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Courtesy Detroit News.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN, 1859

From painting sketched in Dayton on occasion of his visit there, by Charles W. Nickum, now in the

possession of Mrs. Charles W. Nickum,
Dayton, Ohio.

OHIO Archæological and Historical

PUBLICATIONS.

INTRODUCTION

A wide interest attaches to everything that is said or written of Abraham Lincoln. Ohioans will be pleased to review the authentic historic record that links his name and fame with the Buckeye state.

The monograph on the following pages presents for the first time in chronological order Lincoln's contact with Ohio and the relation of our state and its prominent public men to the crisis through which our Nation passed in the Civil War, under the leadership of the Martyr President whose fame, increasing with the passing years, has become to the civilized world a sacred heritage and hallowed memory. Abraham Lincoln is and will continue to be a beneficent, living influence in our Republic.

Without the effective support given Lincoln by followers in Ohio, he could not have been nominated for the presidency. This will be the conclusion of those who read the chapter on the following pages entitled "Ohio's Part in Lincoln's Nomination.” Especially interesting will be found the attitude of the Ohio delegation at the Chicago convention of 1860. With so able and deserving a candidate from their own state as Salmon P. Chase it required on the part of delegates courage and pronounced preference to sway them from support of the home candidate.

The proceedings of that convention to which attention is invited exhibit contrasts with national political conventions of today. Sixty-three years ago political speeches and partisan contributions to newspapers as a rule were much longer than they are today. Nominating speeches in party conventions were then very brief, limited often to one sentence. Lincoln was fortunate in the statement with which his name was presented by a member of the Ohio delegation. The nominating speech of a single sentence by Columbus Delano, of Mt. Vernon, Ohio, was one of the most effective ever delivered in a party convention. Those who appreciate the “rare, strange virtue” of effective brevity in speech should read what Delano said in presenting the name of Lincoln.

It was left for another Ohio man the leader of the delegation — at the critical moment to do the dramatic thing and throw to Lincoln the votes necessary to assure his nomination.

Not only did Ohio lend decisive aid in assuring his nomination, but it gave Lincoln a substantial majority in the November election.

It would be pleasing to record that our state never wavered in his support, but that in truth could not be said. The days that in a very special sense "tried the soul" of Abraham Lincoln were between September 22, 1862, and October 13, 1863. On the former of these two dates he issued what is generally called his “preliminary Emancipation Proclamation" in which he declared that if the southern states in rebellion did not

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