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The program of the evening was concluded by the presentation to Governor James E. Campbell of a book most artistically wrought by Professor William Davis Trumbull of the Ohio State University. The design of the book was the joint inspiration of Professor Trumbull and Colonel Edward Orton, Jr., "who laid the groundwork on which rests the other glories of the masterpiece.” The dedicatory opening of the book contains this salutation and greeting :

We do this not only that he may know how dear we hold him but also that others, whose lives are yet to come, may learn from our words what it is that makes a man's life a joy to himself, a delight to those about him and at last an enduring memory

A fine pen and ink portrait of Governor Campbell graces the first page after the dedicatory opening.

The frontispiece of the program for the evening was a pen drawing of Governor Campbell. On the inside cover was this tribute from his friends:

A patriot of the war of 1861-65, a statesman of long service, a former governor of Ohio, an outstanding man of affairs, a courteous and unassuming gentleman, whom we delight at all times to honor for what he is even more than for what he has done.

We deem it an especially propitious time on this, his eightieth birthday, to greet him and to express as best we may in some enduring form, the warmth of our feelings and the sincerity of our admiration and respect for him, our neighbor and our friend.

In a few well chosen words and a voice tremulous with emotion Governor Campbell accepted the beautiful book containing the names of the guests of the evening. And thus closed this happy function in commemoration of the life and character of a distinguished citizen of Ohio whom everyone delights to honor.

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-Drawings by H. R. Goodwin.




Few better examples of ceremonial offerings of chipped fint artifacts than the Spetnagel cache of Alint spear-points, recently placed on exhibition in the Museum of the Society by Mr. Albert C. Spetnagel, of Chillicothe, have been found in Ohio or elsewhere. This remarkable cache-lot of upwards of 200 ceremonial spears was unearthed in the spring of 1922 in excavating the basement for a dwelling-house in the northern suburbs of Chillicothe. The discovery, coming to the attention of Mr. Frank Grubb, a member of this Society, was reported to Mr. Spetnagel, who immediately took steps to secure the specimens. It developed that workmen on the building contract had come upon the offering at a depth of about eighteen inches below the surface, placed apparently in some order but without accompanying skeletal remains or any particular preparation. Evincing no interest in the find, the workmen permitted scrapers to drag the specimens out into the garden lot where the earth was being used for grading purposes. At considerable expense Mr. Spetnagel had this earth carefully examined and thus recovered the specimens so carelessly disposed of. In addition, he secured from numerous individuals specimens which had been carried away as curios.

The ceremonial spears, upwards of 200 in number, are chipped from the drab nodular flint found in southern Indiana and in Tennessee. They range in length from 3 inches to 101/2 inches, and are of two types, as shown in the accompanying drawing, by H. R. Goodwin, of the Museum staff, which illustrates typical speciments in their natural sizes. By far the greater number are of the type of the smaller of the two spears illustrated.

A regrettable feature of the find is the fact that prior to depositing the spear-points in the shrine-like aperture, the aboriginal owners intentionally broke them — the ceremonial “killing", so often observed in exploring mounds of the great Hopewell culture group. Fortunately a number of the specimens were only slightly broken, or were fractured into but two or three parts, so that about one-half the entire number were readily re-united and restored. They completely fill a large display case in the Museum, in close proximity to the specimens from the Mound City group in Camp Sherman. The nearness of the site of the cache-find to the mounds in Camp Sherman, together with the fact that the ceremonial spear-points apparently belong to the same (Hopewell) culture, indicate strongly that the builders of the Mound City mounds were the original possessors of the spears.

It is presumed that this unusually large and finely made lot of spears were deposited where found as an offering to some deity of the ancient inhabitants of the present Ross county.






COUNTRY, 1779-1794 The April-September number of the Quarterly Publications of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio prints a very interesting and historically valuable monograph from an unpublished manuscript in the library of the Wisconsin Historical Society. It is edited by Dr. Beverly W. Bond, Jr., associate professor of history in the University of Cincinnati. We quote briefly from his informing explanatory note:

The occasion for writing the_Memoir was a celebration that was planned at Cincinnati for December 26, 1838, in honor of the semi-centennial of the first permanent settlement cu the present site of the city. A committee, appointed by the city council to make arrangements, invited old pioneers to come as guests of the city for the day, and arranged an elaborate program, including literary exercises at the First Presbyterian Church. Here “the most interesting and important feature" of the program was to be the “historical discourse" by Doctor Daniel Drake, and it is the manuscript of this address which is being published in the present volume. To aid Doctor Drake in securing material for his address, the committee issued a circular letter, asking for historical facts and anecdotes relating to the pioneer history of the settlements in the Miami country. The response to this appeal was widespread, and many of the letters that were received have been preserved in the Drake Papers.

Vol. XXXII — 41.

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