.

The present building was scarcely adequate when erected to accommodate the collections that had been made at the time of its dedication. In recent years many gifts have come to the Society in the form of relics,

books and manuscripts and the demand for additional space was imperative. The survey of mounds has yielded rich results and World War relics are coming to the Museum in constantly increasing numbers. The Meeker Library of Ohioana, which was presented two years ago, and the library of the Old Northwest Genealogical Society, which was recently transferred to the Museum and Library building, have made it absolutely necessary to provide additional space for the library of the Society. Added to all this has been the assurance that in the near future a large collection of World War relics, Ohio's share for its participation in that conflict, will soon be turned over to the custody of the Society.

The legislative committees of the General Assembly and the members of both houses have recently taken an active interest in the needs of the Society, its educational work and the opportunities of the immediate future. Its Publications have been placed in almost every tax supported library of the state and complete sets, now numbering thirty volumes, are found in many of the school libraries of Ohio. Frequent correspondence from school teachers and superintendents bears testimony to a wide popular interest in these Publications that reach every section of the state. This work, which has been supported with meager appropriations and at times by private contributions, is at last bearing fruit in an encouraging interest on the part of the General Assembly.

At its recent session the most notable appropriation was $238,000 for the erection of a World War Memorial wing to the present building, extending along the Fifteenth Avenue entrance to the University

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