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LIFE

OF

CHARLES DARWIN

BY

G. T. BETTANY

LONDON

WALTER SCOTT

24 WARWICK LANE, PATERNOSTER ROW

1887

51317-206

HARVARD UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

NOV 9 1960

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER II.

Darwin a member of the Plinian Society, of Edinburgh; makes
natural history excursions; his first scientific paper read
March, 27, 1827; friendship with Dr. Grant; Jameson's
lectures on zoology; Darwin enters Christ's College, Cam-
bridge, in 1828; his friendship with Prof. Henslow; his
account of Henslow; Darwin at this time specially an
entomologist; his excursions with Henslow; takes B.A.
degree in 1831, M.A. in 1837; voyage of Beagle proposed,
and Darwin appointed as naturalist; the Beagle sails on Dec.
27, 1831; Darwin's letters to Henslow published 1835;
1832, Darwin at Teneriffe, Cape de Verde Islands, St.
Paul's Rocks, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro (April); excursions
into interior and amusing adventures; his experiences and
horror of slavery; at Monte Video, July; Maldonado,,

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CHAPTER III.

Darwin elected F.G.S.; Lyell's high opinion of him; secre-

tary of the Geological Society, Feb. 1838-41; reads

numerous papers before the Society; elected F.R.S., Jan.

24, 1839; marries his cousin, Miss Wedgwood, early in

1839;Journal of Researches," published 1839, highly
praised in Quarterly Review; publication of zoology of the
Beagle (1839-43); extraordinary animals described therein;
other results of the voyage; plants described by Hooker
and Berkeley; work on "Coral Reefs " published 1842;
Darwin's new theory at once accepted; subsequent views
of Semper, Dana, and Murray; second and third parts of
Geology of Beagle ("Volcanic Islands" and "South
America"); other geological papers; Darwin settles at
Down House, near Beckenham, 1842; appears at Oxford
meeting of British Association, 1847 ; contributes
chapter on Geology to Herschel's manual of Scientific
Enquiry; publishes great works on recent and fossil
cirripedia, 1851-4; receives Royal Medal of Royal
Society, 1853, and Wollaston Medal of Geological Society,
1859

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CHAPTER IV.

Confusion in description of species; labours of Professors Owen
and Huxley; Darwin's ideas on the origin of species germi-
nated during the voyage of the Beagle; he collected facts,
1837-42; drew up a sketch, 1842; enlarged it in 1844;
previous speculations on the subject; views of Erasmus
Darwin, Geoffroy St. Hilaire, and Lamarck; Darwin's
opinion of Lamarck; influence of Lyell; influence of

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